Premium Essay

Freud's Theories

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By lwilburn
Words 395
Pages 2
Freud’s Theory of Structural Model involved three stages (Id, Ego, Superego). These stages are meant to describe internal human development within the conscious and unconscious minds. Id is the first stage based on pleasure principle and observed right from birth. Id is the selfish self within us. It has no regard of anything, including time, outside of own satisfaction and needs. It’s job is to express self needs, then gather what it needs to satisfy the feeling(s). Stage two is known as the Ego (I call the middle man). Ego is based on the reality principle. This is when you realize you are not the only one in the world with needs. It’s job is to met the needs of Id and keep reality in mind. The third and final stage known as Superego (phallic stage) here is where moral principle develops. It’s job is to determine if something that Id needs is right or wrong to seek. This stage is more of learned behavior stage because you learn the rights and wrongs taught by our caregivers and environment.

Ego will be the strongest of the three stages, it’s job is to satisfy id needs and not upset superego while recognizing the reality of the situation. Shall Id become the strongest stage, the person will demonstrate impulsiveness and seek self-gratifications. If Superego takes over, the person will become rigid and judgmental. Both Id and Superego are part of the Structural Model but without the balancing of the Ego, the middle-man, within the Structural Model people would most likely be selfish and judgmental without concerning themselves with reality. Wait we do have people like that but not in true form of Id or Superego.

Like Structural Model, Freud’s theory of Topographical Model involves three stages, only these stages focus on our state of consciousness. The different stages are consciousness are subconscious, preconscious, and consciousness. Our subconscious mind is…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client's Presenting Issue

...“Evaluate the extent to which Freud's theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client's presenting issue.” The main aim of this essay is to demonstrate an understanding of Freud’s theory of psychosexual development and how this theory may help us to explain and identify adult neurotic behaviour. I shall be evaluating the pros and cons of psychosexual theory and the extent to which it helps us to understand a client’s presenting issue. I shall also define and consider the relationship between the Id, Ego and Superego and the way in which these constructs of our psyche are in many ways representative of earlier experiences and of those early situations and conflicts we had faced. Lastly, I will examine some of the criticisms that have been leveled at Freudian theory in order to evaluate it. In Freudian psychology, psychosexual development is a central element of the psychoanalytic sexual drive theory; that human beings, from birth, possess an instinctual libido (sexual energy), that develops in five stages. Each stage – the oral, the anal, the phallic, the latent, and the genital – is characterized by the erogenous zone that is the source of the libidinal drive. Sigmund Freud proposed that if the child experienced sexual frustration in relation to any psychosexual developmental stage, s/he would experience anxiety that would persist into adulthood as a neurosis, a functional mental disorder Freud (1905) stressed that the first five years of life......

Words: 2151 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

In This Essay I Will Evaluate the Theory of Psychosexual Development and Demonstrate an Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud’s T

...“Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue” In this essay I am asked to evaluate one aspect of Freudian theory. I will begin by first describing Freud’s psychosexual theory and demonstrate an understanding of its relationship to adult neurotic behavior. Having done this I will examine some of the criticisms that have been levelled at Freudian theory in order to evaluate it. In 1905 Freud published ‘Three Essays on the theory of Sexuality and other Works’, one of these essays was titled ‘Infantile Sexuality’. In this essay Freud sets out his theory of psychosexual development. He asserts that there is in all humans an innate drive (or instinct>another theory to be debated) for pleasure, a sort of psychic energy, which he calls the libido and this energy needs to be discharged. He then goes on to describe how this drive finds outlet at the earliest stages in life, as babies, toddlers and infants and describes the oral, anal and phallic stages and the psychological effects of fixation at these stages. It is important to note that Freud separated sexual aims and objectives. What Freud meant by sexual in his own writing in German, was ‘life force’ or ‘emotional energy’ (Bettelheim 1983). While this concept has a sexual aspect to it, it is unfortunate that the English translation focuses mainly on this aspect. His work on sexuality and perversions led to the wider theory of sexuality whereby he......

Words: 2539 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Freud's Psychsexual Stages

...mouth, so the rooting and sucking reflex is especially important. The mouth is vital for eating and the infant experiences pleasure from oral stimulation through gratifying activities such as tasting and sucking. The mouth is the infant’s primary erogenous zone, meaning that the oral cavity is where libido energy is most focused. The infant gains pleasure through sucking and eating; the child ultimately develops a sense of comfort through oral stimulation. However, the primary conflict at this stage is the weaning process the child eventually must become less dependent on caretakers as it grows. In theory, an infant who is neglected (under-fed) or overprotected (over-fed) may become orally fixated with the onset of adulthood. If fixation occurs at this stage, Freud believed the individual would have issues with dependency or aggression. During the anal stage, the second of Freud’s five stages this begins near the age of 1 and goes till about 3. The erogenous zone shifts from the oral cavity to the anal region with the realization that going to the bathroom is a pleasurable event. Freud believed that the primary focus of the libido was on controlling bladder and bowel movements. The major conflict at this stage is toilet training--the child has to learn to control his or her bodily needs. Developing this control leads to a sense of accomplishment and independence. According to Freud, success at this stage is dependent upon the way in which parents approach toilet training.......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Freud's Lifespan Development and Personality

...Freud’S Lifespan Development And Personality Life doesn’t stand still. We are in a state of constant change throughout our lives. When we ask ourselves who we are, we think of ourselves in terms of who we are now. But we have been and will be many different people in our lifetime; an infant, a child, a teenager, a young adult, a mature person, and an aged person. Young children understand their worlds in ways that are so different from adults. To understand ourselves fully, we must understand the process of development, the more-or-less predictable changes in behavior associated with increasing age. Both nature and nurture work together in development. Without getting some advice (nurture), a child can’t use a baseball glove correctly. But the child must be physically developed enough to use the glove (nature). You cannot effectively teach children to do much with a glove until age 4 or so, after considerable physical development has taken place (nature). We are creatures of complex combinations of both our nature and nurture (Lahey (2007) page 316, 317 para 1). It is very important to understand that it’s normal for child development to be highly variable, even when they are raised in typical conditions. This is true in two senses: a) There are differences between children in their development b) Children vary in the rate of their own development from one period to the next Parents must make important decisions about raising children that can have a major impact on......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Applied to: the Lord of the Flies

...Tucker Heirakuji English 11 LOTF Essay: Id, Ego, and Superego Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory of personality applied to: The Lord of the Flies "One might compare the relation of the ego to the id with that between a rider and his horse. The horse provides the locomotor energy, and the rider has the prerogative of determining the goal and of guiding the movements of his powerful mount towards it. But all too often in the relations between the ego and the id we find a picture of the less ideal situation in which the rider is obliged to guide his horse in the direction in which it itself wants to go." -Sigmund Freud. There are three Freudian components of personality, the Id, Ego, and Super ego. The Id resides completely at the unconscious level, and is usually applied by the “pleasure principle”, which is basically the want to do something for instant gratification. The superego resides in the preconscious. It is the moralist and idealistic part of the personality and brain. This part operates on the “ideal principle”, which begins around the age of four to five. The ideal principle covers how people are raised, and whether environment or attention effects our development. Basically, the superego is what tells you right from wrong. Lastly, is the ego. Ego resides in all levels of awareness (conscious, subconscious, and preconscious), and operates under the “Reality Principle”, which is the ego's control of the pleasure-seeking activity of the id in order to meet...

Words: 1523 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client’s Presenting Issues”

...Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issues” This essay will look into Freud’s psychosexual theory and will describe how it relates to adult neurotic behaviour. The essay will then look at some of the criticisms he had. Psychoanalysis, begun in the 1900s with Sigmund Freud being hailed the Father. Freud's theories of psychosexual stages, the unconscious, and dream symbolism remain a popular topic among both psychologists and laypersons, despite the fact that his work is viewed with skepticism by many today. 1 Many of Freud's observations and theories were based on clinical cases and case studies, making his findings difficult to generalise to a larger population. Regardless, Freud's theories changed how we think about the human mind and behavior and left a lasting mark on psychology and culture. Another theorist associated with psychoanalysis is Erik Erikson. Erikson expanded upon Freud's theories and stressed the importance of growth throughout the lifespan. Erikson's psychosocial stage theory of personality remains influential today in our understanding of human development . 2 The aims, which are similar to psychodynamics with psychodynamics commencing in the 1940’s. Psychodynamics continues as a discipline in its own right, and could be viewed as the child of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a lengthy form of therapy whereas psychodynamics is often...

Words: 2460 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Freud’s Last Session

...Freud’s Last SessioFreud’s Last Session On August 31, 2013 I went to “Freud’s Last Session” By Mark St. Germain at Cookeville preforming Art Center its directed by Mathhew Wilson. The show is about the existing of god and the first war about Hitelr . There was just two actors taken the main characters, Evan Cole as Sigmund Freud and Ryan Steele As C.S Lewis. The audience was sitting in the stage very close to the actors. The organization was very good. Good lighting and suitable sounds effects such as, dogs parking, old telephone ring tone and the radio sounds. The decorations were very simple and admirable which that picture to us British nobility of the past. Sigmund Freud is the main character in the show. He is a Psychiatrist fighting a heart disease. In the show Sigmund Freud made me confused because he was speaking fast with that deep British accent. I really like his acting he was very confident and has very good aye contact. He was debating with C.S Lewis about the existing of god and religions. That session was in the middle of the war because they were listening to the radio and the Siren goes off. C.S Lewis is a youthful man believes that there is no god in the world. Professionally speaking, Ryan Steele was not very good actor he seemed confused because he was sweeting a lot and barely concentrating. Sigmund Freued tried to convince hem about the existing of god and what Hitler is doing to the world. In my own opinion, i did not like the......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client’s Presenting Issue

...understanding of Freudian theories and their contributions to psychological therapies. The theory of psychosexual development is contentious and the aims of this essay is explore what legacy Freud has given to modern therapy and whether it is at all helpful in the understanding of client presenting issues. Sigmund (Sigismund) Freud was born to a large Jewish Family on May 6th1856 in Pribor in The Czech Republic – formally Freiberg, Moravia, the family settled in Vienna where he studied medicine and practised as a neurologist. During work with Josef Breuer in 1892 and later with Jean Charcot in Paris he was taken by the ability to recall painful experiences under hypnosis. He founded that the mind was a complex energy system and that there is more to psychology than what is immediately available to the conscious mind, surmising that by gaining insight into unconscious thoughts and motivations, a client could be cured of his neurosis; at the time his ideas were seen as shocking, - and albeit controversial, are now accepted as commonplace, with modifications and variants, in therapy today. Freud was certainly not the originator of the concept of the unconscious; this was largely developed by the man Freud regarded as “the Great Fechner”, Gustav Fechner (1801-1887)- bestowing his work with prodigious enthusiasm, Freud declared that he had “followed that thinker on many important points” (Freud, 1925) Link S. (unknown). The Freud Encyclopaedia, Theory, therapy and......

Words: 2667 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Erikson's View on the "Ego" Relative to Freud's Model of Personality

...Introduction Erikson has always been referred to in the light of emphasising on the work of Freud, as well as being critiqued on his work with making comparison to Sigmund Freud’s work as well. With Freud introducing the psychoanalytical theory and Erikson bringing about the stages of psychosocial developments, theorists would often elaborate on which theory would define one’s life best, and so therefore it remained a constant comparison made between Freud and Erikson. With the quote given as the assignment topic it clearly defines why Erikson had described himself as “a small man on the shoulders of a giant”, simply because he had big shoes to fill, and that being the work of Sigmund Freud, his teacher. 1. Four main ways Erikson extended Freud’s theory According to Engler, B. (2013) the first way in which Erikson extended Freud’s theory is whereby he had improved our understanding of the ego, showing that how the emergence out of the historical, genetic and cultural context of individuals helps the ego become a good problem solver as well. Secondly, he emphasised on Freud’s stages of development making strong social gestures towards it, however there was no clear statement of Erikson’s comments being made towards Freud’s work. Thirdly he extended our understanding of development by creating additional stages, making it the eight stages of psychosocial development placing prominence on stages from an individual’s infancy to old age. And lastly Erikson had discovered......

Words: 3315 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Sigmund Freud's Theory on Personality

...Sigmund Freud explored the human mind more thoroughly than any other who became before him. His contributions to psychology are vast. Freud was one of the most influential people of the twentieth century and his enduring legacy has influenced not only psychology, but art, literature and even the way people bring up their children. Freud’s lexicon has become embedded within the vocabulary of western society. Words he introduced through his theories are now used by everyday people, such as anal (personality), libido, denial, repression, cathartic, Freudian slip, and neurotic. Freud was the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating a mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior. Psychoanalysis is often known as the talking cure. Typically Freud would encourage his patient to talk freely (on his famous couch) regarding their symptoms and to describe exactly what was in their mind. The Case of Anna O The case of Anna O (real name Bertha Pappenheim) marked a turning point in the career of a young Viennese neuropathologist by the name of Sigmund Freud. It even went on to influence the future direction of psychology as a whole. Anna suffered from hysteria, a condition in which the patient exhibits physical symptoms (e.g. paralysis, convulsions, hallucinations, loss of speech) without apparent physical cause. Her doctor Josef Breuer succeeded in treating Anna by helping her to recall forgotten memories of traumatic events. Breuer discussed the...

Words: 2117 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client's Presenting Issue

...words:- 2636 “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a clients presenting issue?” I will begin this essay by first describing Freud’s psychosexual theory of the five stages of psychosexual development. I will then look at some of the main criticisms of this controversial theory and how this theory and his ideas have resulted in a serious interest and progression in psychology and the psychological treatment of mental disorders that has stretched through even to the present day. I will follow this by looking at how I believe these theories have helped and effected how we understand a clients presenting issues. The five stages of psychosexual development as Freud describes them are as follows:- The oral stage (0-1 year old), the anal stage (1-3 years old), the phallic stage (3-5 or 6 years old), the latency stage (5 or 6 - puberty) and the genital stage (puberty- adult). Before explaining the five stages in detail, I feel it is important to refer to Freud’s theory of personality development and how these five stages effect that progress. It is also worth mentioning that having read many articles on the subject, there is a common belief that people may misinterpret Freud’s use of the word “sexual” and that he was actually using the term in a more general way to relate to all pleasurable actions and thoughts. In relation to Freud’s theory on personality development, he believed the personality consisted of three......

Words: 2638 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client's Presenting Issue

...became before him. Words he introduced through his theories are now used by everyday people, such as anal (personality), libido, denial, repression, cathartic, Freudian slip, and neurotic. Freud was the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior. Psychoanalysis is often known as the talking cure. Freud would encourage his patients to talk freely regarding their symptoms and to describe exactly what was on their mind. The case of Anna O marked a turning point in the career of Sigmund Freud. It even went on to influence the future direction of psychology as a whole. Anna suffered from hysteria, a condition in which the patient exhibits physical symptoms (e.g. paralysis, convulsions, hallucinations, loss of speech) without an apparent physical cause. Her doctor Josef Breuer succeeded in treating Anna by helping her to recall forgotten memories of traumatic events. Breuer discussed the case with his friend Freud. Out of these discussions came the germ of an idea that Freud was to pursue for the rest of his life. In Studies in Hysteria (1895) Freud proposed that physical symptoms are often the surface manifestations of deeply repressed conflicts. However Freud was not just advancing an explanation of a particular illness. He was proposing a revolutionary new theory of the human psyche itself. This theory emerged slowly as a result of Freud’s clinical investigations and it led him to propose......

Words: 1906 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client’s Presenting Issue?

...Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue? (Word count 2,749 excluding bibliography, references) Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychosexual development is based on the idea that parents play a pivotal role in the sexual and aggressive drives that form in the early years of their child’s development. Freud (Freud & Philips 2006) proposed that psychological development in childhood takes place in a series of fixed stages - psychosexual stages. Each stage represents the fixation on a different area of the body and as a person grows physically, certain areas of their body become important as sources of potential frustration, pleasure or both. Freud referred to the instinct or drive which resulted in these fixations as the ‘libido’ and the areas of the body as the ‘erogenous zones’. Freud believed that life was built around a series of tensions and pleasures; believing also that all tension was due to the build-up of this libido, or sexual energy and that all pleasure came from its release (McLeod 2008). In describing human personality development as psychosexual Freud meant to convey that what develops is the way in which sexual energy accumulates and is released as we mature biologically. McLeod further explains that Freud used the term 'sexual' in a very general way to mean “all pleasurable actions and thoughts”. I believe this is a crucial point in helping understand what Freud was......

Words: 2944 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Freud’s Lifespan Development and Personality

...of their own development from one period to the next Parents must make important decisions about raising children that can have a major impact on their child’s emotional and intellectual development (Lahey (2007) page 320, para 6). What forces causes us to change as we pass through life? What factors determine whether we grow up to be baseball players or umpires, musicians or opticians? We will look at the factors that play key roles in the process of development (Lahey (2007) page 316, para 1). Sigmund Freud gave us a language for our dreams, our deep secrets, our darkest nightmares. But, as a young man, he would have to wrestle with his own fears before he learned how to grapple with the demons inside others (Gay, Peter, 1998). Freud’s lifespan and personality behavior: 1856 - Sigismund Freud is born (to change his name to Sigmund at 22). According to custom, he is also given a Jewish name: Schlomo. His birthplace is Freiberg, nowadays Pribor, in Moravia. His father Jacob is 41 and has two children from a previous marriage: Emmanuel and Philippe. Sigismund's mother is 21 and this is her first born (Chiriac, J., 1998-2006). 1859 - The economic crisis ruins Jacob's business. The family settles in Vienna, in Leopoldstadt, the Jewish neighborhood; February 1860 (Chiriac, J., 1998-2006). 1864 - He intentionally had urinated in his parents' bedroom 1865 - Sigmund is admitted to the Gymnasium (secondary school) a year......

Words: 3122 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Clients Presenting Issue.

...“Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of Psychosexual Development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue?” In this essay I am asked to evaluate one aspect of Freudian theory. I will begin by first describing Freud’s psychosexual theory and demonstrate an understanding of its relationship to adult neurotic behaviour. Having done this I will examine some of the criticisms that have been levelled at Freudian theory in order to evaluate it. In 1905 Freud published ‘Three Essays on the theory of Sexuality and other Works’, one of those essays was titled ‘Infantile Sexuality’. In this essay Freud sets out his theory of psychosexual development. He asserts that there is in all humans an innate drive or instinct for pleasure, a sort of psychic energy, which he calls the libido and this energy needs to be discharged. He then goes on to describe how this drive finds outlet at the earliest stages of life, as babies, toddlers and infants and describes the oral, anal and phallic stages and the psychological effects of fixation at these stages. It is important to note that Freud separated sexual aims and objectives. His work on sexuality and perversions led to the wider theory of sexuality whereby he differentiated the sexual aim (the desire for pleasure) and the object (the person or thing used to fulfil the desire). He asserted that sexuality is more than just genital copulation between adults and this work is the background to his theory on infantile sexuality.......

Words: 2244 - Pages: 9