Premium Essay

Theological Reflection on Urc

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By elley
Words 2383
Pages 10
The United Reformed Church became a National Church by Act of Parliament on 21st June 1972 when a majority of former Congregational and Presbyterian churches in England and Wales united as one church. The Re-formed Association of Churches of Christ joined the Union in 1981 and the Congregational Union of Scotland in 2000.

The roots of the URC are in the ‘Reformed Tradition’ stemming from Augustine, Luther, Calvin and Father Philip Swingler and Bushnell

The Congregational Church was founded by the Puritans and later became the National Church. Practice Infant Baptism and unbaptised adults
The Presbyterian Church owes its origins to the Scottish Reformation and the Puritans practice Infant Baptism and unbaptised adults.
The Churches of Christ broke away from the Presbyterian Church and are Anabaptists (believer’s baptism). They did not recognise Infant Baptism although as a condition of the Union they now recognise both.

The URC therefore offers to parents Infant Baptism or an Infant Blessing as an alternative, and Believer’s Baptism to adults. The URC is however a broad church and each individual congregation, and the members within that congregation may hold a mixture of beliefs stemming from the doctrines of Luther, Calvin, Schleirmacher and others within the reformed traditions of the protestant church. Their doctrine, ministry and worship is distinctly Free Church. The majesty of Christ and the reading of God’s word are of paramount importance.

• How do they speak about the nature of children?

The doctrine or ‘Original Sin’ owes its origins to Romans 5: 12-21; and 1 Corinthians 15:22.
Paul’s teaching is that by implication, the fall of Adam means that all have sinned, including infant children.

The URC and my own view concerning ‘Original Sin’ is that in Adam is revealed the capacity within human beings to sin. In exercising his free will…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Reflection and Wisdom

...Joanna Fleming Theo-104 B43 Reflection 1 Prof. Fowler Sept. 17, 2012 Reflection: Faith and Wisdom I. Introduction Faith and wisdom are key elements that are needed as a Christian. The practice of faith is the idea of putting your trust in the Lord, instead of relying on oneself. It is another way that we as Christians humble ourselves before God by this commitment and giving Him the power and authority over our lives. We can grow in faith by seeking wisdom in His Word. When we ask Him for wisdom and knowledge to better understand His Word, we grow as Christians in His mercy and love and are able to share His message with the world. is II. Part One (Faith) a. Theological Definition Faith is the belief that something is true. The Hebrew word for faith is hupostasis. In the article “What is Faith”, Ditzel explains that “hupostasis came to mean, "a steadfastness of mind,""confidence," or "assurance” (Diztel, 2009). Faith may come in various forms; however, its concept can be easily misunderstood. Faith means something different for everyone, but for the Christian, faith is a way of life, a way that we can grow in our relationship with our Lord Jesus Christ. b. Biblical Foundation The Bible tells us that by placing our faith in Christ, all things are possible. Jesus stated “If you have faith and do not doubt, not only can you do what was done to the fig tree, but also you can say to this mountain, ‘Go, throw yourself into the sea,’ and it will be done”......

Words: 1108 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The Theological Significance of Rudolf Bultmann

...THE THEOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF RUDOLF BULTMANN one briefly explain the theological of a man whose diversified writings first book How the present decade? Is it extend fromahissignificance review ina 1908 to possible for short essay to disclose fundamental unity in topics which range from source criticism, the history of religion, literary criticism, classical philology, technical exegesis, Gnostic studies, existential philosophy, and hermeneutics to the Gifford Lectures, the theological essay, popular and literate dialogue about the Church, demythologizing, and the relation of the New Testament to daily life?3 If the theological significance is judged in terms of intellectual climate, moral force, and scholarly style or by the more tangible but subtle influence on several generations of scholars, then the theological significance seems almost as elusive as it is palpable. Fortunately, diversity of form and subject is more apparent than real. The theological atmosphere and problematic shaped by Bultmann may be traced to concepts and procedures available to any critical reader. While it is quite correct to note, as did Hans Jonas on the Feiertag celebrated in honor of Bultmann in Marburg, November 16,1976, that it is impossible to separate the man from his writings, for he lived as he wrote,4 we are not here primarily concerned with Bultmann's personal psychological integrity, striking as it is. It may, however, be accurate to say that this escalating unity of life and work...

Words: 19201 - Pages: 77

Premium Essay

A Summary of Theological Reflection on Jesus' Temptation, Baptism, Transfigutation

...Theological Meaning of Jesus’ Temptation Mark’s account on Jesus’ temptation is very brief. Most of the Mark account is found also in the Matthew and Luke versions, with the exception of "with the wild animals." According to the texts, after being baptized, Jesus fasted for forty days and nights in the Judean Desert. During this time, the devil appeared to Jesus and tempted him three times. Jesus having refused each temptation, the devil departed and angels came and brought nourishment to Jesus. Matt.4:2 set the stage for the great temptation involving Jesus. “He fasted for forty days and forty nights, and afterwards he was hungry.” We immediately read, "The tempter approached him and said to him, if you are the Son of God, command that these stones become loaves of bread" (vs. 3). The devil looks for the best time to tempt you and me. It may be when the Christian is without a job, is having family problems, or the local church is experiencing difficulties that the devil makes his appearance and appeal. But Jesus shows us that regardless of the circumstances surrounding us, we are able to overcome the devil. The devil quotes verbatim from the Septuagint translation regarding Psalms 91: 11, 12. While the devil correctly quotes the scripture, however, he does not correctly apply the teaching contained in Psalms 91: 11, 12 to the circumstances at hand. Hence, just because scripture is quoted does not necessarily mean the truth is being taught. Jesus both correctly quotes......

Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Theological Summation

...Theological Summations The term 'Scripture' refers to the sacred writing of the Old and New Testament. Scripture are the books which 'contain the truth of God’s revelation and were composed by human authors inspired by the Holy Spirit. Scripture is one of the several names denoting the inspired writings which make up the Old and New Testament. The words of the Scriptures, 'for their part proclaim the works and bring light to the mystery they contain'. The covenants between God and man constitute one of the principal keys to the interpretation of the Old Testament, denoting the dividing lines between the different dispensations and indicating the several changes of procedure in God’s dealings with the earth. Who is Jesus? Someone who saw the daily wonders he created would be the best source for information. Matthew, the apostle, is believed to have written the gospel of Matthew. He was able to experience firsthand all of the amazing miracles that Jesus performed. God inspired his words, and his gospel relates to the other three gospels in overall context. They were written in different formats and styles, but the overall message and story remains constant throughout all four gospels. Atonement in the larger sense deals with a common factor which is sin. The definition is a making at on which points to a process of bringing those who are estranged into a unit. It is a theological term which derives from the Anglo-Saxon. The word atonement appears eighty seven times in the......

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Reflections Paper

...Black Raven May 12, 2013 Theo 104 D72 Reflection Paper #2 I. Introduction The two topics I have chosen to write about are the Fall of Man and Teaching/Instruction. During this second part of the course, I have learned some more interesting topics during the final weeks. This paper will cover the ideas I have learned so far in this course. II. Part One a. Theological Definition The beginning of the Fall of Man begins in the passage that took place when Adam and Eve, went from being obedient to God to being defiant of God. Adam and Eve were created with purity and were to obey God their creator. Then Satan came a long and convinced Eve and Adam to disobey God by eating the fruit from the tree of knowledge. This was the beginning of sin, and what I believe, was the period, that became known as, the Fall of Man. b. Biblical Foundation As described in Genesis 1:1-31, God is the creator of all living things, plants, animals and humans. God created Adam from dust and Eve was created from Adam’s rib, both were created in God’s image. God made the Garden of Eden a place where all of Adams and Eves desire for sustaining life could be met. God’s only restriction for Adam and Eve was not to eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. (Genesis 2-17). Eve was approached by a serpent who had persuaded her to eat the fruit from the tree that God told them not to. Then Eve talked Adam into eating the fruit from that same tree. ......

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Theological Critique: Four Views on Hell

...LIBERTY UNIVERSITY THEOLOGICAL CRITIQUE: FOUR VIEWS ON HELL A THEOLOGICAL CRITIQUE SUBMITTED TO DR. ROBERT WETMORE IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE THEO 530 LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY BY PETER J. FILIPIAK SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................1 SUMMARY.............................................................................................................1 CRITICAL INTERACTION...................................................................................2 The Literal View...........................................................................................2 The Metaphorical View................................................................................4 The Purgatorial View....................................................................................5 The Conditional View..................................................................................6 CONCLUSION........................................................................................................7 BIBLIOGRAPHY....................................................................................................9 Introduction Four Views on Hell is a book edited by William Crockett in which...

Words: 2461 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Martin Luther's Theological Stance

...Emily McAlhany HST 6100 Dr. Vice September 27, 2013 Martin Luther’s Theological Stance Martin Luther was a monk but he constantly felt like God was mad at him, he tried everything but he still could not shake that feeling. He disagreed with what the Catholic Church taught in regards to getting into heaven. He, like Erasmus, did not like the selling indulgences to get into heaven. However, unlike Erasmus, Luther openly states ideas against the Pope. As a monk, Luther had to remember passages and recite them, and he admits that one word in a passage confuses him. This passage is in the book of Romans, and the word in righteousness. He said he meditated day and night to try and understand the context of the passage. He re-read the text as it was written and figured out the meaning. …I gave heed to the context of the words, namely, “In it the righteousness of God is revealed as it is written, He who through faith is righteous shall live.” There I began to understand that the righteousness of God is that by which the righteous lives by a gift of God, namely by faith. And this is the meaning: The righteousness or God is revealed by the gospel, namely, the passive righteousness with which merciful God justifies us by faith, as it is written, “He who through faith is righteous shall live.” Later in that same paragraph Luther talks about the things God does in us, like God gives us strength and wisdom. I think Luther is starting to tell us that it is through God’s......

Words: 1238 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Theological Essay

...THEOLOGICAL ESSAY: THE MAGNITUDE OF SIN THEO 202-001 Statement of Topic The analysis of biblical data provides the best understanding of the nature, source and consequences of sin. Sin is any evil action or motive that is in opposition to God. Sin has very serious consequences when it comes to relationships between the sinner and God. Sin also has severe consequences that affect the individual sinner, causing the individual to have social implications. It is evident from both the Old Testament and the New Testament descriptions of sin, that sin is universal. Both testaments describe the extent and intensiveness of sin. Obtaining a contemporary view of the magnitude of sin incorporates a biblical perspective and the best elements of traditional view. Philosophical Foundation or Presupposition When studying the doctrine of sin, one should examine the material through a biblical view. If someone does not believe in the bible, explaining sin may sound like nonsense. Holding a certain philosophical viewpoint can cause tension when theologically analyzing in this area. Specifically, secular psychology clashes with the idea of sin. Psychology often teaches individuals to blame others for their failures in life. They teach that pressure from society, spouses, parents, and environments are the reason for life difficulties. Sure, other people can contribute to our errors and tempt us, or mistreat up, but they are not the cause of the issue itself. No matter how other......

Words: 2841 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

The Theological Background of Christian Zionism

...The Theological Background of Christian Zionism: Part I - Reflection By Mikael Knighton on Sunday, May 8, 2011 at 11:39am The Theological Background of Christian Zionism Part I - Reflection By: Mikael Knighton Christians Standing with Israel, Founder The Theological Background of Christian Zionism is a three part series authored by Mikael Knighton, founder of Christians Standing with Israel. The series consists of three installments: Reflection, Reconciliation, and Reconsideration. The series has been published in both the US and in Israel, where it was translated to Hebrew and published in the NATIV, a Jewish magazine facilitated by the Ariel Center for Policy Research (ACPR). Synopsis Over the centuries, Christian support of the state of Israel has been looked upon with a suspicious and vigilant eye. In fact, history will clearly show that the essence of pure evil, operating under the guise of “Christianity”, has facilitated a complete and justifiable collapse in Judeo-Christian relations. Only recently has the relationship between the Jewish people and Christians become fruitful, and the "mending" process, albeit positive, continues to evolve. Even so, the question remains: “Why do Christians support the state of Israel?” Christian Zionism, a theological belief that identifies the restoration of the Jewish people to their biblical homeland as the literal fulfillment of biblical prophecies foretold thousands of years ago, may arguably exist as the......

Words: 3638 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Reflection Paper

...SHAWN MORRIS’S REFLECTION PAPER INTRODUCTION My topics I will be addressing are Bible Study & Resurrection of Jesus Christ. I chose these topics due to nature of the subjects, what I was reading and learned over the past few weeks in Theology 104. I will give a full analysis of what I have read & implemented in my everyday life as I move forward in this class. TOPIC 1: BIBLE STUDY The Theological Definition of Bible Study: Bible theology is an attempt to articulate the theological aspects that the Bible contains as its writers addressed their particular settings. It is also the study of the Bible that seeks to discover what the biblical writers, under divine guidance, believed, described, and taught in the context of their own times. The Biblical Foundation of Bible Study: are the doctrines & teachings found in the Word of God that Christians cherish the most. These doctrines or teachings are taught very precisely from the word of God. There’s some examples; the virgin birth of Christ, the second coming of Christ, the preservation of the Word of God, & the atonement of our sins. The Practical Application of Bible Study: From the theological definition & the biblical foundation of Bible Study I’m taking in to consideration I am more about the studying habits set forth in learning about the Word of God. I see it along with my fellow classmates in this course how we can all grow closer to God knowing what Christ the Son did for us when he gave his......

Words: 1019 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Critique of the Resurrection of Christ: Theological Implications

...Kristy Fleming February 23, 2015 THEO 313 The Resurrection of Christ: Theological Implications Critique of the Resurrection of Christ: Theological Implications In the article “The Resurrection of Christ: Theological Implications” I believe it’s to help distinguish the beliefs of some others in reference to the resurrection and the belief in reincarnation. In this it states that many Christians feel the need to have the cross in their homes or around their necks with my savior hanging on it. My belief and only truth to this is that Jesus died on the cross but to still have him hanging on the cross in the year of 2015 it’s kind of down grading Some Christians might think it offers some kind of hope, but in all actuality having hope in Jesus leaves room for doubt. As being a Christian you shouldn’t hope for anything you should know, and by knowing its to havefaith in our God. Others may think Jesus is dead but the resurrection talks about he must reign until he has put all his enemies’ beneath him. The last enemy that he will take on is death and that too will be destroyed. John (11:25) states” I am the resurrection and the the life; he who believes on me, though he die, yet shall he live”. The resurrection is also about forgiveness because Jesus dies and came back alive meaning no son is too much for him not to forgive you for besides the ultimate sin ‘blasphemy against the holy spirit”. Jesus loved us enough to forgive us for our sins and endure all the pain......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Reflection Paper

...Morgan Perry THEO 104-D30 April 9, 2015 Reflection Paper INTRODUCTION: My first reflection paper will address temptation and Demons. I do not have a lot of knowledge in these subjects but I want to challenge myself in places I am not familiar with. However, temptation and demons have relation with one another so that’s why I chose these topics. These classes at Liberty University have definitely opened my mind to what it is to be a Christian and appreciate the morals and values I hold. Temptation and Demons are spoken of in the Bible and all over the world. I am excited to further my learning in these topics. THEOLOGICAL DEFINITION: What is temptation? Temptation is what moves us to sin. It is important to know that God does not tempt us to sin (Jas 1:13) and temptation is not to be equated with sin. Christ was tempted (Matt. 4) yet he never sinned (Heb. 4:15). James 1:12-16 is the definition of temptation. Great blessings are given to those who are tempted and remain faithful and your own desires lead you into temptation (James 1:12-16). We must be able to get to a point to resist temptation. It is also important to realize temptation is not sin. Sin is not to blame when we sin (Napier, 1993, para. 12). BIBLICAL DEFINITION: According to the Bible there are two definitions of temptation. Temptation was demonstrated in the Bible when God “tempted” Abraham (Gen. 22:1). In this case temptation meant a trial or being put to the test. Temptation can also mean......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Theologicaal Reflection

... Name:Benjamin Gregorio C. Palaganas III | Course/Year/Section:PHI21 | Class Schedule: | Main Task’s Title (Video Documentation):NONE but my Reflection will be about Drug abuse that was Prevelant in the country | REED 144 / INDIVIDUAL THEOLOGICAL REFLECTION Steps 1 & 2: Main Insights/Learnings | Significant Social Teachings of the Church | Reflections | * [What 3 main insights or realizations you had from your prelim project? Or, what 3 relevant learnings you gained? * One statement (or sentence) for each insight] | * [Based from your insights or learnings, look for related statements from any of the social teachings of the Church to base or anchor your reflections. * One (or two) social teaching for each insight * Use the internet for this [just type the keyword you are researching, plus, social teachings of the Church]] | * [This is the body of your theological reflection. This is where you consolidate your insight (column 1) and its corresponding social teaching of the Church (column 2) as support idea. * Be free to express your thoughts here. * You write at least 5 sentences (or more) for each insight. * Remember: COPYING and PASTING reflections from the internet is PLAGIARISM!] | Example. “Whoever you are in the society; rich or poor, leader or subordinate; in the eyes of God you are important.” | Example. “Human persons are willed by God; they are imprinted with God's image. Their dignity does not come from the work they do, but from the...

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Paul Tillich’s Theological Method of Correlation

...Assignment on: Paul Tillich’s Theological Method of Correlation Submitted to: Dr. Samuel George Submitted by: Sunil K. Rajan, M. Div. – III ------------------------------------------------- Date: November 10, 2011 1.0. Introduction Paul Tillich (1886-1965) was a major figure in twentieth-century theology. After holding several academic posts in Germany, he and his family moved to the United States in November 1933. He subsequently held teaching positions at Union Theological Seminary, Harvard Divinity School, and the University of Chicago Divinity School. The author of several well-known books, he is possibly best remembered for his three-volume Systematic Theology. The present paper is an attempt to give a summary of Tillich’s theological method of correlation and offer an evaluation. 1.1. Summary of Method In his Systematic Theology, Tillich undertakes this mediating task by exhibiting a correlation between religion and culture. Tillich begins by contrasting “kerygmatic” theology with “apologetic” theology. Kerygmatic theology “emphasizes the unchangeable truth of the message (kerygma) over against the changing demands of the situation.” The relation between the two, he suggests, is like the correlation between “questioning” and “answering” in a conversation. Although Tillich maintains that the statements of apologetic theology must be based on the kerygma, his real concern is using what he terms “the ‘method of correlation’ as a way of uniting message and......

Words: 1182 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Financial Statement Analysis of Rfm, Smc and Urc

...MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS OF SAN MIGUEL – PUREFOODS, URC AND RFM GROUP 2 ATENEO GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS Arcangel, Abigail Coronado, Paula Marie Fernando, Franco Marquez-Lim, Michelle 1 of 34 Contents I. II. III. IV. V. VI. INDUSTRY ...................................................................................................................................... 3 COMPANY PROFILES ...................................................................................................................... 3 VERTICAL ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS............................................................................................... 5 HORIZONTAL ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS ....................................................................................... 17 RATIO ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS .................................................................................................. 27 CONCLUSIONS ON COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS............................................................................... 33 2 of 34 I. INDUSTRY Food Processing Industry The food processing industry specializes in two areas -- food preparation and/ or food packaging. Many processing companies are able to do both: turning raw ingredients into ready-to-eat food and packaging them for shipment. Companies generate revenue from the sale of food and ingredients to a variety of customers, ranging from supermarket chains and local bodegas to restaurants and other......

Words: 16446 - Pages: 66