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In: Business and Management

Submitted By tutu
Words 12514
Pages 51


Management is a process of achieving organizational goals by engaging in the function of planning, organizing, leading and controlling.

Kibera (1996) defines management as a set of activities directed at the efficient and effective utilization of resources in pursuit of one or more objectives.

A manager is a person responsible for directing the efforts aimed at helping the organization achieve its goals.

Managerial performance is the measure of how efficient and effective a manager is i.e. how well he/she determines and achieves appropriate objectives.

Organizational performance is the measure of how efficient and effective an organization is i.e. how well it achieves appropriate objectives.


Management is referred to as a process because it is a systematic way of doing things. Like any other process, all managers engage in certain interrelated activities in order to achieve their desired goals. Four of the key management functions are:-

a) Planning - Is the process of setting goals and deciding how best to achieve them.

b) Organizing - Involves allocating and arranging human and non human resources for the successful implementation of plans

c) Leading - Is the process of influencing others to engage in work behavior necessary to reach the organization goals.

d) Controlling - Involves regulating organizational activities so that actual performance conform to expected standards and goals.


1. Organizations contribute to the present standards of living of people worldwide. We relay on organizations for food, shelter, clothing, medical care, employment etc.

2. Organizations build toward a desirable future and help individuals do the same. New products…...

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