Premium Essay

Outline the Main Ways by Which Offending by Children and Young People May Be Prevented. Explain Any Conflicts You Feel May Exist with the Principles of Human Rights and Natural Justice.

In: Social Issues

Submitted By pendry
Words 3369
Pages 14
Outline The Main Ways By Which Offending By Children And Young People May Be Prevented. Explain Any Conflicts You Feel May Exist With The Principles Of Human Rights And Natural Justice.

The aim of the question stated is to discuss how the New Labour Government has responded in terms of preventing children and young people from engaging in criminal behaviour and entering the youth justice system. In order to answer this statement the essay shall explore the various legislations implemented in an attempt to prevent youth criminality, discussing any conflicts that exist with the principles of Human Rights and Natural Justice.

In Britain there are two types of Law, firstly Statutory Law, which are Acts of Law passed by the Parliament. Whereby the Parliament must check its consistency with the 1998 Human Rights Act (the HRA). The HRA ‘introduced European Convention on Human Rights into English Law’ (Crawford & Newburn; 2003: p16). The UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice include: ‘The best interests of the child are paramount; judicial proceedings should be avoided where possible; any intervention should be kept minimum; police, prosecution or other agencies should be able to dispose of cases at their discretion; criminalizing and penalising young people should be avoided unless there is serious damage or harm to others; legal assistance should be prompt and free of charge’ (Crawford & Newburn; 2003: p16).

The second type is Common Law; this is whereby nothing is passed through Parliament, the majority of the Law has evolved by custom, its about a group of people sitting down and coming up with a reasonable answer, this is commonly known as ‘Natural Justice’.

It is a common belief in the UK that youth criminality is a modern phenomenon, however it has been suggested that youth criminality has been the focus of attention…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

A Report Which Outlines That Consumption of Alcohol at Harmful Levels Among Young People Is Increasing in Australia.

...Campus-1030 Cavendish Rd. Mt Gravatt Qld. 4 June, 2012 Mr Kieran Tricker Student -Justice Studies MSIT-Mt Gravatt Dear Ms Turner Please find enclosed/attached the report which you requested on the 4 June 2012 for assessment in the units QLD594JUS01A- Analyse Social Justice Issues and BSBRES401- Analyse and Present Research Information. The aim of the research was to investigate /analyse/identify the Consumption of alcohol at harmful levels among young people which increasing in Australia. This report presents the findings of this investigation and is based on an analysis of both primary and secondary source data including the results of a survey prepared and conducted by Mr. Tricker the writer of the report. This report includes a number of recommendations to assist in addressing the issues raised in the research. I express my gratitude to the participants who completed the survey and who provided valuable input into this research. I look forward to discussing these recommendations with you and will be available to do so at a time convenient to you. Yours faithfully, Kieran Tricker Student, the Diploma of Justice Administration Program MSIT-2012 A report which outlines that Consumption of alcohol at harmful levels among young people is increasing in Australia. By Kieran Tricker Student of MSIT QLD594JUS01A- Analyse Social Justice Issues and BSBRES401- Analyse and Present Research Information. 4 June 2012 Table......

Words: 3874 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

How May Conflict Resolution and Conflict Management Approaches Be Applied in Educational Settings?’

...‘How may conflict resolution and conflict management approaches be applied in educational settings?’ Abstract This assignment will review the nature of conflict, from psychologist theories to what form it takes in an educational setting. In order to apply conflict resolution and conflict management effectively in an educational setting, it is important to understand the background disciplines of conflict and theories behind how humans behave in social settings. Comprehending how human behaviour initiates is the key stepping stone to resolving and managing conflict behaviour between humans. We will examine what the concept of conflict is and what shape of from it occurs in everyday life. A brief history of what psychologists have founded in their study of conflict, and human behaviour will lead this examination into conflict in educational settings and how they can arise. It is crucial to look at approaches that can be taken towards conflict in an educational setting in order to resolve and manage them effectively to reduce and minimise all forms of conflict. Introduction There are many different theories used when defining conflict. Morton Deutsch is renowned social psychologists (recognisable through research of this review) who has studied and researched conflict within human relations. According to Deutsch, conflict exists whenever incompatible activities occur (Deutsch, 1969, I25:p7) which is a......

Words: 5402 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Research with Children and Young People

...Research with Children and Young People | Paper Critique This essay will outline and evaluate the role of ‘Listening to Children’ (Walker, Crawford, & Taylor, 2008) in the current paper and reflect on other relevant research on the ‘voices’ of children and young people. Firstly it will discuss the methods which can be used to write a literature review, leading on to critiquing the research contained in the journal article. When beginning a literature review it is important to identify the methodological assumptions and research strategies that have been adopted for constructing the research (Hart, 1998). Methodology is a system of methods used to collect data and provides a starting point for choosing an approach made up of theories, ideas, concepts and definitions of the topic (Hart, 1998). There are two ways in which data can be collected – quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative research involves summarising data using statistical numbers. The researcher knows in advance what he/she is looking for and all aspects of the study are carefully designed before the data is collected. The objective of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical models and theories which are hypothesised prior to the research being conducted. The qualitative approach to data collection involves research being collected via the use of primarily narrative or verbal methods; observations, interviews, and document analysis (Lodico, Spaulding, & Voegtle, 2010). It is......

Words: 2284 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

In What Ways May Disagreement Aid the Pursuit of Knowledge in the Natural and Human Sciences?

... Personally this topic appeals to me as I have seen the substantial curiosity that children possess, but I believe this thirst for knowledge is very limited. All children want to hear is an answer, but they don’t question the sources or ask to see the evidence. When I noticed this trait in young children, I had an epiphany that if our global society followed this childish outlook on the world, the world and the education system wouldn’t be the same. I will elaborate upon two possible perspectives towards this question; either you believe that disagreement does aid the pursuit of knowledge or you believe that it doesn’t. I will demonstrate both perspectives by analyzing how the roles of logic and emotion help gain new knowledge in the sciences. Ideally the role of logic is applied towards the natural sciences, and the human sciences use emotion as a way of knowing. I believe that disagreement in the natural and human sciences opens up the opportunity to question what has been asserted, in order to ameliorate our current Truths, but there are cases where this same disagreement rather hinders the pursuit of an “underlying truth”. The first perspective agrees with the statement above, that disagreement aids the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and human sciences. The natural sciences are a branch of sciences that focus on the physical world. From the definition, one can assume that the natural sciences would be strict on a form of acquiring and analyzing data, and that’s why...

Words: 1581 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Protecting Children and Young People from Abuse

...) Using your own words discuss the main reason why children and young people may need to be cared for away from their families. People who abuse children come from all social backgrounds, all walks of life, different races and cultures. They can parents and other people the child knows well like family friends and relatives and it is not so common for a child to be abused by a stranger. Children and young people under the age of 18 need to be cared for away from their families, if they are in severe danger or significant harm is caused to them such as child’s physical, emotional, mental health or development is impaired as a consequence of abuse or neglect and the most important priority is to make them safe. So if a particular adult presents that danger, the adult may be asked to move out of the family home voluntarily or stay away while the enquiry takes place and if they don’t move out, then social services can apply for an emergency protection court order. This would enable the child to live away from home until it was safe for them to return. Also children and young people may need to be cared for away from their families, when an investigation finds that a child needs protection, and the social worker will take whatever steps are most appropriate and least disruptive to the child. Children are only removed from their homes when they’re in immediate danger and nothing less disruptive can protect them. Another reason why children may be cared away from their homes its...

Words: 3286 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Caring for Children and Young People

...Safe guarding children and young people. Safeguarding children and young people is a very important job role. The health and social care sector is seen most for the protection and safeguarding of children and young people, especially the social care side, for example a social workers job role is to protect and support children and young people and removing them from situations that may cause them to be in or at risk of being in any sort of danger. Each action taken to succeed in safeguarding children and young people will be connected to a legislation or framework for children and young people. There are seven main legislations and frameworks that I will be explaining and they are as follows; United Nations Convention on the rights of the child (1989), the children act (1998, updated in 2004), every child matters (2003), the data protection act (1998), framework for the assessment of children in need and their parents (2000), common framework (England) and the human rights act (1998). The United Nations convention on the rights of the child (1989) legislation set out the lowest acceptable standard on the treatment of every child. There are three main concepts of the United Nations convention on the rights of the child (1989). The first concept states that the best way for a child to be raised is by their parents. The second concept says that it is unacceptable for a child to be abused or neglected and the third concept says that the authorities must involve themselves......

Words: 3517 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Outline and Explain Two Ways Families Socialise Children

...Outline and explain two ways families socialise children. (16) The family for most people in the contemporary UK is the main agent of primary socialisation. There are multiple ways in which the family socialises young people. Firstly the family teaches the basic norms and values of society. This allows the young to copy older family members and see them as role models for how they are supposed to behave in society. The basic norms passed on from generation to generation through the family can be as simple as how and where to eat when it comes to family meal times. These simple norms are important to pass on because it reflects wider values, for example the importance of family eating together at mealtimes and keeping a close bond within a family unit. Secondly the family also displays many gender roles which may influence an individual’s perspective of what is right and wrong when it comes to gender. For example a young boy may see his father go out to work every day and providing for the family as the main wage earner known as the ‘breadwinner’, while his mother my stay at home or work only part time caring for the children and taking on the role of the homemaker. This is likely to have an impact on how he would view gender roles within the family. This does not mean that he will copy these gender roles later on in life with his own family; however it is likely to influence the way he perceives gender roles and may lead him on to set paths in life....

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

10d - Strategies Used to Safeguard Children and Young People from Abusive and Exploitative Behaviour P4, P5, M3 D2

...Unit 10: Caring for Children and Young People | 10D - Strategies used to safeguard children and young people from abusive and exploitative behavior | Abbie Williams | 02/01/2015 | P4: Explain appropriate responses when child maltreatment or abuse is suspected – There are a variety of different responses of which would be considered appropriate when you believe that a child or young person is being abused or facing maltreatment. You can observe the child over a period of time. Any and all information collected should be written or logged and should be considered carefully, for example listening to the child when he/she is at play. You can also observe the child’s relationship with their parents, carers or guardians and look out for any poor interaction between them. Things that may be said by the child: Mummy hit me Daddy touched me Daddy did this to me last night, but he told me not to tell anyone or he will hurt me again My aunt pulled my hair If you suspect that the child is receiving abuse or is being maltreated, (depending on whether the child is of developmental stage), speak to the child along with their parents/guardians in order to seek out some form of explanation. If you are going to speak to the child, make sure that he/she is comfortable. By feeling uncomfortable this may stop the child from disclosing any further information. By setting up various games for the child to play with, you will therefore be able to......

Words: 6699 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Outline the Benefits of an Exercise Programme for People with Cystic Fibrosis and Discuss the Factors Which May Influence Exercise Compliance.

...Title: Outline the benefits of an Exercise programme for people with Cystic Fibrosis and discuss the factors which may influence Exercise compliance. Introduction Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most common and life limiting autosmal recessively inherited diseases in the world with an estimated occurrence in newborns of 1 per 3000 per annum (Walters, 2007). The majority of people with this disease are diagnosed during their first year of life with many countries now employing newborn screening programs. The basic mechanism of the disease consists of manifestation as pancreatic insufficiency leading to malabsorbtion and failure to thrive and impaired mucocillary clearance leading to reoccurring chest infections and bronchiestasis (Savage et al. 2011). With the recent advances in treatment of CF which have resulted in increased life span and survival rates, individuals can now expect to live into their fourth decade. Stats from the UK show that CF affects over 9000 people with 4000 under the age of 16 (Williams and Stevens, 2013). Irish stats show a similar pattern where 1200 individuals suffer from CF with 45% being under the age of 18. According to the CF trust (2010) the primary cause of death in individuals with CF is respiratory failure. CF is a progressive respiratory disease which results in an abnormal ventilator response to exercise for individuals with CF (Bradley and Moran, 2008). This contributes to dyspnoea which is a shortness of breath and is a major......

Words: 2468 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Explain the Main Principles of the Natural Law Approach to Ethics.

...Natural Law is an absolutist theory because it doesn’t vary its primary precepts with circumstances. Natural law is a mixture of teleological and deontological because it has primary precepts which are to do with duty, and secondary which apply to circumstances. Thomas Aquinas based Natural Law on Aristotle’s teaching about causality. In Aristotle Final cause and purpose are important when trying to give an explanation of a thing. Eg. the final cause of a knife is to cut. Aristotle thought this is what made a good knife. Something is good inasmuch as it fulfills its purpose. (The most important cause is the final cause which when achieved by an object it reaches perfection – because it has moved from potentiality to actuality eg. a potential A grade student becomes an actual one through application of hard work. ) The contrast with other senses of the word good can be brought out if we consider that a good knife can be used to perform a bad deed – ie. to stab a person. However, if it cut cleanly it would be good in the sense of doing what it was made for. This use of the word good is taken up in Aquinas and used in his theory. What is clear for a knife is not so clear for humans – what is our purpose? Ultimately, God Himself is the final purpose of human beings – our goals are not merely temporal, but eternal, because we have an immortal soul. However, we also have temporal purposes, which could be summarised as to live and flourish in certain ways discoverable by......

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Providing Services When a Threat May Exist

...threat may exist BSHS/408 March 13 2016 Chiffone N Shelton Providing services when a threat may exist In this essay, I will address what the primary interventions and methods human service professionals use to prevent child abuse and neglect in a family setting. I will also explain what the primary interventions and methods human service professionals use to prevent child abuse and neglect in a school setting, as well as what ethical issues arise from working with children in school settings and what other factors you must consider. I will be writing this essay based on me working as a school counselor at an elementary school in a rural community. I am also on the city council and am involved in my local faith-based community, so I know many people in my community. I have instituted an abuse prevention program for the school, including a component for a series of books and skits. After one of my presentations, I am referred to twins, Jonah, and Joann. The children are in fifth grade and have been assigned to me after repeatedly showing up at school in the late spring unkempt and wearing long-sleeved shirts, despite the heat and lack of air conditioning in the school. At recess, their teacher notices a series of bruises on their arms. As the teacher, Ms. Jones makes a referral to me. She says, "I always knew there was a problem with the Johnson twins, but no one dares say anything because of how to mean their father is." After some discussion with the children,......

Words: 1425 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Evaluate the Mechanism for Protecting the Rights of Children and Young People

...Framework refers to the protection of children. The slogan “protecting children is everyone's right” ensures that children within Australia are kept nourished and safe. The COAG is invested by the government and non-government sector to protect the rights of children and their families. The purpose of COAG is to ensure children are not violated through collecting data and conducting investigations. The ‘COAG report’ found that in 2007-08 there were over 55.000 reports of child abuse and neglect within Australia. However since the report has been conducted there has been a dramatic reduce in the number of abuse and neglect cases within Australia. The COAG National Framework is effective in meeting the needs of children and protecting them as the highest priority. The child's welfare within Australia is unsuccessful in prioritising the rights and protection of children however the COAG National Framework addresses these issues and has been pushing for change in the recognition of child welfare. Furthermore, the COAG promotes a safe and welcoming environment for children to assist an early tertiary child protection program. The COAG National Framework ultimately aims to protect the most vulnerable families and children from neglect and abuse. The effectiveness of the COAG can be measured by the successful cases used through welfare benefits and assistance. For example, Holzer, Lewig, Bromfield and Arney (2008) which protects the rights of children to establish and implement......

Words: 1056 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Unit 10-Caring for Children and Young People

...framework The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child Every child has the right to an education, to be healthy, to grow up safe and to be heard. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the child is a legally-binding international agreement setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their race, religion or abilities. Since being adopted by the United Nations in november 1989, the CRC has received 194 ratifications with only two countries still to ratify. This means that they have agreed to do everything they can to make the rights a reality for children around the world. All signatories are bound to the UNCRC by international law, and its implementation is monitored by the Committee on the Rights of the Child. Under the terms of the convention, states are required to meet the basic needs of children and help them to reach their full potential. Central to this is the acknowledgement that every child has basic fundamental rights. These include: The right to life The right to his or her own name and identity The right to be protected from abuse or exploitation The right to an education The right to having their privacy protected The be raised by, or have relationship with, their parents The right to express their opinions and have these listened to and, where appropriate, acted upon The right to play and enjoy culture and art in safety On 25th May 2000, two optional protocols were added to......

Words: 6532 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Ultimately, Actuarial Principles and Methods Are Incompatible with Aspirations Towards a Youth Justice System Which Is Rooted in the Complex Dynamics and Systemic Inequalities Which Characterise Many Young People’s Lives.

...Actuarial principles and methods are centred upon an approach to crime control and prevention utilizing a risk prevention paradigm which uses evidence based intervention to control and prevent future risks of offending. Actuarialism was defined by Feeley and Simon (1994) as being a defined approach to crime control and management which dispenses with concerns about the meaning or motives behind offending and replaces these with an emphasis on ‘technologies’ of ‘risk minimization’ and the elimination of potential threats to social order. The Risk Factor Prevention Paradigm (RFPP) uses risk assessment and survey to identify factors in the key domains of a young person’s life that statistically increase the likelihood of offending or decrease its likelihood (Case, 2007. p. 92). Youth justice today is increasingly dominated by risk management however it has been heavily criticized. In this essay an explanation will be given of what the risk factors are, what the RFPP is and how actuarial practices are based on this methodological approach. It concludes that a focus on actuarial principles in the current youth justice system works against the fundamental principles of individualization in the criminal justice system . Society has become increasingly concerned with risk and the management of it. It is defined as being an uncertain prediction of future behaviour with the possibility that the behaviour will be harmful or negative. The National Crime Council’s Document Tackling......

Words: 2006 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights

...From Compliance to Practice Mining Companies and the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo Tanja A. Börzel/Jana Hönke SFB-Governance Working Paper Series 25 • October 2011 DFG Sonderforschungsbereich 700 Governance in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit - Neue Formen des Regierens? DFG Research Center (SFB) 700 Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood - New Modes of Governance? SFB-Governance Working Paper Series Edited by the Research Center (SFB) 700 „Governance In Areas of Limited Statehood - New Modes of Governance?“ The SFB-Governance Working Paper Series serves to disseminate the research results of work in progress prior to publication to encourage the exchange of ideas and academic debate. Inclusion of a paper in the Working Paper Series should not limit publication in any other venue. Copyright remains with the authors. Copyright for this issue: Tanja A. Börzel/Jana Hönke Editorial assistance and production: Tanja Kilper/Sara Gebh/Anna Jüschke All SFB-Governance Working Papers can be downloaded free of charge from our website www.sfb-governance.de/en/ publikationen or ordered in print via e-mail to sfb700@zedat.fu-berlin.de. Börzel, Tanja A./ Hönke, Jana 2011: From Compliance to Practice. Mining Companies and the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo, SFB-Governance Working Paper Series, No. 25, Research Center (SFB) 700, Berlin, October 2011. ISSN 1864-1024......

Words: 16584 - Pages: 67