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Social Influence of Crime

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Social Influence of Crime
Stu Dent
CJA/384
28 October 2012
T. Cher

Social Influence of Crime
Organized crime has been a research topic in criminal justice for many reasons. It appeals to researchers because of the variables that are involved in defining why organized crime exists and how it has been as successful as it has been. With all of this research comes a series of theories on how organized crime works and how society can benefit from understanding these concepts. Reviewing and defining a few of these theories will assist in understanding theories of organized crime.
Among the foundation of organized crime is the idea that it is a social institution. Common examples of a social institution include schools, churches, sporting leagues and the work place. These are institutions that allow for social gathering and influence. However, a social institution can be defined as more than that. It does not have to be an actual building or infrastructure to physically gather in. Instead, a social institution is a set of social norms that establish the collective value of the society. It is not just the place to be social, but also the ideas that bond the group together and create that environment (Walker, 2011).
In keeping with this idea, social institution has had a large impact on organized crime. In some ways, this social institution has created the environment for organized crime to grow and be successful. For example, the prohibition of alcohol in the early 1900s is a form of social institution decision. Society’s rules and norms created the prohibition and therefore allowed for the introduction of organized crime to succeed in bootlegging alcohol. It has been argued that without the prohibition, these gangs of organized crime would not have been as successful if they had existed at all (Carlie, 2002). The same can be said for the modern era of organized…...

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