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Individual Differences in Business Setting

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kamilla0406
Words 486
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Introduction:
Individuals bring a number of differences to work, such as unique personalities, values, emotions, and moods. When new employees enter new organizations, their stable or transient characteristics affect how they behave and perform. Moreover, companies hire people with a degree of expectation that those individuals have certain skills, abilities, personalities, and values. Therefore, it is important to understand individual characteristics that matter for organizations.

Individual differences - are those differences among humans that distinguish or separate them from one another and make one as a single unique individual.
Research in IDs ranges from analyses of genetic codes to the study of sexual, social, ethnic, and cultural differences and includes research on cognitive abilities, interpersonal styles, and emotional reactivity.

Personality:
Personality is the unique and relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, and emotions shown by individuals. Do describe the personality of a person; researchers agreed that there are 5 main traits (The Big Five) that make up the personality of an individual. Personality is a potentially important predictor of work behavior. Matching people to jobs matters, because when people do not fit with their jobs or the company, they are more likely to leave, costing companies as much as a person’s annual salary to replace them. In job interviews, companies try to assess a candidate’s personality and the potential for a good match, but interviews are only as good as the people conducting them. In fact, interviewers are not particularly good at detecting the best trait that predicts performance: conscientiousness.

Additional Work Related Aspects of Personality

Cultural Diversity

Another aspect for individual differences is culture. For organizations it is very important to understand that people…...

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