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Punishment vs Rehabilitation

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Punishment vs Rehabilitation
Alana Plummer
AJS/502

The way our society is set up it is expected for the criminal justice system to either punish or rehabilitate an individual that commits a crime. Punishment is a condition to refer to any change that occurs after a behavior that reduces the likelihood that that behavior will occur again in the future. Rehabilitation is a treatment and training to an offender so that he or she is made capable of returning to society. There are differences between the effectiveness of punishment compared with the effectiveness of rehabilitation of convicted offenders in prison and under community supervision. Punishment and rehabilitation both are effective with the deterrence of crime, effects on victims and offenders, society and the fiscal effect on society.
Deterrence
Deterrence is the act of preventing a particular act or behavior from happening. In the criminal justice system deterrence is used to prevent an individual from committing a future crime. Punishment can be an effective deterrence when an individual is sent to jail. Prison is a form of punishment. Prison is a temporary solution while the offender is incarcerated. The highest form of punishment in the criminal justice system is capital punishment. The death penalty is used to deter people from committing crimes.
Capital punishment is defined as a form of putting one to death because of a crime a person has committed. The seriousness of the crime determines the punishment. In a mitigating circumstance a sentence will be lighter considering factors of an offender played a minor or passive role in the offense or participated under circumstances of coercion or duress (Gaines & Miller, 2008). Mitigating offenses prevents defenders from receiving the death penalty. An aggravating circumstance is a harsher sentence with factors of if the offense involved injury or…...

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