Free Essay

Nellie Bly

In: Historical Events

Submitted By mazanka
Words 748
Pages 3
Summary:
Born Elizabeth Cochran on May 5, 1864, in Cochran's Mills, Pennsylvania, journalist Nellie Bly began writing for The Pittsburgh Dispatch in 1885. Two years later, Bly moved to New York City and began working for the New York World. In conjunction with one of her first assignments for the World, she spent several days on Blackwell's Island, posing as a mental patient for an exposé. In 1889, the paper sent her on a trip around the world in a record-setting 72 days. Bly died on January 27, 1922, at age 57, in New York City. ESSAY: Famed investigative journalist Nellie Bly was born Elizabeth Jane Cochran (she later added an "e" to the end of her name) on May 5, 1864, in Cochran's Mills, Pennsylvania. The town was founded by her father, Michael Cochran, who amply provided for his family by working as a judge and landowner. Her grandfather had immigrated to America from Ireland in the 1790s. Bly's mother was Michael Cochran's second wife, Mary Jane Cochran; their marriage produced five children, the third of which was Bly. (Prior to their union, Michael and Mary Jane were both widowed. Michael had 10 children by his first wife; Mary Jane had no children from her first marriage.)
Bly suffered a tragic loss in 1870, at the age of 6, when her father died suddenly. Amidst their grief, Michael Cochran's death presented a grave financial detriment to his family, as he left them without a will, and, thusly, no legal claim to his estate.
In an effort to support her now-single mother, Bly enrolled at the Indiana Normal School, a small college in Indiana, Pennsylvania, where she studied to become a teacher. However, not long after beginning her courses there, financial constraints forced Bly to table her hopes for a higher education. After leaving the school, she moved with her mother to the nearby city of Pittsburgh, where, together, they ran a boarding house.
Bly's future finally began to look brighter in the early 1880s, when, at the age of 18, she submitted a racy response to an editorial piece that had been published in The Pittsburgh Dispatch. In the piece, writer Erasmus Wilson (known to Dispatch readers as the "Quiet Observer," or Q.O.) claimed that women were best served in the home, conducting domestic duties such as raising children, cooking and cleaning, and called the working woman "a monstrosity." Aghast by Wilson's sexist statements, it didn't take long for Bly to craft her fiery rebuttal. Bly's letter grabbed the attention of the paper's managing editor, George Madden, who, in turn, offered her a position.
Bly followed her Blackwell's exposé with similar investigative work, including editorials detailing the improper treatment of individuals in New York jails and factories, corruption in the state legislature and other first-hand accounts of malfeasance. She also interviewed and wrote pieces on several prominent figures of the time, including the likes of Emma Goldman and Susan B. Anthony.Bly went on to gain more fame in 1889, when she traveled around the world in an attempt to break the faux record of Phileas Fogg, the fictional title character of Jules Verne's 1873 novel Around the World in Eighty Days, who, as the title denotes and the story goes, sails around the globe in 80 days. Given the green light to try the feat by the New York World, Bly embarked on her journey from Hoboken, New Jersey in November 1889, traveling first by ship but later also via horse, rickshaw, sampan, burro and other vehicles. She completed the trip in 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes and 14 seconds—setting a real world record, despite her fictional inspiration for the undertaking. (Bly's record was beaten a few months later, in 1890, by George Francis Train, who finished the trip in 67 days.) Bly later published a book about the experience: Around the World in 72 Days (1890).
In 1895, at the age of 30, Bly married millionaire industrialist Robert Seaman, who was 40 years her senior, and subsequently became legally known as Elizabeth Jane Cochrane Seaman (in full). Also around this time, she retired from journalism. After her husband's death in 1905, however, Bly faced dwindling finances and thusly reentered the newspaper industry. She began working for the New York Journal in 1920.
Just two years after reviving her writing career, on January 27, 1922, Nellie Bly died from pneumonia in New York City. She was 57 years old.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Hero vs. Monster

...Both Nellie McClung and Emily Murphy were the catalysts for the rise of women in Canada. They worked both separately and together to get women the right to vote, be recognized as persons, and to be able to have positions in the senate. Along their road to success, these two women also, in some people’s views, faltered. They both supported the sterilization act in Alberta, and Emily Murphy was particularly racist. These two women have achieved amazing things for Canadian workingwomen, as well as Canadian women and the law; but did they do more harm than good? More specifically, does their work in favor of women’s rights, and women becoming recognized “persons”, make up for their love of eugenics and the many lives they ruined sue to their beliefs that people of different races and with different mentalities were not suitable for parenthood? This paper will explore both sides of their work, looking at the persons case, women becoming involved in the senate, as well as the eugenics and sterilization that they supported. These two women were not solely good or bad, they were good with some poor decisions along the way, “although their vision, like our own, was sometimes faulty and incomplete, it also embodied an uncommon personal politics of courage and optimism…Feminists don’t have to be perfect to be worth a respectful hearing.” (Strong-Boag). Nellie McClung is a feminist hero of Canada, “her zest, and her convictions, her campaigns helped shape the Canada we live in today.”......

Words: 2053 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Turn of the Screw

...RELIGION A An anonymous narrator recalls a Christmas Eve gathering at an old house, where guests listen to one another’s ghost stories. A guest named Douglas introduces a story that involves two children—Flora and Miles—and his sister’s governess, with whom he was in love. After procuring the governess’s written record of events from his home, he provides a few introductory details. A handsome bachelor persuaded the governess to take a position as governess for his niece and nephew in an isolated country home after the previous governess died. Douglas begins to read from the written record, and the story shifts to the governess’s point of view as she narrates her strange experience. The governess begins her story with her first day at Bly, the country home, where she meets Flora and a maid named Mrs. Grose. The governess is nervous but feels relieved by Flora’s beauty and charm. The next day she receives a letter from her employer, which contains a letter from Miles’s headmaster saying that Miles cannot return to school. The letter does not specify what Miles has done to deserve expulsion, and, alarmed, the governess questions Mrs. Grose about it. Mrs. Grose admits that Miles has on occasion been bad, but only in the ways boys ought to be. The governess is reassured as she drives to meet Miles. One evening, as the governess strolls around the grounds, she sees a strange man in a tower of the house and exchanges an intense stare with him. She says nothing to Mrs.......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Bi Tech in Netflix

...York Times. Retrieved from http://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/08/10/netflix-to-stream-films-from-paramount-lionsgate-mgm/ 4. Fritz, Ben (June 28, 2011). "Open Road Films signs pay TV deal with Netflix". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/entertainmentnewsbuzz/2011/06/open-road-films-signs-pay-tv-deal-with-netflix.html 5.  Andreeva, Nellie (March 18, 2011). "It's Official: Netflix Picks Up David Fincher- Kevin Spacey Series 'House Of Cards'". Retrieved from http://www.deadline.com/2011/03/its-official-netflix-picks-up-david-fincher-kevin-spacey-series-house-of-cards/ 6. Andreeva, Nellie (November 18, 2011). "Netflix Picks Up New Episodes Of 'Arrested Development'". Retrieved from http://www.deadline.com/2011/11/netflix-picks-up-new-episodes-of-arrested-development/ 7. Adler, Tim (October 3, 2011). "UPDATE: Miramax's Mike Lang and Netflix's Ted Sarandos Talk Shop; Netflix Adds ‘Lilyhammer’ To TV Lineup". Retrieved from http://www.deadline.com/2011/10/netflix-adds-%E2%80%98lilyhammer%E2%80%99-to-tv-line-up/ 8. Andreeva, Nellie (March 18, 2011). “DreamWorks Animation To Produce TV Shows Based On Its Characters For Netflix”. Retrieved from http://www.deadline.com/2013/06/dreamworks-animation-produce-tv-shows-netflix/ 9. “Netflix outbids premium TV for rights to Disney movies”. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-505124_162-57557111/netflix-outbids-premium-tv-for-rights-to-disney-movies/ ......

Words: 1127 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Tabs

...wang                  B                    Ek weet ons gaan mekaar miskien nie weer sien nie     C#m         A    E    Dit maak my ook bang E                  B Ek sien alweer jou blou oë          C#m             A   E Wat kan kyk, dwars deur my                B            En ek weet jy weet ek wens     C#m    A    Dat jy kan bly               E Sodat ons kan dans        B         C#m In jou tyd, Soos altyd           A Tussen jasmyn               E           B             C#m     A Sodat ons kan sing in die holte van jou trap      E              B             C#m          A Maar ek, ek wil jou vashou, jy is myne jy is myne!    E    B       C#m  A  E So kom terug na my. Ek soen jou vir ou laas Draai om en stap weg Want jy ken my te goed my lief “goodbye” is gans te erg Ek mis al klaar jou blou oë Wat kon kyk, dwars deur my En ek weet jy’t geweet ek wens Dat jy kon bly Sodat ons kan dans In jou tyd, soos altyd Tussen jasmyn Sodat ons kan sing in die holte van jou trap Maar ek, ek wil jou vashou Jy is myne, jy is myne So kom terug na my Al vat dit ook die wêreld se tyd Hier sal jy veilig bly GISTERAAND – DANS DANS LISA Sleutel: * : natural harmonic h : hammer-on p : pull-of / : slide up \ : slide down Ek sê Ahoy Daar! Ek is op Twitter! So maak 'n plan en volg die man @GabrielRoux3752 Ek WEET dit is nie nodig om alles in bar-chords te speel nie dit klink net......

Words: 5735 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Eastern Lit + Haiku

...The Zen principles humor and awareness come to mind as well as mindfulness because it requires you to use your mind to see the obvious. In The Kabir Book by Robert Bly there was a poem translated similar to the fish quote. Bly writes, “If you can’t find where your soul is hidden, for you the world will never be real!” (Bly 9). He analyzes that the fish being thirsty in the water is similar to a person looking from city to city trying to find their soul and if you cant find your soul, you have never truly lived. The 25th translated poem was about God and how he is always with you, you don’t need to be praying or go to churches to be with God. Kabir asks, “Student, tell me, what is God? He is the breath inside the breath” (Bly 33). This quote shows that God always has grateful acceptance of what you do because he is always with you no matter what according to Kabir. He gives God the Zen principles of love, compassion, non-judgment, and grateful acceptance. The 14th poem translated by Robert Bly was very interesting to me. The poem was a dialogue between someone who wants to cross the river and someone else who kept asking him why he would want to because there is nothing good about the other side. Kabir then adds that “just throw away all thoughts of imaginary things, and stand firm in that which you are” (Bly 17). What it means to me is that you should always stand up for what you believe in and just because someone tells you otherwise, people think differently and have......

Words: 1206 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

On Paper Wings

...people. It came to my surprise that despite the fact that the United States had killed and wounded over one hundred fifty thousand Japanese people in Hiroshima these women were able to put that aside and feel bad for the six Americans that were killed. I was surprised to find out that the women who were contacted by Takeshita had the courage to visit Bly not knowing if the town resented them or if the people would welcome them or even be welcome at all. Though these women didn't create the bombs alone and weren't individually responsible they still had the bravery to represent their country and face the families who died due to the bombings. While in Bly the women went and visited the sights of the deaths. At the sight of death there was a memorial made for the woman and five children. The women came bearing a thousand cranes and letters as peace offerings. It surprised me that after all the Japanese had endured these women only wanted peace. They no longer wanted to get even. Many will say these women didn't do anything special, but put in their place they probably would crack under the pressures of not knowing what the Bly people would think of them as they stepped off of that bus and wouldn’t know how to ask for forgiveness. These women were extremely forgiving, courageous, and compassionate and their reactions shocked me....

Words: 409 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nellie Bly Bio

...Nellie Bly Report Nellie Bly was an American journalist who was known for her investigative reporting. She is vastly famous for her 1887 work when she wrote about the conditions of asylum patients at Blackwell's Island in New York City, by going undercover as a patient herself. But Nellie Bly is most well-known for her famous trip around the world in 1889, where many told her she couldn’t do it, she proved them wrong. Nellie was born in the suburb of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania under the name Elizabeth Jane Cochran. Her father, Michael Cochran, a hard working mill employee, eventually bought the mill and the surrounding land, showing his children that hard work pays off and that nothing is impossible. As a young girl, Nellie attended boarding school for only one term, because she unfortunately was forced to drop out due to lack of funds. In 1880, Nellie and her family moved to Pittsburgh. During her stay here, Nellie read an editorial in The Pittsburgh Dispatch entitled "What Girls Are Good For." The article was about how women should not have an education or career, suggesting they should stray no further than the home and motherly duties. This, of course infuriated Nellie, as it did many women. She wrote a reply to the editor, George Madden signed "Little Orphan Girl." Madden was so impressed by the reply, he offered her a full-time job writing under the name Nellie Bly. Which is where the name came from, and stuck. Nellie Bly avoided the normal topics women......

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Fysik Teori

...papir kan stoppe strålingen. Betastrålingen, som består af elektroner, kan stoppes af en tynd aluminiumsplade. Gammastrålingen, som består af fotoner med masser af energi, forlanger f.eks. bly, som er et tungere og tykkere materiale, for at kunne blive bremset. Alfastråling møder molekyler på sin vej, og når strålingen sammenstøder med molekylerne, udsender den en lille del af dens energi. Betastråling vejer meget mindre end alfapartikel, derfor udsender betastråling mere af dens energi ved sammenstød med molekylerne, som den møder på sin vej. Absorption af gammastråling kan ske på tre forskellige måder, nemlig; ved pardannelse, Compton-spredning og fotoionisering, men det afhænger af energien. Ved en pardannelse, dannes et gammakvant til en positron og elektron. Ved en Compton-spredning udsender gammastrålingen fotoner samt noget af energien når den sammenstøder med frie elektroner. Ved fotoionisering indoptager gammastråling fotoner af atomer, der ioniseres. For at et materiale skal halvere intensiteten af en stråling, skal man finde ud af hvor tykt et lag af materialet der skal til for det. Dette er målet med en halveringstykkelsen. Når det er gammastrålingen der er tale om, så er den afhængig af strålingens præcise værdi af energien. Vi brugte bly i forsøget, og halveringstykkelsen i bly er mindre end halveringstykkelsen i vand. Man deler absorptionskoefficienten, hvilket er ln(2) med halveringstiden, hvilket er x½. Intensitet energi per areal per tid er: I=E/tA. Man......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Jose Rizal

...love with Rizal. Tottie helped him in his painting and sculpture. But Rizal suddenly left London for Paris to avoid Gertrude, who was seriously in love with him. Before leaving London, he was able to finish the group carving of the Beckett sisters. He gave the group carving to Gertrude as a sign of their brief relationship. Nellie Boustead Rizal having lost Leonor Rivera, entertained the thought of courting other ladies. While a guest of the Boustead family at their residence in the resort city of Biarritz, he had befriended the two pretty daughters of his host, Eduardo Boustead. Rizal used to fence with the sisters at the studio of Juan Luna. Antonio Luna, Juan’s brother and also a frequent visitor of the Bousteads, courted Nellie but she was deeply infatuated with Rizal. In a party held by Filipinos in Madrid, a drunken Antonio Luna uttered unsavory remarks against Nellie Boustead. This prompted Rizal to challenge Luna into a duel. Fortunately, Luna apologized to Rizal, thus averting tragedy for the compatriots. Their love affair unfortunately did not end in marriage. It failed because Rizal refused to be converted to the Protestant faith, as Nellie demanded and Nellie’s mother did not like a physician without enough paying clientele to be a son-in-law. The lovers, however, parted as good friends when Rizal left Europe. Suzanne Jacoby In 1890, Rizal moved to Brussels because of the high cost of living in Paris. In Brussels, he lived in the boarding house of the two......

Words: 923 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Narative

...first they were all kind and quiete but when the day passed they became noisy and playful. They were not listening to me. I found that some of the pupils of Grade I- faith had a family problem. But not the pupils that cught my attention. Let’s call her Nellie. She is very active in the class; the truth is Nellie to the top ten in class. Every time I asked questions, she always raised her hands but when I didn’t call her, she got mad at me. I observed that she always wanted to call her in the discussion. Even we were out of the classroom, she always wanted to be the first in the  and many more. Though she was on top 10, she colud handly read because she couln’t read English sentence, not like the others who beloned to top ten.           I asked my cooperating teacher about Nellie. He said that Nellie had difficulty with regards to behaviour and reading. Nellie always wanted the centre of attention.  My teacher said that she always put her hands up and not waiting for her turn to answer. She usually disrupted other children and hit them for such many reason. My cooperating teacher explained to me why she acted like that. Ma’am Orpha said that Nellie’s mother is an OFW so she thinks that Nellie needs a mother attention. So Nellie always wanted to get our attention. She expected to be the center of attention and to have her needs gratified immediately.           So, I understood why she acted that way. One day I’m got mad at her because she smiled at me yet I was angry at her.......

Words: 6617 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Grand Avenue Movie Review

...boy, who is interested in Justine, is really Justine’s half-brother Raymond. Neither one of them is aware that that are related. The primary stressors for Justine is witnessing her mom drunk, not having a father figure, neighborhood peer pressure, loss sense of self, and attention seeking behaviors. Justine’s strengths are that she is strong willed, outspoken, people pleasing, independent, and determined. Molly’s second daughter and middle child Alice, loves her mom dearly and wishes for her mother to be more responsible and loving. Alice is concerned deeply for her sister Justine because of her rebellious behaviors. Alice has a close relationship with her little brother Sheldon and her Aunt Nellie with whom she has had a distant relationship with prior to moving to Grand Avenue. Nellie shows Alice how to make Indian baskets and encourages her to explore her cultural heritage. Alice is the one who holds the family together. Alice’s stressors are her mother’s behavior, viewing Justine living a carefree and exotic life while being the main caregiver of her little brother Sheldon. Alice’s strengths are the ability to care for her family, the mothering role she has for each sibling, although Justine is older, and being the strong one for the family. Sheldon is eight years old; he is very close to Alice although he loves his mother even though she does not spend much time with him. Sheldon is a little confused about being removed from his home after his father passed......

Words: 2216 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Microeconomics

...fruit principle”. Question 15 Oliver and Nellie produces two products, cloth and wine. The rates of production is summarised in the table below: Oliver Cloth (meters) Wine (litres) Nellie 2 meters per hour 4 litres per hour 1 meter per hour 5 litres per hour a) Re-express this table in terms of input labour requirements i.e. how much time does it take to produce one meter of Cloth and one litre of Wine. b) From the above table, find out which person has an absolute advantage in producing cloth and which person has a comparative advantage in producing cloth. Remember to show how you derive the results to reinforce your answer (Hint: For comparative advantage it may be useful to express things in terms of opportunity costs). 9 c) Using the “principle of comparative advantage”, if Nellie decides to specialise in producing a product, which product should she specialise in to ensure that that there are gains from specialisation? Answer a) Oliver Cloth (hours) Wine (hours) Nellie 0.5 hours 0.25 hours 1 hours 0.2 hours b) So what is an absolute advantage and comparative advantage? An absolute advantage is concerned with the quantity of goods we can produce in a given time (or the amount or resources required to produce a given amount). For example in the table above it is apparent that Oliver has an absolute advantage in producing Cloth compared to Nellie. One could also say that Nellie has an absolute advantage in......

Words: 3475 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Federal Tax and Management Week 1

...Week 1 StudyMate Quiz Transcript Questions: 1. Nellie maintains her home in which she and her daughter reside. The daughter does not qualify as Nellie's dependent. Nellie's husband died the previous year. What is Nellie's filing status for the year? A) Single B) Surviving spouse C) Married filing jointly D) Head of household E) None of the above 2. Which of the following statements regarding Treasury Regulations is false? A) In dealing with the IRS, Treasury Regulations have the authority of law. B) Courts are bound to follow Treasury Regulations when they are in conflict with the law. C) The legal citation for a Treasury Regulation refers to the associated Internal Revenue Code section. D) Regulations are published in the Federal Register 3. The following statements about cash and accrual basis taxpayers are all false, except: A) Both cash and accrual basis taxpayers include prepaid rent in gross income. B) Both cash and accrual basis taxpayers are taxed on rent paid late when received. C) The timing of dividend income may depend on the record date. D) Constructive receipt is a concept affecting both cash and accrual method taxpayers. 4. Which of the following is considered to be net earnings from self-employment? A) Capital gains B) Wages received by an employee C) Winning lottery ticket D) Interest income from personal savings account E) None of the above 5. The following statements about the cash basis method of accounting are false, except: A)......

Words: 536 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

It Leadership

...2012 IT Leadership at the United Nations William Bly IT Leadership 4/8/2012 IT Leadership at the United Nations Table of Contents 2012 An Inside Look a United Nations Information Technologies ................................................... 5 UN Structure ................................................................................................................................... 6 General Assembly ........................................................................................................................ 6 General Assembly Subsidiary Bodies ......................................................................................... 7 Economic and Social Council ............................................................................................. 7 International Court of Justice .............................................................................................. 7 Security Council ..................................................................................................................... 7 Security Council Subsidiary Bodies ............................................................................................. 7 Trusteeship Council ............................................................................................................... 7 Secretariat .............................................................................................................................. 7 Repertory of Practice of United...

Words: 5041 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Jose Rizal

...love with Rizal. Tottie helped him in his painting and sculpture. But Rizal suddenly left London for Paris to avoid Gertrude, who was seriously in love with him. Before leaving London, he was able to finish the group carving of the Beckett sisters. He gave the group carving to Gertrude as a sign of their brief relationship. Nellie Boustead Rizal having lost Leonor Rivera, entertained the thought of courting other ladies. While a guest of the Boustead family at their residence in the resort city of Biarritz, he had befriended the two pretty daughters of his host, Eduardo Boustead. Rizal used to fence with the sisters at the studio of Juan Luna. Antonio Luna, Juan’s brother and also a frequent visitor of the Bousteads, courted Nellie but she was deeply infatuated with Rizal. In a party held by Filipinos in Madrid, a drunken Antonio Luna uttered unsavory remarks against Nellie Boustead. This prompted Rizal to challenge Luna into a duel. Fortunately, Luna apologized to Rizal, thus averting tragedy for the compatriots. Their love affair unfortunately did not end in marriage. It failed because Rizal refused to be converted to the Protestant faith, as Nellie demanded and Nellie’s mother did not like a physician without enough paying clientele to be a son-in-law. The lovers, however, parted as good friends when Rizal left Europe. Suzanne Jacoby In 1890, Rizal moved to Brussels because of the high cost of living in Paris. In Brussels, he lived in the boarding house of the two......

Words: 1947 - Pages: 8