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Mortality Rate and Risk Management

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Mortality Rate and Risk
Management
Mortality rates are widely used to predict the risks a certain population is exposed to death. Mortality can also be used to compare how many deaths occur due to illness in an age population. According to Fleming, “Mortality rates can be compared across time, place, or population groups, which are three dimensions from which epidemiologists describe important patterns and make inferences regarding risk factors, disease, and longevity.” (pg. 129, 2008).
“Mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) are a fundamental source of demographic, geographic, and cause-of-death information… The data are also used to present the characteristics of those dying in the United States, to determine life expectancy, and to compare mortality trends with other countries.” ("Mortality data," 2013).
Furthermore, Fleming notes three different kinds of rates, which are crude rates, specific rates and adjusted rates (2008).
Based on the statistics from table 6.7 (Fleming, Pg. 141, 2008), the managed care organization BGE has a higher mortality rate (290 per 100,000) when compared to the managed care BGW (160 per 100,000) by 130 cases.
To calculate which MCO has the higher morality rate (Age-specific mortality data, table 6.7), we first have to compare the results from the following equation:
a) For BGW:
(968,800/280,000,000) x 100,000 = 346 per 100,000.
b) For BGE:
(956,200/280,000,000) x 100,000 = 341.5 per 100,000.
After comparing the results we can see that BGW (346 cases) has a higher mortality rate when compared to BGE (341.5 cases).
To calculate the age-gender adjusted mortality rates for the managed care organizations BGW and BGE both have to be analyzed independently and the results will ten be compared.
a) For BGW: (1,019,150/280,000,000) x 100,000 = 364 cases per 100,000.
b) For BGE:
(1,017,650/280,000,000) x 100,000 = 363 per 100,000.
Based on the results, we can conclude that BGW (364 cases per 100,000) has a slight higher mortality rate when compared to the MCO BGE (363 cases per 100,000). As we have seen, mortality rates are an important data that can e used in different ways. Based on the case study provided in t textbook (Fleming, 2008), mortality data can be used to compare the mortality rates among different managed care organizations. Furthermore, as noted by Fleming, it can be used to make comparisons across time, place, or population groups. These data can be used to determine what areas have higher incidences in order to know what population or illness require a more detailed attention when putting a prevention plan in place or to determine what lines of products are of more importance.

References
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (2013). Mortality data.
Retrieved from website: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm
Dr. Meyer, M. (2014). Needs assessment for stroke services in Ontario, Canada. Unpublished raw data, School of Business, Saint Leo University, Saint Leo, FL, Retrieved from http://www.mysaintleo.com
Fleming, S. (2008). Managerial epidemiology. (2nd ed., pp. 125-152). Chicago, IL: Health
Administration Press.…...

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