Free Essay

Health, Longevity and the "Word of Wisdom"

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By jessblack
Words 3326
Pages 14
For over one hundred ninety years, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints have been taught to avoid consuming tobacco and alcohol. Additionally, they are instructed to eat fruit in season and meat sparingly. That grain is for the use of man. That by living this way they will find strength and knowledge. (D&C 89)

In the last 100 years, reports from various government agencies and health organizations have promoted diet, exercise and clean living to improve longevity. The “Word of Wisdom”, as this passage came to be known, was first taught in 1833 and describes a lifestyle that promotes using herbs & fruit prudently and eating meat in time of famine. Also addressed is the use of alcohol; “strong drinks are…for the washing of your bodies.”, and tobacco as an item to be used medicinally for bruises and on sick cattle, with knowledge and skill. (D&C 89:7-9) Studies show that people may live longer and healthier by observing the “Word of Wisdom”. It is a lifestyle that includes fruits and grains in the diet, limiting meat, and avoiding the consumption of harmful chemicals, such as tobacco and alcohol.

The benefits of the “Word of Wisdom” are within the capacity of the “weak and the weakest” (D&C 89:3), meaning that these changes are as hard to make as one makes them. Observing the “Word of Wisdom” can only benefit those who live by it. Making lifestyle changes can be difficult, however it has been proven that making a few lifestyle changes in diet and other areas can be useful indicators in predicting cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other causes of premature death due to disease and could significantly increase longevity. (Carlsson, 2012) These indicators are helpful to physicians when diagnosing patients and prescribing treatments for illnesses and injuries. Instructions for a middle-aged male patient with borderline hypertension whose diet is “meat and potatoes” could be eat more vegetables and less meat to help prevent heart disease. On the other hand, a young woman in early pregnancy could be instructed to increase her grains and to be careful to include those fortified with Folate for her baby’s neural development.

We all hope to enjoy healthy longer lives, but many are reticent to make the changes necessary to achieve this goal. Researchers at the Cancer Research Center of Hawaii hypothesized that healthy women could be motivated to increase their fruit and vegetable intake in order to prevent breast cancer. The study hoped to increase the fruit and vegetable servings to nine a day, however at the end of the six-month study the participants in the intervention group were consuming on average only seven servings a day. The women did begin eating vegetarian meals at least once a week and they expressed a desire to continue to eat as they had during the study even though there was no evidence that this treatment could in fact prevent breast cancer (Maskarinec, 1999)

This information shows that it is possible to make wise choices that can extend our lives. The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) concluded that diet influences the risk of several major chronic diseases and recommended eating five or more daily servings of a combination of vegetables and fruit.(Committee, 1989). Including this in the American diet can be difficult due to continuing attitudes towards fruits and vegetables. If men only knew that researchers in Finland determined that a fruit, berry, and vegetable heavy diet could reduce the risk of premature death for middle-aged men, perhaps more would be willing to make the adjustment in their eating habits. The researchers concluded that their findings provide additional evidence that higher intakes of fruit and vegetable can prevent heart diseases and mortality, therefore plant-derived foods can promote longer life. (Rissanen et al, 2003). There have been many studies that demonstrate the need for more fruits and vegetables on our dinner plates. Besides the benefits of vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber, fruits and vegetables are linked to a decrease in the occurrences of obesity and diabetes in children. (USDA, 2014)

On any given day American adults will not eat a single serving of fruits or vegetables.(Patterson, 1988) There appears to be a good deal of evidence that links the relationship between eating fruits and vegetables and good health, that is why the NAS has recommended an increase of consumption of these foods. The discrepancy between the suggested nutritional guidelines and the American diet is so enormous that the commitment of our society to these guidelines is called into question (Patterson, 1990).

With the objective of increasing our longevity, perhaps a serious, hard-hitting campaign to promote the disease fighting benefits of fruits and vegetables should be instituted. The ChooseMyPlate campaign by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is geared towards telling Americans what to eat, but not necessarily why they should be eating those foods. The assumption being that the public already knows why. Addressing childhood obesity should also be of immediate concern. Obesity during childhood brings with it the same diseases that are typically only seen in adults. Type 2 diabetes is now the dominant form of diabetes for both children and adolescents. Other diseases including hypertension and high cholesterol are diseases that can increase the impact of a number of risk factors when these children reach adulthood. Prevention of childhood obesity through early education and food programs is essential for increasing longevity. An emphasis on vegetable and fruit consumption as well as other plant-based foods would be a big step towards avoiding foods such as fast food hamburgers. (Deckelbaum and Williams, 2001).

The USDA is the highest authority on nutrition in the United States and regularly reevaluates the nutritional needs of Americans. In addition to increasing fruits and vegetables, the USDA also advocates a diet that includes grains. The agency defines a grain product as “Any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or another cereal grain.” The USDA recommends in their ChooseMyPlate guide that at least one half of grains consumed are whole. Consuming whole grains as part of a healthy diet may reduce the risk of heart disease, constipation, help with weight management and prevent neural tube defects in fetuses during development. (USDA, n.d.)

The Mayo Clinic also promotes grains as part of a healthy diet. Grains have proven to be excellent sources of key vitamins, minerals and complex carbohydrates. Additionally, whole grains are low fat, making them a healthy choice. Grains provide the benefit of decreasing the risk of diabetes, cancers and heart disease, which prolongs life of most people. (Mayo Clinic, 2011)

There is some confusion as to what type of grain is what. As explained by the USDA, whole grains are those that still have the germ and bran intact. They have not been milled. Refined grains have been milled to make products like flour and oatmeal. Either way, adding grains to the diet could lead the way to a prolonged healthy life.

Substituting one serving of red meat per day with a different protein source such as fish, beans and legumes, is one more change that can lead to a longer life. Researchers studied over 100,000 men and women who had no heart disease. The study demonstrated that eating red meat led to an increase in chronic diseases like cancer, heart disease and diabetes. Indications support choosing protein other than red meat can decrease the mortality rate by up to 19%. (Pan, 2012).

Another group of researchers looked into the possible benefits to humans of consuming red or processed meat less than once a week. Singh, Sabaté, & Fraser (2003) concluded that the data raises the possibility that sparing consumption of red or processed meat is in fact possibly beneficial to humans, and could increase longevity. (Singh, Sabaté, & Fraser, 2003). Eliminating just one serving or abstaining from meat products all together has been shown to decrease the risks of long-term diseases. As both studies have shown, consuming meat sparingly can increase the chance of living a longer, healthier life.

In recent years, there has been great controversy over tobacco and its effect on the human body. Members of the LDS Church have been warned through the “Word of Wisdom” to avoid tobacco for over 190 years, but it has only been in the last fifty years that smoking has begun falling out of favor with the public as a whole. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (2008) reported an estimated 443,000 people died prematurely from smoking or exposure to tobacco smoke between 2000 – 2004. This annual average was higher than the estimated deaths from 1997-2001. The three leading causes of death from smoking tobacco are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, and heart disease (CDC, 2008)

In comparison with the rest of the U.S., Utah has a distinctly lower occurrence of tobacco related cancers. Seventy percent of the population of the state of Utah is members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and because of living by to the “Word of Wisdom”, members of the LDS Church have lower instances of tobacco related cancers. (Merrill, Lindsay, & Lyon, 1999) Refraining from the use of tobacco increases longevity and significantly decreases the possibility of diseases associated with tobacco use (CDC, 2008).

Different from the previous information, researchers theorized that the link between smoking and alcohol co-abuse had more to do with the bioactive components of cigarette smoke. Exposing adolescent mice to cigarette smoke and offered unlimited alcohol, these mice would consume 3 – 5 times greater amounts of alcohol than the control group. The mice that were exposed had significant chemical changes in their brains that may explain the decrease of the affects of alcohol in the system. Human smokers have reported that they feel less drunk when they smoke. Decreased sensitivity to the effects of alcohol could lead to heavier drinking, that could result in alcohol use disorder (AUD), alcohol poisoning & even death (Burns & Proctor, 2012)

Our society accepts moderate alcohol use very easily, however heavy use is frowned upon and heavy drinkers are often ostracized in their community. Alcoholism or Alcohol Use Disorder is recognized as a disease and there are a variety of cures and programs available for alcoholics. Approximately 17 million U.S. Citizens have AUD, however only 8.4% seek treatment (NIAAA).

According to the CDC Fact Sheet - Alcohol Use, approximately 88,000 deaths each year in the U.S. is attributable to excessive alcohol use. These lives are shortened an average of 30 years leading to the potential loss of life at 2.5 million years. In 2011, Twenty-six thousand, six hundred fifty-four people died from alcohol induced deaths (CDC, 2011) Excessive drinking is the contributing cause to one in ten deaths of working adults aged 20-64 years. (CDC, 2014a). Alcohol is the third leading cause of preventable deaths in the U.S. (Mokdad, 2004). With these facts, using alcohol is obviously not a choice that would lead to a longer life.

Other factors to consider about alcohol, in moderation, in certain people, the health benefits have been shown to decrease some heart diseases and lower blood pressure; however, it is not recommended that anyone begin using alcohol because of the potential health benefits. Even moderate use is associated with increased risk of breast cancer, violence, drowning, and injuries from falls and motor vehicle crashes. (CDC, 2014b) The affects that alcohol has on a person is well documented. Aggression towards women, authority and society (Bushman & Cooper, 1990), negative health issues such as chronic illnesses, an increased death rate and disabilities have been linked to the consumption of alcohol. The occurrences of accidents and the incidents of violence increase even with moderate use (Rehm et al, 2003). Binge drinking, defined as consuming five or more drinks in a day, is of major concern. Even though college students are more conspicuous, the fact is that 70% of binge drinking involves those that are 26 years or older (Naimi et al, 2003). A variety of studies provides evidence that binge drinking negatively impacts the spatial memory and cognitive function of the brain (Courtney, 2010, Squeglia, 2011, Squeglia et al, 2011). The U.S. Bureau of Justice report of 1998 states “On any given day in 1996, corrections authorities supervised an estimated 5.3 million convicted offenders. Nearly 2 million (about 36%) had been drinking alcohol when they committed their conviction offense.” (BJS, 1998). Considering the devastating influence of alcohol, even moderate drinking can lead to undesirable outcomes that are avoidable by simply abstaining from alcohol use.

In conclusion, these scientific studies and reviews confirm that adopting the lifestyle of the “Word of Wisdom” is a wise choice for extending anyone’s life. Evidence shows that increasing fruits and vegetables in the diet provides vitamins, minerals and other nutrients necessary for a healthy life. Additionally, grains, at least fifty percent of them whole, as part of the diet may provide protection from several chronic diseases such as cardio vascular disease and diabetes. Whether a member of the LDS Church or not, avoiding tobacco will help in preventing tobacco related cancers of the mouth, throat, lungs and stomach. Finally, alcohol in moderation is acceptable, but can lead to the same affects as heavy drinking, members of the LDS Church have been taught that “strong drinks are not for the belly” (D&C,89:7) allowing them to avoid most of the wreckage alcohol use can cause. Making these simple changes can greatly improve your overall health and decrease the chance of a chronic disease such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Following the “Word of Wisdom” appears to be a plan that has worked well for over 190 years to improve life, health and longevity.


Burns, B. & Proctor, W., (2012, March 6). Cigarette Smoke Exposure Greatly Increases Alcohol Consumption in Adolescent C57BL/6 Mice. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 37(S1), E364–E372. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01911.x

Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)(1998) An Analysis of National Data on the Prevalence of Alcohol Involvement in Crime, Alcohol and Crime, Washington, D.C.

Bushman, B. and Cooper, H (1990). Effects of Alcohol on Human Aggression: An Integrative Research Review. Psychological Bulletin, 107, (3)341-354. Retrieved from September 15, 2014

Carlsson, A., Wändell, P., Gigante, B., Leander, K., Hellenius, M., & Faire, U. (2012, Aug 27). Seven modifiable lifestyle factors predict reduced risk for ischemic cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality regardless of body mass index: A cohort study. International Journal of Cardiology, 168(2), 946-952. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.10.045)

Centers for Disease Control (CDC), (2014a). Fact Sheets- Alcohol Use and Your Health. Retrieved from on September 13, 2014

Centers for Disease Control (CDC), (2014b). Frequently asked questions. Retrieved from September 13, 2014

Centers for Disease Control (CDC), (2011) Detailed Tables for the National Vital Statistics Report (NVSR). Deaths: Final Data for 2011. Table 10. Retreived from September 15, 2014

Centers for Disease Control (CDC), (2008). Smoking-attributable mortality, years of potential life lost, and productivity losses --- United States, 2000—2004. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 57(45), 1226-1228. Retrieved from on August 2, 2014

Committee on Diet and Health, Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council: Diet and Health (1989) Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press

Courtney, K.E., Polich, J. (2010). Binge Drinking Effects on EEG in Young Adult Humans. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 7(5):2325-2336. DOI:10.3390/ijerph7052325

Deckelbaum, R. and Williams, C. (2001). Childhood obesity: the health issue. Obesity Research, 9, (S11) 239S–243S. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2001.125

Doctrine and Covenants (D&C) of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2013, p. 154.

Mokdad, A.H., Marks, J.S., Stroup, D.F., Gerberding, J.L. (March 2004). "Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000". JAMA, 291 (10): 1238–45. DOI:10.1001/jama.291.10.1238

Maskarinec, G., Chan, C., Meng, L., Franke, A.A. & Cooney, R.V. (1999). Exploring the Feasibility and Effects of a High-Fruit and -Vegetable Diet in Healthy Women. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention 8; 919. Downloaded from on September 15, 2014

Mayo Clinic (2011, July), Whole grains: hearty options for a healthy diet. Nutrition and Healthy Eating, retrieved from on August 2, 2014

Merrill, R, Lindsay, G, & Lyon, J (1999). Tobacco related cancers in Utah compared to the United States: quantifying the benefits of the Word of Wisdom. BYU Studies, 38(4), 91-105. Downloaded from on August 8, 2014

Naimi, T.S., Brewer, R.D., Mokdad, A., Clark, D., Serdula, M.K., Marks, J.S. (2003) Binge drinking among US adults. JAMA, 289(1):70–75.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) (2014). Alcohol use disorder. Alcohol and Your Health. Retrieved from September 15, 2014

Pan A, Sun Q, Bernstein A, et al., (2012), Red meat consumption and mortality: results from 2 prospective cohort studies. Archives of Internal Medicine, 172(7), 555-563. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2011.2287.

Patterson, B.H., Block, G. (1988). Food choices and the cancer guidelines. American Journal of Public Health, 78(3):282-6. Retrieved from on September 15, 2014

Patterson, B.H., Block, G., Rosenberger, W., Pee, D., & Kahle L. (1990). Fruit and Vegetables in the American Diet: Data from the NHANES 11 Survey. American Journal of Public Health, 80, (12)1443-1449. Retrieved from on September 15, 2014

Rehm, J., Gmel, G., Sepos, C.T., & Trevisan, M. (2003). Alcohol-related morbidity and mortality. Alcohol Research and Health, 27(1)39–51. Retrieved from on September 13, 2014

Rissanen T., Voutilainen S., Virtanen J., Venho B., Vanharanta M., Mursu J., & Salonen J. (2003). Low intake of fruits, berries and vegetables is associated with excess mortality in men: the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease risk factor (KHID) study. The Journal of Nutrition, 133(1)199-204. Retrieved from on August 2, 2014

Squeglia, L. M., Schweinsburg, A. D., Pulido, C. and Tapert, S. F. (2011), Adolescent Binge Drinking Linked to Abnormal Spatial Working Memory Brain Activation: Differential Gender Effects. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 35:1831–1841. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2011.01527.x

Squeglia, L.M., Sorg, S., Dager Schweinsburg, A., Wetherill, R, Pulido, C., and Tapert, S.F. (2011) Binge drinking differentially affects adolescent male and female brain morphometry, Psychopharmacology, 220(3):529-539 DOI:10.1007/s00213-011-2500-4PB

Singh, P., Sabaté, J., & Fraser, G. (2003). Does low meat consumption increase life expectancy in humans? The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 78(3), 526S-532S. Retrieved from on August 2, 2014

USDA (2014), Fresh fruit and vegetable program. Child Nutrition Programs. Retrieved from

USDA (n.d.). Grains, “What foods are in the grains group?” retrieved from on August 2, 2014…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Reflection and Wisdom

...Joanna Fleming Theo-104 B43 Reflection 1 Prof. Fowler Sept. 17, 2012 Reflection: Faith and Wisdom I. Introduction Faith and wisdom are key elements that are needed as a Christian. The practice of faith is the idea of putting your trust in the Lord, instead of relying on oneself. It is another way that we as Christians humble ourselves before God by this commitment and giving Him the power and authority over our lives. We can grow in faith by seeking wisdom in His Word. When we ask Him for wisdom and knowledge to better understand His Word, we grow as Christians in His mercy and love and are able to share His message with the world. is II. Part One (Faith) a. Theological Definition Faith is the belief that something is true. The Hebrew word for faith is hupostasis. In the article “What is Faith”, Ditzel explains that “hupostasis came to mean, "a steadfastness of mind,""confidence," or "assurance” (Diztel, 2009). Faith may come in various forms; however, its concept can be easily misunderstood. Faith means something different for everyone, but for the Christian, faith is a way of life, a way that we can grow in our relationship with our Lord Jesus Christ. b. Biblical Foundation The Bible tells us that by placing our faith in Christ, all things are possible. Jesus stated “If you have faith and do not doubt, not only can you do what was done to the fig tree, but also you can say to this mountain, ‘Go, throw yourself into the sea,’ and it will be done”......

Words: 1108 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Exceptional Longevity

...Running Head : EXCEPTIONAL LONGEVITY Exceptional Longevity : An Overview of Centenarian’s Environmental, Psychological, Social and Genetic Backgrounds Tahmina Sarwari University of Toronto at Scarborough November 2nd, 2010 Over the last few centuries, the life expectancy of humans has significantly increased; a trend that is expected to continually grow at a rate of 2.5 years per decade (Arnold et al., 2010). As such, humans nowadays can expect to live longer than their ancestors before them. Several studies have aimed to determine what factors contribute to exceptionally prolonged existence. The following text shall explore the genetic, environmental, psychological as well as lifestyle factors common in centenarians, a population believed to be exemplary of optimal functioning in humans, to determine norms that can explain this phenomenon, shedding light on the gateways to prolonged life. Finally, the text shall address the implications of these research findings. One breakthrough study, known as the “Georgia Centenarian Study” by Poon and colleagues conducted in 1992, has been exceptional in sparking subsequent research in the field of gerontology. This study consisted of recruiting 285 centenarians and individuals nearing 100 years of age (i.e. 98 years and older) from a 44-county area of northern Georgia (Davey et al., 2010). Participants were recruited from......

Words: 3012 - Pages: 13

Free Essay


...As I began this assignment , my first thought is what is this word we call wisdom ? Is wisdom the same as knowledge? My search for the definition of wisdom led me to many different definitions. The most simple of these was that wisdom is simply the use of knowledge. Wisdom and knowledge can actually be both similar or completely different. Whichever it is sometimes depends on the person. You can be very knowledgeable about something but how you use that knowledge shows how wise you are. Wise people know how to put the knowledge they have to good use. There have been many people with great wisdom who have been here throughout time. Their backgrounds doesn’t seem to play a impact on the amount of wisdom they have. Great philosophers have come from the poorest of economical situations. Wise people have sometimes made mistakes in their lives and learned from that mistake. From this mistake they take away the knowledge of how to handle the problem if it comes their way again. People with wisdom place very high standards on their life. Their wisdom has taught them to listen to their conscience which most of the time tells them what is the right thing to do. Are we taught wisdom or knowledge in school ? I believe we are taught knowledge of things in school and wisdom arises from this knowledge and tells us how to use the knowledge we have been taught. I think of it like this with my degree I am pursuing at FIT I......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Hebrew Wisdom

...Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness Bible 105-B27 LUO: Old Testament Survey 201320 Spring 2013 Xxxxxx Xxxxxxx L33333333 Liberty University February 24, 2013 Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness There is a great deal of Hebrew wisdom in the Bible in regards to the subjects of diligence and laziness. Throughout the book of Proverbs the words of lazy and diligence can be found in many different forms. Sluggish, sluggard, and idle describe laziness. The word diligence can also be considered as, thorough, attentive, and persistence. Each of these words, found in the Bible, can reference diligence, and laziness within Hebrew Wisdom in many cases. The book of Proverbs is the Hebrew book of Wisdom. Its purpose is to provide practical instructions to live a wise, well ordered live. The difference between being diligent, wise, lazy, and having folly is knowledge. Proverbs addresses this in its first chapter: “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and instruction” (Proverbs 1:7). This is the most basic ingredient in wisdom. All wisdom depends on knowledge of God and the submission to His will. To think or believe that you know something, but you do not know God negates the value of having knowledge. Wisdom comes from being faithfully diligent in the Word of God. Many positive effects come from being diligent. Some of those are wealth, wisdom, abundance, power, satisfaction, profit, and meaningfulness. Laziness......

Words: 861 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Longevity Contributing Factors

...longer, happier, and healthier. As technology advances and medical knowledge increases, more research is being compiled to better understand exactly how the aging process works, and how longevity can be improved. Investigation and research has indicated that several factors could increase the longevity of not just this specific population, but of people in general. One such factor is involvement in an organized religion. It has been found that religious involvement of any type fosters a positive view of quality of life, provides a network of social support, and often promotes healthy habits and good stress management. Another such factor is strong cognitive skills. Studies have demonstrated that good stress management and the use of analytical skills that later result in what is referred to as “wisdom” can belay the effects of cognitive decline and other mental deficits. Lastly, studies of participation in daily physical activity in both early and later life can increase longevity by improving cardiovascular health and reducing the risk of other related health issues. Although many elements can contribute to increasing longevity, the most influential factors are organized religion, cognition, and physical activity. Membership in an organized religion has demonstrated an ability to improve longevity for the aging population. For instance, 92% of adults believe in God, with the majority of this percent over the age of 65 (Hunter & Merrill, 2011). This large majority is......

Words: 2424 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...Overpopulation and Longevity Historically, the topic of population and its contents have been feared and unknown to many. With the increasing human population on Earth accompanied by an array of factors such as disease, lack of resources, and increasing life spans, it becomes dramatically harder to look into the future and predict that the world is not being overpopulated by humans. However, despite the myriad of overwhelming issues regarding the concern of overpopulation, I posit through several key examples that we are not in danger of overpopulation and further, that we as a species are actually benefited by increased longevity. It has been determined numerous times throughout the last several hundred years that overpopulation of the human race is looming and is an unavoidable fate of the human race which will ultimately lead to its self-destruction. One such theory, perhaps the most famous, belongs to Thomas Malthus whom lived during the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution laid the foundation for manufacturing on a massive scale which was accompanied by advancements in technology that also brought about an era of farming that was vastly more efficient. In 1798, Thomas Malthus predicted in An Essay on the Principle of Population, (which was revised to accommodate for criticisms,) that the human race could not account for its growth in terms of resources and sustenance as he believed the population increased exponentially compared to food supply (Malthus).......

Words: 2039 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Wisdom of living 1. Why thinking skill is important to us and how? Ans When people talk about thinking first you must to know about the mean of thinking skills and learn about how to use it and then adapt it to the situation in your life. Every people have many kind of thinking are different because each people has their own idea or something that they make it to make a decision. So, it depends on us that how you use thinking skills in your opinion by critical process that more reason. Take a thinking skill to appropriate with each case that people face in a fact. Well, I want to tell you that why thinking skills are important to every person. First, thinking skills can help to plan and thinking by step to step. People can evaluate about their information that they get understand what information would like to tell you a detail. If you use thinking skills to solve problem, you can look a future target that you want to receive. Mover, we can explain and create about the new idea by thinking positive. 2. How is critical thinking is important in your life? Ans Critical thinking is the ability to think that clearly and rationally. In my life I use it by this following -Understand the logical that relation between my own idea -Solve the problem that enter in my life -reflect on the justification of one’s own belief and value Critical thinking is not...

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...dictated by our genes. The other 90 percent is dictated by our lifestyle. So the premise of Blue Zones: if we can find the optimal lifestyle of longevity we can come up with a de facto formula for longevity. But if you ask the average American what the optimal formula of longevity is, they probably couldn't tell you. They've probably heard of the South Beach Diet, or the Atkins Diet. You have the USDA food pyramid. There is what Oprah tells us. There is what Doctor Oz tells us. The fact of the matter is there is a lot of confusion around what really helps us live longer better. Should you be running marathons or doing yoga? Should you eat organic meats or should you be eating tofu? When it comes to supplements, should you be taking them?How about these hormones or resveratrol? And does purpose play into it? Spirituality? And how about how we socialize? Well, our approach to finding longevity was to team up with National Geographic, and the National Institute on Aging, to find the four demographically confirmed areas that are geographically defined. And then bring a team of experts in there to methodically go through exactly what these people do, to distill down the cross-cultural distillation. And at the end of this I'm going to tell you what that distillation is. But first I'd like to debunk some common myths when it comes to longevity. And the first myth is if you try really hard you can live to be 100. False. The problem is, only about one out of 5,000 people in......

Words: 3223 - Pages: 13

Free Essay


...Youth and wisdom can co-exist depending on the person and how they interpret situations. The short story “Through the Tunnel” and the short film “Mind the Gap” did not portray the fact that youth and wisdom can co-exist. “Through the Tunnel” a story about a little boy was trying to be strong and hold his breath underwater for two minutes. He would not tell anyone what he was trying to do and the dark tunnel that he found. He was challenging himself like how an adult has to face many challenges in life, but much more difficult challenges. The short film “Mind the Gap” portrays a sheep that is already an adult. It shows you his memories and the process of him becoming an adult. Eventually he breaks down because his childhood was taken away from him so suddenly, and he couldn’t accept it. The mask that was given to him on his birthday, it was a sign that he had to be an adult and playing around was over. Although the sheep was very young at the time, he was sad that the time for being a child was over when his parents had given him the mask. A mask that covers your face so they wouldn’t see what your facial expressions are when sad or happy, but when the sheep is on the train he sees a child whining and being needy. His mother had told him to be quite and stop, but the child wouldn’t be quite and stop pestering the other passengers. The sheep had gotten off the train and broke down from the horrid memories of his childhood disappearing because of that mask. He ripped it off......

Words: 369 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Wisdom & Action

...Wisdom And Action Emily Andrade Paulina Cary HSM 230 7/25/ 2012 Ethical Wisdom And Action Questions and Applications on pp. 172-173 of Ethical Leadership in Human Services Post a 200- to 300-word response to questions 1-3 of the Questions and Applications section on pp. 172-173 of Ethical Leadership in Human Services. For question 1, be sure to support your decision by addressing at least 5 of the bulleted questions listed on p. 173 1. Analyze the following ethical dilemma from the perspective of rationality and respect (Dilemma Tucker & Marcuson, 1998). A local nonprofit organization that networks with other service agencies in the area was designed to fill gaps in needed services for families. This agency has been in existence for several years and has gained the respect of the community. The staff of this agency can serve families who have a need that can- not be served in any other way through connecting these families with community volunteers who adopt them. The volunteer director of the agency works on a volunteer basis and contributes numerous hours each week to fulfill responsibilities associated with this position. To reduce her workload, the director of the agency applied to seven different foundations to request money for a part-time administrative assistant. The agency requested $10,000 from each of the foundations, with the hope that they would receive assistance from one of them. To the surprise of the......

Words: 969 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...What is wisdom? I thought wisdom was having a lot of knowledge that could be presented to another person. Or even show someone the tricks of their trade. But true wisdom comes from everyone of us. When we realize how little we understand about life, ourselves, and the world around us. So in Philosophy, Philon means love and Sophia means wisdom, so with that philosophy is essentially love of wisdom. Even though some people are clearly wiser than others. It’s not the same as being smart, skillful, or brave. Even though the combination is nice. In the hindsight, we recognize the foolishness for what it is. As Socrates set off “I went to interview a man with high reputation for wisdom” (Christian). Socrates went out to seek a politician, a poet, and a skilled craftsmen. After interviewing these men whom he thought every one of them to be wise, turns out that all of them were ignorant in the eyes of Socrates. So Socrates investigation revealed that those who claim to have knowledge either doesn’t know anything they claim to know or knows far less then they proclaim to know. So since these people already thought of them self as wise or knowing everything already, then they in the eyes of Socrates they will never want to be wise. “Socrates, we are told that neither suffers from the vice of claiming to know things he does not know, nor the vice claiming to have wisdom when he does not have wisdom” (Ryan). Socrates is considered wise because unlike the others he believes that he......

Words: 366 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Wisdom and Laziness

...Hebrew wisdom teaches that a wise man is one that is diligent with his work and a person that is lazy is a fool. One could say the primary source for Hebrew wisdom is form the book of Proverbs in the Old Testament written by a man who received wisdom from God, King Solomon (2 Chronicles 1:10). There are many themes covered throughout the book of Proverbs, however some of the most prevailing themes are that of wisdom and folly. “The book of Proverbs consistently presents the sluggard as a fool and the diligent person as wise” (Hindson, 2012). The teachings throughout the book of Proverbs show how diligence and laziness correspond with the contrast between wisdom and folly. If a person were to read the book of Proverbs they would not just understand that it is wise to be diligent but also see the rewards promised to them. King Solomon writes that, “ . . . the person in diligence is richly supplied” (Proverbs 13:4), “The plans of the diligent only lead to abundance . . .”(Proverbs 21:5), and “the hand of the diligent enriches.” (Pr. 10:4) (Frank, 2013). Through Solomon God has revealed the blessings that befall a diligent man and shows that he would rather a man be working than not. Being a diligent person will not only yield us fruit in the way of financial blessings but also in other areas of our lives. If we are diligent about the work Christ has left for us in Matthew 28, the great commission, we will be blessed as soul winners. A diligent man is not the only thing...

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Does Wisdom Come with Old Age? Many centuries ago Sir Francis Bacon (1597) stated “knowledge is power”, and probably many people and scholars believed it is true, as we find some scholars such as (Drahos and Braithwaite 2002; Meredith 2007) who wrote many books and articles related to health and nursing and used such statement as a title. The 2012 American Educational Research Association( AERA) Annual Meeting entitled ““Non Satis Scire: To Know Is Not Enough,” addressed how to take what we know from research and put it to effective (policy and practice) use (Ball 2012). Moreover Hovenic et al (2012) believed only knowledge is not enough to be power. They supported their argument by a survey conducted by the American academy of dermatology that showed “32% of white teenage girls and young women had used a tanning bed in the past year, while 81% had tanned outdoors in the past year. These women stated they do so for cosmetic enhancement, although they are well aware of the associated health risks”. (Hovenic et al 2012). The question that arises is, if to know is not enough, then what is enough? Chavez answered that question by (stating in Ball 2012) “the end of all knowledge should surely be service to others”. Chavez's statement is reflected in the definition of wisdom in the Oxford English Dictionary, which defines wisdom as “the ability to make sensible decisions and give good advice because of the experience and knowledge that you have”.(Oxford University Press 2011)...

Words: 1668 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...Wisdom How can anyone distinguish a connection between love, youth and wisdom when every time we even consider putting these three words together a contradiction appears? A moment of thinking discloses a simple thread on which they can easily be seen linked by nothing else but “life” itself. Firstly, we should never forget the fact that the moment we open our arms and embrace this world, our mind perceives every quality, ability or incapacity the human being is able to “possess” as a reality. But they have yet not grown before our eyes to make us better, stronger or more fragile. As time goes by it is for the heart to meet youth and all that it brings forward: adventure, smiles and hope. Still, a young soul can remain unchanged even if the body grows old and memories get lost in time. A more dynamic persona means a lively existence, while passivity within does not involve much. Without doubt youth has no age. However, the main difference between a teenager and a grown-up remains: knowledge, the process of piling up facts, becomes wisdom which lies in their simplification. In the early stages wisdom is rare, but not impossible. Some reach a certain level of perceptivity sooner than others due to many events of a high importance in one’s life. Besides those “exceptions”, the saying “In youth we learn, in age we understand” can be recognized as truth by all of us. Nevertheless, there is no dissimilarity between a wise man and a fool when they fall in love.......

Words: 353 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...WISDOM OF YOUTH Asd j f f h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h j j j j j s d s d da dk d k d d ad a d d d a d j h h h hh hh h h h h h ls d j k f h a k l s j df h k j s d h fk d j s h a j k hl a h d fq ie w u re j f k x x x xx x s s s s s s s d d d f f f f e d d d s s s saa a a a a a w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w j j j j jj j j jj j j kk k k k k k k k k k kk k kk kk k kq q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q...

Words: 251 - Pages: 2