Free Essay

Greek Philosophy

In: Miscellaneous

Submitted By mscnh
Words 1521
Pages 7
Running head: GREEK PHILOSOPHY

Greek Philosophy

Cherese Howard

HUM 100

November 03, 2009
Felix Figueroa

Greek Philosophy

Greek Philosophy is a great civilization that is very much still a part of our culture and everyday living of today. These great men discovered things that were too advance for their life time. Without them, society of today will not have geometry, logic or natural sciences. The term philosophy is Greek in origin meaning “love of wisdom.” (Owens, 2003) Pythagoras suggested that “wisdom is something divine and man cannot be truly wise but a lover of wisdom.” (Owen, 2003) Greek philosophy began around 1200 B.C.E. Historians believe that it was born on the south-west coast of Turkey, in a city-state called Milatos. This was near the end of the Minoan period which did not make it past the Bronze Age civilizations. The city was then refounded by Ionian Greeks in the eleventh century B.C.E. Historians also believed that a young man from Miletus was one of the founding fathers of Natural Greek Philosophy, which questions “nature and the natural causes of what occurs in the cosmos.” (Beginnings of Greek Philosophy, pg 240) Thales believed “that everything is the world is made up of matter which might take various forms like solid, liquid, or a gas.” (Beginnings of Greek Philosophy, pg 240) He knew that water could take on all three forms. Thales knew that he could take a piece of ice and apply heat to it and it will turn into water. Then if Thales applies heat to water, the water will turn into stream and when the steam condenses, water will form again. He also knew that the universe needed water to grow living organism. These same theories are still taught in or school system of today. Children learn his theories in Science class and test them out by using the same piece of ice and watch water through the different phases that Thales stated. Thales theories caught on and influenced other to think and question the unknown. Thales had a disciple named Anaximander. Anaximander took his teachings with Thales and suggests that “the substance underlying all natural phenomena was not water but rather something else called Aperion.” (Beginnings of Greek Philosophy, pg 240) The Webster Dictionary states that Aperion is a Greek work that means “the unlimited, indeterminate and indefinite ground, origin, or primal principle of all matter,” (apeiron, 2009) or boundary-less matter. Anaximander started the notation that our world was not flat but cylinder with a flat top and bottom. He stated that the world floated in space freely, it has space from everything, and the world did not need any support. Thales and Anaximander was two men that are too advance for their time because their theories was somewhat proven. The world is round and the earth does float freely without any support. Anaximenes, Anaximander’s follower, then suggested that aer was the primary substance of the universe. Aer is a Greek word for “air.” Anaximenes used it in terms of “mist out of which denser substances are formed by condensation. This Greek man has come up with the concept of dew and fog. These men can up concepts that baffled the world for thousands of more years later. Even when Christopher Columbus sailed the seas some 2600 years later, people still thought the world was flat and he was going to fall off the edge. Many philosophers believe that Anaximenes as the last great thinker that came from Milesian School, which brought the Thales’ speculations to its natural conclusion. Later half of the 6th century B. C. Pythagoras founded a religious and cultural organization. Pythagoreans history is kind of an obscure and they cultivated the study of mathematics and tried to explain the cosmos on this basis. They started the study of the physical universe on a quantitative account. They also emphasized moral guidance and education by using mathematical terms to explain virtues. The Pythagoreans came up with the same notations the churches use which is that the body is the transmigration of souls. This notation states that your soul is imprison is the body like a tomb. Other great Greek philosophers that came out of this area also gave structure to the scientific world and founded the bases of sciences today. There was Empedocles of Acragas. He used Ionian opposites, hot and cold, dry and wet, into elements of fire, earth, air, and water called roots of all or Empedoclean elements. Then the great Atomists Leucippus and Democritus gave Atomism a “more profound explanation of the physical world.” (Owens, 2003) They shaped what we learned in Physical Science class that everything was made or consists of basic particles called atoms. They said that “the basic particles were "atomic" in the sense of indivisible, and were not subject to generation or alteration or destruction…They were all of the same nature, differing only in shape, position, and arrangement. By joining and separating through the perpetual cosmic motion they constituted the universe.” (Owens, 2003) Also we have Protagoras of Abdera and Gorgian of Leontini who built the foundation of our political powers. These men were considers to be outstanding career teacher representatives know as Sophists in the 5th century B.C. Sophists are professors of wisdom. (Owens, 2003) They taught rhetoric ways that one could influence the public and lead to political power. Protagoras and Gorgias came with the conception that the universe changes and the world could be ruled by rhetoric or persuasion. They started the rhetoric and the cunning nature of Politian’s of today. Socrates came about in the last half of the 5th century B.C. and became the center of Greek philosophy. He stressed virtue and taught that is in knowledge. He never wrote anything but was a central figure in a literary genre called “Socratic discourses.” Many writers exploited these discourses and using him as a dominate mouthpiece for their own teachings. Socrates notions of virtue could be expressed in stable definitions. This gave opposition to Sophists rhetorical training. Plato and Aristotle are great splendor in the Greek philosophy. Philosophical conception of realities are ideas to Plato or the eternal natures of things, and for Aristotle they are forms separate from matter or natures of sensible things, which scientific knowledge is built on. They both developed moral doctrines articulated highly to achieve the common good. By this one’s good done privately can be attained common political good. These sciences have lasted for centuries and stemmed in philosophical schools called Academy and the Peripatos, which taught Platonism and Aristotelianism. Platonism is defined in the Merriam-Webster’s Third New International Dictionary as “the philosophy of stress that the reality consists of transcendent universals which are true objects of knowledge,” (2002) and Aristotelianism is “the philosophy that elaborates fundamental principles of logic through the doctrine of syllogism and hold reality to particular things in union of matter and a form which is characteristic of its kind.” (2002) During this time of Aristotle was called Cynicism which was started by Diogenes of Sinope. Cynicism rejected social conventions by the Greek and made living more accord with simplicity of nature and made possible by rigorous training and offered shortcuts to virtue and happiness. (Owens, 2003) The final movements of Greek philosophy came to end about 529 A.D. by Justinian and closed the schools at Athens. As you see the Greek philosophy has greatly made an impact on the Western civilization in many ways. They taught us that there is more to the world than what we interact with every day. Because of these great men, they made us open our minds to explorations and seek answers to the great unknowns. They taught us everything from different forms of matter to the rhetoric intellects that our political system is made up of today. These men are wiser than their time that they lived in, and were thought they have gone mad to think in such an unconventional way. But because of their thirst for knowledge, they live longer and greater through teachings of bases that our culture is founded on.

References ar·is·to·te·lian·ism Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary Unabridged http://www.mwu.eb.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/mwu. Retrieved October 30, 2009.
Beginnings of Greek Philosophy. (2005). In E. I. Bleiberg, J. A. Evans, K. M. Figg, P. M. Soergel, & J. B. Friedman (Eds.)Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, 2(pp. 240) Detroit: Gale Retrieved November 3, 2009, from Gale Virtual Reference Library via Gale: http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com
Apei·ron" Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary Unabridged http://www.mwu.eb.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/mwu Accessed October 31, 2009.
OWENS, J. Greek Philosophy. New Catholic Encyclopedia. 6. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 439-443. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Apollo Library-Univ of Phoenix. Retrieved October 31, 2009 http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com pla·to·nism Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary Unabridged http://www.mwu.eb.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/mwu Retrieved October 30, 2009.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Philosophy

...Philosophy Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Discussed in this paper will be the most prominent individuals in each time period and their ideas, starting with the “Pre-Socratic” philosophers and ending in the era of post modernism. The time period in ancient Greece between the end of the seventh century B.C. and the middle of the fourth century B.C. is what is known as the “Pre-Socratic Era”. The thinkers known as the “Pre-Socratic Philosophers” used the four basic elements (water, earth, fire, and air) as their foundations for their ideas. Thales and most of the other Pre-Socratic philosophers limited themselves mostly to inquiring the nature of existence, being, and the world. They were mostly Materialists, believing that all things are composed of material and nothing else, and were mainly concerned with trying to establish the single underlying substance of which the world is made up. They used this idea of “Monism” without resorting to supernatural or mythological explanations. To these men even the commonest of phenomena like lightning, water freezing to ice, and natural disasters would have appeared miraculous. Empedocles, first of the pluralists, who proposed that reality, is composed of an irreducible plurality of elements. He also documented the first theory of evolution. Democritus developed the extremely influential idea of Atomism (that all of reality is......

Words: 2667 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Philosophy

...PHILMAN PRELIM Lesson 3: Greek Wisdom of Man The Greek Triumvirate The Greek Triumvirate of philosophy is known for having a chain of teacher-student relationship. Socrates was the teacher of Plato; Plato was the teacher of Aristotle; and Aristotle was the teacher of one of history’s greatest conqueror – Alexander, the Great. The Greek Triumvirate & the Three Oriental Sages * Although the teachings of the Three Oriental Sages and the Greek Triumvirate are dissimilar, they however, have a resembling view on the soul of man. * The Oriental sages and the Greek triumvirate believed that man’s soul pre-existed his body. * The Greek triumvirate believes that man, in his original and ideal existence as a soul or a « pure mind », knew all things by direct intuition and had all knowledge stored in his mind. However, when man was banished into his world of sense, man blurred out and forgot almost everything he ever knew. * The Greek triumvirate posited that the present problems of man was caused by ignorance or lack of knowledge and that the only way for man to solve these problems is by recalling all his previous knowledge. * However, while they believe in the vitalityt of looking into one’s self as a method to resolve man’s problem, there are still major differences when it comes to the ‘specifics’ of their ideologies. Socrates * He was born in Athens circa 469 B.C. and died in 399 B.C. * He is known as one of mankind’s greatest teachers. ...

Words: 1611 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

The Greeks

...Hail them who fought for glory and honour by the use of their bravery and intelligence that brought them to excellence. The movie Odyssey showed many Greek qualities perfectly. It also manifested and gave more colors and meanings to their mythology. The bravery of Odysseus mirrored how the Greeks stood for their own civilization. His intelligence manifested the Greek’s intelligence – their culture, their artworks and how they worked for their society’s growth were the products of this. Same as Odysseus, the Greeks loved their own society that they’re ready to sacrifice even their own lives. They had their very strong faith to their gods as their foundation in living. Greek’s unity leads them to excellence that no one could ever surpass. Odyssey tried to prove to their gods that he could achieve victory and honour without their help but he got it wrong. He then realized that without Poseidon, he can’t cross island from island; without Athena, he can never have his wisdom to conquer challenges; without Ionnus, he can’t have air to breath and so sail across oceans; wholly, without their gods, his life would never exist – the Greeks had this belief in their lives. They also can’t have their very well-known civilization without gods. Greeks had their unsurpassable love for their society as well as Odyssey. They had their lives that they’ve wanted and worked hard for. They accomplished many incomparable things and they became supreme in every artwork that had ever......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Greek

...kategóriánként még csak 4 és 18 százalék között változott. WorldWide-Tax.com. http://www.worldwide-tax.com/greece/gre_econonews.asp 19 Az áfa, mint minden adó, az adóelkerülés terepe, s emelése, mint minden adóé, egyben növeli az adócsalás mértékét is. Az adócsalás mértéke azonban sokkal inkább változik országonként, mint adónemenként (ahol általában kisebb az adócsalás, ott minden adónemben kisebb.) Görögországban az adóelkerülés az átlagosnál kiterjedtebb, az áfa esetében a 90-es évek közepén a spanyol, portugál, olasz és belga értékekhez állt közel (Keen–Smith (2007): p. 19.), 2009-ben pedig a be nem fizetett adók a becslések szerint akár a költségvetési deficit 31 százalékát is elérhették. Artavanis et al. (2012): p. 4. 20 TaxExperts. Greek Tax Guide. http://www.taxexperts.eu/en/GUIDE/TaxExperts_Guide. 18 17 122 Artner Annamária ösztönzése végett ugyanakkor az osztalékokat 2011-ben 21, 2012-től pedig 25 százalékkal adóztatják meg.21 A 2012 februárjában hozott újabb munkaerő-piaci lépések az egységnyi munkaerőköltség további csökkentését szolgálják:  a 2012. januári szinthez képest márciustól a minimálbért további 22 százalékkal csökkentették (586 euróra),22 a fiatalok minimálbérét ezen felül további tíz százalékponttal (tehát összesen 32 százalékkal).  100 euróval, havi 359 euróra csökkentették a munkanélküliségi segélyt.  A befagyasztották a béremeléseket, amíg a munkanélküliség tíz százalék alá nem esik.  A kollektív szerződések hosszát és hatókörét......

Words: 5654 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Philosophy

...Surname Instructor Course Date Survey of Mexican Philosophical Thought The philosophy of the Mexicans is a production of philosophers from ancestries from Mexico, residing either within or outside the country. The general philosophy surfaced with the introduction of the first school by the Spanish conquerors, with teaching and publications on philosophical treaties. As such, it is critical to deny that these thinkers got education from the European schools, making it quite impossible for Hispanic thinkers to express the sense of racism in their works. In addition, Hispanic-American thought intellectuals rarely produce original profiles because there elements originate from the elements and motifs originally designed for the European thought. Meanwhile, philosophy and religion plays a critical role in ancient civilization, culture creation, and preservation in the sense that they not only bind, but also influence the societal structure, statutes, and personal lives. This paper documents the Mayan culture taking into consideration their civilization, ideologies, as well as their rituals. Civilization Factors contributing to culture creation and preservation extend from geographical to a number of patterns. The origin of the Mayan culture from the central part of America gives the perfect example of socio-cultural effects, which even after several years, continue to exist. The review of Mayan gods, as well as their conquest by the Spanish holds......

Words: 634 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ancient Greek Philosophy and the New Testament

...Sheila Castillo Survey of Literature 1 (LITR 1157) Miss Sangster March 27, 2014 Plato, Ancient Greek Philosopher relation to the New Testament Christopher Stead, a professor of the University of Cambridge argues in his Book Philosophy in Christian Antiquity, that Christianity was influenced by panoply of Greek philosophy, including Plato (Shandon L. Guthrie par. 2). Plato was an Athenian citizen of high status, a classical philosopher that lived from 429–347 Before Christ Existed. He died at age 81; he believed strongly in logic and reason. Moreover, his works contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology, and the philosophy of language (Plato par 1). Although Plat existed way “Before Christ Existed” and even before the New Testament was developed, his philosophy seems to have some sort of relation to The New Testament and as Professor Shandon Guthrie mentioned the New Testament for a fact was influenced by Greek philosophers, especially Plato. Their commonalities involve their belief of the immortality of our human souls and dualism, the theory that human beings are made up of two independent constituents, the body and the mind or soul. These facts will present how Plato and the New Testament had relations of their views. Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather, be afraid of the One who can destroy both soul and body in hell. (Matthew 10:28, NIV). Firstly, stated this bible verse it......

Words: 904 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Philosophy

...Za’Qoya Richardson The term philosophy derives from the Greek terms philein (love) and Sophia (knowledge). Philosophy means the love of knowledge. People quite often find themselves questioning what we know to be reality. If we went our whole lives without knowing the factual detail of our society, the world would be chaotic. People would make up their own rules and there would be little structure. Back then during the Greek period anyone who sought knowledge was considered a philosopher. With that being said what would our history be like without scientists who have answered many philosophical questions in theory? Would there even be a history? These questions can be examples of philosophical questions. People have the misconception that if two people have opposing views on a certain subject, then one has to be correct and the other is incorrect. Philosophy proves that there can be multiple solutions or answers to the same issue at hand. People have their own philosophy. Some people misconceive philosophy with opinion (only). Philosophy uses one’s opinion to support good reasoning. Philosophy is supporting your position with an argument to create something logical. Philosophy can correlate with debate. Philosophers have to be willing to take criticism from opponents. Philosophy has paved the way for a lot of higher offices and leadership roles. Government officials and politicians use their philosophy to manipulate what is going on. They have to deal with......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Philosophy

...------------------------------------------------- Philosophy Cynicism is one of the most striking of all the Hellenistic philosophies.[8] It offered people the possibility of happiness and freedom from suffering in an age of uncertainty. Although there was never an official Cynic doctrine, the fundamental principles of Cynicism can be summarised as follows:[9][10][11] 1. The goal of life is Eudaimonia and mental clarity or lucidity (ἁτυφια) - freedom from τύφος (smoke) which signified ignorance, mindlessness, folly, and conceit. 2. Eudaimonia is achieved by living in accord with Nature as understood by human reason. 3. τύφος (Arrogance) is caused by false judgments of value, which cause negative emotions, unnatural desires, and a vicious character. 4. Eudaimonia or human flourishing, depends on self-sufficiency (αὐτάρκεια), equanimity, arete, love of humanity, parrhesia and indifference to the vicissitudes of life (ἁδιαφορία). 5. One progresses towards flourishing and clarity through ascetic practices (ἄσκησις) which help one become free from influences – such as wealth, fame, or power – that have no value in Nature. Examples include Diogenes' practice of living in a tub and walking barefoot in winter. 6. A Cynic practices shamelessness or impudence (Αναιδεια) and defaces the Nomos of society; the laws, customs, and social conventions which people take for granted. Thus a Cynic has no property and rejects all conventional values of money, fame,......

Words: 1521 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Greek

...Greek vs Roman Comparison Chart | Comparison | The Greeks | The Romans | Greek vs Roman Attitudes | Greeks revered the poet   | Romans revered the warrior | Greek vs Roman Mythology | Poetical & fanciful myths about individuals   | Practical myths focussing on the gods relevance to everyday life and the Roman state   | Greek vs Roman Creativity | The Greeks were highly imaginative and developed their fantastic mythology   | The Romans borrowed existing mythology, names were changed. Stories of the wars and founders of Rome were included in their mythology   | Greek vs Roman Time Period | Greek mythology was developed first   | Roman mythology was developed 1000 years later | Greek vs Roman Nature of the gods | Greek mythology focussed on the personality traits of gods   | Roman mythology focussed on practical roles and achievements | Greek vs Roman Actions | Individualistic, emphasis placed on the heroic deeds and achievements and actions of individuals   | Non-Individualistic, emphasis placed on the achievements and actions of Romans and Rome   | Greek vs Roman Politics | Greek religion had little influence on politics   | Roman religion was officially endorsed by the state and exerted considerable influence over the government of Rome   | Comparison | The Greeks | The Romans | Greek vs Roman Priests | Greek priests were revered as teachers and healers of individuals   | Roman Politicians took the offices of influential priests, called...

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Philosophy

...1 WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY? The word philosophy is derive from the compilation of two Greek word which are the word Philo which means love and the word Sophia that represent wisdom. So, philosophy is refer to “the love of wisdom”. (Sejarah Falsafah, Edisi Kedua, pg.9, para.1) Pythagoras was the first man who call himself a philosopher which means one who is attempting to find out. According to him, men and women of the world could be classified into three groups which are; [1] those that love pleasure [2] those that love activity [3] those that love wisdom. (Sejarah Falsafah, Edisi Kedua, pg.10, para.2, 3) Basically, philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. (Sejarah Falsafah, Edisi Kedua, pg.25, para.2) Chambers Concise Dictionary Philosophy is the rational attempt to formulate, understand and answer fundamental questions. It also search for truth and knowledge concerning the universe, human existence, perception and behaviour, pursued by means of reflection, reasoning and argument. On the other hand, philosophy is a set of principles that serves as a basis for making judgements and decisions. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy Philosophy in its shortest meaning is thinking about thinking. Philosophy itself, is a......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Philosophy

...1: Philosophy, sophism/sophistry, “pilosopo” 1 [Published in Rolando M. Gripaldo, ed. 2004. Philosophical landscape. Manila: Philippine National Philosophical Research Society.] PHILOSOPHY, SOPHISM/SOPHISTRY, “PILOSOPO” Rolando M. Gripaldo PHILOSOPHY: Ancient Philosophy literally means “love of wisdom.” In contemporary philosophy there are as many definitions of philosophy as there are schools of philosophy.1 What is interesting is that one school defines philosophy to the exclusion of other schools. For instance, the analytic school defines philosophy as the clarification of the meanings of words, phrases, and sentences, and it rejects metaphysical propositions as cognitively meaningless. Its emphasis is logic and language. On the other hand, the continental school defines philosophy in terms of the meaning of life and one’s relationship with the world and the Other (other human beings and/ or God). It considers the activities of the analytic tradition as meaningless to one’s life. Its emphasis is life. It is therefore advisable to just leave the definition of philosophy in its original etymological meaning, although even this is not safe. Quite recently, Hans-Georg Gadamer (1989), an hermeneute, has rejected epistemic wisdom as within the realm of human control. The ancient Greeks defined philosophy as love of (epistemic) wisdom. Thales, who is traditionally considered the father of philosophy, was interested in “knowing” the ultimate reality,...

Words: 3853 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Philosophy

...| Greeks | CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 1 Chinese | Indians and Hindus | Islam | God | Ancient Greek theology was polytheistic, based on the assumptions that there were many gods and goddesses. | The idea of Heaven (T’ien) plays a prominent role in indigenous Chinese religion. The term can refer to a god, an impersonal power, or both. The concept Is now well-defined, and religious scholars have had a difficult time deciding whether T’ien was believed to be a force like fate or a personal identity. It is also unclear whether the ancient Chinese believed T’ien responded to human supplication or simply worked in accordance with the principles of T’ien. | God created human beings and everything. | Monotheism, belief in one God, is the most important and foundational concept in Islam. Muslims believe in one God who created the universe and has power over everything within it. He is unique and exalted above everything. He creates, and His greatness cannot be compared to His creation. | Man | Men had the dominant role in public life in ancient Greece. They were engaged iin politics and public events, while women were often encouraged to stay in the home. | For the Chinese then, Philosophy is the translation of words into action or the application of theory into praxis. Thus for the Chinese, philosophy singles out a person to live on what he says/teaches thus, a man/woman of integrity who has word/s of honor. | In Hindu tradition, Manu is the name accorded to a progenitor of......

Words: 1762 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Greek

...INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY GREEK PHILOSOPHERS SOCRATES Socrates, perhaps the most famous of all philosophers, lived his entire life in Athens. Unlike Thales and other early thinkers, Socrates was more concerned with the health of the soul, than the nature of reality. Socrates spent his days in the streets of Athens, questioning people about their values. He termed himself a "gadfly" (horsefly) who ceasely irritated his fellow citizens into investigating their beliefs. Making many powerful enemies in the course of his life, Socrates was sentenced to death by the Athenian Assembly in 399 BC. One of Socrates' wonders is that he invented rigorous, ethical investigation. His conversations with his fellow Athenians, as recorded by Plato, are the first records we have of an individual, by his own careful reasoning, trying to discover the guiding principles of moral choices. METAPHYSICS Because Socrates always claimed that his only wisdom was that he knew nothing, it is difficult to determine his metaphysics, his view of reality. However, in some accounts of his conversations, like Plato’s EUTHYPHRO, we may catch glimpse of his beliefs. Socrates seemed to hold that individual entities, like holy actions, have universal characteristics, like Holiness, which can be discovered by the mind after careful investigation. This may mean that he anticipate Plato’s metaphysics that thee is higher, eternal world of truths (like Holiness) which exists independently of this......

Words: 1632 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Greek

...World War II. * Energized campaigns for civil liberties and women's rights * It depicts a woman representing liberty, raising a torch in her right hand and holding a tablet in her left. | Olympics Rings of Fire | Symbolism: * The five interlocking rings represent the five continents brought together by the Olympic Movement, Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania Meanings: * To show the universality of Olympism * White background: translates the idea of the universality of the Olympic Movement. * At least one of the colors of the rings, including the white background, can be found on the flag of every nation in the world." | Marxism | Definition: A system of economic, social, and political philosophy based on ideas that view social change in terms of economic factors. History: * Developed in the 19th century * By two Germans living in London - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels * Forms the foundation of communism. Aim: * To develop a classless society which governs itself without a governing class or structure. | Emblems | Description | Nazism | Origin: * Ideology and practices of the Nazi Party under Adolf Hitler * It is a variety of fascism that incorporates biological racism and anti-Semitism * It was designed to draw workers away from communism and into völkisch nationalism * Nazism rejected the Marxist concept of class struggle and instead promoted the idea of......

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Greek Romance

...This is a 3-page paper on the role of Greek and Roman literature and the role it plays in today’s society. THE ROLE OF GREEK AND ROMAN LITERATURE Over the years, literature of ancient Greece and Rome has affected art, religion, philosophy, science and mathematics, medicine, drama, and poetry profoundly. It has served as a basic model for the development of later European literatures and, consequently, the writings of the historians, geographers, philosophers, scientists, and rhetoricians are read today as sources of historical information and enjoyment. Alfred Whitehead, the famous British philosopher-mathematician, once commented that: “[A]ll philosophy is but a footnote to Plato” (Comptons Encyclopedia). A similar point can be made regarding Greek literature as a whole. The Greek world of thought was far ranging and ideas discussed today have been previously debated by ancient writers. In fact, until recently, in Western culture, an acquaintance with classical Latin (as well as Greek) literature was basic to a liberal education. Roman literature such as epic and lyric poetry, rhetoric, history, comic drama and satire (the last genre being the only literary form that the Romans invented) serve as today’s backbone for a basic understanding of expression and artistic creativity, as well as history. Greek comedies such as those of Naevius and Andronicus, as well as historical writings in epic poems (First Punic War), tell the story of Rome and its conquests and......

Words: 870 - Pages: 4