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Telenor Pest Pakistan

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Submitted By tahirijaz
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Telenor Group (OSE: TEL, NASDAQ: TELNF) is the incumbent telecommunications company in Norway, with headquarters located at Fornebu, close to Oslo. Today, Telenor Group is mostly an international wireless carrier with operations in Scandinavia, Eastern Europe and Asia, working predominantly under the Telenor brand. It is currently[update] ranked as the sixth largest mobile phone operator in the world, with more than 184 million subscribers.[2] In addition, it has extensive broadband and TV distribution operations in four Nordic Countries, and a 10-year-old research and business line for M2M technology.

Contents [hide]
1 History
1.1 Telegrafverket
1.2 Technology
1.3 Deregulation and internationalisation
2 Operations
2.1 Mobile
2.2 Fixed-line
2.3 Machine-to-machine
2.4 Broadcast
3 International activities and markets
3.1 Bangladesh
3.2 Denmark
3.3 Finland
3.4 Hungary
3.5 India
3.6 Malaysia
3.7 Montenegro
3.8 Pakistan
3.9 Russia and CIS
3.10 Serbia
3.11 Sweden
3.12 Thailand
3.13 Ukraine
4 Probable strategy
5 Criticism
5.1 Norwegian Internet Exchange
5.2 Grameen Bank gentlemen's agreement
5.3 Illegal VoIP Operations
5.4 Use of child labor and hazardous working conditions
6 Muhammad Yunus is considering taking legal action against Telenor
7 Legal battles with Alfa Group in Russia and Ukraine
8 See also
9 References
10 External links

[edit] History Telenor headquarters in Fornebu, Norway.[edit] Telegrafverket
Telenor started off in 1855 as a state-operated monopoly, named Telegrafverket as a provider of telegraph services. The first ideas for a telegraph were launched within the Royal Norwegian Navy in 1848, but by 1852 the plans were public and the Parliament of Norway decided on a plan for constructing the telegraph throughout the country. Televerket began by building from Christiania (now Oslo) to Sweden (Norway was at that time in a union with Sweden) as well as between Christiania and Drammen. By 1857 the telegraph had reached Bergen (west coast) via Sørlandet (south coast) and by 1871 it had reached Kirkenes (north coast). Cable connections were opened to Denmark in 1867 and to Great Britain in 1869. The telegraph was most important for the merchant marine who now could use the electric telegraph to instantly communicate between different locations, and get a whole new advantage within logistics.[3]

[edit] Technology
The first telephone service in Norway was offered in 1878 between Arendal and Tvedestrand, while the first international telephone service between Christiania and Stockholm was offered in 1893. Automation of the telephone system was started in 1920 and completed in 1985. In 1946 the first Telex service was offered, and in 1976 satellite telephone connections to oil platforms in the North Sea were installed. In 1980 the first steps to digitalise the telephone network were taken.[4]

Televerket opened its first manual mobile telephone system in 1966, being replaced with the automatic NMT system in 1981 and the enhanced NMT-900 in 1986. Norway was the first country in Europe to get an automatic mobile telephone system. The digital GSM system came into use in 1993; the GSM standard was developed in Norway by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), but no mobile phone manufacturers emerged in the country. The third generation of mobile technology with UMTS system began full operation 2004.[5] The Opera web browser was created in 1994 by Jon Stephenson von Tetzchner and Geir Ivarsøy during their tenure at Telenor. Opera Software was established in 1995 after the pair went on to continue development of their browser.

[edit] Deregulation and internationalisation
The corporation changed its name to Televerket in 1969. In 1994, the then Norwegian Telecom was established as a public corporation. The authorities wanted to deregulate the telecom sector in Norway, and sector by sector was deregulated between 1994 to 1998. An attempt to merge Telenor with its counterpart in Sweden, Telia, failed in 1999, while both still were owned by their respective governments. On December 4, 2000 the company was partially privatised and listed on Oslo Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. The privatisation gave the company NOK 15,6 billion in new capital, the Government of Norway owning 77.7% of the company after the privatisation. By 2006 the governments ownership has been reduced to 53%.

In the second half of the 1990s, Telenor became involved in mobile operations in a number of countries: Russia (1994), Bangladesh, Greece, Ireland, Germany and Austria (1997), Ukraine (1998), Malaysia (1999), Denmark and Thailand (2000), Hungary (2002), Montenegro (2004), Pakistan (2004), Slovakia, Czech Republic, Serbia (2006). Operations in Greece, Ireland and Germany were sold in 1999/2000 and profits were re-invested in the emerging markets. In October 2005 Telenor acquired Vodafone Sweden, changing the name to Telenor in April 2006. On 31 July 2006, Telenor acquired 100 per cent share of mobile operator Mobi 63, one of two mobile operations existing in that moment in Serbia for Euro 1.513 billion.

[edit] Operations
Telenor offers a full range of telecommunication services in Norway, including mobile and fixed telephony as well as Internet access and content. Telenor still dominates the market place in Norway. However, competition has at times been intense in the mobile market and ADSL market, but Telenor remains the largest company in both sectors.

Telenor holds a prominent position in the Scandinavian Broadband and TV market, both with regard to the number of subscribers and to the extent of coverage. The TV distribution is branded Canal Digital.

Telenor used to provide a range of services related to satellite communication, including voice, television and data before its Telenor Satellite Services division was purchased by Vizada in 2007.

Telenor Maritime Radio is responsible for the infrastructure for maritime radio communication in Norway, and also includes five manned coast radio stations whose primary purpose is to monitor the maritime radio traffic (over e.g. VHF and MF bands) and to assist marine vessels in distress.

Telenor Cinclus develops and sells products related to Automatic Meter Reading and other technologies related to machine to machine communication.

Telenor Research and Innovation (Telenor R&I, prior to September 1, 2006 known as Telenor R&D) is Norway's largest research establishment within Information and Communications Technology (ICT), with more than 200 full-time researchers. Telenor R&I has research facilities in Fornebu, Kuala Lumpur, Trondheim and Tromsø. In 2009 Telenor R&I was merged with Global Coordination team, and is now part of the executive entity Telenor Business Development - headed by EVP Morten Karlsen Sørby.

Telenor also owns 51,8% of EDB Business Partner that offers a wide range of IT-services. The company is listed on Oslo Stock Exchange.

Telenor has sold a number of divisions after its privatisation, including Bravida, the former installation division and Findexa, now part of Eniro that is responsible for telephone directories. Also, the browser vendor Opera Software origined in Telenor's R&D department.

[edit] Mobile Old Style Telenor Mobile SIMAt year-end 2005, Telenor held controlling interests in mobile operations in Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Serbia, Ukraine, Hungary, Montenegro, Thailand, Malaysia, Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Telenor also holds minority interests in mobile operations in Russia, having recently sold a minority share in Austria.

In accordance with Telenor's strategy of consolidating its position in international mobile by obtaining control of selected international mobile operations, and in order to maximize the benefit of cross-border synergies and increase overall profitability, Telenor also made new acquisitions in 2005.

In October 2006, Telenor entered into an agreement with Vodafone Group for the acquisition of subsidiary Vodafone Sweden for a consideration of NOK 8,170 million, including assumption of debt.

Effective from 26 October 2005, Telenor increased its economic stake in Total Access Communication (DTAC) in Thailand to 56.9 per cent. Following further transactions based on mandatory tender offers, Telenor's economic stake was raised to 69.3 per cent by year-end 2005.

Telenor's mobile commitments in Asia and Eastern and Central Europe are becoming increasingly important and to ensure optimal follow-up, Telenor has appointed dedicated Executive Vice Presidents for these regions. Telenor has also strengthened the co-ordination of operational and human resources across all the countries in which the group has operations through the appointment of two new Executive Vice Presidents to the Group Executive Management.

During 2005, Telenor successfully extracted a number of cross-border synergies across the group. Common technologies for optimal spectrum and network utilisation have been successfully implemented at each of the group's operations, and Telenor maintains its focus on adopting new technologies to improve service quality and reduce costs.

In order to harmonise the group's customer orientation across all markets, Telenor has developed a common segmentation model that enables more effective targeting, while also providing greater insight into the global markets. Telenor has developed a framework that provides affiliates with a proven concept of developing target segmented offerings and optimised go-to-market strategies.

Revenues from voice services include traffic charges, interconnection fees, and roaming charges. All of Telenor's mobile operations derive the greatest share of their total revenues from voice services, and Telenor continues to focus on developing new products, services and initiatives to increase Telenor's customer base and encourage higher usage.

[edit] Fixed-line
In Norway, Telenor provides communications solutions on a retail basis to both residential and business customers. Offers include analogue (PSTN) and digital (ISDN) fixed-line telephony, as well as broadband voice services over Internet Protocol (VoIP), Internet access via PSTN/ISDN and digital subscriber lines (xDSL), value-added services and leased lines. Norway now has one of the highest numbers of DSL lines per capita, currently at over 80% of households and steadily growing.

Through the acquisitions of Bredbandsbolaget and Cybercity, made in July 2005 for NOK 4.5 billion and NOK 1.3 billion, respectively, Telenor has gained a strong position in the fast-growing broadband markets in Sweden and Denmark. Bredbandsbolaget is Sweden's second largest provider of broadband services, offering full triple-play with high-speed Internet, VoIP and Internet Protocol (IP) television services on an all-IP fibre and xDSL network. Cybercity is Denmark's third largest broadband supplier, providing xDSL-based Internet access and voice services to both residential and business customers.

On 8 February 2006, Telenor increased its shareholding in the Swedish residential voice and broadband provider Glocalnet AB by 13.5 per cent, for a consideration of SEK 136 million (NOK 118 million), to secure a 50.1 per cent ownership interest. The acquisition triggered a mandatory offer for all outstanding shares in Glocalnet AB. This offer is valid until 21 April 2006. As at 28 March 2006, Telenor holds a 96.6 per cent ownership interest in Glocalnet.

In the fourth quarter of 2005, Telenor disposed of its operations in the Czech Republic and Slovakia with a loss of NOK 63 million.[citation needed]

In 2009, Norwegian performing rights agency TONO and the Norwegian section of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI Norge) attempted to force Telenor to block the Pirate Bay BitTorrent website. After several court judgements in favour of the ISP, the case was finally dropped, with an admission from TONO that under Norwegian law the ISP cannot be compelled to block access to the site[6].

[edit] Machine-to-machine
Telenor started exploring the M2M potentials in 2000, when Telenor R&D established a project both aimed at technology, services and business models. This was further spurred when Telenor acquired the Swedish mobile company Europolitan, which contained parts of Vodafone's resdearch capabilities in the area. As a result, two separate companies have been established: Telenor Connexion in Karlskrona (aiming higher up in the M2M value chain), and Telenor Objects (aiming further down in the value chain). The initiative has resulted in a substantial market share of Europe's fast-growing M2M market.

[edit] Broadcast
Telenor also operates the national terrestrial broadcast network in Norway, Norkring. It is also part owner of the company that will build the new digital terrestrial network, Norges Televisjon and the content provider RiksTV. Telenor is also the leading provider of satellite broadcasting services in the Nordic region, utilising three geostationary satellites.[citation needed] Telenor's key objective is to further strengthen Broadcast's position in the Nordic region.

Thor is a satellite-family owned by Telenor. On 11 February 2008 the THOR 5 satellite was launched into geostationary orbit by a Proton rocket. The launch was provided by International Launch Services using a launch vehicle built by Khrunichev Space Center.[7] Cato Halsaa, CEO of Telenor Satellite Broadcasting, said the launch, "Demonstrates our commitment to the satellite industry and our firm belief that satellites will continue to play an important role as a distribution platform for TV entertainment." Telenor operates three satellites from its satellite control center at Fornebu (Thor2, Thor3 & Thor5), with Thor6 being launched in 2009.

Telenor Broadcast provides TV distribution services to more than three million households and businesses in the Nordic region, offering basic tier, "minipay" and premium pay-TV services to subscribers with Direct To Home (DTH) satellite dishes. In Norway and Sweden, Telenor also offers basic tier TV services, pay-TV and Internet services to cable TV subscribers, and in Denmark, the same services are marketed through a cable network; OE Kabel TV, acquired in November 2005. In Finland, Telenor offers premium pay-TV services to subscribers with access to digital terrestrial television (DTT). Telenor also offers TV services through privately owned satellite master antenna TV networks (SMATV), which serve multiple dwellings such as housing associations and antenna unions.

Telenor's wholly owned subsidiary Canal Digital is the leading TV content distributor in the Nordic region, offering a wide range of national and international TV channels to households that rely on DTH, cable, DTT or SMATV for their reception of television services.

[edit] International activities and markets Telenor world locations 2009.
Promonte outlet in Budva, Montenegro.
Telenor Sweden office in Stockholm.Approximately half of Telenor's employees work outside Norway.

[edit] Bangladesh
Launched in 1997, Grameenphone was the first Telenor venture in the Asian telecom market.

Today, Grameenphone is the largest mobile provider in Bangladesh, serving more than 21 million subscribers; an increase of 53 per cent in the subscriber base in 2007. Telenor and its partners have boosted network capacity and extended coverage to new and often remote areas, connecting millions of previously unconnected people. Telenor holds 55.8 per cent of Grameenphone. Grameenphone started trading its shares on the stock exchanges in Dhaka and Chittagong on November 16, 2009. The headquarters are located in Dhaka.

[edit] Denmark
Main article: Telenor Denmark
In Denmark Telenor owns the following companies: Telenor Denmark which is Denmark's second largest provider of mobile telephony with 1.8 million subscribers and which provides IP telephony and broadband and has 280.000 customers. Tele2 which provides telephony and internet. CBB Mobil which provides low cost prepaid mobile telephony.

On 15 June 2009 Sonofon, Cybercity and Tele2 were unified under one international brand - Telenor.

Furthermore the digital distributor of TV-channels Canal Digital owned by Telenor is also present in Denmark.

[edit] Finland
Telenor's operations in Finland are fixed datacom and Canal Digital.

[edit] Hungary
The company offers mobile telephony, has 3 million subscribers and a market share of 33%.

[edit] India
Uninor had started its mobile services on 3rd December 2009, in 8 of the 22 circles in India. Telenor has acquired a 67% equity stake in Unitech Wireless, which has the requisite government approvals and licenses to provide mobile services pan-India. It has rolled out its network nation-wide under the brand name Uninor.

[edit] Malaysia
DiGi is Malaysia's third largest mobile telephony company, and Telenor owns 49% of the company.

[edit] Montenegro
Telenor Montenegro is Telenor's subsidiary in Montenegro and offers mobile telephony.

[edit] Pakistan
Telenor Pakistan is a wholly owned subsidiary that started operations on the 15th of March 2005 and holds one of six mobile licences in Pakistan. It's also the fastest growing cellular network of Pakistan - this may be attributed to their aggressive marketing and advertising campaign. Currently, Telenor holds the second largest GSM and the largest GPRS and EDGE coverage in Pakistan which competes with Ufone. with the recent launch of its nationwide EDGE-enabled network. It has achieved the third largest retailer network in Pakistan within the 2 years span of its operations and has started operations in northern areas of Pakistan and in Pakistani administered Kashmir. Telenor had reached its breakeven in the first quarter of 2007. Telenor proactively participated in the earthquake disaster relief, and carried out a campaign for the welfare of flood victims in Balochistan. The current CEO of Telenor Pakistan is Jon Eddy Abdullah.

[edit] Russia and CIS
Russia's second largest mobile telephone company is VimpelCom, which Telenor owns about a third of.[8] VimpelCom also operates in Armenia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Georgia. The company is listed on New York Stock Exchange.

For a description of Telenor's legal battle with Alfa Group over VimpelCom and Kyivstar, see: Alfa Group.

[edit] Serbia
Telenor owns 100% of Telenor Serbia, one of the three mobile vendors in Serbia and has a customer base of around 2.99 million. It is second mobile operator in the Serbian market.

[edit] Sweden
Telenor owns a number of different companies in Sweden. Telenor Sverige AB is the result of Telenor's purchase of Vodafone Sweden in 2005, offering mobile telephone services with a market share of approximately 15%. Telenor also owns Bredbandsbolaget, Sweden's second largest provider of broadband and the largest provider of IP telephony. Canal Digital offers TV distribution as well. In 2006 Telenor Sverige AB purchased Glocalnet, Sweden's fourth largest complete provider of telecom services.

[edit] Thailand
Telenor holds an indirect position in DTAC, a mobile telephony company in Thailand. DTAC currently has about 14 million users which put DTAC as the second-largest mobile operator in the Thai market.

[edit] Ukraine
Telenor owns 56.51% of the shares in one of Ukraine's largest GSM operators, Kyivstar.

[edit] Probable strategy
The company started commercial operations in Pakistan on 14 March 2005. It will continue its focus on mobile operations in Scandinavia, Eastern Europe and Asia, become the largest provider of TV and Broadband to customers in Scandinavia, and sell non-core assets outside this scope.

Generally, the company's strong growth has derived from focusing on mobile communication in low-income, but fast-growing markets. These potentials being fulfilled, new incomes could come from either new market entries, or increased revenues from more services in existing emerging markets, from both mobile and broadband services.

Telenor is currently taking part in a race to acquire a sixth mobile operator in Vietnam[9], in competition with other global telco's, among them Vimpelcom.[10] Telenor announced to the business newspaper Dagens Næringsliv last winter that they are looking at possible prospects for mobile operations in Africa.[11]

Telenor is a sponsor of Rosenborg BK.

[edit] Criticism
[edit] Norwegian Internet Exchange
In June 2007 Telenor announced that it would withdraw from the Norwegian Internet Exchange (NIX). It would allow other internet service providers to connect to Telenor's own exchange point, but wants to be able to charge content providers, like NRK or Schibsted, for prioritised access to their network. The Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority stated they would look at the legality of this move,[12] but concluded that the withdrawal from NIX would not negatively affect the Norwegian Internet infrastructure.[13] This raised demands that the network division be demerged from Telenor and made a separate company.[14] Critics feel that this move compromises the network neutrality of Norway,[15] especially since Telenor has a 57% market share domestically.[16] Telenor chose not to fulfill their threats, and continue to connect to NIX through a ten gigabit ethernet connection.

[edit] Grameen Bank gentlemen's agreement
After Muhammad Yunus was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006, he claimed during his visit in Norway to receive the prize that Grameen Bank had a gentlemen's agreement with Telenor where Telenor was to sell part of GrameenPhone to the bank.[citation needed] Telenor was not interested in fulfilling this agreement, arguing it was not juridically binding.[citation needed]

[edit] Illegal VoIP Operations
Telenor's subsidiary Grameenphone was fined multiple times and later sued because they participated in illegal VOIP operations. VOIP operations went against the BTRC's (Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission ) rules and as a result Grameenphone's offices were also raided in the process. BTRC claimed that the regulator and government was denied large revenue which Telenor/Grameenphone earned through these activities. Shortly after, Grameenphone's profits fell 32% when BTRC forced Grameenphone to cease VOIP operations.

[edit] Use of child labor and hazardous working conditions
A Danish TV documentary has revealed miserable working conditions and environmental violations at companies in Bangladesh that act as suppliers to GrameenPhone. Employees were shown working with hazardous chemicals and heavy metals virtually without protection. Workers were as young as 13 years, a clear violation of child labour laws. The firms were caught allowing polluted waste water to spill into nearby rice fields. And in one case, a worker was killed when he fell into an unsecured pool of acid.

Telenor opted to reveal some of the findings of the documentary even before it was aired.[17]

[edit] Muhammad Yunus is considering taking legal action against Telenor
Nobel Peace Prize recipient and co-owner of Grameenphone, Muhammad Yunus, is currently considering taking legal action against Telenor, for the company's failure to stamp out the use of child labour by its subcontractors in Bangladesh. In a press release published on September 4, 2008, Yunus wrote that:

-Neither I nor Grameenphone can accept this conduct. Twice the authorities in Bangladesh have found the company not to be in compliance with the current legislation of the country.

Telenor's CEO, Jon Fredrik Baksaas, has promised to look into the matter.[18]

[edit] Legal battles with Alfa Group in Russia and Ukraine
For a detailed description of Telenor's legal battle with Alfa Group over VimpelCom and Kyivstar, see: Alfa Group.

Telenor stake in Russian mobile phone company Vimpelcom were seized in April 2009 after Telenor refused to pay a $1.7 billion in damage compensation to Russian owner Farimex Ltd.[19]. In October 2005, Telenor and Alfa Group reached an agreement that envisions an end to all ongoing legal disputes concerning VimpelCom and Kyivstar..[20]

[edit] See also
COMSAT mobile communications
[edit] References
^ a b c d e f "Annual Report 2009". Telenor. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
^ "Third quarter 2009: A solid quarter". Telenor.
^ Pryser, Tore (1999) Norsk Historie 1814-1860, volume four of Norsk historie. Det Norske Samlaget, Oslo ISBN 82-521-5184-1
^ "Pirate Bay legal action dropped in Norway". Computerworld UK. 2010-03-15.
^ "ILS Proton successfully launches THOR 5 satellite". ILS.
^ Berglund, Nina. "Telenor keen to exit Russia". Aftenposten. Retrieved 21 August 2008.
^ Telenor sees improved prospects for entering Vietnam.
^ Computerworld: Vimpelcom snart i Vietnam (Vimpelcom soon in Vietnam).
^ Afrika neste for telenor - December 17, 2007.
^ Dagens Næringsliv. "Vil granske Telenor" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 28 June 2007.
^ Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority. "Telenors samtrafikkavtaler for internettrafikk" (in Norwegian).
^ Nettavisen. "EU vil splitte telegiganter" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 26 July 2007.
^ Dagbladet. "Din frie adgang til nettet er truet" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 26 July 2007.
^ Dagens IT. "Sjekk naboenes bredbåndslinjer" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 26 July 2007.
^ Addressing unacceptable working conditions in Bangladesh:
^ Seized Telenor stake in a Russian company moves toward sale New York Times, 19 June 2009
^ Telenor - «Telenor and Altimo to Create a Leading Emerging Markets Mobile Operator», October 5, 2009.
[edit] External links
Official website
[show]v • d • eOBX companies of Norway Acergy · Aker Solutions · DnB NOR · DNO International · Fred. Olsen Energy · Frontline · Golden Ocean Group · Kongsberg Automotive · Marine Harvest · Norsk Hydro · Orkla · Petroleum Geo-Services · Prosafe · Questerre Energy Corporation · Renewable Energy Corporation · Royal Caribbean Cruises · Seadrill · Sevan Marine · Songa Offshore · Statoil · Storebrand · Subsea 7 · Telenor · TGS-NOPEC · Yara

See also: Companies listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange

[show]v • d • eOpera…...

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...Creating a kid-friendly Internet for Malaysia Five-point-two million child surfers will be riding the Internet’s waves in Malaysia by 2017. A reality of an increasingly digitalized world to be embraced or a critical cause for concern? The learning resources that an Internet connection offers young minds are not to be underestimated, but on the same token, how are kids kept from stumbling into the Web’s darker corners? “Malaysians are actively working out a solution to this. DiGi and our global partner, the Telenor Group, a world leader in telecommunications, are helping Malaysia lead the charge in keeping children safe online,” said Christian Thrane, Chief Strategy and Corporate Affairs Officer, DiGi Telecommunications. From asia telenor 2 Helping moms help their children Far too many babies in Thailand still begin their lives nameless. They are born unregistered, officially unknown to the state. This can turn into a life of lost opportunities, as they miss out on basic rights to nationality, public services, vaccinations and education. UNICEF reports warn that unregistered children are also more vulnerable to human trafficking. The problem sparked a larger, collaborative project between Telenor’s local partner, dtac and UNICEF, the Ministry of Public Health and the Bangkok Children’s Hospital. The idea was to launch the Best Start programme, beginning with the *1515 Mother & Child Info Service,......

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...1.1 PEST Analysis 1.1.1Political factors ‘“Open skies” refers to an international policy concept and air transport agreements, which liberalize the rules and regulations on international aviation’. It includes regulation relate to international airline market, and make able to reduce control by government. This regulation has a relationship with various factors, which includes both of both of travelers and freights, of airline industry (USlegal,2013). Nowadays, many countries joined to this regulation, such as EU and ASEAN. India joined to this regulation without exception. September 2012, the Indian government announced that they designed to give permission to foreign airline industry to corner 49percent of airline industry of India. Therefore, six greatest Indian airlines have loan of combined $13billion, and have been expected to loose combined $1.6billion for this year by Center for Aviation since March 2013. In short, it is consequently difficult to develop their business within India for Indian airline companies, and the loose of the business has to expected. On the other hand, airline industry in other countries hesitate to enter the market, cause they expect they are not able to earn enough profits from Indian due to their low incomes (The Economist,2013). Therefore, it can be an opportunity to develop Indian airline industry even within the regulation. 1.1.2 Economic factors Nowadays, the increasing cost of fuel can been seen in airline industry......

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...PEST Analysis What is PEST Analysis? It is very important that an organization considers its environment before beginning the marketing process. In fact, environmental analysis should be continuous and feed all aspects of planning. The organization's marketing environment is made up of: 1. The internal environment e.g. staff (or internal customers), office technology, wages and finance, etc. 2. The micro-environment e.g. our external customers, agents and distributors, suppliers, our competitors, etc. 3. The macro-environment e.g. Political (and legal) forces, Economic forces, Sociocultural forces, and Technological forces. These are known as PEST factors. Political Factors. The political arena has a huge influence upon the regulation of businesses, and the spending power of consumers and other businesses. You must consider issues such as: 1.How stable is the political environment? 2.Will government policy influence laws that regulate or tax your business? 3.What is the government's position on marketing ethics? 4. What is the government's policy on the economy? 5. Does the government have a view on culture and religion? 6. Is the government involved in trading agreements such as EU, NAFTA, ASEAN, or others? Economic Factors. Marketers need to consider the state of a trading economy in the short and long-terms. This is especially true when planning for international marketing. You need to look at: 1. Interest rates. 2. The level of inflation......

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Pest Analysis Telenore Pakistan

...Abstract: Pakistan has important strategic endowments and development potential. The country is located at the crossroads of South Asia, Central Asia, China and the Middle East and is thus at the fulcrum of a regional market with a vast population, large and diverse resources, and untapped potential for trade. The increasing proportion of Pakistan’s working-age population provides the country with a potential demographic dividend but also with the critical challenge to provide adequate services and increase employment Economical view: Pakistan faces significant economic, governance and security challenges to achieve durable development outcomes. The persistence of conflict in the border areas and security challenges throughout the country is a reality that affects all aspects of life in Pakistan and impedes development. A range of governance and business environment indicators suggest that deep improvements in governance are needed to unleash Pakistan's growth potential Pakistan also faces significant economic challenges. The sharp rise in international oil and food prices, combined with recurring natural disasters like the 2010 and 2011 floods had a devastating impact on the economy. As Pakistan recovered from the 2008 global crisis, its gross domestic product (GDP) grew 3.8 percent in Fiscal Year 2009/2010 (FY09/10). The 2010 floods, with an estimated damage of over $10 billion, caused growth to slow down to 2.4 percent in FY10/11. The Pakistan economy grew by an......

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...PROFILE Telenor Group Telenor ASA is an international provider of high quality telecommunications, data and media communication services. It ranks as world‟s 7th largest mobile operator with a total of 164 million subscribers in its mobile operations. Telenor Pakistan Telenor Pakistan is 100% owned by Telenor ASA and adds on to its operations in Asia together with Thailand, Malaysia and Bangladesh. Telenor Pakistan launched its operations in March 2005 as the single largest direct European investment in Pakistan, setting precedence for further foreign investments in the telecom sector. The company has crossed many milestones and grown in a number of directions, making Telenor Pakistan a leading telecom operator of the country. Telenor is the fastest growing mobile network in the country, with coverage reaching deep into many of the remotest areas of Pakistan. In the most difficult terrains of the country, from the hilly northern areas to the sprawling deserts in the south, at times Telenor is the only operator connecting the previously unconnected. It is keeping ahead by investing heavily in infrastructure expansion. With USD2 billion already invested, it has extended agreements with its vendors for network expansion and services until 2009. The agreements, with a potential to result in USD750 million worth of orders from Telenor Pakistan, are some of the biggest of their kind in the industry. Telenor is spread across Pakistan,......

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History of Telenor

...Telenor Pakistan in Pakistan Directory   Telenor acquired the license for providing GSM services in Pakistan in April 2004, and launched its services commercially in Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Karachi on March 15, 2005. The official opening was held in Islamabad with the President of Pakistan General Pervez Musharraf as the guest of honor and a Telenor delegation headed by CEO Telenor Jon Fredrik Baksaas. On March 23, 2005 Telenor started its services in Lahore, Faisalabad and Hyderabad. Telenor has become the second largest cellular network in Pakistan by launching over 1100 destinations within two years! Telenor has its Corporate headquarters in Islamabad, with regional offices in Karachi and Lahore. The license terms stipulate that by year 4, Telenor will cover 70% of Pakistans 297 administrative Tehsil headquarters. Telenor will fulfill the license requirements and provide superior quality coverage. Telenor is proud to build mobile communication infrastructure in Pakistan and looks forward to combine its experience in mobile technology with the local Pakistani high level of competence. Telenors primary aim is to offer top quality mobile services and promote healthy competition in the mobile market. The company has covered several milestones over the past twenty two months and grown in a number of directions. Telenor has successfully signed interconnect agreements with all four incumbents during December 2004, allowing its subscribers to exchange voice and data with......

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Telenor Pest Analysis on Pakistan

...MCC MCC (Missouri Computational Company) is a multinational group created in 1952 which successfully develops, manufactures and sells computers of medium and high capacity. It is building up business in North and South America, in Europe, in South-Eastern Asia, in Australia and in the Middle East. The American Headquarter, located in Saint Louis, Missouri, co-ordinates the production, the activity of research and development, the HRM policy and financial aspects. The factories are located in Saint Louis and Newark, New Jersey. The sales activities are structured in regional divisions. The major business sectors of MCC have regional sales under their responsibility. This decentralised organisation has some limits. Indeed, there is a centralisation with regard to the logos, the letters used, the types of products and the financial criteria to respect. The central level co-ordinates the standardisation of the working conditions, the classification of jobs and the planning of HR policy, while the recruiting is carried out at the level of the regional entities. Each one of them has its own human resource management and financial management. A Management Committee gathers at the headquarter every two weeks. The direction wishes to reinforce the MCC spirit of globalisation: the requirements of the customers are increasingly international, the overseas sales of the group are developing, even if the export growth remains difficult to foresee, and the manufacturing units are...

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Telenor Pakistan

...Introduction | | | | | Telenor Pakistan is 100% owned by Telenor ASA and adds on to its operations in Asia together with Thailand, Malaysia and Bangladesh.Telenor Pakistan launched its operations in March 2005 as the single largest direct European investment in Pakistan, setting precedence for further foreign investments in the telecom sector. The company has crossed many milestones and grown in a number of directions, making Telenor Pakistan a leading telecom operator of the country.Telenor is the fastest growing mobile network in the country, with coverage reaching deep into many of the remotest areas of Pakistan. In the most difficult terrains of the country, from the hilly northern areas to the sprawling deserts in the south, at times we are the only operator connecting the previously unconnected. Telenor is keeping ahead by investing heavily in infrastructure expansion. With USD2 billion already invested, Telenor has extended agreements with its vendors for network expansion and services until 2009. The agreements, with a potential to result in USD750 million worth of orders from Telenor Pakistan, are some of the biggest of their kind in the industry.Telenor has spread across Pakistan, creating 2,500 direct and 25,000-plus indirect employment opportunities.It has a network of 23 company-owned sales and service centers, more than 200 franchisees and some 100,000 retail outlets.Telenor Group The Telenor Group is an international provider of high......

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Swot Analysis of Telenor

...taken over. Therefore telecom industry of Pakistan has been experiencing growth since last one and half years. Current government has liberalized the taxation and licensing polices in order to attract more and more foreign direct investment in the country. But this political instability can occur if the government changes and bring new policies which might not be in favor of telecom industry. Propaganda by religious forces: Telenor had to face severe criticism from the religious forces in Pakistan after the publishing of caricatures on the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H). people called for the total opposition of the Norwegian based company. Public pay phones & calling cards usage where network is not available: It is a big threat to the company as it cuts down companies profits. Moreover, people can evenshift to other network who have coverage in those areas. So the company should take notice andtry to provide service in every nook and corner of the country. Formulating and implementing strategies: Once the SWOT analysis is complete the company needs to pay attention to the expansion of the business by offering a number of quality products in the market. The company needs to evaluateits growth strategy so that it can have a clear understanding of the direction towards which it isheading. The organization should concentrate on its primary line of business in order to achievesuccessful expansion. Telenor Growth Strategy The Telenor Group has a strong track record of......

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