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1. A) B) C) D) E)

Midori's therapist suggests that she developed a dissociative identity disorder as a way of protecting herself from an unconscious awareness of her own hatred for her abusive mother. The therapist's suggestion most directly reflects a ________ perspective. cognitive social-cognitive humanistic biological psychoanalytic Michael’s sexual obsession with unusual and often inanimate objects, such as otters and dryer sheets, would best be described as which of the following sexual disorder:. Voyeurism Frotteurism Masochism Paraphilia Sadism Mr. Kalish, a long-term government employee, falsely believed that his supervisor was a communist agent who was putting poison in the employees' coffee. When Mr. Kalish was referred to a psychiatrist, he claimed to be the grandson of Abraham Lincoln. Mr. Kalish is most likely suffering from: dissociative identity disorder. agoraphobia. schizophrenia. panic disorder. an antisocial personal disorder. Jabar, a 25-year-old auto mechanic, thinks he is Napoleon. He further believes he is being imprisoned against his will in the mental hospital where his relatives have brought him for treatment. Jabar is most likely suffering from: an obsessive-compulsive disorder. schizophrenia. a panic disorder. a dissociative identity disorder. a dysthymic disorder. Several weeks after being fired from a job he had held for more than 20 years, Landon awoke one morning in a state of bewildered confusion. He had little sense of who he was and even failed to recognize his wife. Landon's experience of memory loss and confusion is most indicative of: panic disorder. phobia. generalized anxiety disorder. dissociative disorder. catatonia.

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6. A disorder characterized by uncontrollable needs to act upon immediate urges and instincts is: Obsessive compulsive disorder. Impulse control disorder. Panic attacks Bipolar disorder. Delusions of persecution.


A) B) C) D) E) A) B) C) D) E) A) B) C) D) E) A) B) C) D) E)

Elmer, the owner of an auto service station, suddenly began smashing the front fenders and hoods of two customers' cars. When asked why, he excitedly explained that he was transforming the cars into “real racing machines.” When an employee tried to restrain him, he shouted that everybody was fired and quickly began breaking the car windows. Elmer is exhibiting symptoms of which of the following mood disorders: a dysthymic disorder. catatonia. a panic attack. a phobia. mania.

8. Obsessions are: persistent, irrational fears of specific objects or situations. hyperactive, wildly optimistic states of emotion. false beliefs of persecution or grandeur. periodic episodes of intense dread accompanied by frightening physical sensations. offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person. 9. Compulsions are best described as: persistent fears. repetitive behaviors. illusory sensations. suicidal thoughts. false beliefs. 10. False beliefs of persecution that may accompany schizophrenia are called: obsessions. compulsions. delusions. phobias. hallucinations. 11. In a study by David Rosenhan (1973), researchers were admitted as patients into various mental hospitals after they falsely claimed to be “hearing voices.” This study best illustrated the negative effects of: the medical model. psychoanalytic theory. hallucinations. linkage analysis. diagnostic labels.

A) B) C) D) E) A) B) C) D) E)

12. A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by: offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person. a continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal. hyperactive, wildly optimistic states of emotion. alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism. a chronic lack of guilt feelings. 13. A psychotherapist is most likely to use the DSM-IV in order to ________ various psychological disorders. cure prevent excuse explain

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identify 14. Ravi brushes his teeth 18 times a day. Each time, he uses exactly 83 strokes up and 83 strokes down. After he eats, he must brush twice with two different brands of toothpaste. Ravi suffers from a(n): dysthymic disorder. obsessive-compulsive disorder. phobia. generalized anxiety disorder. bipolar disorder. A lack of conscience, guilt or remorse is most characteristic of those who have a(n) _____ disorder. dissociative antisocial personality dysthymic generalized anxiety obsessive-compulsive

A) B) C) D) E)

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16. Abnormally low levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin are associated with: panic attacks. schizophrenia. depression. phobias. dissociative disorders. 17. For the last month, Gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. She has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. Gabrielle is most likely suffering from: agoraphobia. a depressive disorder. PTSD. an antisocial personality disorder. schizophrenia. Which of the following sleep disorders would be the most incapacitating for an airline pilot during a mid-day flight? night terrors insomnia sleepwalking narcolepsy sleep apnea Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity are most characteristic of ________ disorders. bipolar obsessive-compulsive personality generalized anxiety dissociative

A) B) C) D) E)

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20. Which of the following disorders is classified as a mood disorder? catatonia

B) C) D) E) A) B) C) D) E)

bipolar disorder generalized anxiety disorder agoraphobia antisocial personality disorder 21. Phobias are most likely to be characterized by: a persistent, irrational fear of a specific object or situation. offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy the person. the misinterpretation of normal physical sensations as signs of a disease. a continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal. alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism. 22. Stanley complains that he feels apprehensive most of the time but doesn't know why. His heart begins to pound, his hands get icy, his breathing is shallow, and he breaks out in a cold sweat. Stanley most likely suffers from a(n): dysthymic disorder. obsessive-compulsive disorder. generalized anxiety disorder. phobia. dissociative disorder.

A) B) C) D) E) A) B) C) D) E)

23. Those with a narcissistic personality disorder are likely to be preoccupied with: an irrational fear of people. delusions of persecution. physical symptoms of distress. their own self-importance. sexual fantasies. 24. Luke suffers from acrophobia, a fear of high places. Luke's therapist suggests that his reaction to heights is due to his memories of the fear triggered by a childhood playground accident in which he fell off a sliding board. The therapist's suggestion of a learned disorder reflects a ________ perspective. behavioral psychoanalytic cognitive humanistic biological

A) B) C) D) E) A) B) C) D) E) A) B) C) D) E)

25. Dopamine overactivity appears to be most clearly related to: flat affect. agoraphobia. schizophrenia. dysthymic disorder. an expressionless face. 26. Psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is: aggressive, persistent, and intentional. selfish, habitual, and avoidable. atypical, distressful, and irrational. biologically influenced, unconsciously motivated, and difficult to change. instinctual, obsessive, and harmful.

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After several weeks of feeling apathetic and dissatisfied with his life, Mark has suddenly become extremely cheerful and so talkative he can't be interrupted. He seems to need less sleep and becomes irritated when his friends tell him to slow down. Mark's behavior is indicative of: an obsessive-compulsive disorder. schizophrenia. bipolar disorder. agoraphobia. dysthymic disorder. About eight months ago, 14-year-old Shelley went on a drastic weight-loss diet that caused her to drop from 110 to 80 pounds. Although she is now dangerously underweight and undernourished, she continues to think she looks fat. Shelley most clearly suffers from: hypermetabolism. excess PYY. an abnormally low set point. bulimia nervosa. anorexia nervosa. Seeing one-eyed monsters would be a(n) ________. Believing that you are Christopher Columbus would be a ________. delusion; compulsion obsession; delusion hallucination; compulsion obsession; compulsion hallucination; delusion If research indicated that phobias result from a chemical imbalance in the central nervous system, this would most clearly give added credibility to: learning theory. psychoanalytic theory. the medical model. the social-cognitive perspective. the DSM-IV. Twenty-two-year-old Tawana is slightly overweight and loves to eat, particularly snack foods and rich desserts. Fearful of becoming overweight, she frequently takes a laxative following episodes of binge eating. Tawana most clearly suffers from: bulimia nervosa. anorexia nervosa. excess PYY. an abnormally high set point. hypermetabolism. While he was studying, Matthew was suddenly and unexpectedly overwhelmed by feelings of intense apprehension. For several minutes he felt so agitated that he could not catch his breath. Matthew was most likely suffering from a(n): bipolar disorder. dissociative disorder. panic attack. obsessive-compulsive disorder. dysthymic disorder.

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Cecil is preoccupied and stressed by recurring yet unwanted thoughts of jumping out the window of his tenth floor apartment. In order to reduce his anxiety, he frequently and repeatedly counts his heartbeats aloud. Cecil would most likely be diagnosed as experiencing a(n): panic disorder. bipolar disorder. generalized anxiety disorder. obsessive-compulsive disorder. phobia. Kyle is extremely manipulative and can look anyone in the eye and lie convincingly. His deceit often endangers the safety and well-being of those around him, but he is indifferent to any suffering they might experience as a result of his actions. His behavior best illustrates: schizophrenia. dissociative identity disorder. bipolar disorder. obsessive-compulsive disorder. an antisocial personality disorder.

34. A) B) C) D) E) A) B) C) D) E)

35. Sleep apnea is a disorder involving: the cessation of breathing during sleep. periodic uncontrollable attacks of overwhelming sleepiness. hypnagogic sensations of falling or floating weightlessly. the excessive use of sleeping pills or other sleep-inducing drugs. screams and panic during deep sleep.

Answer Key 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. E D C B D B E E B C E B E B B C B D E B A C D A C C C E E C A C D E A…...

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