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Assess different Marxist views of the relationship between crime and social class

There are three different Marxist views on the relationship between crime and social class. The first is the traditional Marxist view. They focus of the bourgeoisie imposing their values onto the proletariat as they are in the powerful positions. The factors include the law creation. The law and laws are created by the government. People in the government are typically either part of the bourgeoisie or they are influenced by them. This means that the bourgeoisie re more likely to put in place laws that will benefit them and oppress the proletariat. The values of the bourgeoisie are passed through a number of agencies, including education, religion, and the mass media. These values are commonly referred to as Hegemony. These values are based within the democracy. However they are initially ‘forced’ on people. It is the beliefs of the ruling elite. Despite the laws favouring the ruling classes they actually favour the majority if enforced properly. However even the interpretation and enforcement of law is biased and the police tend to arrest and punish the working classes but not the ruling classes. However, Not all capitalist societies have high crime rates for example, Japan and Switzerland have lower than the USA. Justice systems sometime acts against the interests of the ruling class this can be seen in the prosecution of corporate crime. This view also ignores intra-class crime, where two of more classes are involved in the same crime against other classes.
The new criminology or Neo-Marxists has a different view of the relationship between crime and social class. Capitalist society is based on exploitation and class conflict and characteristics by extreme inequalities of wealth and power. The state makes and enforces laws in the interest of the bourgeoisie. Taylor et al take a voluntaristic view and view crime is a meaningful action and a conscious choice. They argue crime has often a political motive. They merge Marxism and interactionist influences.
This view is gender-blind, focusing on males criminality while ignoring the female crime rates. Left realists argue that this approach romanticises working class as ‘Robin Hoods’, taking form the poor. In reality criminals prey on the poor and ignore its effects on the working class victims.
The third and final Marxist view of the relationship between crime and social class is the Marxist subcultural theory. It provides specific reason for subcultures forming in the proletariat. The reason is form the capitalistic society maintains control over the majority in two ways, through the media and economic pressures. The media acts as an ideological state apparatus (ISA) and transmits the values and norms of the bourgeoisie down onto the proletariat, forcing them to obey, ignorant of what is happening. The economic pressure factor provides the view of money being wanted. However, there can be those who oppose their label in society and reject the values transmitted by the ISA. This forms the working class subcultures and their looks and values show their disdain for the capitalistic society they live in.…...

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