Free Essay

Investigatory Project

In: Science

Submitted By japs07
Words 2975
Pages 12
Republic of the Philippines
Mariano Marcos State University
COLLEGE OF TEACHER EDUCATION
Laoag City

THE UTILIZATION OF TIYESA
(Pouteria lucuma) AS MAIN INGREDIENT IN PANCAKES

PRECIOUS BALGUNA
JEROME PIO
CHRISTOPHER TAMBOGON
JEAIA ARIGUIN
APPLE VILLACENTINO
RODELYN COLOMA
LEO MARK ULEP
Researchers

DR. EVA MACUGAY
Research Adviser

ABSTRACT

Title: THE UTILIZATION OF TIYESA
(Pouteria lucuma) AS MAIN INGREDIENT IN PANCAKES

Researchers: PRECIOUS BALGUNA, JEROME PIO,CHRISTOPHER TAMBOGON, JEAIA ARIGUIN, APPLE VILLACENTINO, RODELYN COLOMA, LEO MARK ULEP

Research Adviser: Dr. Eva Macugay

University: Mariano Marcos State University - College Of Teacher Education
Brgy. 5, Castro Avenue, Laoag City

This study was designed to determine the feasibility of tiyesa (Pouteria lucuma) fruit as pancake ingredient. The data on the organoleptic tests like appearance, texture and taste were used. The acceptability test used 5 Points Hedonic scale with corresponding numerical score (Highly acceptable, very acceptable, acceptable, not so acceptable, not acceptable).
Thirty (30) respondents were randomly selected at Brgy.10, San Jose and Brgy. 9, Sta. Angela, Laoag City. Results were statistically treated using mean average scores.
The formulation made of 25% tiyesa (Pouteria lucuma) + 75% flour was recommended for making pancakes. The product was rated the most preferred in terms of taste, appearance and acceptability.
It was recommended that further improvement of appearance, texture and taste should be done to make the product better. The researchers also recommend the search for other ingredients that can be added to the product to improve its taste.
Table of Contents
Page
Title Page 1
Acknowledgement
Abstract 2
Table of Contents 3
Chapter I- Introduction
Background of the Study 4
Statement of the Problem 5
Hypothesis
Significance of the Study 6
Scope and Limitations
Chapter II- Review of Related Literature 7
Chapter III- Methodology 10
Experimental Design
Materials and Equipment 11-13
Procedure
Collection of Raw Materials
Product Formulation
Ingredients and their Basic Proportions Mixing and Cooking Procedures Sensory Evaluation
Chapter IV– Findings, results, and discussions 14-16
Chapter V- Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations 17
Bibliography 18
Appendices 19-21

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study
The Monosodium Glutamate MSG intake of school children is very alarming. Though these school children want a more nutritious snack, sometimes they can’t afford. Junk foods are the cheapest remedy, so there is a need to look for cheap yet nutritious alternatives for new recipes that can be introduced to the community.
Tiyesa (Pouteria lucuma) is primarily grown for its fruits which are usually consumed for snacks and desert. Here in the Philippines, it is oftentimes ignored and the fruits just drop under the tree until they were rotten. Due to tremendous price increase and food crisis, a need to maximize the use of indigenous materials and crops that are available in the locality arised.
This study aims to utilize tiyesa (Pouteria lucuma) as the alternative ingredient for pancakes and to provide its composition and nutritional qualities.
The necessity to serve nutritious yet inexpensive food and the abundance of local new materials encouraged the researchers to further investigate other products that can be made from tiyesa fruits.

Statement of the Problem
This research study aims to determine the potential of tiyesa as the main ingredient in making home-made pancakes. Specifically, it sought to answer the following questions: 1. Is it possible to use tiyesa in making home-made pancakes? 2. Is it acceptable in color, texture and taste? 3. How do pancakes made from different formulations of tiyesa and flour differ in terms of: a) taste b) texture c) appearance, and d) general acceptability.

Hypothesis

1. It is possible to use tiyesa in making home-made pancakes. 2. Tiyesa pancakes are acceptable in color, texture and taste.

Significance of the Study
The result of the study will be beneficial to:
Families and Schools. It makes parents and teachers to choose nutritious foods for students and be aware of the importance of vitamins and minerals that tiyesa can provide.
Entrepreneur. This provides an idea for entrepreneurs to produce this tiyesa pancakes which can be affordable and very nutritious.

Scope and Limitations of the Study
This research will be limited to the utilization of tiyesa (Pouteria lucuma) as another version for pancakes. The data like the acceptability of the color, taste and texture that will be used in the study will be limited to the responses of 30 respondents. This project will be conducted at #30 McKinley St. Brgy. 10, San Jose, Laoag City.

CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

“Tiyesa (Pouteria lucuma)”

Lucuma is a delicately flavored tropical fruit native to the cool highlands of coastal valleys in Peru. With its high nutritional value, it has been an important crop since ancestral times, proven by the many ceramic remains from the Moche and later Inca cultures alluding to this great fruit. In fact, it was once referred to as the Gold of the Incas. Its tasty flavor and aroma are hard to describe or compare to any other. Some may say it tastes like caramel custard and others a bit like pumpkin. Its texture, unlike most fruits, is dry, quite starchy and with a paste-like consistency that melts in your mouth.

The scientific name for this fruit is Pouteria Lucuma and it grows best at altitudes above 1,000 up to 2400 meters. It has an ovoid shape of about 5 to 8 cm long, green yellowish color when ripe. Pealing its thin skin reveals a dry and starchy orange-yellow flesh. Peru is the main producer, although it is also now grown in parts of Chile. The bulk of the production is used in dehydrated form with only a small percentage reaching the local markets to be consumed fresh. Once dehydrated, the lucuma powder (or flour) is mainly sold as flavoring to be used in ice creams and other dairy products.
Despite lucuma's dynamic sweetness, it is still amazingly low on the glycemic index which makes it a great treat without any downsides. It also contains healthy doses of fiber, vitamins and minerals and is especially high in beta carotene, iron and niacin (vitamin B3). Beta carotene, responsible for the beautiful orange hue of the fruit's flesh, helps aid your DNA in keeping cancer at bay while the B3 is known to help depression. Lucuma has been used for centuries in South America for its medicinal properties. The State University of New Jersey reported a study that evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of lucuma extract on wound healing and skin aging. Results of the trial determined that lucuma significantly increased wound closure and promoted tissue regeneration. The report of the study concluded that lucuma may have anti-inflammatory, anti-aging and skin-repair effects on human skin.
Lucuma is now being enjoyed as a popular ice cream flavoring in Peru but in US it is commercialized as powder. Lucuma fruit powder has a distinctively sweet and fragrant taste that provides a natural sweetening to desserts without increasing your blood sugar levels, unlike many sweeteners that offer empty calories. A healthy alternative to sugar, lucuma powder may be useful for diabetics and people with other health issues. Lucuma fruit powder can be added to any beverage, smoothie, yogurt, granola, pudding or pastry. Lucuma powder is ideal for making gourmet ice cream products, nutritional supplements and functional beverages because it helps combine and emulsify fats and oils with sugars and polysaccharides. You can use lucuma powder in baking cakes, cookies and pies to fortify the nutritional content of your dessert. Lucuma also makes healthy baby food. As with any food supplement, always consult with your doctor before altering your diet.

“Pancakes”
Pancakes are a type of flat sweet bread enjoyed by cultures around the world. Pancake recipes vary but all have the same basic ingredients of flour, eggs and milk. Some countries, like the United States and Canada, serve pancakes for breakfast while others, such as the European regions, serve pancakes as desserts or even side dishes. They are eaten plain, with butter, sprinkled with powdered sugar or filled with pastry, fruit or cheese. Whatever the tradition, pancakes are a truly universal and enjoyable treat.

Food Value
Pouteria lucuma is an amazingly generous tree originating in Peru's Andean region and today is grown in many places around the world. It has recently become popular as a dried powder flavoring, and production of fruits dried for export is increasing on a large scale. Lúcuma is a popular flavoring for ice cream in its native range, and in Chile and Peru even exceeds the demand for strawberry, chocolate, and vanilla.
Table1. Minerals composition of Pouteria lucuma Element | Concentration (g/100g) | CarbohydratesFiberProteinFats | 87 g2.3 g4 g2.4 g | | Concentration (mg/100g) | CalciumPhosphorus | 92 mg186 mg | Iron | 2% of the recommended daily value for iron | Calories | 329/100g |

Carbohydrates are one of the main types of food. Your liver breaks down carbohydrates into glucose (blood sugar). Your body uses this sugar for energy for your cells, tissues and organs. (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/carbohydrates.html)
Fats are organic compounds that are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are a source of energy in foods. Fats belong to a group of substances called lipids, and come in liquid or solid form. All fats are combinations of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002468.htm)
Proteins are the building blocks of life. The body needs protein to repair and maintain itself. The basic structure of protein is a chain of amino acids. (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002467.htm)
Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that the body can't digest. Most adult women should shoot for over 20 grams of fiber a day; men should shoot for over 30 grams. Great sources are whole fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads and breakfast cereals, and all manner of beans. (http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/fiber/index.html)
Calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, is found in some foods, added to others, available as a dietary supplement, and present in some medicines (such as antacids). Calcium is required for muscle contraction, blood vessel expansion and contraction, secretion of hormones and enzymes, and transmitting impulses throughout the nervous system. (http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/calcium.asp)
Phosphorus is important for bone and protein formation, digestion and hormone balance. (http://www.livestrong.com/article/479259-benefits-of-lucuma-powder/)
Iron is a mineral that our bodies need for many functions. The body needs iron to make the proteins hemoglobin and myoglobin. Hemoglobin is found in red blood cells and myoglobin is found in muscles. They help carry and store oxygen in the body. Iron is also part of many other proteins and enzymes in the body. (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/iron.html)
Calorie is a pre-SI metric unit of energy. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calories)

CHAPTER III
METHODOLOGY

A. Experimental Design
The study was composed of two phases. Phase I was actual making or preparation of the product while Phase II dealt on the evaluation of the organoleptic properties of tiyesa (Pouteria lucuma) mixed with flour and its acceptability. For Phase II, the evaluators composed of 30 respondents were randomly selected. The product was subjected to organoleptic test and acceptability test.

Sensory Evaluation
Sensory Evaluation
Gathering of tiyesa fruits
Gathering of tiyesa fruits
Frying the different treatments
Frying the different treatments

Acceptability
Acceptability
Preparing the needed materials
Preparing the needed materials
Mixing the ingredients of the different treatments
Mixing the ingredients of the different treatments

Mashing the tiyesa fruits
Mashing the tiyesa fruits
Washing the tiyesa fruits
Washing the tiyesa fruits

Flow Chart in the Conduct of the Study

B. Materials and Equipment

Ingredients for tiyesa pancakes were tiyesa fruit (mashed), flour, eggs, milk, baking powder, butter/vegetable oil, sugar and water.
The tools used were knife, chopping board, mixing bowls, frying pan, measuring cup, beaker, weighing scale.

C. Procedure

1. Collection of raw materials

The tiyesa (Pouteria lucuma) were gathered at San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte. The fruits were washed thoroughly.

2. Product Formulation

This research focused on the formulation and improvement of recipes using tiyesa as an ingredient. This was conducted at Brgy. 10, San Jose, Laoag City on September 20, 2012.
The main ingredient was tiyesa (Pouteria lucuma) but substituted with different levels of flour. In the actual testing, the variation of the standard recipe was brought about by the different proportions of tiyesa. These are the treatments evaluated.

T1- 25% tiyesa+ 75% flour
T2-50% tiyesa + 50% flour
T3 -75% tiyesa + 25% flour
T4- 100% tiyesa

Ingredients and their Basic Proportions

The basic ingredients of tiyesa pancakes were mashed tiyesa and flour. The proportions of the ingredients of tiyesa pancakes in different treatments are shown in the table below (Table 1).
Table 1. Proportions of the ingredients for banana peel nuggets.

INGREDIENTS | AMOUNT | | T1 | T2 | T3 | T4 | Tiyesa | 75 g | 150 g | 225 g | 300 g | Flour | 225 g | 150g | 75 g | 0 g | Cornstarch | 20 g | 20 g | 20 g | 20 g | Egg | 2 pieces | 2 pieces | 2 pieces | 2 pieces | Milk | 150ml | 150 ml | 150 ml | 150 ml | Baking Powder | ½ teaspoon | ½ teaspoon | ½ teaspoon | ½ teaspoon | Butter/Vegetable Oil | 2 tablespoons | 2 tablespoons | 2 tablespoons | 2 tablespoons | Sugar | 5 tablespoons | 5 tablespoons | 5 tablespoons | 5 tablespoons | Water | 150 ml | 150 ml | 150 ml | 150 ml |

Mixing and Cooking Procedures:

The tiyesa fruits were washed thoroughly. All ingredients except oil were measured and mixed to the following proportions given. Mixed ingredients of different treatments were placed in different mixing bowls. Fried in cooking oil until it was golden brown. Set aside.

3. Sensory Evaluation

The product was evaluated by 30 respondents using the evaluation form which include taste, texture, and appearance acceptability.

Chapter IV
FINDINGS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

This chapter presents analysis and interprets the data gathered.

Table 1.Frequency count and average rating on appearance of the product.

Treatment | Highly Acceptable(5) | Very Acceptable(4) | Acceptable(3) | Not so Acceptable(2) | Not acceptable(1) | Average rating | Treatment 1 | 6 | 17 | 7 | 0 | 0 | 23.8 | Treatment 2 | 2 | 14 | 13 | 1 | 0 | 21.4 | Treatment 3 | 3 | 13 | 13 | 0 | 1 | 21.4 | Treatment 4 | 2 | 9 | 12 | 4 | 3 | 18.6 |

The table above revealed that treatment 1 with the average rating of 23.8 is the most preferred when it comes to appearance. It is followed by treatments 2 and 3 with an average of 21.4; and treatment 4 with an average of 18.6.

Table 2.Frequency count and average rating on texture of the product. Treatment | Highly Acceptable (5) | Very Acceptable(4) | Acceptable(3) | Not so Acceptable(2) | Not acceptable(1) | Average rating | Treatment 1 | 3 | 15 | 11 | 1 | 0 | 22.0 | Treatment 2 | 3 | 10 | 16 | 1 | 0 | 21.0 | Treatment 3 | 3 | 8 | 18 | 0 | 1 | 20.4 | Treatment 4 | 0 | 10 | 13 | 3 | 4 | 17.8 |

It can be inferred in the table above that treatment 1 with an average rating of 22.0 is the most preferred when it comes to texture. It is followed by treatment 2 with an average rating of 21.0; treatment 3 with 20.4 average rating and treatment 1,17.8

Table 3.Frequency count and average rating on taste of the product.

Treatment | Highly Acceptable (5) | Very Acceptable(4) | Acceptable(3) | Not so Acceptable(2) | Not acceptable(1) | Average rating | Treatment 1 | 3 | 16 | 7 | 3 | 1 | 21.4 | Treatment 2 | 5 | 9 | 10 | 5 | 1 | 20.4 | Treatment 3 | 6 | 10 | 13 | 1 | 1 | 22.4 | Treatment 4 | 3 | 12 | 12 | 1 | 2 | 20.6 | In the above table it can be inferred that treatment 3 with an average rating of 22.4 is the most preferred when it comes to taste. Followed by treatment 1 with an average of 21.4; treatment 4, 20.6; treatment 2, 20.4.

Table 4. General Average.

Treatment | Texture(rank) | Taste(rank) | Appearance(rank) | General Average | Treatment 1 | 1 | 2 | 1 | 1.33 | Treatment 2 | 2 | 4 | 2.5 | 2.83 | Treatment 3 | 3 | 1 | 2.5 | 2.17 | Treatment 4 | 4 | 3 | 4 | 3.67 |

In the above table, treatment 1 is the most preferred in all aspects.

Table 5. Sensory and acceptability scores of the different formulations of tiyesa pancakes.

Treatment | | Sensory Qualities | | General | | Taste | Texture | Appearance | Acceptability | Treatment 1-25% tiyesa +75% flour | 23.8 | 22.0 | 21.4 | 22.4 | Treatment 2- 50% tiyesa +50% flour | 21.4 | 21.0 | 20.4 | 20.9 | Treatment 3- 75% tiyesa + 25% flour | 21.4 | 20.4 | 22.4 | 21.4 | Treatment 4- 100 % tiyesa | 18.6 | 17.8 | 20.6 | 19.0 |

Chapter V
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Tiyesa were favorably processed into home-made pancakes. Tiyesa pancakes made from 25% tiyesa + 75% flour were most preferred in all parameters evaluated. The use of 25 % tiyesa + 75% flour is therefore recommended to attain the most acceptable in all aspects and is comparable to the standard pancakes. The researchers further recommended that the product will be tested by the BFAD to know the nutritional value of the finished product.

BIBLIOGRAPHY http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pouteria_lucuma http://www.lucuma.com/lucumafruit.asp http://www.organicauthority.com/mojo-foods/the-anatomy-of-a-superfood-lucuma.html#s.abqoyfzwybaaa http://www.livestrong.com/article/479259-benefits-of-lucuma-powder/ http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/carbohydrates.html http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002467.htm http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/fiber/index.htmlhttp://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/calcium.asp http://www.livestrong.com/article/479259-benefits-of-lucuma-powder/ http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/iron.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calories

DURING THE ACTUAL CONDUCT OF THE INVESTIGATORY PROJECT

THE COOKED PANCAKES IN DIFFERENT TREATMENTS

DURING THE EVALUATION…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...Chapter I Introduction Rationale Abstract: This investigatory project was conducted to test the affectivity of organic and synthetic fertilizers when apply on okra plant. It also aims to test whether, which is better to use between the two fertilizers. In order to conduct the study we have used okra seeds, polyethylene bag and cemetery soil as organic fertilizer, synthetic fertilizer, and black soil, labeled it as setup A (Organic Fertilizer) setup B (Synthetic Fertilizer). Then we observed the changes in the plant for 1 week. After several days, we observed some changes in the plant like the increasing number of its height and leaves. We therefore conclude that the organic fertilizer we used is better than the synthetic fertilizer because it provides faster growth of the plant. Background of the study: Today’s generation, people, specifically farmers, usually used fertilizers to their plants. Plant’s needs fertilizer to absorb their required nutrients in order to grow faster and healthy. Fertilizers are broadly divided into organic fertilizers, and inorganic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are composed of organic plant or animal matter, while the inorganic fertilizers are the commercial fertilizers. Conservative estimates report 30 to 50% of the crop yields are attributed to natural or synthetic commercial fertilizer. Here in our investigatory project, we used cemetery soil as an organic fertilizer for......

Words: 1639 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

...Investigatory Project Pila Conica: A Specie Fighting for its Survival- A Bio-Index Outlook The Pila conica, also known as the native apple snail, grow widely in our wetlands. This was a very good source of protein among farmers before. The presence of its alien counterpart, the Pomacea canaliculata, caused for its rapid extinction. The core purpose of this research is to determine which species has the highest biodiversity in six randomly –selected areas guided by the hypothesis that both species have the same biodiversity. In the experimentations, the researcher first gathered the materials needed. Then, the researcher selected qualified experimental sites and finalized it through fishbowl method. The researcher then counts the species in each experimental site. The researcher did this twice for more accurate results. Two-pair group designs were used in recording data. The researcher then compared results using the t-test. Finally, a generalization was made. The researcher computed a t value of 5.94 and 11.02 in the first and second sub-problem respectively. Both t values were significant at 5% level of probability when the degree of freedom is equivalent to 10. The results have shown above merely shows the large biodiversity of Pomacea canaliculata in our wetlands. This means that the native apple snails were really deprived of their habitat, food and other resources because of the presence of Pomacea canaliculata. The researcher recommends further......

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

...Introduction The investigatory project designs to help indirectly the common people on the use of indigenous floral resources such as Alstonia Scholaris that serves as a material to regulate and inhibit biotic potential of the individual. 1.1 Background of the Study The country’s current population is estimated at 93 million people (NSO Annual Report: 2010) where about 65 percent are living in urban area and experience poverty due to the usual family practice of giving birth. Pro-RH Bill lawmakers have presented the effective measures to control the growing population and provided alternative ways to maintain reproductive health and plausible actions to that program. Amidst all the programs, poor families are seen and cannot sustain the basic necessities of their children and depriving them from enjoying the fullness what is due to for the kids. Young women whose ages range from 14-25 often experience fast hormonal secretions that usually associated with active and rapid biotic potential. Early sexual maturity becomes a primordial factor for fertility and early teenage pregnancy. This then is the scenario that strive the researchers to conduct experiment that provide information on the use of Alstonia Scholaris as a viable material for controlling population. 1.2 Statement of the Problem The project undertaken by the researchers on the Alstonia Scholaris extract as applied to “rabbit” sought to answer the following questions: 1. What is the effect of Alstonia......

Words: 2000 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Science Investigatory Project

...AN ACTION RESEARCH FOR S.Y. 2005-2006 Area : Enhancing Students Performance in Research Through the Use of Science Investigatory Project Problem : What is the effect of using the science investigatory project on the performance of the students in Research? I. Problem Situation The advent of new and up-to-date curriculum has brought into focus the need to match the new science programs with the appropriate teaching method. As applied to classroom teaching, method has something to do with the way a teacher communicates the subject to the students. The strategy should include regular steps to guide the mental processes of the learners in mastering the subject being presented to them. The Science Investigatory Project (SIP) is an undertaking for science students which need an application of certain scientific principles and ideas. One of its aims is to develop one’s capacity in order to actively and effectively participate in the solution of problems being faced by the community through the application of rational and creative thinking process in search for the solution of the problem. For four years of teaching Research I in Pedro Guevara Memorial National High School, the researcher observed that the students are not aware of the important contribution of the research to man’s life. They tend to ignore it as a subject, which is manifested by their negative attitude towards it and low performance in the Research subject. ......

Words: 2820 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...“ Kelp (Ascophyllum Nodosom) Organic Fertilizer a Solution for Enhancing the NPK content on soil” Proponents: Welle John Palero Mariane Arciga Pia Veronica Tidalgo III- Tourmaline Mrs. Teresita B. Balaba Project Adviser Table of Contents Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i Acknowledgement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii Chapter I Background of the Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 Statement of the Problem Statement of the Objective Statement of the Hypothesis Significance of the Study Scope and limitations Definitions and Terms Chapter II Review of Related Literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6 Chapter III Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Flow Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Chapter IV Results and Discussions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11 Chapter V Conclusion and Recommendation . . . . . ....

Words: 2522 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...OUTLINE OF THE SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY PROJECT COVER PAGE /TITLE PAGE ( first sheet ) ALL ACKNOWLEGEMENT ( second sheet ) Yr. 9 & 10 DEDICATION ( third sheet ) Yr. 10 TABLE OF CONTENTS ( fourth sheet or more) ALL LIST OF TABLES ( fifth sheet ) optional ABSTRACT ( Year 9 & 10 ) Yr. 9 & 10 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study *Talk about your topic. *Why did you choose that topic? *Cite the sources *Present tense, 5-6 pages B. Statement of the Problem *What is your problem? *Why do you want to study that problem? *What do you want to find out? *Future tense for proposal C. Hypothesis *What hypotheses were formulated? D. Significance of the Study *Why is the study significant? *Who will benefit from the study? E. Scope and Limitations Yr. 9 & 10 *Where will you conduct the study? *What is your sample population? *Half a page *It should consists of the following: respondents, time, locale, problem or focus of the study, population *Indicate also......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...released as well. This project ties and associates with the climate by showing how you may be able to determine how the climate in one place is greatly affected by knowing the materials around. The result of this can show how different materials in the surrounding relate heat to affect the climate. Statement of the Problem General Objective: The main problem of this study was to compare the rate of heat absorption of common materials or substances. Specifically this arrived to answer the following questions: 1. Which will absorb heat the fastest? (Water, oil, soil, salt) 2. Which material would cool down and release the fastest? (Water, oil, soil or salt) Scope and Limitations Materials around us have their own limitations. Example, when they are being place in a fridge, specifically the freezer, it freezes and when they are being heated, they melt. So does this investigatory project, this has also limitations. The materials being used in the experiment cannot be heated for a very long time because it may cause some breakages or damages. Only specific amount and quantity of substances can be used. Moreover, this investigatory project stops when heat is not available. Sometimes, heat may not be present but if it does, the process circulates continuously. As heat rises, it would be easier to determine the rate of absorption for each material or substance. Simple substances can be used in order to conduct this experiment. It is in this project, that the......

Words: 2250 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...OUTLINE OF THE SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY PROJECT COVER PAGE /TITLE PAGE ( first sheet ) ALL ACKNOWLEGEMENT ( second sheet ) Yr. 9 & 10 DEDICATION ( third sheet ) Yr. 10 TABLE OF CONTENTS ( fourth sheet or more) ALL LIST OF TABLES ( fifth sheet ) optional ABSTRACT ( Year 9 & 10 ) Yr. 9 & 10 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study *Talk about your topic. *Why did you choose that topic? *Cite the sources *Present tense, 5-6 pages B. Statement of the Problem *What is your problem? *Why do you want to study that problem? *What do you want to find out? *Future tense for proposal C. Hypothesis *What hypotheses were formulated? D. Significance of the Study *Why is the study significant? *Who will benefit from the study? E. Scope and Limitations Yr. 9 & 10 *Where will you conduct the study? *What is your sample population? *Half a page *It should consists of the following: respondents, time, locale, problem or focus of the study, population *Indicate also......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

...“Vinegar Battery” INTRODUCTION We all know that the world is now facing an energy crisis and everyone is trying to do something about that. I noticed in our electricity bill that we are paying much for it. So, I came up with this investigatory project as an alternative source of electricity. This is simple and can be homemade. . Now you can show everyone that electrical energy or electricity can be made from air and vinegar. After all, vinegar are freely available everywhere. Also, this will be useful if there is brownout and science model for elementary students like me. First, we need to get the material for the project. Here is the list: 1. A miniature board to mount the miniature base – it can be a piece of thick plywood. 2. Plastic container small 3. Miniature light bulb (low voltage, low current) 4. Pair of insulated solid copper wire 5. 2 Pair of alligator clips 6. Galvanized nails – (zinc electrodes) it can be found in hardware stores. 7. Copper wires – (copper electrodes) 8. Screws for the miniature base 9. Vinegar – 4% acidic solution Procedures: 1. Remove the plastic insulation of about one inch from both ends of the wires. 2. Connect the end of red wire to red alligator clips for both ends. Do the same for the black wire with the black alligator clips. 3. Loosen the screws on both contacts of the bulb holder. Place one end of the red alligator clip on right screw and connect the black alligator clip on the left......

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...Jasia D. Dorog III-Humility Project #1 I LOVE MY FAMILY I LOVE MY FAMILY I LOVE MY FAMILY I LOVE MY FAMILY I LOVE MY FAMILY Project #2 GOD LOVES ME GOD LOVES ME GOD LOVES ME GOD LOVES ME GOD LOVES ME Project#3 “I am God’s special child” “I am God’s special child” “I am God’s special child” “I am God’s special child” “I am God’s special child” Jasia D. Dorog III-Humility Royals Verse 1 D I've never seen a diamond in the flesh C G I cut my teeth on wedding rings in the movies D C And I'm not proud of my address - in the torn up town G No postcode envy Chorus D But every song's like: gold teeth, grey goose, trippin' in the bathroom Blood stains, ballgowns, trashin' the hotel room C G We don't care - we're driving Cadillacs in our dreams D But everybody's like Cristal, Mayback, diamonds on your timepiece Jet planes, islands, tigers on a gold leash C G We don't care - we aren't caught up in your love affair D And we'll never be royals - It don't run in our blood C That kind of lux just ain't for us G We crave a different kind of buzz D Let me be your ruler - you can call me......

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

...Science & Technology Information Center Master List of Investigatory Project 01 Investigatory projects I. Pyrolisis of plastic wastes materials for the production of plywood substitute II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. Marang (Artocarpus ordorotissimus) peelings as hardiflex – like Ethyl alcohol from ripe banana peelings Rat killer extract from tuble roots Fuel briquettes from dried banana leaves and waste papers Coconut sheath substitute of abaca fiber Commercial glue from Talisay resin Butter derive from marang (Artocarpus odoratissima) seed Marang seeds as alternative source for commercial flour 02 Investigatory projects I. II. III. IV. V. Compendium of investigatory studies Basic geological concepts Maps and compass Rocks and fire Fungus Puccinia graminis as mycoherbicide 03 Investigatory projects I. II. III. IV. Sea cucumber (Cucumaria miniamata) as a potential source of leather Fiberglass from Apitong sap (Dipterocarpus grandiflorus) Rat killer extract from tuble roots Tetrodotoxin from bile of puffer (Sphoeroides maculates) as a potential source of stem borer pesticide V. VI. VII. VIII. Glue out of cigarette filer and acetone Roof sealant out of Styrofoam and gasoline Radical pesticide from garongin Chaetomorpha aerea a potential source of biogas 04 Investigatory projects I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. Sawdust as an alternative source for corkboard Woodcraft from banana peduncle Lumber from carabao manure Herbal leaves produced herbal ointment The......

Words: 5133 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...Feasibility study on Malunggay as a Main Ingredient in Antibacterial Soap Submitted to: Sir Reynand T.Caballero Submitted by: Vanessa Mae Dasigao Patrick Luiz Garcia Butch Antonio Bonifacio Kyle Mikko Gomez Florante Rapio Chapter 1: Introduction Background of the Study The project is concerned with the efficiency of Malunggay leaves as an anti-bacterial soap.The scientific name of Malunggay is Moringa Oleifera. Moringa, also known as the Miracle Tree, is a multipurpose plant, as the leaves, pods, fruits, flowers, roots and bark of the tree can be utilized. It is also referred to as Drumstick Tree by the Britishers. In the Philippines, they are referred to as Malunggay or Malungay. Others refer to moringa as horseradish tree, benzolive tree, kelor, marango, mlonge, moonga, nébéday, saijhan, sajna or Ben oil tree. Research had shown that ounce for ounce of Moringa leaves contain seven times the Vitamin C found in oranges, four times the Vitamin A found in carrots, four times the calcium found in milk, three times the potassium found in bananas and two times the protein found in yogurt.For this reason, it has putMoringa as the most nutritious vegetable plant around and has been used as fortificant in noodles, bread, biscuits, delicacies, burgers, hot dogs. It is also known to be the best nutritional support for nursing mothers because it is not only rich in nutritional content but for......

Words: 1735 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

... 2. Will this natural pesticide helps in getting rid of pests as commercial pesticides do? 3. To find out if the materials that will be used in the project can really be a pesticide or pest killer. C. Significance of the Study Pests are big problems of farmers today. They kill and destroy crops which affect the livelihood of the farmers. Pests also bring problems in our household. Pests like cockroach and rats. They carry bacteria to people. They give people diseases as well as it can harm and suffer from these diseases and causes death. This project will help a lot in getting rid of these pests. Pests which are found in the farms and in our houses. By making this natural pesticide, we can spend a small amount of money rather than buying expensive commercial pesticides sold in the market. And also by making our home made pesticides, we know the materials and the chemicals that are added to make our pesticide effective. Unlike the commercial ones, we don’t know what and how it was really made. We can also enjoy making this natural insecticide. We can learn more things while doing the project. And lastly, we can contribute in the decrease of pollution in our environment. D. Scope, Limitation and Delimitation The scope of the project is with the use of the pesticide. This natural pesticide can be used in getting rid of different pests. Pests that are problems in our houses and pests that......

Words: 2061 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

... This Research main goal is to find which of the two subjects is more effective and which of them is more suitable to be a stain remover also to see which of the two subjects is more Economical and Beneficial also to test the subject’s advantages and disadvantages. Research studies like these shows a person which of the subjects is more advisable to use or more effective to be able to remove stains E. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS This study entitled “A Comparative study between Malunggay (Moringa Oleifera) leaves extract and Calamansi (CitrofunellaMicrocarpa) extract to see which is a better Stain Remover” was first planned and then gathered data and information and also conducted research and made interview to a reliable source. This project is only after the effect of the comparative study D. DEFINITION OF TERMS Comparative- is a syntactic construction that serves to express a comparison between two (or more) entities or groups of entities in quality, quantity, or degree; it is one of the degrees of comparison, alongside the positive and the superlative. Stain-is a discoloration that can be clearly distinguished from the surface, material, or medium it is found upon. They are caused by the chemical or physical interaction of two dissimilar materials. Malunggay- is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Moringa, which is the only genus in the family Moringaceae. English common names include: moringa, drumstick tree, horseradish tree, ben oil tree, or......

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

...investigatory Project The Feasibility of Saltwater as an Alternate Source of Energy Chapter I Introduction A. Background of the Study Philippines is a country that is surrounded by water. Saltwater is very abundant in our country; so, this study tries to find more uses of the saltwater. In this study, saltwater is used as a battery of a light bulb to prove that it can be a source of energy. This will possibly help solve the energy crisis that our country is suffering now. A compound can produce electric energy when it has enough oxygen in it. Saltwater is a kind of a compound that can possibly produce energy. Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) is also used in this study, to have more oxygen in the compound. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a very pale blue liquid which appears colorless in a dilute solution, slightly more viscousthan water. It is a weak acid. It has strong oxidizing properties and is therefore a powerful bleaching agent that is mostly used for bleaching paper, but has also found use as a disinfectant, as an oxidizer, as anantiseptic, and in rocketry (particularly in high concentrations as high-test peroxide or HTP) as a monopropellant, and in bipropellantsystems.[1] The oxidizing capacity of hydrogen peroxide is so strong that the chemical is considered a highly reactive oxygen species. Hydrogen peroxide is naturally produced as a byproduct of oxygen metabolism, and virtually all organisms possess enzymes known asperoxidases, which harmlessly and......

Words: 1497 - Pages: 6