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Nursing Practice

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Nursing practice
711.1.1-04, 06, 1.2-07, 2.2-09 (2006)
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|Competency 711.1.1: Internet Searches - The graduate can conduct Internet and database searches and critique and evaluate |
|articles/materials acquired from these searches. |
|Competency 711.1.2: Incorporate Data Into Practice - The graduate can use articles/materials acquired from Internet and database|
|searches to improve nursing practice. |
|Competency 711.2.2: Relevant Theories - The graduate can critique, evaluate, and utilize relevant theories from non-nursing |
|disciplines. |
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|Objectives: |
|711.1.1-04: Use a specified online search engine to research a given topic. |
|711.1.1-06: Use a specified healthcare or nursing database to research a given topic. |
|711.1.2-07: Summarize Internet or database search strategies used to address a given topic. |
|711.2.2-09: Relate specified theories from other disciplines to nursing practice and healthcare delivery. |
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|See Task 711.1.1-04, 06, 1.2-07, 2.2-09 attached below for instructions. |
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|Task 711.1.1-04, 06, 1.2-07, 2.2-09 |
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|Web Links: |
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|Annotated Bibliography (Cornell University) |
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|Annotated Bibliography (Purdue University) |
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|APA Handout |
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|Rubric Terms |
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|Web Searching Tips (Search Engine Watch) |
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|Evaluation Method |
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Competency 711.1.1: Internet Searches - The graduate can conduct Internet and database searches and critique and evaluate articles/materials acquired from these searches. Competency 711.1.2: Incorporate Data Into Practice - The graduate can use articles/materials acquired from Internet and database searches to improve nursing practice. Competency 711.2.2: Relevant Theories - The graduate can critique, evaluate, and utilize relevant theories from non-nursing disciplines.
711.1.1-04: Use a specified online search engine to research a given topic.
711.1.1-06: Use a specified healthcare or nursing database to research a given topic.
711.1.2-07: Summarize Internet or database search strategies used to address a given topic. 711.2.2-09: Relate specified theories from other disciplines to nursing practice and healthcare delivery.
The ability to acquire accurate and timely information enhances nursing practice and patient outcomes. Search engines and healthcare/nursing databases operate in different ways, and it is necessary for healthcare professionals to understand how to access and efficiently use both public and professional resources. Because today the general public has greater access to electronic health information, healthcare professionals must be aware of the information their patients are accessing and be proficient at identifying credible sources.
It is also important for healthcare professionals to know how to use professional databases.
Nursing practice needs to be based on evidence, and access to healthcare databases assists nurses in identifying best practices. The use of theories from other disciplines also expands the breadth and depth of knowledge available to guide healthcare delivery and nursing practice. For this task:

A. Use the Google search engine to find one credible article on Ludwig von Bertalanffy’s systems theory and one credible article on Everett Rogers’s diffusion of innovation theory. B. Use the CINAHL online database to find one credible article on Ludwig von Bertalanffy’s systems theory and one credible article on Everett Rogers’s diffusion of innovation theory. Note: See the “Web Searching Tips” Web link below for help in searching for articles.
Using the articles found in parts A and B, write an essay (suggested length of 3–4 pages) relating systems and diffusion of innovation theories to healthcare delivery and nursing practice. In your essay, be sure to do the following:
C. Discuss the relationship between Bertalanffy’s systems theory and healthcare delivery in the U.S.
D. Discuss the relationship between Rogers’s diffusion of innovation theory and the change process within healthcare delivery in the U.S.
E. Discuss the relationship between Bertalanffy’s systems theory and current nursing practice. F. Discuss the relationship between Rogers’s diffusion of innovation theory and current nursing practice.
G. Summarize the search strategies you used to acquire information on the specified theories. H. Include an annotated bibliography of the four online resources you found in parts A and
Note: An annotated bibliography is a list to which you add (in your own words) other relevant information and comments about the book or article for future reference. For this assignment, your annotations should include Author, Title, Publication date, date retrieved, and URL in APA format plus a summary of the article, an assessment of the article, and your reflection of the value of the article. See the Web links below for more information on annotated bibliographies.
I. Include all in-text citations and references in APA format.
Note: Please save word-processing documents as *.rtf (Rich Text Format) or *.pdf (Portable
Document Format) files.
Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the attached Rubric Terms.
Note: When using outside sources to support ideas and elements in a paper or project, the submission MUST include APA formatted in-text citations with a corresponding reference list for any direct quotes or paraphrasing. It is not necessary to list sources that were consulted if they have not been quoted or paraphrased in the text of the paper or project.
Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from outside sources, even if cited correctly. For tips on using APA style, please refer to the APA Handout Web link below.

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How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography
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How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography

Versión española: Cómo Preparar una Bibliografía Anotada
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.
Abstracts are the purely descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles or in periodical indexes. Annotations are descriptive and critical; they expose the author's point of view, clarity and appropriateness of expression, and authority.
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Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research.
First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.
Cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style.
Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article. Include one or more sentences that (a) evaluate the authority or background of the author, (b) comment on the intended audience, (c) compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or (d) explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic.
For guidance in critically appraising and analyzing the sources for your bibliography, see How to Critically Analyze Information Sources. For information on the author's background and views, ask at the reference desk for help finding appropriate biographical reference materials and book review sources.
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Check with your instructor to find out which style is preferred for your class. Online citation guides for both the Modern Language Association (MLA) and the American Psychological Association (APA) styles are linked from the Library's Citation Management page.
The following example uses the APA format for the journal citation.
Waite, L. J., Goldschneider, F. K., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults. American Sociological Review, 51 (4), 541-554. The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.
This example uses the MLA format for the journal citation. NOTE: Standard MLA practice requires double spacing within citations.
Waite, Linda J., Frances Kobrin Goldscheider, and Christina Witsberger. "Nonfamily Living and the Erosion of Traditional Family Orientations Among Young Adults." American Sociological Review 51.4 (1986): 541-554. Print. The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living. •
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Annotated Bibliographies

Summary: This handout provides information about annotated bibliographies in MLA, APA, and CMS.
Contributors:Dana Bisignani, Allen Brizee
Last Edited: 2011-07-06 09:59:37


A bibliography is a list of sources (books, journals, websites, periodicals, etc.) one has used for researching a topic. Bibliographies are sometimes called "references" or "works cited" depending on the style format you are using. A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.).
An annotation is a summary and/or evaluation.
Therefore, an annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following: • Summarize: Some annotations merely summarize the source. What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this article/book is about, what would you say? The length of your annotations will determine how detailed your summary is. For more help, see our handout on paraphrasing sources. • Assess: After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it. Is it a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source? For more help, see our handouts on evaluating resources. • Reflect: Once you've summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research. Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic? Your annotated bibliography may include some of these, all of these, or even others. If you're doing this for a class, you should get specific guidelines from your instructor.

Why should I write an annotated bibliography?

To learn about your topic: Writing an annotated bibliography is excellent preparation for a research project. Just collecting sources for a bibliography is useful, but when you have to write annotations for each source, you're forced to read each source more carefully. You begin to read more critically instead of just collecting information. At the professional level, annotated bibliographies allow you to see what has been done in the literature and where your own research or scholarship can fit. To help you formulate a thesis: Every good research paper is an argument. The purpose of research is to state and support a thesis. So a very important part of research is developing a thesis that is debatable, interesting, and current. Writing an annotated bibliography can help you gain a good perspective on what is being said about your topic. By reading and responding to a variety of sources on a topic, you'll start to see what the issues are, what people are arguing about, and you'll then be able to develop your own point of view.
To help other researchers: Extensive and scholarly annotated bibliographies are sometimes published. They provide a comprehensive overview of everything important that has been and is being said about that topic. You may not ever get your annotated bibliography published, but as a researcher, you might want to look for one that has been published about your topic.


The format of an annotated bibliography can vary, so if you're doing one for a class, it's important to ask for specific guidelines.
The bibliographic information: Generally, though, the bibliographic information of the source (the title, author, publisher, date, etc.) is written in either MLA or APA format. For more help with formatting, see our MLA handout. For APA, go here: APA handout.
The annotations: The annotations for each source are written in paragraph form. The lengths of the annotations can vary significantly from a couple of sentences to a couple of pages. The length will depend on the purpose. If you're just writing summaries of your sources, the annotations may not be very long. However, if you are writing an extensive analysis of each source, you'll need more space.
You can focus your annotations for your own needs. A few sentences of general summary followed by several sentences of how you can fit the work into your larger paper or project can serve you well when you go to draft.
Copyright ©1995-2012 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

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Cam in Nursing Practice

...Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Today’s Nursing Practice Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Today’s Nursing Practice Complementary and Alternative Medicine is becoming more and more prevalent in the healthcare world as an acceptable treatment modality. Due to increase in patient demand for these treatments, it is important for the nurses to be able to implement various CAM into their nursing practice to provide holistic care for their patients. It is also important for nurses to be knowledgeable about the various forms of therapy and its benefits. CAM is meeting the needs of many consumers due to various reasons. The increase in healthcare cost has encouraged many consumers to research alternative methods to help cope with various medical conditions as opposed to turning to the pharmacological methods that were typically accepted years ago. Consumers also have more access to new trials and studies in regards to CAM because of increased access to the internet and media. Because of this, patients are more involved in their own healthcare and treatment decisions than in the previous years. According to the National Center of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 1 in 4 adults from various backgrounds are currently using CAM therapies. (“The use of, 2011) Some of the most common medical reasons patients decide to try CAM therapies are problems with anxiety and depression, reoccurring nausea and pain related to cancer, and symptom management related......

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