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Optimum Nutrition Is Needed for Optimum Health

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OPTIMUM NUTRITION IS NEEDED FOR OPTIMUM HEALTH
Discuss this statement, drawing on contemporary research to explain the role nutrition plays in an individual’s health.

Grade 20/20 High distinction

Current tribal cultures; for example the San Bushmen and the Hadaza (Crittendon 2012), practice dietary empirical knowledge ( appendix I) and experience as a way of life. 1960’s medical and anthropological studies (Bond, 2012) concluded the San’s dietary and lifestyle behaviours demonstrated optimal nutrition/health across all generations (Kirchengast, 1998). Optimal nutrition, the most conducive dietary patterns, nutrients and other substances contained within foods, beverages and supplements and their actions and interactions to meets the needs of the human body (Rolfes et al, 2006) The National Health and Medical Research Council NHMRC (2013) advise optimal nutrition and a daily moderate physical activity level (PAL); appendix II, is required for optimal health, the best possible physical and cognitive development of an individual from conception through the lifespan. Optimal health includes an individual’s potential to achieve their full capabilities, a resistance to infection and protection from chronic disease and premature death. Globally, 40 countries including Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) have Dietary Guidelines and Nutrient Reference Values (NRV’s) or similar. ANZ currently retain the 1991 Recommended Daily Intake (RDI’s), “the level of intake of essential nutrients adequate to meet the nutritional requirements of practically all healthy people” (DAA, 2106). The NHMRC (2013) state these Intakes “exceeded actual nutritional requirements”, applied only to healthy people and were non-specific to individuals. It is common knowledge, RDI’s were used for food labeling and advertising (FSANZ, 2013) by food industries to influence individual’s food choices…...

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