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P1 Explain Key Influences on Personal Learning Processes on Individuals.

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P1 explain key influences on personal learning processes on individuals.

The Kolbs experimental learning cycle helps us to understand how adults learn. Cognitive abilities are how people learn. Kolbs identified two pairs of opposite factors, when these are combined together they show a learning cycle with four different stages of learning, each staged has to be followed in the correct sequence.
The four stages are:

* Concrete experience – the doing stage where you carry out/participate in an action/actions.

* Reflective observations – the reviewing or reflecting stage. You think about what you did/what happened during the concrete stage.

* Abstract conceptualisation – the concluding stage in relation to the concrete experience (called the theorising stage sometimes). It is the stages where you use all the information you have gained about the experience to organise your thoughts into some sort of order and make sense of the experience.

* Active experimentation – this is the planning or trying out stage. The important point here is that you tackle an aspect of the activity differently from the first time.

Describe Honey and Mumford’s theory of learning styles:

Learning styles | Characteristics | Preferred learning situation | Less favourable learning situation | Activist | • Like to be involved• Like new ideas • Lose interest quickly • ’Jump first/think later’ mentality • Like to dominate | • New experiences • Working with others • Taking the lead • Taking on difficult tasks | • Listening e.g. lectures or when passive • Doing things on their own • Working to the ‘rules’ | Reflectors | • Like to observe from the edge of a group • Consider things from a range of different perspectives • Collect information before drawing conclusions • Let others contribute before they do | • Observing from the edge of a group • Time to think…...

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