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Microbiology

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Microbiology in the News

Rashaunda McIntyre

ITT Technical Institute

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Microbiology in the News

Nausea and vomiting are among the most frequently experienced toxic side effects associated with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is the treatment of disease by the use of chemical substances, especially the treatment of cancer by cytotoxic and other drugs. Chemotherapy is an important part when treating cancer and it is almost impossible for a patient to not experience any type of nausea and vomiting.

Chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting, also known as CINV has 5 syndromes: acute, delayed, anticipatory, breakthrough, and refractory. Acute CINV is known for nausea and vomiting within the first 24 hours after treatment. Delayed is nausea and vomiting that begins after the first 24 hours of treatment and may last for up to 5-7 days. Anticipatory CINV nausea and vomiting often occurs prior to the second or subsequent administration of chemotherapy in patients who have experienced poorly controlled nausea and vomiting during previous courses of chemotherapy. Breakthrough CINV can be defined as nausea and vomiting during any phase of the chemotherapy cycle. Refractory CINV is also described as a failure to respond to prevention and/or intervention during a previous cycle of treatment. Nausea and vomiting affects cancer patients differently. Some are affected physically, some are affected psychologically, and some are affected emotionally. Some anti-nausea medicines have been found to reduce nausea and vomiting but the problem is still left unsolved for many people.

My interest was barely captured while reading this article. I understood the different syndromes of CINV but I was also the least bit interested. While reading the first few paragraphs I was interested but my mind slowly started wondering elsewhere. I understood the causes of nausea and vomiting that chemotherapy produced, how it is treated or not treated, and the different medicines and interventions used. This article is relevant for the Nurses who are eager to work in the Oncology department. This article definitely was able to shed light on nausea and vomiting from the need of chemotherapy and makes it easier to relay information to the families of the patients.

Reference

Moradian, S., & Howell, D. (2015). Prevention and management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. International Journal Of Palliative Nursing, 21(5), 216-224 9p.…...

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