Premium Essay

Martin Luther and the Ninety Five Theses

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By beckera
Words 2900
Pages 12
Martin Luther and the Ninety Five Theses

Outline

I. Introduction
II. Who was Martin Luther?
III. Martin Luther Calls for Reformation
IV. A Short synopsis of the Ninety Five Theses
V. Result of the Theses
VI. Sources Consulted Introduction
Martin Luther was the first person to translate and publish the Bible in the commonly-spoken dialect of the German people. Luther's hymns sparked the development of congregational singing in Christianity. His marriage, on June 13, 1525, to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, began the tradition of clerical marriage within several Christian traditions.
Martin Luther was one of the most influential and compelling figures of Church history. Some of the most fundamental tenets of the Catholic Church were called into question by Luther, and lead to the greatest religious revolt in Church history, now known as the Protestant Reformation.

Who Was Martin Luther? Martin Luther was born to Hans and Margaretta Luther on November 10, 1483 in Eisleben, Germany. He was baptized on the feast day of St. Martin of Tours, for whom he was named. Martin’s childhood was one of abuse and uncompromising cruelty, “His father once beat him so mercilessly that he ran away from home …His mother, "on account of an insignificant nut, beat me till the blood flowed, and it was this harshness and severity of the life I led with them that forced me subsequently to run away to a monastery and become a monk."
His father owned and worked a copper mine in the nearby town of Mansfeld. Having come from peasantry, his father was determined to see his son rise up to civil service and bring honor to the family. To achieve this goal, Hans sent Martin Luther to schools in Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach.
In 1501, when he was seventeen years old, Martin Luther entered the University of Erfurt, where he…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Martin Luther King Jr

...In the essay “Letter from Birmingham jail”, written by Martin Luther King Jr., was written to eight clergy men, doing a non-violent protest ,encourage those against segregation, trying to convince that he is right and change needed to occur. Throughout the letter Martin Luther King Jr. appeal to reason, emotion, and character. When he starts his letter he says, “MY DEAR FELLOW CLERGYMEN” (72). He starts his letter right away, appealing to character. With this being said, he sounds like he wants to do a nonviolent protest against them, but he wants his voice to be heard, but not violently. He used clever words to start off the letter. He doesn’t separate blacks from whites, showing that they both are the same, no discrimination, and no segregation. He wanted everyone to be treated equally. He was against the fact that everyone was racist in Birmingham. Another quote to support his character is when he said “I have the honor of serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization operating in every southern state, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. We have some eighty-five affiliated organizations across the South, and one of them is the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights.” In this quote he is describing the role he plays in the religious community. With this being said, it shows that he is equal with the eight clergymen and can share of sort of relationship with them. His desire is to stop injustice, showing credibility with the......

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Martin Luther King

...Martin Luther King Jr was born on January 15, 1929 in his small home in Atlanta Georgia. His father, Reverend Martin Luther King, was often referred to as Daddy King. His mothers name was Alberta Williams King. He was a middle child; he had an older sister, Willie Christine King and a younger brother Alfred Danial Williams King. His father was born “Michael King” and Martin Luther King, Jr. was originally named “Michael King, Jr.” After his father traveled to Europe in 1934 and visited Germany, he decided to change both of their names in honor of the German Protestant leader Martin Luther. Growing up Martin Luther King, Jr ran with a small group of boys, they often would run after girls. His behavior was typical of any other adolescent boy. He was a person just like you and me. When he was younger, he sang with his church choir at the premiere of the movie Gone with the Wind. An interesting fact is that Martin Luther King, Jr. and his siblings spent a great deal of time with their grandparents. They all lived together, just as I live with my grandparents. His sister Christine King Farris was born on September 11, 1927. She married Issac Newton Farris who recently died. They had two children. She currently teaches at Spelman College and is the author of several books and is a renowned public speaker on various topics, including the King family, multicultural education and teaching. For many years, she served as the Vice Chair and Treasurer of the King......

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Martin Luther

...Every immigrant man, women, or child has a story to tell, whether they travel alone or together, they have a reason to travel and start a new beginning. If a immigrant travels to America from a foreign country, they aren't always treated equally or fairly. Martin Luther King Jr. writes in his essay, "Letter from Birmingham Jail", about various topics regarding equality. Even though King writes about African-Americans and equal rights in America, he's writing about every person who is not welcomed in their country. He would have helped anyone in any country who was treated unfairly, "Had I lived in Germany at the time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers"(King 227). Immigrants face the same issue that King had to deal with during his time. There are five main issues that prevent immigrants from being accepted; equality, justice, oppression, freedom, and the advantages and disadvantages to allowing immigration. Like King, immigrants coming to America want equal rights as all Americans do. That's the reason coming to America. There are other factors preventing them to become legal and have the same rights as Americans. Most of them come illegal which would cause them to apply for citizenship, this can take anywhere from a few months to a few years. Kin states in his letter "We have waited for more than 340 years for our constitutional and god-given rights" (King 224). This is entirely true for all immigrants. According to Brad Knickerbocker, of The Christian......

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Martin Luther King

...Martin Luther King, Jr was a well- known hero in the history of United States. King was one of the most important African American leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. Dr.King believed Gandhi’s ideas of non violence to help African Americans obtain the rights and liberties that they deserve. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s achievements in leadership and beliefs lead him to become an historic hero. Martin Luther King, Jr, accomplished many things in his lifetime. He especially believed in civil rights between White people and African Americans. King followed Gandhi’s non- violent methods in the Civil Rights. Before the Alabama bus boycott, whites and blacks had separate seats. There were seats reserved for the whites and seats reserved for the black in the back of the bus. After Rosa Park was arrested for refusing to give up her sit to white man in front of the bus, Martin Luther King started the bus boycott. King’s non -violent method led no segregation on a bus being illegal. His non-violent method spread throughout the country. All the African- Americans used his method of non-violence, during the Bloody Sunday March from Selma to state capital of Montgomery. While they marched, there were a mob and police violence against the African-Americans. Bloody Sunday was a major turning point for the Civil Rights Movement; this event was an example of Martin Luther King, Jr’s, leadership for African-Americans. Martin Luther King, Jr. changed the views and beliefs of......

Words: 406 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Martin Luther King

...Dr. Martin Luther King’s Funeral and Assassination Word spread like wildfire when the news of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s assassination hit the public. As the leading civil rights activist in the 1960s, Martin Luther King Jr. preached words of peace and understanding among races. A well known name throughout the North and South, King gained extreme popularity within the African American community. When Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated a wave of sorrow spread across the nation. With rage, sadness, and hopelessness in the public eye, clearly the assassination hurt more than just one man, it hurt a nation. A single shot killed 39-year-old Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1968. At the Lorraine Hotel in Memphis, Tennessee, a sniper from about “50-100 yards away,” shot and struck Dr. King’s neck, while instantaneously killing him (“Martin Luther King Slain” 139). From the crime scene, F.B.I. investigators traced a “white Mustang automobile,” and an “‘unusually large’ amount of physical evidence” (Waldron 1). With fingerprints, the actual rifle, and eyewitnesses as definite pieces of evidence, F.B.I. agents concluded that a Caucasian man executed the assassination and that he would be very easily caught (Waldron 1). Eyewitness testimony even stated that the “saw a white man [ran] from the house immediately after the shooting” (“Martin Luther King Slain” 140). As a shocking and horrific event, the assassination of Dr. King proved to test the nation’s character.......

Words: 1222 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Martin Luther

...Martin Luther became a monk in the Catholic Church and earned his way up in rank through devotion, prayer, and hard work. Martin soon became a priest within the Catholic Church. Martin was a firm believer in God's word and soon began teaching others in the classroom. As Martin continued to read and study his Bible, he started questioning some of his Church's beliefs and practices. As he continued to read the Bible he started to see certain discrepancies between God's written Word and the Catholic Church's practices. He started to see the truth that was written in God's Word. Martin decided that he needed show the Catholic Church where they were wrong in their teaching of God's word. In 1517, Martin Luther posted 95 theses on the church door in Wittenberg. Luther welcomed challenges and debates of the Catholic doctrine. Luther argued that the Bible, not the pope, was the central means to discern God’s word — a view that was certain to raise eyebrows in Rome. Further, Luther maintained that salvation was granted by faith alone; good works and the sacraments were not necessary in order to be saved. Luther was especially appalled by the church practice of selling indulgences. These documents of the pope were sold as penitents of sin. To Luther, this was like buying salvation, and he knew that this was not right. The 95 Theses were quickly distributed throughout Germany and then made their way to Rome. In 1518, Luther was summoned to Augsburg, a city in southern Germany, to......

Words: 497 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Martin Luther King Dis.

...Why did I choose this subject? I choose this subject because I think Martin Luther King is a special and interesting character. I am admiring the fights he fought and the way he fought with peace. He kept his opinion though all the adversity and just that, showed what a strong man he was. Human’s rights have always been in my interest. Especially when it´s racial segregation. I am an opponent of the people who are judging based on the skincolour. The same position as King, that’s also why I choose this subject. The beginning of Martin Luther King Jr. life: Martin Luther King was born in Atlanta, January the 15th 1929. He was actually named Michael, but when he was 6, his father – Michael Luther King senior - decided to change both of their names to Martin. He did it in tribute for Martin Luther. Martin Luther, King Junior and King senior had something in common. They were all trying to change and abolish the old systems. Luther did it in the churches and Luther King did it in the society. The Bus boycott in Montgomery: In 1953, Martin Luther King becomes a priest in a Baptist church in Montgomery. Two years later a black woman in a buss, called Rosa Park, refused to leave her seat for a white man. She got arrested. It was the starting signal of one of the first and biggest campaigns in the American history. This campaign was to tell the world that the blacks weren´t treated right. The day after Rosa Parks´ arresting, King was leading a meeting in the church.......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Martin Luther

...Martin Luther King jr.: ”I have a dream”-tale fra 1963 (uddrag) Teksten er oversat af Merete Wendler og Sten Høgel og hentet fra bogen Retorik. Levende tale eller tom snak? af Lis Garbers og Sten Høgel, Nyt Nordisk Forlag Arnold Busck, 1996. Kilde: http://politiken.dk/kultur/article559048.ece »Jeg er glad for at være sammen med jer i dag om, hvad der vil gå over i historien som den største demonstration for frihed i vores nations historie. For fem snese år siden underskrev en stor amerikaner, i hvis symbolske skygge vi står i dag, frihedserklæringen. Dette betydningsfulde dokument kom som en vidunderlig håbets ledestjerne for millioner af negerslaver, der var blevet vansirede i uretfærdighedens ødelæggende flammer. Det kom som et glædesfyldt daggry for at ende deres fangenskabs lange nat. Men ét hundrede år senere er negeren ikke fri. Ét hundrede år senere forkrøbles negerens liv stadigvæk på det skammeligste af raceadskillelsens bånd og diskriminationens lænker. Ét hundrede år senere lever negeren på en øde ø af fattigdom midt i et kæmpemæssigt hav af materiel velstand. Ét hundrede år senere hensygner negeren stadig i afkrogene af det amerikanske samfund og befinder sig i landflygtighed i sit eget land. Så vi er kommet her i dag for at påvise nogle skændige forhold. I en vis forstand er vi kommet til vort lands Kapitolium (regeringssædet i Washington, bygget efter gammelromersk forbillede, red.) for at indløse en check. Da grundlæggerne af vores......

Words: 1098 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Martin Luther

...Notes on Martin Luther (from the PBS docudrama) Driven to Defiance “I would never have thought that such a storm would rise from Rome over one simple scrap of paper...” - Martin Luther Few if any men have changed the course of history like Martin Luther. In less than ten years, this fevered German monk plunged a knife into the heart of an empire that had ruled for a thousand years, and set in motion a train of revolution, war and conflict that would reshape Western civilization, and lift it out of the Dark Ages. Luther's is a drama that still resonates half a millennium on. It's an epic tale that stretches from the gilded corridors of the Vatican to the weathered church door of a small South German town; from the barbarous pyres of heretics to the technological triumph of printing. It is the story of the birth of the modern age, of the collapse of medieval feudalism, and the first shaping of ideals of freedom and liberty that lie at the heart of the 21st century. But this is also an intensely human tale, a story that hurtles from the depths of despair to the heights of triumph and back again. This is the story of a man who ultimately found himself a lightning conductor of history, crackling with forces he could not quite comprehend or control. For Luther, in a life full of irony, would find himself overwhelmed by his own achievements. As his followers sought to build a new and just Europe around him, he could only turn on them in frustration, declaring that......

Words: 1439 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Glenn Luther Martin

...Glenn Luther Martin 1886-1955 Joel Alm 9-24-2014 Research Paper-1 AVMA 2211 Glenn Luther Martin was a self-taught pilot, youthful businessman and an inventor whose bombers and flying boats played important roles in WWI, WWII, and for part of the Cold War. Martin was born on January 17, 1886 in Macksburg, Iowa and passed away on December 4, 1955 in Baltimore, Maryland (Encyclopedia). Glenn founded the Glenn L. Martin Company in 1912. In 1916, he merged his company with the original Wright Company, forming the Wright –Martin Aircraft Company. He ended up leaving the Wright-Martin Aircraft Company and founded a second Glenn L. Martin Company in 1917. After his passing, his second company would eventually in 1995 merge with the Lockheed Corporation, forming Lockheed Martin which is a major aerospace and defense contractor still today (Kansas Wesleyan). At the age of two, Martin’s family moved to Kansas so that his father could run a wheat farm (Kansas Wesleyan). Four years later Martin showed a great interest for kites and eventually started designing his own kites. Despite criticism from his friends, people noticed Martin’s kites and would pay him twenty five cents to build one for them. Along with his obsession for kites, Martin would find innovative ways to make everyday activities more interesting. He began using sails for everything: ice skates, wagons, and his bicycle. The Wright Brother’s first flight in 1903 caught Martin’s attention. He was fascinated with......

Words: 1722 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Martin Luther King Jr

...Name | Professor D. P. Dash | Assignment Title | #2 Group AssignmentMartin Luther King Jr. - I Have A Dream | Due Date | Week 8 | Date Received | | DECLARATION | To be completed if this is an individual assignment: I declare that this assignment is my individual work. I have not worked collaboratively nor have I copied from any other student’s work or from any other source except where due acknowledgment is made explicitly in the text, nor has any part been written for me by another person. | Student ID | Student Name | Student Signature | Student 1 | | | | To be completed if this is a group assignment: We declare that this is a group assignment and that no part of this submission has been copied from any other student's work or from any other source except where due acknowledgment is made explicitly in the text, nor has any part been written for us by another person. | Student ID | Student Name | Student Signature | Student 1 | 4240138 | Danushka Nirmal De Silva | | Student 2 | 4235150 | Ngu Ing Sung | | Student 3 | 4237293 | Dashilla Ladaey | | Student 4 | 4237323 | Ahmad Akmal Afiq | | Student 5 | 100070566 | Lasse Svenning Jensen | | MARKER’S COMME Total Mark | | Marker’s Signature | | Date | | EXTENSION CERTIFICATE | This assignment has been given an extension by Unit Convenor | | Extended due date: | | Date Received | | Martin Luther King Jr. – I Have a Dream An analysis of a historically important......

Words: 2522 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Martin Luther

...SEMINARY SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CAMPUS ILLUSTRATION #1: MARTIN LUTHER A WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT PRESENTED TO DR. CHRIS CHUN IN PARTIAL FULLFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR CHURCH HISTORY ll: REFORMATION TO THE PRESENT, L1111-21 BY Rodney Odom BOX # 125 BREA, CA January 23, 2016 Subject/Theme Possibilities: Courage, Faith, Transformation, Testimony, Leadership Text of the Illustration: Martin Luther became one of the most influential figures in Christian history when he began the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. He called into question some of the basic tenets of Roman Catholicism. Martin Luther nailed a sheet of paper with 95 theses on the university’s chapel door. His followers soon split from the Roman Catholic Church to begin the Protestant tradition. 5. The pope does not intend to remit, and cannot remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by that of the Canons.6. The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to God's remission; though, to be sure, he may grant remission in cases reserved to his judgment. If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. Historical Context of the Illustration: In 1517, Pope Leo X announced a new round of indulgences to help build St. Peter’s Basilica. On October 31, 1517, an angry Martin Luther nailed a sheet of paper with 95 theses on the......

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Martin Luther

...One individual can be powerful enough to change the world. With confiction, determnation and willingness to hold strong to your beliefs, one person can make a differance. Martin Luther and Susan B. Anthony are examples of significant people who stood for their beliefs for the greater good of man and changed the course of history. Martin Luther was born in Eisleben, Germany on November 10, 1483 and died in Eisleben, Germany February 18, 1546. In his brief 62 years of life, he managed to make a monstrous change in traditions within Christianity by challenging the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church and by translating the Bible in German. In 1501, Luther began studing at the University of Erfurt. He quickly excelled gaining a Bachelors and Masters degree by 1505. Luther then began Law school, at the same University, at this father's wishes. In the summer of 1505, Luther was caught in a storm while returning to school, lightening struck near him and fearing for his life "he cried out, "Help, St. Anne! I'll become a monk!"."(Greatsite, n.d.) Luther, having been raised in the Roman Catholic church, believed his life had been spared, dropped out of law school and entered the monastery.(Greatsite, n.d.) It was during his time at the monestary that he developed a termoilous relationship with God. He could not find peach with God no matter what he did. He was sent back to school to distract him from his self doubt by his superior. In 1507 he was ordained a priest and in...

Words: 1688 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Martin Luther King Jr.

...University of La Verne Point Mugu, California Martin Luther King Jr. A paper prepared for Leadership in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree Bachelors of Arts in Organizational Management February 11, 2011 Instructor: Mr. Stadler Chapter One Introduction The leader I have chosen to analyze is Martin Luther King Jr. He is someone I find as a fascinating leader and changed the lives of million worldwide. He was known as the moral leader of the United States and was born January 15 1929 at Atlanta, Georgia. Jacqueline L. Harris coauthor of marching to freedom provides a detailed concise biography and introduction to our moral leader Martin Luther King Jr. His father was the pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church. As a member of a black middle-income family, young Martin never felt the pinch of poverty. But his family could not protect him from the cruelties of racism. As Martin grew up, he kept his mother's words in mind: "You are as good as anyone." King earned degrees from Morehouse College in Atlanta and Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania. He then went to Boston University, where he earned a doctorate. In Boston he met Coretta Scott. They married in 1953 and settled in Montgomery, Alabama, where King had been appointed pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. Not long after King arrived in Montgomery, he was asked to lead a black boycott of the city buses. The black people of Montgomery had decided that they would......

Words: 4186 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Martin Luther

...Martin Luther King Jr, was born at noon Tuesday, January 15 1929 at his home in Atlanta, Georgia. He was the first son and second child born to the reverend Martin Luther King Sr and Alberta Williams King a school teacher. Martin began his schooling at the all black Younge Street Elementary in Atlanta. He experienced an extremely rough childhood and witnessed things such as police brutality of the worst kind ;watching black people ‘negroes’ receive injustices in courts.(Martin Luther King pg 90).The things he saw and experienced were eventually what caused him to strive for African American freedom and despise segregation. “I had grown up abhorring not only segregation but also the aggressive and barbaric acts that grew out of it.” (Martin Luther King pg 90). Martin was an extremely bright student and skipped right through his high school years and on June 1944 he entered Atlanta’s Negro Morehouse College at age 15.His father encouraged him to study ministry though his heart was set on medicine or law. During his studies at school and as a minister , two very important people came into Dr. King’s life .One of these men was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi; who was a leader in India which had a similar situation to Dr. King. Lower class of India lived in poverty and hunger while the upper class Indians and British led a separate life. Gandhi saw the need for India to gain its independence from Britain in order for all the horrors of the lower class to stop (Haskins 32). Gandhi......

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5