Free Essay

Music Induced Hearing Loss

In: Science

Submitted By panzerny
Words 2600
Pages 11

INTRODUCTION It is now a norm in Singapore to see young individuals listen to music through their earphones or headphones in many of their typical day to day activities. Technological advances in audio devices have improved its sound quality and battery life thereby influencing more people to purchase such devices. Though it is generally regarded as a socially acceptable behaviour, detrimental effects will arise to the individual once there is abuse of audio volume in these devices. Unbeknownst to these teenagers, their exposure to music is condemning their ears to harmful levels of sound which will result in irreversible music induced hearing loss.
Music induced hearing loss by definition is the disorder in which a person has been exposed to high levels of music over a prolonged period of time (HealthBridges info, 2011). Data from Changi General Hospital states that in recent years, hearing loss cases amongst younger generations in Singapore have doubled (Ng, 2010). The higher incidence of hearing loss in the population stems from a combination of prolonged usage of audio devices at high levels which will deteriorate hearing ability over time (Faloon, 2010). Hence it is imperative that public ignorance be rectified as the problem will exacerbate if it remains unaddressed. Given the effectiveness of social media in Singapore and the relative ease of highlighting Singapore’s health issues to the level of public debate, it is critical that increasing public focus play a fundamental role in mitigating noise induced hearing loss.

Public Misconceptions of Hearing Loss

Ignorance about proper listening habits

There are many intricacies pertaining to proper music listening habits which the public might be unaware of. Almost half the number of youths nowadays are listening to music at near-maximum volume without prior knowledge of what volume levels their hearing can safely endure (Vogel, 2009). Music players currently give a maximum output level of over 100 dB (Figure 1) which is in fact, comparable to being in 1m proximity with a chainsaw (Table 4, see Appendix) In addition, there is a significant number of youths who listen to their audio devices at high volumes for approximately two to three hours per day (Faloon, 2010). However, they might be unaware that recommended listening periods for certain types of earphones at high volume ranges from approximately an hour to mere minutes per day, as shown by the statistics in Table 2.

Figure 1: Output levels of music for different music players
Source: National Hearing Conservation Association (2006) Table 2 Recommended listening periods at different volume levels

Source: National Hearing Conservation Association (2006)

Misconception on the onset of hearing loss

Many are unaware that hearing loss afflicts not just senior Singaporeans but also a significant number of the younger generation as well. A majority of youths are under the misimpression that music induced hearing loss only becomes a pertinent issue when they reach middle to senior age (Vogel, 2009). However they do not realise that currently, 40 per cent of hearing loss cases are suffered by individuals forty years and younger (Ng, 2010). It is this misconception which then breeds a sense of nonchalance in Singaporean youths about their listening habits.

Lack of detecting measures of hearing loss
There is a lack of measures detecting the onset of music induced hearing loss amongst young Singaporeans. The detrimental effects of hearing loss can actually occur without the knowledge of the individual due to its subtle nature. A study conducted by associate professor Lynne Lim director of the Centre for Hearing Intervention and Language Development at the National University Hospital showed that a fifth of the participants involved had no knowledge that they suffered from hearing loss (Quek, 2010). The ignorance concerning this issue arises from the fact that the onset of hearing loss can only be detected through a proper hearing test, which the Singaporean youths of today are hardly exposed to. Even through government health legislation, only students in primary one are exposed to such tests to check their hearing ability, whereas eyesight tests are conducted more frequently (Table 5, see Appendix). Due to this lack of exposure, the detection of hearing loss among the masses is minimal, thus resulting in the general sense of nonchalance concerning the overall issue.

Irreversibility of hearing loss
Once inflicted, music induced hearing loss is irreversible. Dr Yuen Hang Wai, an otolaryngologist from Changi General Hospital explains that listening to loud music for extended periods will cause permanent damage to the ear. Thus any degree of hearing loss is considered to be irreparable regardless of severity (Poon, 2010). This has serious implications for the individual as those who are already suffering from mild hearing loss are already accustomed to loud audio volumes and would have no qualms with increasing the volume even further to compensate for their decrease in hearing ability.

Consequences of hearing loss
Even for mild cases of hearing loss, treatment cost is expensive. Purchase of hearing aids can cost up to thousands of dollars (SingHealth, 2003). This is a pertinent problem for lower income families or individuals if they were forced to bear such costs financially. There is also the possibility that those who are hearing impaired will choose to overlook seeking treatment due to its high cost. Furthermore with the perceptive unpopularity of hearing aid devices amongst adolescents and teenagers, those affected by hearing loss will be unwilling to seek consultation on measures to artificially restore their hearing abilities (Vogel, 2009). The knowledge that they have hearing impairment coupled with their unwillingness to seek treatment can result in psychological detriments such as embarrassment, depression and low self-esteem (Low, 2005).

Current responses and limitations
There have been efforts to enhance the awareness of the public to hearing health. In 2010, Siemens Singapore launched an application on iPhone to conveniently test your hearing. However, public education on the benefits of early diagnosis of hearing loss through hearing test should be done in conjunction with such applications. Once the public is made aware of the dangers of hearing loss, they would have incentive to go for regular hearing check-ups. The hearing test by Siemens is also not a viable replacement for the actual test conducted by a certified professional.
In Singapore, there is greater emphasis to prevent noise induced hearing loss at the workplace. For example, there have been many pamphlets and brochures including those by Workplace Safety and Health Council to educate workers regarding hearing safety regulations implemented here (Tan, Leong, and Ng, 2012). Unfortunately, there are not many responses to music induced hearing loss at this instance.

Media advertising
Media advertising can help increase public awareness of music induced hearing loss. Research on media advertising effectiveness conducted by the National Health Service in the United Kingdom has shown that advertisements are capable of educating the public and thus provide the motive for public debate (NHS, 2004). Media advertisements should display public misconceptions previously stated earlier, followed by the facts and statistics refuting them. Warning labels and graphic images on earphones packaging regarding music induced hearing loss would make the public more aware of its potential threat. This has been proven effective in anti-smoking labels on cigarette packs where large pictures depict detrimental messages about potential smoking hazards (Riordan, 2012). Figure 3 is an example of a warning label that could be placed on such packaging. The information displayed on these labels are able to quell public misconceptions and create awareness about music induced hearing loss amongst the masses. A multi-pronged approach in media advertising and labelled product packaging will be helpful in increasing public awareness about the issue.

Figure 3: Example of a warning label on earphones packaging

Inculcation into schools
Awareness about hearing loss should be implemented through talks and exhibitions in Singapore’s schools. Research from the National Health Service in the United Kingdom has shown that talks providing accurate information through specific messages are capable of effectively bringing about changes in social behaviour (NHS, 2004). The overall theme of each talk and exhibition would be to address the current underestimations which young students might have about music induced hearing loss. This can also be accompanied by information on healthy music listening habits and on the recommended listening periods for different types of earphones, as shown previously in figure 1. Exhibitions can also be organised containing interactive pedagogies and games. This will gain more appeal with adolescents who are generally more receptive to information and communication technologies (Miller, 2008; Squire, 2002).
Furthermore, free hearing trials can be conducted during the exhibitions themselves so that attendees can immediately identify themselves as those experiencing mild cases of hearing loss. Hence, it is viable for these campaigns to be conducted by schools in conjunction with local hearing aid companies such as BayAudio and Beltone Singapore as these companies would benefit due to the potential influx of consumers. This will potentially improve the reputations of their hearing aid shops and also aid in their aim to reach out to the younger generations about the pertinence of music induced hearing loss (Quek, 2010).

Implementation of compulsory of hearing test
Hearing tests are the best way to determine the existence and severity of hearing loss in an individual. As stated previously, only students in primary one are subjected to such tests to check their hearing ability. However, due to the rising trend of young people diagnosed with hearing defects at such a young age, the Ministry of Health should make regular hearing tests mandatory for students from primary two to secondary four. The hearing tests are effective in detecting any hearing defects. For those with some form of hearing loss, the doctors can better inform them and the parents or guardians involved about the causes of hearing disability and the forms of treatment available. Such an implementation can hopefully raise awareness for hearing loss and prevent students from further harming their hearing. The parents will then be able to monitor the listening habits of their children and advise them appropriately.
The overall intent of all these measures will then raise this issue to the level of public debate. With enough public attention, this will spur the involvement of government health bodies and other autonomous health organisations such as the Health Promotion Board and the Singapore Association for the Deaf. Their resources and wider outreach will enable a formal campaign to be established with more media exposure and interaction for a larger public audience.

There is no doubt that music induced hearing loss continues to impede Singaporean society by afflicting those of the younger generation. With the advancement of communication technology and the receptivity of public health campaigns in Singapore, increased awareness on the risks of listening to loud music can be communicated more effectively through means of mass media and through reaching out to student bodies across the country. Although we suggested solutions to raise awareness on music induced hearing loss, the onus is upon the individual on whether the measures are indeed effective. The society can only do so much and it is up to every individual to practice safe and healthy listening habits.

Falloon, K (2010, June). Noise-induced hearing loss is completely preventable. Retrieved from
Health Development Agency (2004). The effectiveness of public health campaigns. Retrieved from
Health Promotion Board (2012, October). Singapore comes together to celebrate 20 years of healthy lifestyle. Retrived from
Low, W.K (2005). Managing hearing loss in Children and Adults: Singapore Context. Retrieved from
Miller, L. C., Christensen, J. L., Godoy, C. G., Appleby, P. R., Corsbie-Massay, C., & Read, S. J. (2008). Reducing risky sexual decision-making in the virtual and in the real world: Serious games, intelligent agents, and a solve approach. In M. Cody, U. Ritterfeld, P. Vorderer (Eds.), Serious games: Mechanisms and effects (pp. 34-37). London: Routledge.
Ng J.Y. (2010, November). More younger people suffer hearing loss. Retrieved from
Poon, C.H. (September, 2010). Hearing Loss – Irreversible Damage. Retrieved
Quek, E (May, 2010). Turn down Hearing Loss. Retrieved from
Riordan, M (2012, August). Tobacco warning labels: evidence of effectiveness. Retrieved from
SingHealth (2003, July). Hearing Aids for Adults. Retrieved from
Tan K.T., Leong L, & Ng Z (2012) Workplace Safety and Health Guidelines - Hearing Conservation Programme Retrieved from
Vogel, I, Brug, J, Hosli, E.J., van der Ploeg, C.P.B, Raat, H (2009) MP3 Players and Hearing Loss: Adolescents’ Perceptions of Loud Music and Hearing Conservation. Retrieved from
Western Pennsylvania Health Information (2011, October). Music Induced Hearing Loss Is Becoming A Big Problem. Retrieved from

Table 4
Table of sound levels

Source: Sengpielaudio (n.d.)

Table 5
Health screening in schools from primary 1 to secondary 4

Source: Health Promotion Board (n.d.)

Evaluation of Sources

Group no: 12 E36
Names of Students:
Muhammad Farhan Bin Abdul Rahman
Muhammad Soffian Bin Yusoff

No. | Relevant Databases | Reason(s) for selection | 1 | PubMed | 1. There are many medical journals and studies conducted on the causes and effects of hearing loss with very specific results and sample size group. 2. The statistics provided by the journals are recent and very relevant. For example, studies were conducted on the usage of earphones. | 2 | ProQuest | 1. Contains comprehensive medical journals and articles complete with recommendations on how to tackle the issues involved. 2. Gives a global perspective on the prevalence of the issue involved. |

No. | Irrelevant Database | Reason(s) for selection | 1 | Factiva | 1. Although it contains articles pertaining to medical issues, there are none which are specific to music induced hearing loss. | 2 | Academic OneFile | 1. Even though there were many articles and reports, many of the reports were not available in full-text. |

No. | Relevant Database | The most relevant reference | Reason(s) for selection | 1 | PubMed | Vogel,Verschuure, van der Ploeg, Brug & Raat (2009, June 6). Adolescents and MP3 Players: Too Many Risks, Too Few Precautions. Pediatrics Vol.12 Retrieved from | 1. The articles displays deeply relevant and specific information about the relationship between music induced hearing loss in youths and the usage of audio devices. 2. It encompasses many aspects such as the average music volumes which youths listen to, and the duration in which they listen to music. | 2 | ProQuest | Faloon, K (2010, June 23) Noise-induced hearing loss is completely preventable. McClatchy - Tribune Business News [Washington] Retrieved from | 1. Gives insights and opinions of professional medical experts about the issue of noise induced hearing loss. 2. Provides suitable elaboration on recommendations and solutions pertaining to the issue which are carried out in other countries. |…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Hearing Problem

...Emily has a hard time hearing high frequency sounds, this means that Emily is losing her hearing. People who lose the ability to hear high frequency are usually suffering from an impairment of the inner ear. This first starts of with noiseinduced hearing loss, which is a form of sensorineural hearing. Sensorineural hearing loss results from dosage to the inner ear hair cells or auditory nerve, while induced hearing loss occurs when very loud sounds damage hair cells. One example of this is listening to loud music. These hair cells are very small, and also very fragile. Dead hair cells can never be replaced. Once they are gone, they can never be replaced. A study showed that was you are sixty-five years old, more than forty precent will be gone. Emily can not get a hearing aid because, hearing aids are no help in case of sensorineural hearing loss because auditory messages are blocked from reaching the brain, as of yet there is no cure for high frequency hearing loss. Emily can receive treatment, which focuses on improving hearing rather then restoring it. Many cases the auditory nerve is actually intact. Emily can act on her hearing loss by getting a Cochlear Implants. Its job is to bypass hair cells and stimulate the auditory nerves directly. I think that this will help Emily because if the auditory nerved is intact, it is possible for Emily to still hear and will not be forced into deep anxiety. But if in fact its not, then its nothing she can do to help herself. When......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Hearing Loss Hearing loss has always been an interesting topic to me. Before I was born my father damaged his hearing from listening to music too loud in college and loud noises in general. He wears hearing aids to help him hear everything from his students talking at school to the television at home. I use to ride to his audiologist appointments with him all the time because I thought the process of testing his hearing and the process of making and adjusting his hearing aids was so interesting and exciting. That is why I chose hearing loss as my topic. Hearing loss is defined by Farlex as; any degree of impairment of the ability to hear sound (Farlex, 2013). In other words if you cannot hear whispering or if you cannot hear fireworks you have some sort of hearing loss. “About 26 million Americans between the ages of 20 and 69 have high frequency hearing loss due to exposure to loud noises at work or in leisure activities” (Disorders, 2013). There are three different types of hearing loss and different severities. There is conductive hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss, and mixed Hearing loss. Dr. Michael P. Robb defines conductive hearing loss as; hearing loss due to problems affecting sound transmission through the outer or middle ear (Robb, 2010). In other words, if you have a problem with your outer or middle ear, such as an obstruction of the ear canal, or otitis externa, (swimmers ear), you would have conductive hearing loss. These are treatable with medicine......

Words: 1203 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Deafness and Hearing Loss

...DEAFNESS It refers to a hearing loss so severe that the individual cannot process spoken language even with amplification devices. HARD OF HEARING A person is considered hard of hearing if he/she generally with the use of a hearing aid, has *residual hearing sufficient to enable successful processing of linguistic information. TYPES OF HEARING LOSS * Pre-lingual deafness * Occurs before the child has acquired speech * Post-lingual deafness * Occurs after the child has acquired speech ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE EAR 3 Major parts of the ear * Outer ear * Middle ear * Inner ear * OUTER EAR -Consists of the Auricle (part of the ear that protrudes from the side of the head) until the tympanic membrane (eardrum). -Sound is “collected “ by the Auricle and is funneled through the external auditory canal to the eardrum, which vibrates sending sound waves to the middle ear. * MIDDLE EAR -Consists of the eardrum and 3 tiny bones * Malleus (Hammer) * Incus (Anvil) * Stapes (Stirrup) They are contained in an air-filed space. They conduct vibrations of the eardrum to the oval window which is the link between the middle ear and the inner ear. * INNER EAR -An intricate mechanism of thousand of moving parts. -Often called a “labyrinth” * Divided into 2 sections: * Vestibular mechanism * Responsible for sense of balance * Cochlea * Most......

Words: 841 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Tobacco Induced Diseases

...Gaur et al. Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012, 10:4 SHORT REPORT Open Access Association of smoking or tobacco use with ear diseases among men: a retrospective study Kiran Gaur1,3*, Neeraj Kasliwal2 and Rajeev Gupta2 Abstract Background: Health related behaviour specially smoking and tobacco in any form are major determinants of health and lead to health inequities. Tobacco leads to various health problems including ear, nose and throat diseases. Objective: To determine the influence of smoking or tobacco use on ear diseases we performed a retrospective study among men. Method: Of 11454 subjects of different age-groups there were 4143 men aged 20-60 years who were evaluated for demographic variables, smoking/tobacco use and middle and internal ear diseases. Descriptive statistics and age adjusted logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: Among the 4143 men, 1739 (42.0%) were smokers or used tobacco. In smokers/tobacco users compared to non-users the age adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for chronic suppurative otitis media were 1.13 (CI 0.96-1.34), acute otitis media 1.16 (CI 0.82-1.64), suppurative otitis media 1.21 (CI 0.79-1.84), otosclerosis 0.97 (CI 0.52-1.33) (p > 0.05) and for overall middle ear diseases was 1.15 (CI 0.99-1.33, p = 0.05). For internal ear diseases the age adjusted odds ratios were for sensorineural hearing loss 1.12 (CI 0.92-1.58), 0.12 (CI 0.42-0.93) for......

Words: 3241 - Pages: 13

Free Essay


...Hearing is one of the most important senses we have as humans’ beings and without being able to hear, life is not simple, nor it is easy. Individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing are unfortunate to have quality communication with others. There is a barrier-dividing people who are deaf from hearing people. Just like hearing people, the deaf like to talk with others; Conversations can be difficult for them, especially if they are trying to communicate with individuals who are not familiar with the Deaf community or sigh language. Lack of communication inhibits the interaction between people, so in order to overcome this barrier, people who are deaf key in on socialization. Experiencing what deaf people have to go through every single day in their lives was not easy to practice. Wearing earplugs for eight hours was a new experience that I learned a lot from. Having the ear plug in my ear canal created a conductive hearing loss and it could be either congenital or acquired causes. These causes can damage the shape of the pinna. The way I started interacting with people around me was not the same, as well the way they acted towards me. A lot of them were surprised that I was using my arms to point at things, and also wondering why I am not responding when they are saying, “ How am I doing today”. Nodding my head was not the answer they were expecting form me. Communicating with others was not easy at all,......

Words: 1452 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

This I Believe: Loud Music Causes Hearing Loss in Teens

...I believe :Loud music causes hearing loss in teens IPods and MP3s are very important to teens today. We listen to them while we get dressed and on our way to school. We try to sneak our ear buds in during class; we listen after school, while doing our homework, and before bed. IPods and MP3 players have become an important part of the daily schedule, but what teens don't realize is those same devices that entertain us for hours each and every day can be a serious source of hearing loss Most teenagers believe that listening to music for long periods of time is perfectly fine. According to the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) teens should not listen to music for more than one hour every day at a reasonable volume. The reasonable volume for music is 75 decibels witch is about 70% of an IPods volume capacity according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information The effects of frequently listening to loud music include permanent hearing loss. The hair cells in the ear – irreplaceable cells that send electrical impulses to the brain – can die from sustained abuse. After going to a rock concert or listening to a lot of loud music, you might hear a soft ringing in your ears called tinnitus. This is an indication of acoustic trauma that over time could result in hearing loss if precautions aren't taken. Many people think that hearing loss is hereditary but “acoustic trauma produced by exposure to loud sounds” is the third major cause of hearing loss, according to......

Words: 434 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Noise Induced Hearing Loss (Nihl)

...Noise induced hearing loss, what do we know about it? How do we hear? First, the sound vibrates the eardrum and the eardrum in turn vibrates the little bones we call the hammer, anvil and the stirrup. This vibration is sent to the cochlea, which is shaped like a snail and filled with fluid. This fluid starts to ripple and the little hairs, located on the inner surfaces of the cochlea, detect the waves and transmit the electrical signals to the auditory nerve and on to the brain to be decoded resulting in hearing. The mechanics of the ear are much more complex than this description but you get the gist. Loud sounds, over time, causes the fine hairlike projections that are in the choclea to die and they do not regenerate so the hearing loss is permanent and irreversible. And sound itself is measured in decibles (or dB) and the common range is from 0 dB which is the threshold of hearing to 140 dB which is the sound of a jet taking off or a rock band. We've all used headphones at one time or another. Did you ever think about hearing loss due to your use of headphones? I know that I never did. But we know that heavy machine, lawn mower, and jackhammer operators all use foam earplugs in their ears to block the noise. According to the NIH, (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, Noise Induced Hearing Loss, NIH Pub. No. 14-4233, Updated March 2014) noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) can happen immediately or gradually over time. In order for...

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hearing Loss

...Hearing loss and Decibels To understand decibels and hearing loss we first need to understand what and how decibels are and measured. The decibel (dB) is used to measure sound level. It is the logarithmic way of describing a ratio. This ratio can be power, sound pressure, voltage or intensity or several other things. For the case of hearing loss we will use decibels to determine the sound pressure. Sound pressure is the force of sound on a surface area perpendicular to the direction of the sound. However, sound pressure is measured in Pascal (Pa) which is atmospheric pressure. Sound pressure level or sound level Lp is a logarithmic measure of the effective pressure of a sound relative to a reference value. It is measured in decibels (dB) above a standard reference level. Lp = 10log10 (Prms2/Pref2) = 20log10 (Prms/Pref) dB, where Pref is the reference sound pressure and Prms is the rms sound pressure being measured. Now that we go the mathematics out of the way how do decibels and hearing loss go together? Hearing health care professionals classify hearing into different categories. Here is a list of these categories and there respected ranges. Normal hearing | -10 to 15 dB | Slight hearing loss | 16 to 25 dB | Mild hearing loss | 26 to 40 dB | Moderate hearing loss | 41 to 55 dB | Moderately severe loss | 56 to 70 dB | Severe hearing loss | 71 to 90 dB | Profound hearing loss | 91 to 120 dB | Deaf | greater than 120 dB | Now that we have an......

Words: 385 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

How Hearing Loss Affects Development of the Mind

...How hearing loss affects development of the mind James Garrett Excelsior College PSY235 Dr. Victoria Ferrara June 21, 2015 Abstract Hearing loss can have a tremendous effect on the cognitive development of human beings. Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory can be connected to this issue. Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory can also be tied into the effects of hearing loss on development and the theory of mind is another theory that can help explain the why. Language development is one of the main reasons for a child’s mental growth and is also one of the main areas effected by a hearing deficit. There are many ways to combat the ill-effects of hearing loss including new technologies in hearing aids along with proactive parents, teachers, and healthcare professionals. How hearing loss affects development of the mind Pediatric hearing loss is not a low-incident disability with the educationally significant hearing loss being approximately 12 in 1000 children (Matkin & Wilcox, 1999). Anderson (2015) tells us that usually during the 24th week of pregnancy, an unborn baby begins to hear. Hearing is a vital means of interacting with the family and the world throughout life. A baby starts to distinguish sounds like human speech in the first months after birth. The foundations of language, both hearing and speaking, develop by age two. The development of language from the youngest age is directly tied to cognitive development, primarily affecting reading,......

Words: 2896 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Hearing Loss in Ipods

...Hearing Loss: An Increasing Problem Today’s youth have adopted a lifestyle revolving around technology. More and more teens and young adults have their own laptop computers, video game systems, and digital music players. The latter of which is causing an outcry from many experts. Hearing loss is more common than ever before with about 16% of Americans affected (Blue). Cranking up to volume on a music player for too long can have undesired consequences, most notably being premature hearing loss. Hearing loss resulting from listening to MP3 players too loudly is becoming an increasing problem among young adults and teenagers. Listeners need to turn down the volume on their devices if they want to save their hearing. Hearing loss in relation to music is a relatively new condition. Declining prices of MP3 players and the huge success of Apple’s IPod has put earbuds in an increasing number of American’s pockets, making the number of potential people exposed to loud music higher than ever before. The IPod can be the most dangerous of all music devices due to the design of its earbuds. Since the bud is directly in the ear, it has a stronger effect on hearing. At 80% of the maximum volume, it is safe to listen to IPods for only just over an hour per day. Compare this to over the ear headphones which can be safely listened to for almost 5 hours at the same volume level. Special sound-isolating headphones are a rapidly growing technology as well. These headphones keep all......

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Effects of Hearing Loss

...effect of hearing loss on auditory perception and behavior Studies have shown that behavior problems are found more commonly in children with hearing loss and the level of behavior problems is highest amongst those children with hearing loss with the least developed language capabilities. Coping with hearing loss is different from other disabilities in that it is an invisible handicap. The reactions or behaviors associated with hearing loss may not be apparent, and even the sight of a hearing aid doesn’t guarantee recognition of a disability. Sometimes hearing loss exerts a direct impact on mental health. Depression and adjustment disorder can occur as a natural response to hearing loss and its subsequent impact on the quality of life. Inability to hear and discern message and meaning can result in feelings of shame, humiliation, and inadequacy. It can be highly embarrassing to be unable to behave according to applicable social rules. A day in the life of a hearing-impaired may include struggles with the following: • hearing alarms or telephones; • understanding someone while talking on the phone; • understanding when several people are talking; • understanding when a speaker’s face is unseen; • hearing in a car, wind, or traffic; • understanding speech on TV; • understanding whispering; • understanding people in a large room References Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. Jan2010, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p77-83. Dewane, C., (2010) Hearing Loss in Older......

Words: 250 - Pages: 1

Free Essay

Hearing Loss

...Hearing Loss - Health and Resources Tracy L. Scarborough HCS/212 January 12, 2015 Deanna Dubay Hearing Loss - Health and Resources Intro Hearing loss is one of the most common anomalies in the general population and is largely irreversible. For most, it’s caused by heredity, old age and, over time, by exposure to loud noises such as technology devices and occupational hazards. Singularly, trauma to the ears can cause short term hearing loss due to disruption in conduction. Loud venues (concert), eardrum perforation, fluid in the inner ear and excessive earwax can all cause temporary deafness. (Mayo clinic website). There are 3 passageways for hearing conduction: the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear. Outer Ear The shape of the ear is designed specifically to direct sound waves. The outer ear is the part that can be externally visualized on the head, consisting of the concha (top curve of the ear), the pinna (lower trough of the ear) and the auditory canal. Sound waves travel through this anatomy and towards the tympanic membrane. (How Hearing Works printout) Middle Ear The tympanic membrane, or eardrum, vibrates upon reception of the sound and is picked up by the bones of the middle ear (incus, malleus and stapes) and those vibrations are amplified before transmittal to the inner ear where the cochlear fluids become stimulated. When a hearing loss is traced to this area of the ear, it’s conductive and can be corrected with a simple surgical procedure...

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Impact of Hearing Loss

...The Impact of Hearing Loss In today’s society, it is a well-known fact that the onset of hearing loss is occurring at an earlier age in an individual’s lifespan. In addition, the percentage of society who is experiencing hearing loss is rising as well. The culprit behind this major health concern is widely believed to be from external factors such as our overly loud environment. In the following essay, two main points will be addressed. The first will be regarding the long term consequences from a population growing up with premature hearing loss. And the second will be the challenges that will be faced when trying to change the behaviors of listeners. According to Oyler (n.d.), the impact of hearing loss has a large effect on an individual’s social life. What this means is that a person who is hard of hearing may be more socially withdrawn and reclusive than before they experienced hearing loss. This may occur for many reasons such as avoiding awkward interactions where it may be difficult to communicate effectively. Sometimes it may be due to the individual not being able to come to terms with the fact that they may need a hearing aid. Therefore, the individual shuns all interaction that may remind them of this health concern. If the rate of hearing loss increases in society, the quality of life that one may expect may decrease as a result. For example, lack of social interaction may lead to depression, lack of fulfillment, loneliness and many other related concerns.......

Words: 444 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Coping with Hearing Loss

...The purpose of this paper is to discuss how to live with hearing loss and methods to cope with the emotional, psychological, and social effects of a hearing loss. The physical aspects of hearing impairment, including hearing mechanisms and how the ear functions are also discussed. The topic is important because understanding the various causes of hearing loss in addition to methods and resources to help with coping with a hearing loss will assist in improving communication with family members, friends, co-workers and complete strangers resulting in a better quality of life. This paper is organized into seven sections. Section one will discuss how hearing loss affect people in the U.S.; the physical parts of the human ear; how the ear functions, and different types of hearing loss. Section two will discuss the psychological, (i.e., social and emotional) effects of hearing loss. Section three will discuss how hearing loss can effect relationships. Section four will discuss where to seek medical help. Section five will discuss the pros and cons of hearing aids and associated cost. Section six will discuss tinnitus (ringing or roaring in the ear), and my personal experience coping with tinnitus and hearing loss. Section seven will present the conclusion. People of all ages suffer from hearing loss and in particular as a result of noise damage, whereby “many cases of hearing loss – at least 10 million of the 28 million total cases in the U.S. – are a......

Words: 2532 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Hearing Loss and Perceptual Development

...Hearing Loss and Perceptual Development By Audrey Davies due by April, 6 2012 Psych 310 1 Intro Perceptual development is the way in which we use our senses to gather and organize information in order to understand and interpret the world around us. We gather information through sensory stimuli by hearing, seeing, touching, smelling, and tasting. Starting from infancy, perceptual development begins when babies begin to take the world in through these senses. They begin by giving meaning to the objects that they see and hear. According to Mark K. Fagan and David B. Pisoni, “infants learn about their environment through sensory exploration, acquiring knowledge that is important for cognitive development...the fundamental information that infants obtain through sensory perception and exploration of their environment contributes to the learning and development of important cognitive concepts” (Fagan & Pisoni, 2009). Hearing is especially important and key to their brain development, and any deficiency can possibly lead to delays in speech, and language. Hearing loss is a result of several reasons such as trauma, severe ear infections, in utero infections and a vast number of other diseases and disorders. In all actuality we hear with our brains and not our ears. However the ears play an important function which allows us to transmit sound. Before going into further details here is some basics of the auditory system. The Cochlea is the is the......

Words: 1202 - Pages: 5