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Industrial Formwork

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CE 315 – CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING

INDUSTRIAL FORM WORK
Interim Report by Group No 33

AUTHORED BY Abdul Basit Shaikh (CE-091) Shujaw Muhammad (CE-077) Irsa Komal (CE-104) Ali Hassan Hussaini (CE-093)

Table of Contents INTROUCTION ......................................................................................................................2-4 INDUSTIAL FORMWORK ................................................................................. 2 STUDY SCOPE & OBJECTIVES ........................................................................... 4 METHODOLOGY OF STUDY............................................................................... 4 STUDY DESIGN ................................................................................................................ 5-6 RESEARCH DESIGN .................................................................................................... 5 METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION ......................................................... 5 DATA SOURCES ............................................................................................................. 6 SUMMARY........................................................................................................................................ 7 WORK DONE TO DATE ...................................................................................... 7 REMAINING WORK .................................................................................................. 7

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INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL FORMWORK
There is a constant demand for carpenters in the construction trade. Today, expertise in working with various types of building materials is an indispensable requirement of a carpenter's job. Formwork and joinery are two such areas where skilled carpenters would find themselves working with diverse materials. Formwork involves constructing the forms into which concrete is poured, whereas joinery comprises of working with the wooden parts of a building, such as window frames and doors. Both jobs require further knowledge of working with wood, concrete, and other building materials such as steel reinforcement bars. This free online course will introduce the learner to the basic practices involved in formwork and joinery. The course explains the general types of concrete, concrete mixing information, and the test carried out to measure the workability of fresh concrete. The course also outlines the key components and terms associated with windows, exterior doors, and stairways used in residential construction. This course will be of great interest to all construction professionals who would like to learn more about the carpentry skills involved in finishing and closing off a structure. It will also be of interest to all learners who want to further develop their career in carpentry and the construction trade. A number of fundamental principles apply to all formwork. Consideration must be given to:      Acceptable tolerances permitted. Use of appropriate materials. Standards of workmanship. Construction for ease of erection and stripping. Care and maintenance of the formwork, so that the maximum number of reuses can be achieved.

Formwork is a temporary construction; however care must be taken to prevent d amage to permanent work. Three general principles govern formwork design and construc tion: Quality,Accuracy of the concrete shape and the Final finished surface quality. Personal safety of people,both carpenters and the public.EconomyThe structural frame is usually the most significant cost component, a dominant and critical factor in the time of construction.

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SIZES Timber for formwork should satisfy the following requirement. It should be: 1. 2. 3. 4. Well-seasoned Light in weight. Easily workable with nails without splitting. Free from loose knots

Timber used for shuttering for exposed concrete work should have smooth and even surface on all faces which come in contact with concrete. Normal sizes of members for timber formwork: Sheeting for slabs, beam, and column side and beam bottom. 25 mm to 40mm thick Joints, ledges 50 x 70 mm to 50 x 150 mm Posts 75 x 100mm to 100 x 100 mm FORMULATIONS PERI FORMWORK LOAD CALCULATOR: Calculate formwork loads on the go: the PERI Formwork Load Calculator supports the professional user in calculating the correct fresh concrete pressure in connection with the related pouring rate for selected PERI wall formwork systems. Results can be sent via email.

INSTALLATION OF FORMWORK FOR DOOR AND WINDOW 1. Formwork for all the doors and windows can be installed, (a) As you install the wall. (b) When you have finished installing the wall. 2. There are various options available with respect to setting formwork around the windows and doors. You may choose either of the following:

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(a) 18mm timber form work. (b) Polystyrene formwork. (c) Powder coated pressed steel form work.

STUDY SCOPE & OBJECTIVES
Scope of study will be mainly based on following four parameters. Cost, Time, Quality and Quantity. Our research project will be focused on these objectives:
          

To determine the difference between the theoretical and practical work. To observe the types of Formwork used at different Industrial sites. Estimating the productivity of Formwork activity at different Industrial sites. After analyzing productivity, on the basis of our knowledge we have to recommend them to improve their productivity. Factors affecting and influencing the Formwork for Industrial sites. Study of the material use for the preparation of Formwork. To observe the better quality of Formwork required for Industrial sites. Tools and Equipment used to perform the Formwork and their efficient use. To estimate how much man power required for a certain Industrial Formwork. Estimation for amount of Formwork work as efficient. To observe the benefits and losses of mainly Industrial Formwork.

METHODOLOGY OF STUDY
     

Initial study is to be conducted through research from internet and books. Information will also be collected from site visit. Interviews from different personals related with formwork activity. Compilation of results through different software. Interpretation of results from theoretical and graphical observations. Formation of final report.

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STUDY DESIGN
RESEARCH DESIGN/QUESTIONNAIRE

Performa is designed consisting of two parts: 1. This part contains the information spaces to be collected regarding the industrial formwork. Thus, it includes site category, site address, the initiation and expected completion period of project and the basic information of the supervisor. 2. This part consists of all the analysis parameters of site. The quality and the quantity of the work within certain time, utilization of resources, monitoring quality of work all the parameters would be analyzed through. It also includes a list of questions that are to be answered during and after the keen observation of the formwork on Industrial sites. Note: The sample of questionnaire has been attached with a file.

METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION

Collection for data is a term used to describe a process of preparing data for an interpretation. Our informative data has been collected by these two ways: FIRST WAY (Primary):The first way is for primary data collection, based on site visit for Physical survey through prepared questionnaire. The questionnaire is to be filled on the basis of site observations. SECOND WAY (Secondary): The second way is for secondary data collection, based on the information which is available on different websites of internet, available, research papers related to the topic and presentations. The data is collected in the form of documents, facts and figures, charts, tables which are available on internet.

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The data collection methodology will be proceed as mentioned below,     Preparation of pro forma. Designing of a questionnaire/excel sheet for observation of field work. Observing different methods used at different sites. Interviewing the site engineers, contractors and the labor supervisors regarding the formwork activity.  Most of the information is to be gathered through the research secondary sources.

DATA SOURCES / TARGET AUDIENCE
     

Literature Review based on Industrial Formwork. Research paper available on Internet. Observations on site. The foremen and workers were interviews. Interview from supervisors, consultants & engineers. Interview form Vice-Chairman North Karachi Trade & Development Association.

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SUMMARY
WORK DONE TO DATE
     

Background study. Objective of study has been focused. Targeted audience has been identified. Site visit with data selection. Understanding of data collection methodology. Design of Performa has been completed.

REMAINING WORK TO DO
     

Further visits of Industrial site Interviews from the supervisors Keen observation of Formwork activity on different industrial sites. Compilation of data collected from sites Analyzing of data through different software and self-interpretation. Final report formation.

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