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Nursing Theory Assignment

Clifton Reed

Mississippi University for Women

NU 459

Dr. Linda Mills

January 25, 2016

Nursing Theorist Shape Modern Nursing Every industry that has been able to survive and build upon its earlier growth has been able to do so because of research, theory, or evidenced-based practice. This statement cannot be more true about the wonderful world of nursing. The world of healthcare continues to change. The airline industry and nuclear power industry have prided themselves on finding ways to standardize processes and decrease accidents and improve employee and public safety. The automotive industry was charged with producing more energy-efficient vehicles. In nursing the goal is to utilize theory and evidenced-based practice to improve the quality of life of communities and people that entrust their care to nurses. Nursing has been forever indebted to many theorists of the modern nursing era. Two notorious individuals that linger in one’s mind are Sister Callista Roy and Madeleine Leininger. These two ladies have helped to transform nursing because of their contributions to evidenced-based practice, nursing research, and nursing theory. Nurses today have a tremendous amount of theory and history to reflect upon. This paper will focus on Sister Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model of Nursing and Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory. Sister Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model of Nursing states that one is at his or her best when one is allowed to adjust and get familiar with an environment. Roy’s theory addresses individual, health, environment, and nursing. Roy believes that an individual constantly interacts with an environment that is always changing. It is because of this phenomenon that individuals constant adapt to his or her environment in order to remain whole and healthy (Peptiprin,…...

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