Free Essay

Gender Essay

In: English and Literature

Submitted By mhokmhok
Words 735
Pages 3
In the 1920's women's roles were soon starting to change. After World War One it was called the "Jazz Age", known for new music and dancing styles. It was also known as the "Golden Twenties" or "Roaring Twenties" and everyone seemed to have money. Both single and married women we earning higher- paying jobs. Women were much more than just staying home with their kids and doing house work. They become independent both financially and literally. Women also earned the right to vote in 1920 after the Nineteenth Amendment was adopted. They worked hard for the same or greater equality as men and while all this was going on they also brought out a new style known as the flapper. All this brought them much closer to their goal.
In the 1920's the term flapper referred to a "new breed" of women. They wore short skirts and dresses which were straight and very loose. The arms were left bare and the waistline was dropped to the hips. By 1927 the length of the skirts had rose just below the knee which when they danced would be shown. The chests appeared to look very small and women would tape themselves to look even smaller. Bras were also sold to make them appear very small. Their hairstyles were cut very short and were known as a bob, another popular style that was later introduced was the "Eaton" or "Shingle". These styles had slicked the hair back and covered the ears with curls. Women started wearing "kiss proof" lipstick in shades of red, their eyes were ringed a dark black color, and their skin was powered to look very pale. One of the big things with the flappers was that they smoked cigarettes through long holders and drank alcohol openly in public now. They also started dating freely and danced all night long very provocatively. Jazz music was rising in population and the flappers brought it out even more. Not all women changed into becoming a flapper, yet the little numbers impacted the 1920's in a huge way. Many women just adopted the style for the easy convenience when working. Margaret Sanger was concerned about women who lacked knowledge of contraception, and then led the battle for birth control. She dealt with legal, religious, and societal barriers but soon made women think about accepting and using birth control. Many states modified divorce laws to protect women's rights. Women attended college and worked, but they still earned less money than men and were excluded from many management positions.
Women's independence soon began to explore in the activeness in society. Soon politics were on the things to accomplish list of many females. Women were developing into political and social activists who worked with the public means to reform what they could to society. They formed many groups and a lot were strictly women to work together on their goals. Working in only female groups also proved to the men they could do it on their own without any man's help. For seventy-two years women fought for the right to vote and on August 26, 1920 the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified and women could vote in all elections. Very few women voted at first. Three reasons why women didn't want to vote was: 1. They had children to look after and it made it too hard to get to the polls to vote. 2. The women's families discouraged them. 3. Some just didn't feel comfortable. But the habit began to develop and more and more women started to vote. Women soon started working together to win political offices. By 1928, there were 145 women in thirty-eight state legislatures. In 1923 the Equal Rights Amendment was introduced to congress, it stated that "men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction." Some reformers opposed the Equal Rights Amendment because it would make the laws requiring special working conditions for women unconstitutional. The Women's Rights Movement also encouraged equality for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Lucretia Coffin Mott felt women were treated unfairly and decided to do something about it all. Their motivation to follow through with the actions gave us women the equal rights we were entitled to as American citizens. These three women encouraged lots of other women to be heard and fight for their equality.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Gender

...Gender, Sexuality, and religious identity * Gender - what society expect male and female bodies to be doing (jobs, relationship, etc are appropriate) * Are culture with should nurture and men shouldn’t be very emotional * Sex is the biological features which distinctly separates males and females * In some cultures there are more than 2 sexes * In western cultures we like procreation * Sexuality – has do with your sex and gender and how you interact with others * Why does Christianity tie so closely to heterosexual relationships? The Jewish people didn’t let others join their religion so the only way they were going to increase the population is by having their own kids with a women. Men need to trust themselves as to who their offspring is and women can only have kids with one man * Homosexuals were not accepted * Masturbation was not accepted * You could not pull out while having sex * All of this was the worry of wasting the mans seed * Christians basically took this idea from Judaism * The fact that our sexuality is an identity is a modern thing * World religions are religions have a patriotically system and heterosexual system * EG. In catholic churches the priest are called “father”, and God is called the “holy father” * Mainstream – supports patriotically system * Marginal – does not support it * Confirmatory – those who accept the social systems around * Challenging – challenge social......

Words: 428 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gender Investigative Essay

...last thirty decades society society’s thoughts on gender have changed significantly on the surface. With the last two feminist waves dating back to the sixties and extending up until the nineties, protests have seen women’s rights, and in accordance, roles in society change dramatically. (Roth, 2004) They fought to distance themselves from the oppressing male ideals that women were only seen as “wives, mothers or maids,” to instead also be seen as “lovers, friends and comrades.” (Roth, 2004:82) In current society, “women generally don’t find themselves having to choose just one role for themselves. A woman can be wife, mother, entrepreneur, professional, career-minded, and any number of other things all at the same time…” (Amos, 2010) The man’s role in society has also changed vastly in the past thirty years from sole-earner to primary-earner in most cases, as well as fathers who are more involved in raising the family and assisting in domestic chores. Even with these shifts traditional gender roles are just below the surface. Ms. Wingo, with whom I chose to compare the change of gender roles, grew up being taught that women had to date and marry a man, and that he would take care of her. That was the role of the woman; find and marry a man who will take care of her financially while she looked after the home and raised the children. There was no allowance for wanting a life of her own, or to allow for a partner of the same gender. It was against social culture at the time......

Words: 1177 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Gender Diversity Essay

...Helping Women Climb the Ladder: How Corporations can Profit from Gender Diversity The need to make a commitment to encouraging diversity is paramount in today's business world. Executive women leadership can help corporations at the board level with success, find creative ways for face challenges, and spot talent within and outside the corporation while making the boardroom more innovative. Unfortunately, business women do not possess equal access to leadership. They face complexities not encountered by business men because of continuing uncertainties about their ability to lead. Requiring a diverse boardroom is a smart and practical way of bringing a different perspective and most assuredly value to the workplace. If every corporate board had at least one female board director, imagine the creativity and respect that would transpire. Women are working longer hours and the days of the "typical" stay at home mom are now becoming the stay at home dad. Business women have their sights on achieving an executive leadership position at the top of any corporation. Businesses must realize that there is something missing with boards being presided, managed and directed by all white males. In today's society, the word is inclusion, not exclusion, and it is robbing companies and society of talent and perspective that would benefit any firm by having the other half of the working population in the room. An integrated and diverse network of employees is a smart and practical......

Words: 4114 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Gender

...Gender Identity Every sexual thought, attraction,preference, development, feeling, memory, fantasy, and choice stem from complex brain activity. A complex genetic code determines body type; but that type does not always dictate sexual identity. Sexual identity is an even more complex development that encompasses hormone levels, social learning, individual perception, and attraction. Humans are born genetically male or female; but that does not necessarily control which sexual identity the individual will discover. Planned Parenthood (2012) defines gender identity as how a person feels about and expresses his or her gender; despite genetic or natural gender assignment. Some humans are genetically male or female and identify with the traditional gender roles; but others may find that the traditional cultural norms do not match their feelings or thoughts. Sexual identity is the sexual part of human expression that does not include ideas like sexual orientation, sexual preference, physical gender, or body type. If an individual considers his or her gender as female and is at ease with referring to his or her individual sexual characteristics in feminine terms, his or her gender identity is female. Gender identity has nothing to do with the physical characteristics of gender; but focuses on how the individual thinks (either masculine or feminine) and how he or she expresses those feelings. Ghosh (2012) explains gender identity as “self-identified, as a result of a......

Words: 1429 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Free Essay Gender Globalization People Society Free Essay Gender Globalization People Society

...Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free essay gender globalization people society Free......

Words: 294 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gender and Development Essay

...19 Home Analytics Upload Papers S65 no pic Shailaja Gender and Development Essay Yelden Sarybay Uploaded by Yelden Sarybay top 2%416 Info Bookmark Download DOCX Report Work that may take a diversity of pathways, but for which there are rarely the kind of short-cuts envisaged by the proponents of empowerment- lite.” (Harcourt, 2009) Conclusion Effective of not, Kazakhstan‟s most marginalized are simply not affected by the discussion. “This is a debate about gender and power, about body politics and political bodies, about norms and hierarchies, about intimate and institutional violence, and about liberation and justice.” (Cornwall et al., 2002) Before the population as a whole risks an identity crisis, it makes sense to formulate a familial, non-intrusive policy on gender so that it may pursue development. “For instance, writing of events in Serb ia in the 1990s, Blagojevic (1999) notes that „[t]he political and economic changes endangered the male identity much more than the female‟. Consequently: New prophets appeared on the scene offering various socio -biological arguments in support of the claim that men are inherently superior. One such was Tosevski, who proclaims Serbian masculinity to be superior to the western variety and advocates open promiscuity for males....” (Alan et al. , 2000) Such absurd views can only be taken seriously by those who lack ideological grounding. The Serbian example also “ warns us that masculinity...

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Gender

...fields. This essay will examine the need for a level playing field within the social institutions of work and politics and demonstrate how women have been negatively affected without one. Social institutions are structured in ways that were established many decades ago, when married men were the breadwinners and the majority of married women stayed at home (GEN14 2013, p. 5). Even though the great majority of families no longer fit that model, most workplaces have failed to take the change on board. For example, women seeking equality in the workplace may be expected to perform like men in terms of availability for late meetings, overtime or shift flexibility. Such male ‘benchmarks’ fail to account for the different cultural expectations placed on women with respect to childcare and other family commitments (GEN14 2013, p. 5). Clear boundaries exist between the private and public sphere, with the assumption that caring for the home is a woman’s ‘natural’ role. The work that women perform within the labour market therefore, is often determined and reinforced by their traditional roles within the family (GEN14 2013, p. 17). Occupations such as nursing, childcare and cooking, for example, are related to domestic work and are therefore considered a form of feminised labour. However, because domestic work remains ignored in national Gross Domestic Product, the majority this type of work continues to be perceived as unproductive and devalued (GEN14 2013, p. 17). The gender......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Gender

...United Nations Development Programme SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY ELIMINATION DIVISION WP 5 GENDER AND POVERTY* Nilüfer Cagatay May 1998 WORKING PAPER SERIES *The responsibility for opinions in these articles, studies and other contributions in this series rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the United Nations Development Programme or the institutions of the United Nations system. Table Of Contents Introduction I. Women And Poverty: Are Women Poorer? II. From Women and Poverty to Gender and Poverty A. Engendering Poverty Analysis B. New Conceptualizations of Poverty C. From Consumption/Income Poverty to Human Poverty D. Are Women Poorer?: Revisiting the Question from a Human Poverty Perspective E. Assessing Gender Differences in Poverty: Quantitative versus Qualitative Approaches F. Do Gender Inequalities Increase Overall Poverty? III. What Is To Be Done? What Is Being Done? A. Gender Mainstreaming at UNDP B. Engendering Anti-Poverty Projects and Programmes Figures Figure 1: A Pyramid of Poverty Concepts Boxes Box 1: Chile: Targeting Female Headship for Combating Poverty Box 2: Gender and Poverty in Guinea: Human Poverty versus Consumption Poverty and Participatory Approach to Poverty Assessment Box 3: South Asia Poverty Alleviation Program (SAPAP): The Case of India Social Mobilization through Self-Help Groups 1 “The causes and outcomes of poverty are......

Words: 9679 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Gender

...1. Gender refers to the socially learned attitudes and behaviors associated with biological differences. Gender determines the expression of masculinity and femininity. People reinforce those gender expressions through social interaction. Social and culture shape gender roles and what is considered appropriate behavior for a “man” and “women”. For example, men are expected to be a leader and protector for family while women focus on home such as taking care of the house, cooking, raising children, being emotionally supportive of the husband. 2. Feminism is the belief in social, economic, and political equality for women. The first wave was the fight for women’s rights for legal and political equality. This effort of women led to the passage of women’s right to vote in 1920. The second wave focused on social and cultural inequalities. The book “Feminine Mystique” by Betty Freidan argues women were unhappy because of the feminine mystique. This was a damaging ideal of femininity and it restricted women to the role of housewife and mother, giving up on work and education. Feminists fought to provide opportunities and to ensure that women would have a choice in areas such as education, working, relationships or marriage, and control of their reproductive rights. The third wave reacted to the second wave. The third-wave feminists tended to be more global and multicultural, and its ideas beyond middle class, white women, addressing the different disadvantages women experience......

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Gender

...such a situation the ‘missing women’ is the burning issue of the time and it need to be viewed from holistic perspective. There is a relationship between gender inequality, disempowerment of women, and backwardness of any society. Nowadays there connects another dimension of ‘missing women’. On this study different issues related to gender inequality and neglect have been discussed with a view to having a conceptual realization of women excess mortality and being “missing” in the context of South Asia. Definitions of special words used in this assignment In this portion we will discuss about those special words which frequently we used in the assignment and in the title. This discussion will help us to get the accurate meaning of these words in the context of our study. ♀ Gender Inequality and neglect: Gender inequality means that different behaviour, aspiration desire and needs of women and men are not consider valued and favour equally. No society can develop morally, socially, culturally, and economically without the participation of women. Gender discrimination and neglect in the family, household, state policy and in working environment are the major problems that every women directly- indirectly; much or less face in Bangladesh.  Russ Long (2003) defined as: “To explain gender inequality, sociologists turn to the surrounding systems that affect all human behavior. Most theories highlight the institutional structures that assign......

Words: 537 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cognitive Gender Essay

...Cognitive explanation of gender essay (10) When explaining how gender identity and roles develop, the cognitive approach emphasises the role of thinking processes. It refers to how children gather and make sense of information about gender and how their understanding of gender changes over time. It assumes that changes in gender role behaviour reflect changes in how children understand and think about gender. These changes in understanding, in turn, reflect the gathering of information about gender taken from the environment and the developmental changes in the child’s brain that allow them to process information in more advanced ways. Kohlberg has a table to explain his theory of gender development. It says that a child’s understanding of gender strengthens in stages. At beginning, children think in characteristic ways about gender. As the child moves through the stages its understanding of gender becomes greater. The first stage is gender identity, which is usually reached by the age of 2 years. At this stage the child is able to correctly identify its own sex. The second stage is gender stability, which is usually reached by the age of 4 years old. At this stage the child realises that gender remains the same across time. However, its understanding of gender is heavily influenced by external features like hair and clothing. A boy at this stage might say that if he put a dress on he would be a girl. It is not until the third stage, gender constancy, that the child......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Gender

...Linkages Between Gender, Development, and Growth: Implications for the Caribbean Region Stephanie Seguino Professor, Department of Economics Old Mill 340 University of Vermont Burlington, VT 05401 Tel. 1 802 656-0187 Fax 1 802 656-8405 Email sseguino@zoo.uvm.edu July 2008 Acknowledgements: I am grateful for helpful comments and insights from Rhoda Reddock, Christine Barrow, Caren Grown, three anonymous referees, and participants at the Building Capacity for Gender Analysis in Policy Making, Programme Development, and Implementation: Research Seminar and Workshop, University of West Indies, Barbados, November 2007. Micro-Macro Linkages Between Gender, Development, and Growth: Implications for the Caribbean Region Abstract Over the last two decades, scholars have investigated the two-way relationship between gender inequality on the one hand, and economic development and growth on the other. Research in this area offers new ways to address the economic stagnation and crisis developing countries have experienced over the last two decades. This paper contributes to that literature, exploring the channels by which gender inequality affects, and in important ways, constrains economic development and growth in the Caribbean region. It further explores the endogeneity of gender inequality to the macroeconomic policy environment. The paper concludes with a discussion of economic policies that can promote a win-win outcome—greater gender equality......

Words: 10874 - Pages: 44

Premium Essay

Gender

...When one thinks about the terms sex and gender, we are sometimes inclined to use the two words similarly, suggesting that they are in fact synonymous with one another. However, a careful examination of the two terms clearly shows that the two terms are very distinct from one another. What we’ll see is that one word is descriptive, while the other is definitive. It is the reproductive organs that determine an individual’s sex, as you’re either born male or female. However, gender determines something different. Gender defines if you are a man or woman, giving specific attributes and behaviors each sex should have, which will ultimately define whether or not you’re considered a man or a woman. For example, men are supposed to be strong, void of emotion and dominant, whereas women are supposed to be fragile, emotional and submissive. However, gender formation leads us to ask one very important question. How could complex organisms, such as human beings be broken down into two categories as it relates to gender? Furthermore, we have world comprised of countless societies and cultures, so how can one truly define gender? What it takes to me a man or woman in one place may differ somewhere else. In Her essay “Night to His Day” Judith Lober states, “Individuals are born sexed but not gendered, and they have to be taught to be masculine or feminine.” (624) Therefore in order to understand the term gender, we must first understand how gender is promoted, how it varies and the......

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Gender

...Student Name: Lu Jin Section: A01 Instructor: Jeff Bennet Paper No.2 Can a popular television show make a difference in how people think about gay men? As the issue of representation is central to this essay, the most obvious issue surrounding this is the stereotyping of gay characters on television. These types of programmes are no longer written by the homosexual for the homosexual, but have become integrated within “mainstream” mass media (Battles and Hilton-Morrow,2002). This paper will explore the extent of enabling and constraining effects that gay visibility and its accompanying representations have on the popular TV show “Will & Grace.” I will also examine how visibility has produced disciplinary discourses as well in the show as how it has created opportunities for resisting dominant ideologies. And then the paper will also explore how the media text shaped the societal and cultural attitudes towards LGBT individuals. Finally, the paper will address how the increasing visibility of’ LGBT’ individuals in the media tells us about our broader social, sexual, cultural world. The Season 3, Episode 1, the title is “Will New City”, I was amazed by the first 12 minutes of the show which represents sophisticated relationships among the three main characters: homosexual Will Truman, heterosexual Grace Adler and “very gay” friend Jack. The overall theme of this scene is Will spent three months on the island, and finally returns only to learn that Jack and Grace have......

Words: 1980 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Essay #2: Is Gender Bias Noticeable in Literature?

...06/17/2016 Essay #2: Is Gender Bias Noticeable in Literature? In this essay I would be investigating if there are any gender biases in the short stories and the movie Gone Girl. By definition gender bias is, “Inclination towards or prejudice against one gender” (Collins). Although gender bias is mostly thought of being against women there has been a subtler bias against men most recently in movies. Therefore, in this essay I would be considering gender biases of both men and women. In the short story “The Short Happy life of Francis Macomber” the author Ernest Hemmingway treats both genders equally. Both Wilson and Mrs. Macomber are portrayed as opportunists. He has no compunction in accepting the silly advances of Macomber’s wife. She marries Macomber for his money and social position. They both have a cruel streak. He (illegally) beats his helpers, knowing that they would rather take the beating than lose money (fines). She is cruel to her husband, openly despising his weaknesses, and deliberately flaunting her infidelities. In contrast, “I Want a Wife” the author Judy Brady has gender bias. The woman portrayed in the composition is resentful of the quality of life experienced by women in general, who, as wives, have to cater to their husband’s every need and whim. Husbands are portrayed as lazy, selfish and inconsiderate, not even pulling their weight as fathers of their children. Moreover, in the short story “Shiloh” the author Bobby Ann Mason has gender bias.......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4