Free Essay

Study of the Politeness Principle in Chinese and English Cultures

In: Other Topics

Submitted By if729
Words 1475
Pages 6

Abstract:
This thesis attempts to make a comparative study of politeness between English and Chinese cultures.Po- liteness Can be realized in a number of ways, among which the use of language is an important one.With the develop- ment of pragmatics in the past years, language is used to show-politeness and also the differences between different lan- guages and cultures.
Key words:
Politeness principle;Culture difference

一、
Introduction

Minimize the expression of beliefs which express dis-

Politeness as a social phenomenon can be observed in

praise of other; maximize the expression of beliefs which

all languages and cultures, it has long been made an and express approval of other.Other may not be the person di-

important object of study in linguistics.The really serious

rectly addressed, someone or something dear to humor but study of politeness in the Western linguistic circles can be

her.

traced back to the German Romantic Movement in the

4.The Modesty maxim

early 1920s.In recent years, along with the rapid movement

Minimize the expression of praise of self; maximize towards pragmatics, politeness has become the central

the expression of dispraise of self.

theme.As a common social phenomenon, politeness is not

5.The Agreement maxim

only a universally highly valued virtue, also a widely but Minimize the expression of disagreement between self

employed strategy to realize tactful and effective communi-

and other; maximize the expression of agreement between

cation.Despite its universality of politeness, ways to re- the self and other.

alize politeness, the standards of judgment differ in and 6.The Sympathy maxim

difference cultures.Being unaware of such differences

Minimize the expression of detest of other; maximize would probably lead to trouble or failure in cultural com-

the expression of sympathy of other.I will make a compari-

munication.

son in politeness principle between China and English-

二、
Politeness Principle

speaking countries according to these maxims.

(一 Definition of politeness


(二 Gu Yueguo'Politeness Principle


Politeness is a universal phenomenon in human soci-

In China, however the real study of politeness only

ety.However different linguists and scholars give their dif-

began in the 1980s when pragmatics was introduced into

ferent interpretations of politeness.G.Leech introduces the

China.The most important figure in this area is Gu Yueguo.

Politeness Principle which runs as follows:
Minimize the

He puts forward his own set of politeness maxims in his

expression of impolite beliefs,
Maximize the expression of

Politeness.

polite belief.Leech specified six maxims of the politeness

Phenomena in Modem Chinese (1990 .Gu
) (1992 has


principle which are the means by which on can obtain the

formulated a different set of politeness maxims, which he

degree of politeness required in a certain situation.

thinks that are more suitable to the Chinese environment.

1.Tact maxim

Gu who have contributed significantly to the study of po-

Minimize the expression of beliefs which imply cost to

liteness in modern Chinese holds that there are basically

other, maximize the expression of beliefs which imply ben-

four notions underlying the Chinese conception of limao

efit to other

( 礼 貌) Respectfulness,

modesty, attitudinal warmth, re- 2.The Generosity maxim

finement.'Respectfulness'is self's positive appearance of

Minimize the expression of benefit to self; maximize concerning the latter's face, social status and so on.It is i-

the expression of cost to self.
3.The Approbation maxim

dentical with the need to maintain the listener's positive face.'Modesty'can be seen as another way of say-

-140-

【专题研讨】 ing'self-denigration.Self-denigration is uniquely Chinese.

the speaker asked is our of their business.They consider it

'Attitudinal Warmth'is self's demonstration of kindness,

as an interpreting and impolite.Therefore, main content the consideration and hospitality to other.It bears a strong Chi-

.And inquiring the de- of talking is called “La Jia Chang”

nese trait and the speaker runs the risk of infringing on the

tai1s of family member is a common and polite topic.That's

listener's personal freedom, thus threatening his negative

the way to show care and concerning to listener.The Eng-

face.'Refinement' refers to self's behavior to other which

lish speakers dis1ike to be asked salary, and marriage, age meets certain standards .People should live up to the con-

however, they treat these as privacy.British people of- and ventionally recognized social standards in order not to be

ten start their talking as whether topic.When a Chinese

accused of being rude or ill mannered.Gu's principle re-

“ isn't , listener heard Windy, it”he would not regard it as a

flects the typical Chinese characteristics.Chinese has its

signal of start talking.Chinese personal relationships sym-

own principles and explanations.And through studies such

bols as society: emphasizes on keeping within the bounds

principles, could go further on study the concealing part we of social groups: regards the collectivities functions as and of Chinese culture.Collectivism,
Confucianism and Hierar-

the main role.Therefore, they don't treat these questions as

chy would be revealed.

privacy.Privacy is valued in all cultures, it is much but 三、
The differences in Politeness Principles be- tween Chinese and English Cultures

more highly regarded in the English speaking culture than in the Chinese culture.An English speaking person might

(一)
Different maxim is chosen because of different culture simply regard what is considered as an act of politeness in
Chinese culture as an intrusion upon a person's privacy.

The Tact maxim is the one that the westerns use the

as
Prof.Gu has included “Attitudinal warmth” one of the

most when they are communicating.People use it when

four motions underlying politeness in the Chinese culture.

they implement indicative behaviors such as making re-

To show warmth and concern of other is considered as a

quests orders, warms suggestions and giving advices and so

polite act.That's why when two Chinese meet each other



on.For eaample, Hang on a second”I've got a bit of

even for the first time: they might be asking about each

problem.Here it is very clear that the speaker is trying to

other's age, mortal status, offspring, occupation and even

lessen the cost of other.However, people in China and oth-

income.The Chinese think that they are being polite by

er eastern countries put emphasis on Modesty Maxim.After

showing concern for the other person and asking all these



a big meal, people will say I am so sorry, have given you

questions wi11 help shorten the social distance between

The so much trouble .” different choices are made because

themselves an d their interlocutors.But English speaker,

people come from different culture and they have different

should they be asked all such questions, would feel their

view of value.Chinese pursue a hamonious relationship .

interlocutor is rudely encroaching upon their privacy.In

However, is a country which put emphasis on social it modern Chinese, equivalent of politeness is Li Mao, the stratum.But in English countries, politeness principle the which is believed to have evolved in history from the no-

“ and . put emphasis equality” “consistence”

tion of Li(礼 .In the opening lines are round the following

“speaking of Li, humble yourself but show respect to oth-

(二 Collectivism

Family is in a specific position in Chinese transitional

er” has ever since become an essential feature of the
.It

culture.All the relationship between people must revolve in

Chinese notion of politeness and has remained at the core

the relationship of family.Therefore, the language inter- in of politeness in the Chinese culture.
(三 Confucianism and Hierarchy


action, especially in the politeness greetings, 1ike to just family members.As greeting,
Chinese speakers 1ike to say.

Confucius set up 81l ethical moral system intended

“You are fat” “You are so thin” or .Please pay more atten-

ideally governs al1 relationships in the family and nation.

tion to your health.When the two friends meet, they often

He taught that society was made up of five relationships:





say,Where are you going? or Have you had the meal?

those between ruler and subjects, husband and wife, father in Chinese culture, shows tactful, it friendly and warmly.

and son, elder brother and younger brother and friends.He

Because when a Chinese speaker says hello to an English

emphasizes virtue, se1f1essness, duty, patriotism, hard work

speaker using these phrases,
English speaker sometimes

and respect for hierarchy.He gives social relationships to

“ not “
In
thinks it is an inquire” the friendly greeting” Ameri-

live in harmony with the universe, with your follows man

can and British culture English.Speaker pays more atten-

through proper behavior.Li cons ideas balance and harmo-

tion to the individualism and privacy.And they regard what

ny in human relationships to be the basic of society.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Chinese Culture

...Introduction chinese culture Chinese culture is one of the world’s oldest and most complex. The area in which the culture is dominant covers a huge geographical region in eastern Asia with customs and traditions varying greatly between towns, cities and provinces. Important components of Chinese culture includes art,cuisine, festival and etc. People in the culture Identity Throughout history, many recognized ethnic groups have been assimilated into neighboring ethnicities or disappeared without a trace. At the same time, many within the Han identity have maintained distinct linguistic and regional cultural traditions. The term Zhonghua Minzu has been used to describe the notion of Chinese nationalism in general. Much of the traditional identity within the community has to do with distinguishing the family name. Values Most social values are derived from Confucianism and Taoism. The subject of which school was the most influential is always debated as many concepts such as Neo-Confucianism, Buddhism and many others. Reincarnation and other rebirth concept is a reminder of the connection between real-life and the after-life. In Chinese business culture, the concept of guanxi, indicating the primacy of relations over rules, has been well documented. Chinese Language The Chinese language (汉语/漢語 Hànyǔ; 华语/華語 Huáyǔ; 中文 Zhōngwén) is a language or language family consisting of varieties which are mutually intelligible to varying degrees.[4] Originally the indigenous......

Words: 3890 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Chinese Culture

...September 2012 Making Friends in China As with any culture to be successful in China socially, one needs to understand the manners and etiquettes that the culture follows. Many cultures have changed greatly over the centuries, but China’s remains very similar to its roots around the family and authoritarian. Unlike western cultures, much of the Chinese etiquette continues to be very rigid. Understanding and putting into practice the manners and etiquettes of Chinese culture will help a person to create new friendships, rather than enemies, and be accepted by more people within the country. These manners and etiquettes cover behavior in public, dining, conducting business, and even gift giving. In public Chinese people are very formal in their behaviors. Public displays of affection such as kissing, hugging, making eye contact, or hand holding are strongly discouraged; however, hand holding amongst friends of the same sex commonly occurs. Personal space is given very little concern within China, especially during national celebrations when most people go out, and the streets become very crowded from the largest cities to the smallest rural villages. People meeting will often shake hand and/or bow to each other, regardless of their acquaintance level. A Chinese person will typically avoid making eye contact. Making eye contact may be considered rude and signify anger or defiance. When meeting someone new Chinese people will often ask about a person’s age, marital......

Words: 1219 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Chinese Culture

...Chinese Culture Susan Appling Intro to Sociology Feb-10-2012 Chinese culture is one of the world’s oldest and most complex. There is a large area that the culture is dominant, Eastern Asia. Customs and traditions vary between towns and cities. Visual arts, martial arts, literature, music and cuisine are all parts of the Chinese culture. There are many ethnic groups throughout the region. Many have disappeared or joined with other groups. Much of the traditional identity within the community has to do with the Family name. Different periods of history have different names for the positions within society. Each imperial period are similar, with government and military officials ranking high in the hierarchy? Chinese society was organized into a hierarchic system of socio-economic classes known as the four occupations. This system didn’t cover all social groups while the lines between each group became blurred since the commercialization of Chinese culture. Traditionally the family has been the most important unit of society. A traditional family consists of, head of household, his sons, their wife and children, often living under one roof. In some small villages all families had the same surnames or last names and could make up an entire village. Land was the main form of wealth in traditional China. Health care was poor and nonexistent for most peasants. After the Communist revolution in 1949 the conditions improved. Private ownership of land was abolished...

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Chinese Culture Study

...order to more accurately reflect China's transition from a Soviet-style planned economy to a socialist market economy (socialism with Chinese characteristics). * 2011-2015, the 12th five-year program 3. In 2011, China’s GDP growth rate is 9.3% 4. Unemployment Rate: China=>6.4% / US=> 8.2% in 2012 * Inflation Rate: China=>2.6% / US=>2% in 2012 * Exchange Rate: RMB per US dollar 6.311 in 2012 5. China started a Nine-years of Compulsory Education System. This system means the implementation of the national unity of all school-age children must accept nine-year education and the nine-year education do not charge any tuition fees. 6. Study aboard In 2012, there are 410000 Chinese students studying abroad and Chinese students became the largest number of the foreign students in the United States. 7. there are still some poor areas in China do not have a good quality education especially in West China. lack of the educational source 8. Chinese cuisine includes styles originating from the diverse regions of China, plus styles of Chinese people in other parts of the world. The history of Chinese cuisine in China stretches back for thousands of years and has changed from period to period and in each region according to climate, imperial fashions, and local preferences. * American Chinese Food ≠ Chinese Food! 9. Eight Culinary Traditions of China => Hui cuisine , Yue cuisine, Min cuisine, Xiang cuisine, Huaiyang cuisine, Lu......

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Impacts of English Language in Chinese, Economy, Culture and Education

...Introduction English language was introduced in South China in the eighteenth century. It took root in the mid nineteenth century when a school teaching English was started. The first missionary schools lasted for 10 years (1835-1851). After the 1860 war the schools were reopened and they spread to other parts of china. Between 1872 and 1925 over 7,000 missionary schools were operational with over 260,000 students. Learning English was a means to learning modernized military methods and an opening for china to work with foreign countries and create alliances. Strained relations with USSR when Russian language was to replace English gave the Western culture a better impact opportunity (Hughes, 2006). The support of English has undergone many difficulties but since the 1980’s China has encouraged working relations and study opportunities in English as it has helped them economically, politically and in its cultural dynamics. English has received much support in recent years as it has made Chinas world market expand astronomically. On other hand, China is obliged to use English language for the purposes of international trade and interaction. This is because English has remained to be the world largest spoken language (Wu, 2012). Economical China has enjoyed successful relations with on a global scale for its conformation to the English language. Since 1980’s, Mainland China has been doing business with different international countries but especially those with an English......

Words: 2345 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

English Politeness

...The Impact of Globalization on Higher Education Abstract: Education is undergoing constant change under the influence of globalization. Globalization brings many positive changes on education. It changes the roles of students and teachers, and shifts society from industrialized society towards an information-based society. It has a great effect on culture and brings about a new form of cultural imperialism. The rise of new cultural imperialism is shaping children, the future citizen of global citizens. Intelligent people with a broad range of skills will be more competitive in this information-based society. With the development of globalization, higher education has to be internationalized in order to cater for this information-based society. Externally, the labor market requires for more knowledgeable and skilled workers, and workers with deeper understanding of foreign language and culture and business methods all over the world. Therefore, education is becoming invaluable to individuals. Today, education provides individuals with more chance of employment which in turn leads to a better life style, power, and status. This paper will discuss the impact of globalization on education. And it will find out the way how China higher education adapts to the changing environment under the context of globalization. 1. Introduction Globalization is a process, which affects a lot on human life, especially its great affection on education. In the twentieth century, many......

Words: 3220 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Chinese Culture

...LE BRAS BIANCHI Oceane CHINESE CULTURE China is a very interesting country with a lot of values, way of life, cultural traditions and customs differed from western countries. In first we will see the filial piety, which is a very important value for Chinese people, the origins and how it is nowadays and in second time, we will see the taboos in China in different categories. To beginning, it is important to know what is the filial piety to talk about that, filial piety means to be good to one's parents; to take care of them, to engage in good conduct not just towards them but also outside the home so as to bring a good name them and ancestors; to perform the duties of one's job well so as to obtain the material means to support them as well as carry out sacrifices to the ancestors. You have to do not be rebellious; show love, respect and support; display courtesy; ensure male heirs, uphold fraternity among brothers; wisely advise them, including dissuading them from moral unrighteousness; display sorrow for their sickness and death; and carry out sacrifices after their death. It supposed to be the normal behavior for all people around the world, but in China, the origin is very deep and ancient. It is a a concept originating with Confucianism that outlines the way in which family members should interact with each other. It is based on a hierarchical relationship, in which parents and older family rank more highly than children and younger family members, and men......

Words: 3036 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Chinese Culture

...Loss of Face Among Chinese Businesspeople in Intracultural and Intercultural Business Interactions Peter W. Cardon and James Calvert Scott Abstract Problem: No systematic research has been conducted about loss of face in Chinese business culture. General research questions: What causes Chinese businesspeople to lose face when conducting business intraculturally and interculturally? Setting: People’s Republic of China. Participants: 34 Chinese businesspeople from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. Methods: Structured open-ended interviews. Main findings: In intracultural business the major causes of loss of face were public criticism and rejection, with mild responses to loss of face except when subordinates caused superiors to lose face and sometimes when a peer caused another peer to lose face. In intercultural business the major causes of loss of face were foreigners’ arrogance, politics and international events, and foreigners’ criticism, with most responses to loss of face being minor. Recommendations: Recommendations are provided for businesspeople operating in the Chinese environment and for researchers conducting investigations about face in Chinese business culture. IS RESEARCH ABOUT LOSS OF FACE among Chinese businesspeople relevant for American business educators? “International business is an area of the business education curriculum that commands center stage in today’s global economy,” reported the National Business Education Association in...

Words: 10138 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Linguistic Expression of Politeness in the Chinese Culture

...Introduction The origin of the Chinese culture derives from the Mainland China. This culture is the world’s oldest and most complex civilizations with the history of more than 5,000 years. According to Wikipedia, “Chinese culture (Chinese: 中華文化) is a broad term used to describe the cultural foundation, even among Chinese-speaking regions outside of mainland China.” It is a broad term that covers almost all the aspects of life and the Chinese culture is considered very rich. Culture is defined as “the ideas, beliefs, and customs that are shared and accepted by people in a society” (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, 1995). In every culture, one aspect is considered essential and that is politeness. It goes the same with the Chinese culture where politeness is hardly regarded and one element under politeness is highly crucial, which is the importance of ‘face’ or face work. Politeness is best expressed as the practical application of good manners or etiquette. Politeness can vary from one culture to another and what is considered polite in one culture might be considered not in another. Politeness includes behaving and speaking correctly with consideration of other people’s feelings. For example, giving your seat to a disabled person in the LRT. Since culture is considered the institution of life, politeness is highly dependent on its culture. It goes the way the culture goes and it shapes the society under that particular culture through the family......

Words: 1930 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Study on the Differences in Thinking Modes Between Chinese and Western Culture

... 本人郑重声明:所呈交的毕业论文是本人在指导老师指导下取得的研究成果。除了文中特别加以注释和致谢的地方外,论文中不包含其他人已经发表或撰写的研究成果。与本研究成果相关的所有人所做出的任何贡献均已在论文中作了明确的说明并表示了谢意。 签名:                     年  月  日 授权声明 本人完全了解许昌学院有关保留、使用本科生毕业论文的规定,即:有权保留并向国家有关部门或机构送交毕业论文的复印件和磁盘,允许毕业论文被查阅和借阅。本人授权许昌学院可以将毕业论文的全部或部分内容编入有关数据库进行检索,可以采用影印、缩印或扫描等复制手段保存、汇编论文。 本人论文中有原创性数据需要保密的部分为(如没有,请填写“无”): 签名:      年  月  日 指导教师签名:                       年  月  日 | | | | Study on the Differences in Thinking Modes between Chinese and Western Culture | | | | |A Thesis Submitted | |to School of Foreign Languages, Xuchang University | |in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements | |for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts | | ...

Words: 5687 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Chinese Culture

...Chinese culture China has about five thousand years history which is a long period of time. The Chinese civilization was growing with these periods of time and it will continues greater than ever. Many wars and unhappiness were happening during this period. Although, the time has passed, the histories and the civilizations have not passed. These family virtues, serious, working attitudes, sense of justice and the great Confucian tradition have been deeply assimilated into the Chinese people. Some Chinese traditions are different from Mongolian’s. The Chinese culture has many special characteristics which are very interesting for people to learn. The family life is very important for every Chinese. Chinese families are very close-knit. Children tend to stay with their parents even after they get married and have children of their own, so that you often see three or four generations living under the same roof, unlike other cultures where the kids that have grown up try to get as far away from the parents as possible. However, everyone is well organized within this compact family each member of the family help each other when there is any problem and they will suffer together. The family life is quite different from Western’s.  Deeply rooted in Chinese culture is a system based on ethics, morals, hierarchy and behavior. In the Mongolian culture, a sincere thank you or a thank you note is an acceptable way to extend appreciation. However, in China, a more tangible form of......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Relationship Between Language and Culture —— in the Perspective of Chinese and English Idioms

...THE BIBLE’S INFLUENCE ON ENGLISH-AMERICAN LITERATURE by Zhang Lanlan June, 2007 Xiaogan University Abstract  As the sutra of the Christianity, the Bible has a great influence on both English and American literature and offers an eternal theme of their literary creation .English and American writers use stories of the Bible by three main methods. First, they quote person's names or stories of the Bible as the characters' names or plots of the creations from the Bible directly. Sometimes they make some changes on the original stories. Sometimes they quote stories directly from the Bible as the writing materials. Second, they make use of symbolic meaning of the Bible by some technical such as simile, metaphor and symbolism, so that the stories could exert a great influence on contrasting with the new products. Third, they merge the plots of the Bible to give connotative efforts to the readers.  Exploring the methods helps us know the western culture and consciousness, have a good appreciation and study for the English-American literature. key words: English-American literature ; the Bible; methods   《圣经》在英美文学作品中的影响 摘要 作为基督教的经典,《圣经》对英美文化影响深远,为英美文化创作提供了永恒的母题。英美作家化用《圣经》故事的主要方法有:直接引用《圣经》中的人名作为作品的人物名称,或直接引用《圣经》故事或对原型故事进行变形或处理,作为创作素材;通过比喻,隐喻或象征等手法,把《圣经》故事的寓意融汇到作品情节中或人物性格里,使这些故事发挥有力的陪衬作用;使作品中的人物,故事和情节与《圣经》故事大体对应,让《圣经》能穿越时空的限制,从而发挥隐含的参照作用。 探讨英美作家化用《圣经》的方法,有助于我们了解英美文化的思想意识,更好的学习,欣赏乃至研究英美文学作品。 关键词:英美文学;《圣经》;方式 ...

Words: 4063 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Chinese Culture

...Shan Zhou   TD N  Chinese culture    The Chinese economic reform began in 1978,ever since then,China opened up to foreign  investment,China's amazing economic growth for the past years was due to the cheap  labour,large resources and huge quantity of production.With the increasing of economics,  Chinese people were aware of the fact”made in China”couldn't bring this country to one of   the top countries in the world as the ancient China uesd to be.So,China invested a lot of  money into developing new technology.Only in the year of 2005,the country filed over  170,000 patents.The new identity”made by China”will change Chinese brands' image and  change the Chinese manufacturing model to promote the economic growth.  If your want to be successful for doing business in China,your have to understand Chinese  culture.Many Chinese are quite superstitious,they use divination tool such as “Feng Shui”to  juge whether they can purchase the business location or not. Because the bad”Feng Shui”  could bring the misfortune.(They like to put some rare rocks or some animal status to  promote fortune,if you saw something strange in their house,don't touch them,you could  break the miracle of Feng Shui!)  If you want to get along with Chinese people,you have to understand 3 main definitions:    ‐''Guan Xi''‐Relationships or Connections  ‐''Saving face''  ‐''Gift giving'' ......

Words: 384 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Chinese Culture

...Chinese Culture(中国传统文化) Ghulam Abbas Kan (3115999115) Email id:abbasalmani591@hotmail.com School of Electronic and information Xi’an Jiaotong University. INTRODUCTION: Culture itself is a relatively large concept. Generally speaking, culture is a kind of social phenomenon, and it is the product of people's long-term creation. At the same time, it is a historical accumulation of social history. The general culture is the sum of all the material and spiritual wealth created by human beings. Exactly speaking, culture refers to a country or a nation's history, geographical conditions, traditions, customs, way of life, literature, art, normative behavior, ways of thinking, values, and so on. According to the definition of British anthropologist Edward teller, culture "includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and as a member of the society the ability and habits that complex whole". Its core is as spiritual products of all kinds of knowledge, this matter is spread. Culture is a phenomenon peculiar to human beings. Culture is created by people, being unique.The culture is the product of human social practice. Chinese traditional culture is the civilization evolution and exchange integrated a reflect the national character and style of the national culture is nation in the history of all kinds of thoughts and ideology of the overall characterization, refers to the living in the area of Chinese nation and the ancestors created and inherited from generation to......

Words: 2632 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Chinese Culture

...Comparison and contrast of the main streams of Chinese philosophy: Taoism and Buddhism Student Name: Hanbo Wang Student ID: 102780389 Instructor: Jennifer Jiang Buddhism and Taoism are two major religions at every dynasty. Even today, with the great development of science and technology, they still have a great number of believers. Taoism, originated in China at the Eastern Han Dynasty and Buddhism, came to China from India around 6th century B.C., together have shaped Chinese life and thought for thousands of years. Although they have many points in common but the differences are crucial. When I was in middle school, my father put a scripture of Buddhism on the wall of my room. The name of that scripture is “Xin Jing”; it is means that to arrive the other shore of wisdom. That was my first time to know about Buddhism; but I could not understand the “Xin Jing” scripture until I graduated from high school; since I did not interested in any philosophy theory until I was in high school. When I was in high school, I got in touch with the Taoism from its famous major scripture, “Dao De Jing”. After I read about Taoism, I found that the philosophy contains a lot of wisdom in it; I can have different understanding of our world every time I read it through. For Taoism, I would rather interpret it as a theory that focus on the way to find our inner peace rather to discover what the world is. It introduced people its main idea as Tao. A Tao can be the rule of a......

Words: 907 - Pages: 4