Free Essay

Hawaiian Culture

In: Social Issues

Submitted By therowells
Words 996
Pages 4
Hawaiian Culture
Audri Rowell
Axia of University of Phoenix

Hawaiian Culture Our Hawaiian culture was originally inhabited by the Polynesians that appeared to have begin in 1758 with the birth of Kamehamcha the Great. Captain James Cook, a British explorer, first arrived at Oahu, one of the principal islands of our Hawaiian group, in January 1788.

In 1790 Kamehameha undertook the difficult task of bringing all of our Hawaiian Islands under one single rule. After 20 years of intermittent warfare the last island, Kauai, came under his dominion. The Kamehameha Dynasty continued until 1872, ending with the death of the fifth ruler by that name. During this period of time more representatives of the European and American countries made their appearance in Hawaii.

Our Hawaii legislature was established in 1845 which was at close of the Kamehameha Dynasty. The U. S. established a temporary territory over our islands during the shift in governments and talks were under way between the two countries contemplating the annexation to the U. S. while an agreement to this effect was completed in Washington, however U.S. President Stephen Cleveland withdrew the agreement prior to approval pending further investigation of conflicting governmental claims in Hawaii.

A five-man commission was then appointed to draw up an Act for the government of the new territory of Hawaii. The act was submitted to Congress and it was passed in April 1900. Under this act, all citizens of Hawaii were made citizens of the U.S. The Constitution and all Federal laws of the U.S. were applied to this territory and the Hawaiian laws not inconsistent thereto remained in force.

We use the term Kanaka Maoli to mean Native Hawaiian(s) and it refers to any person(s) who resided and/or had ancestors residing in the Hawaiian archipelago prior to 1778. The term was first used in 1852 Kingdom of Hawai'i documents to distinguish between Hawaiians and non-Hawaiians at the time.

As our native Hawaiians or Kanaka Maoli people have experienced drastic changes over the last two centuries. Our way of life and the demography of our ancestral homeland have seen many changes. The U.S. occupation of Hawaii and the compulsory acculturation toward the American Way of life, and the migration of other ethnic groups to Hawaii, have adversely impacted the social status of Kanaka Maoli in our own homeland.

Since the arrival of James Cook and his expedition to Hawaii in 1778, our social world of Kanaka Maoli has been forever changed. Change is inevitable for all societies, but the manner in which our change occurred, has affected the outcomes experienced drastically. In their journals, Cook and his crew wrote that the native people were “…above middle size, strong, well made…. a fine handsome set of people” (Kaholokula, Nacapoy, & Dang)

Beginning in 1778, foreign (mostly American) belief, values and customs began to impose on Kanaka Maoli. Perhaps the single greatest change worldview was the introduction of Christianity in 1820 by the strict and moralistic New England Calvinists following the abolishment of our traditional Hawaiian socio-religious system. Many of the traditional practices and beliefs of Kanaka Maoli have been condemned by the American missionaries, including our traditional Hawaiian dance and healing practices. Our traditional communal land use system was abolished and replaced with the Western systems of land privatization, a foreign concept to Kanaka Maoli at the time. This system contrasted sharply with our traditional worldview and relationship to our land.

Overlapping all these drastic social changes in the 1800s was the decimation of the Kanaka Maoli population because of infectious diseases brought to the islands by the European and American foreigners. As our population started to decline from 800,000 in 1778 to barely 40,000 by 1893 so that, by the end of the 1800s the Kanaka Maoli were a minority in their own homeland.

We were coerced into submitting to foreign institutions, laws, and cultures and forced to either give up or be punished for practicing our traditional cultures. We have become trapped in a vicious cycle of poor heath practices, abuse of family members, neglect or prostitution of our traditional Hawaiian culture, and the abandonment of our spirituality.

We have continuously experienced social and political changes that have further erode our social status in our homeland. We were eventually made to abandon our native language to exclusively speak English through the legislative Act 57. Hawaii finally became a territory of the U.S. and was made the 50th state in the union in 1959.

Over the last two decades, our rights and entitlements, social status as native people have been threatened with lawsuits and opposition by non-Kanaka Maoli. The laws and policies of a society reflect the cultural beliefs, practices, preferences and aspirations of our society. The laws and policies of the State of Hawaii and the U.S. do not appreciate or respect our values and the practices of our culture. Essentially, our practices that do not promote tourism or create the façade of happy natives are not encouraged.

It was reported in the early 1800s that these words were prophesied: E iho ana o luna, e pil ana o lalo, e hul ana na moku, e ku ana ka paia. Translated into English reads: “That which is above shall come down, that which is below shall be raised up, the islands shall be united, and the walls shall stand upright” (Kaholokula et al., p. 117) Many interpretations have been offered. The one here was concerned with the changes to Kanaka Maoli society that was brought on by foreign intrusion and diseases and he was predicting a return of better time. Let us accelerate the fulfillment of this prophecy and let us return to the social justice for Kanaka Maoli.
Reference
Kaholokula, J. K., Nacapoy, A. H., & Dang, K. (, 2009). SOCIAL JUSTICE AS A PUBLIC HEALTH IMPERATIVE FOR KĀNAKA MAOLI.. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Scholarship, 5, p116-137, 22p.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Hawaiian Specials

...HAWAIIAN SPECIALS White Sands Charters Sail on the spectacular Pacific Pride and visit out-of-the-way bays populated by some of Hawaii’s most colorful residents. Naturalist guides help you spot humpback whales during the winter and spring seasons. Guides will also introduce you to the delightful denizens of Molokini Crater or other premier snorkeling spots. The Pacific Pride departs at 7:00 a.m. and returns at 1:00 p.m. Voyages to Molokini depart at 8:00 a.m. and return at 12:00 noon. Air Adventures Experience beautiful coastlines and magnificent waterfalls, and fly inside an active volcano. For an adventure that will last a lifetime, fly in Hawaii’s newest and most modern jet helicopter. Each air adventure includes: * An expert pilot * An air-conditioned cabin * Exclusive remote landing sites * Video with CD sound that puts you in the picture Air Adventures puts you in a luxurious helicopter designed specifically for touring, with all seating facing forward offering 180-degree visibility. Deep Sea Submarines Journey through Hawaii’s natural undersea world in a high-tech submarine to discover the island’s unique marine species and explore the mysteries of the sea. Choose from the following exciting adventures: Island Expedition: An introduction to submarine travel and Hawaii’s natural marine world Island Discovery: An early morning or late afternoon dive, with special savings Ultimate Adventure: Deep Sea Submarines’ most......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Culture Diversity

...usual source of health care. Cambodians and Vietnamese are three times more likely to forgo visiting a doctordue to cost compared to all Asians or US residents.• Less satisfaction with care. Compared to other racial and ethnic groups, Asians are least likely to be satisfied with the speed of their care, doctor-patient communication, and office staff.• Fewer preventive services. Asians are less likely to have blood pressure monitoring and pap smears. In fact,cervical cancer screening rates are significantly lower among Asian women in California compared to the general population. Only 60.5% of Vietnamese women reported receiving a pap test in the past three years compared to 86.2% of all women in California.• Poorer quality care. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders report having poorer quality care. For example, they receive less prenatal care in the first trimester and have higher infant mortality than whites.• Higher disease incidence. The rate of Tuberculosis per 100,000 is nearly 19 times greater among AAPIs thanamong whites. Incidence of breast cancer among AAPI women increased from 87.0 to 97.8 cases per 100,000 women from 1990 to 2001, a growth rate that has increased faster than any other racial/ethnic group. (2005) | African American | * African-Americans are more likely to die from cancer. Prostate cancer has the largest disparity for African-American men, who are nearly three times as likely to die from this type of cancer. * African-Americans are......

Words: 1475 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Culture

...* Introduction Introduction * The theory behind this dissertation is to access the theory that setting up the right culture is important in the start-up of a company. The company that the research is been done on is Alstom. Research Background * Alstom is a multinational company which is a world leader in transport infrastructure, power generation and transmission. Alstom is in 70 countries worldwide and has 93,000 employees. This research is been done on Alstom Transport Global Solutions (TGS) maintenance .This is a part of the transport infrastructure division of Alstom. This part of Alstom is in accession and is relative small with only four sites at present worldwide (Barcelona, Athens and Dublin). But there are three more sites coming online in 2011 Jerusalem (Israel), Algiers (Algeria) and Rheims (France) and five more in tender. * As more sites are coming on line this is leading to problems for Alstom TGS maintenance. As they are having to set up organisations from the ground up in these new countries and having to adopted to the different countries and trying to adopt the best practices into these new sites and learn from the mistakes on other sites. * To counter this Alstom TGS France have setup a program called the IM2k (infrastructure mobilisation maintenance kit) program to try to rectify this problem this is a mobilisation kit for new projects. The IM2K takes the best practices from all the sites and put them together to create a......

Words: 10020 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Culture

...Journal of Business Research 60 (2007) 277 – 284 Hofstede's dimensions of culture in international marketing studies Ana Maria Soares a,⁎, Minoo Farhangmehr a,1 , Aviv Shoham b,2 a School of Economics and Management, University of Minho, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal b Graduate School of Management, University of Haifa, Haifa, 31905, Israel Received 1 March 2006; received in revised form 1 August 2006; accepted 1 October 2006 Abstract Growth of research addressing the relationship between culture and consumption is exponential [Ogden D., Ogden J. and Schau HJ. Exploring the impact of culture and acculturation on consumer purchase decisions: toward a microcultural perspective. Academy Marketing Science Review 2004;3.]. However culture is an elusive concept posing considerable difficulties for cross-cultural research [Clark T. International Marketing and national character: A review and proposal for an integrative theory. Journal of Marketing 1990; Oct.: 66–79.; Dawar N., Parker P. and Price L. A cross-cultural study of interpersonal information exchange. Journal of International Business Studies 1996; 27(3): 497–516.; Manrai L. and Manrai A. Current issues in the cross-cultural and cross-national consumer research. Journal of International Consumer Marketing 1996; 8 (3/4): 9–22.; McCort D. and Malhotra NK. Culture and consumer behavior: Toward an understanding of cross-cultural consumer behavior in International Marketing. Journal of International Consumer Marketing......

Words: 6682 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

The Struggle of Hawaiian Soverignty

...In the article called “The struggle for Hawaiian Sovereignty” it mostly focus on how Hawaiians lands and culture have been taken away from companies and tourism. On page two, the author argues that by the 1970’s, urbanization has developed quickly in Hawaii and evictions were notified to the Hawaiians that they must leave their land because companies would be building hotels or homes. One argument I want to make is where is the media plays a role? We hear about Justin Bieber blowing a blunt or Miley Cyrus twerking in one of her concerts. What I am trying to say is that we always hear all these pointless news every day. Many people don’t even know what is going on with our environment such as global warming, and they still buy plastic bottles or using pesticides for their garden. If more people knew what is actually going on with our environment and ways for people to make a difference, maybe our water wouldn’t be contaminated too much. The media does play a big role in our life. Today we hear that government is drilling a hole in a land to find oil, but they never mention who lives there and who is being affected. We never hear about indigenous losing their land or how we are losing our natural resources. Without any natural resources, what will happen to our future generation? In the “Paradigm War,” the author argues that corporate are claiming ownership over plants that indigenous people have used to heal and help the ill. On Page 64, the author argues that “TRIPS lays......

Words: 417 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Culture

...Culture Culture is the most important and basic concepts of sociology. Culture is a blueprint to how each group will live their lives. In sociology culture has a specific meaning. Sociologist believe every human being is cultured, every human being participates in a culture. According to Tischler (2014) Culture is defined as all that human beings learn to do, to use, to produce, to know, and to believe as they grow to maturity and live out their lives in the social groups to which they belong, (p. 50). Culture is a product of society and it is shared by the members of society. There are so many topics culture hits on, some are: Culture and Biology, Culture Shock, Ethnocentrism, Material Culture, Nonmaterial culture, Language and Culture, Symbols of Culture. Culture is an individual choice. Culture determines and guides us through life. Culture is transmitted from one generation to another is a learned behavior and not inherited biologically. We are raised the way our parent’s culture would raise their children for example; Catholics when the child is new born they get baptized, live their communion, confirmation, get marry and so on. We are programmed from young to this way of living. Other religions or cultures way of living is different. (Culture and Biology). From young we grow accustom to our way of living our culture. So when we travel to other countries we expect to continue our normal daily activities. But we experience culture shock when we aren’t able......

Words: 483 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hawaiian Memories, Inc.

...happen for the first ten years, which starts from the first day of S election year. According to Reg §1.1374-2(a), the limitation for recognized built-in gain is that the gain is the least of: (1) the recognized built-in gains reduced by any net operating losses from preceding C corporation years; (2) The net unrealized built-in gain on the first day of S corporation year less the net recognized built-in gains in previous years; (3) The corporation’s taxable income for the year. G. An S corporation shall carry the excess gain to the next year, under Reg §1.1374-2(a). The tax is the result of the net recognized built-in gain of the S corporation multiplied by the highest tax rate, under section 1374(b)(1). Application: A. Hawaiian Memories, Inc. (HMI) has Inge and Plantation Sugar Partnership (PSP) as its shareholders as the former is a non-resident alien and the latter is a partnership, both of whom are ineligible shareholders according to section 1361(b)(1). In addition, since preferred stock has privilege in receiving dividends, it does not meet the requirement of Reg §1.1361-1(I)(1), under which HMI has two classes of stocks. B. Only Bob and Angie, the only two shareholders who have voting common stock signed the consent for the election of S corporation status, not in compliance with section 1362(a)(2), which requires unanimous consent among all the shareholders. C. Although HMI filed an election during the first two and half months of its 2005......

Words: 1892 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Hawaiian Residents and the Energy Crisis

...Hawaii residents pay the highest rates for electricity in the United States. In 2012, Hawaiian residents paid more than 34 cents per kilowatt-hour. That is more than three times higher than the average in the rest of the United States. When compared with states such as Wyoming who average around 7 cents per kilowatt-hour and noticing the disconnect between Hawaii and the rest of the country, it’s easy to see why Hawaii is in desperate need of a local, consistent, cheap energy source. Each of Hawaii’s six main islands has its own electrical grid. The chart below illustrates the electrical use for each island/grid with the total use in GWh for the entire state of Hawaii. Note that twenty-eight percent of the kWh of electricity use are residential, while seventy-eight percent of the kWh of electricity use are commercial: To meet the growing needs of the consumers, Hawaii has invested heavily on growing the production of renewable energy sources. Although Hawaii’s electricity production and costs are still heavily reliant on oil, energy efficiency and renewable energy have been increasing across the state. In fact in 2012, Hawaii saw a fifteen percent hike in renewable energy generation from 11.9% to 13.7%. Twenty percent of all renewable energy generated statewide comes from Hawaii’s single geothermal power plant, the Puna Geothermal Venture (PGV). In 2012, the PGV produced 266 GWh of electricity which represented twenty-three percent of Hawaii’s (the island,......

Words: 491 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Hawaiian Religion

...Bock Jon Conescue PhD Religion 107 3/3/2010 Traditional Hawaiian Religion Ancient darkness separates and the earth and sky are formed…the empty space between them is where all life forms emerged. This is the story behind Hawaiian chants, often intricate, telling of the earth’s creation. Wakea and his female companion Papa are believed to be the Gods of the earth and sky, according to primeval Polynesian culture, but they alone are not the only Gods (akua). The Hawaiian religion also speaks of thousands of other akua who were believed to be descendants of the earliest Gods, some may have come from the memories of great ancestors, and others from the features of the beautiful nature that surrounded the Polynesian people. Gods from this religion are believed to be responsible for many facets of the Polynesian culture, including volcanoes, the oceans, movement of the stars, and fertility. A real joy to discover was the fact that there are Gods known for mischief, which are said to be the inspiration for chanters and storytellers. I can’t help but compare the Hawaiian beliefs to those of the Native American Indians; both cultures seem to embrace the living world around them. The art that both cultures create as a way to celebrate their beliefs has become a mainstay of their lives, and the thankfulness for the nature that surrounds them is a lesson in humility to all other cultures. Page 2 The deities considered being of most importance......

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Culture

...Effects of Culture on Asian American Health Rebecca Weiss Thomas Edison State College Community Health Nursing NUR-441 Dr. Phelps August 09, 2015 Abstract Asians are a quickly growing population in America today. They come to the United States with a dynamic culture rich in tradition, religion and health practices. Investigating the target population cultural demographics, health beliefs, illness needs, and management of illness it becomes possible to analyze how to care for them most effectively and reduce health disparities of Asians living in America. References Bussell, J. (2009). The Asian Diet . Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/The-Asian-Diet-Simple-Secrets/dp/1844091600 Center for Disease Control . (2010). http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/publications/docs/Asian_NHPI_Epi_Profile2010-20120813_01.pdf Center for Disease Control . (2013). www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/prev/national/menuage.htm Center for Disease Control . (2015). Health of Asian or Pacific Islander Population. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/asian-health.htm Chi, A. (2011). Yellow on the Outside, Shame on the Inside: Asian Culture Revealed. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/Asian-Culture-Revealed-Yellow-Outside-ebook/dp/B0053E2EJI Close the Gap Health Equity for Life . (2015). http://www.your-heart-health.com/en-US/heart-disease-facts/asian-americans.html Hsu, W., Boyko, E., Fujimoto, W., Kanaya, A., Karmally, W., Karter, A., ... Arakaki, R. (2012). Pathophysiologic......

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Hawaiian Journal

...looking into our reading in the Hawaiian journey book, we see a change in Hawaii’s economy from plantation based to tourism. In the 1800’s, Hawaii’s economy was mainly based on the farming of pineapple, sugarcane, and coffee. Evidence of an economic change: 1967, approximately 1,000,000 tourists visited the islands; a few decades later today it’s at about 6-7 million (Muliins 128). Through those numbers we can see how much the tourist industry grew. This industry was allowed to grow largely because of technological advancements. First, rather than sailing over by boat, which took a long time, tourists for the first time could fly to Hawaii with invention of the jumbo jet. I can’t imagine how amazed people must have been at the time at the thought of cutting travel time from days to hours! Hawaii became a desirable place for people to vacation, and naturally, Hawaii conformed to the western ideas of industrializing. People like Walter Dillingham dredged the Alawai which turned Waikiki from a marshland to what it is today, along with constructing Ala Moana Shopping center, which is still a main attraction today. Henry Kaiser built a series of large hotels and building which were on the Waikiki coastline. Besides tourists, there were also many people just moving to Hawaii, so many new houses were built. All of this was occurring without the consent of the rightful owners of the land: Hawaiians. This lead to many protests along with a Hawaiian cultural Renaissance......

Words: 405 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hawaiian Punch Discussion Question

...Hawaiian Punch “Go- To- Market Strategy” I would characterize the U.S fruit juice and juice drink market looks like very mature. The carbonated soft drink in the U.S. accounts for the most popular drink of choice among American consumers. The U.S. fruit juice and juice drink constitutes of 4.7 of the total 182.5 gallon of beverage consumed annually. These corporates four distinct varieties of fruit juice and juice drinks; 100% juice which may be either be 100% made from fruits or 100% made from concentrates. 100% juices form the largest share market with its share capital comprising of 54.9% of the total fruit drink and juice drink; the other is nectars which comprises of from 25% to 99% fruit juices and is manufactured from concentrated juices or fruit pulps. Nectar accounts for 6.1% of the total fruit juice and juice drink market; juice drinks that comprise of up to 25% juice and; fruit-flavored drinks which contains no juice content. Fruit-flavored drinks are the lowest ranked in terms of market share in the fruit juice and juice drink market with 5.3% of the total share. Eight companies distribute the most well-known brands in the U.S fruit juice and juice category. These are the PepsiCo, Coca-Cola Company, Kraft Food, Sunny Delight, Cadbury Schweppes, Welch and Nestle USA. Of all its competitors, Hawaiian Punch is a strong competitor forming 55% of the total sales. Consumers have confidence in Hawaiian Punch as the product has established a strong market base......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hawaiian

...take their shoes off before entering a home. A shoe rack on the porch or footwear left outside a doorway of a residence indicate that shoes should be removed. The offering of food is related to the gift-giving culture. The pidgin phrases "Make plate" or "Take plate" are common in gatherings of friends or family that follow a potluck format. It is considered good manners to "make plate", literally making a plate of food from the available spread to take home, or "take plate", literally taking a plate the host of the party has made of the available spread for easy left-overs. It is considered gracious to take the plate, or make a small plate, even if you don't intend to eat it. In part, this tradition is related to clean-up, being a good guest by not leaving the mass of left-overs at the party-throwers house and making them alone responsible for clean up. In more recent times, this has also evolved into donating your left-overs to the homeless population, especially if you're having a get-together at a public park or similar location, as it is likely there is a homeless population living nearby as well. It is also considered thoughtful to bring back gifts from a trip for friends and family. Some people use the Japanese name for such gifts, omiyage. Others use the Hawaiian word, "makana" or the Samoan term "oso." Gifts of special foods unavailable outside the region visited are particularly appropriate. For example, Krispy Kreme is not available on the island of Oahu and......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Hawaiian

...Hawaiian Air Case Preliminary Questions: Assessing Hawaiian Airlines’ Business 1. Factors to use to think about buying HA’s stock: Customers – 2014 marked the first year that Hawaiian carried more than 10 million guests in a single year which is 80% higher than 10 years ago. The most emerging tourism market for the airline is China which is the reason that the airline added a triweekly service from Beijing to the islands. Although this market seemed to be booming at the end of 2014, the decrease of economic growth in the country recently could hurt the tourism market from China. The customers of Hawaiian are not all identical which makes it critical that the airline’s business is not dependent upon a single or few customers and the loss of any one customer would not have a huge effect on Hawaiian’s business. Cost Structure – The greatest and most important cost for Hawaiian is the cost of airline fuel. Operations are significantly affected by the availability and price of jet fuel. The lower the fuel, the better for the airline as it is more cost effective, however, because of the binding hedging contracts that the company has to protect itself against low fuel prices, costs will not be cut as much as assumed. Recently, the appreciation of the US dollar, and extremely low oil prices (fuel prices) have cut costs for Hawaiian and other airlines nationwide, and in 2014 Hawaiian consumed more gallons of fuel than in 2013 or 2012 and still maintained lower fuel costs in both...

Words: 2314 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

The Health of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders

...The Health of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders -------- Grand Canyon University: NRS-429VN ------- Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders (NHPI) Population In 1997, the Office of Management and Budget revised Statistical Policy Directive No. 15, Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative Reporting and separated the 1976 racial category of “Asian and Pacific Islander” into two groups: “Asian” and “Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderi Native Hawaiians, Samoans and Chamorros are indigenous peoples to the State of Hawaii, the U.S.Territory of American Samoa and the U.S. Territory of Guam respectively. 8 out of 10 Pacific Islanders in the U.S. are native to the United Statesiv. Pacific Islanders include diverse populations who differ in language and culture. They are of Polynesian, Micronesian and Melanesian backgroundsv. The Polynesian group is the largest and includes Native Hawaiians, Samoans, Tongans and Tahitiansvi. The Micronesian group, which is the second largest, includes primarily Chamorros from Guam but also includes other Chamorro and Carolinian from the Mariana Islands, Marshallese, Palauans and various others which include but is not limited to Pohnpeian, Chuukese, Kosraen, and Yapese from the Federated States of Micronesiavii. Of the Melanesian group, which would include Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Fiji, Fijian‐Americans are the largest in this groupviii. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, there...

Words: 1423 - Pages: 6