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Free to Shoose Videos Milton Friedman

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Submitted By miyara
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A continuación presentaré un análisis basado en mi opinión, sobre los primeros 5 videos de la serie Free to Choose del economista estadounidense Milton Friedman. El Sr. Friedman fue un economista bien importante e influyente en los EU. Tanto así que en el 1976 ganó el Premio Nobel de Economía y aún hoy día, luego de su muerte, su legado continúa influyendo a muchos iconos de la economía y del sistema global. En la presentación número uno, El Poder del Mercado, Friedman nos habla sobre el Mercado libre y lo que implica. Antes no existían reglamentos de inmigración y las personas emigraban a países donde sabían que iban a poder progresar poniendo en práctica sus dones y disfrutando de las oportunidades que allí existían. Es muy triste saber lo difícil que personas de otros países lleguen, por ejemplo a EU, y no puedan buscar el sustento por la situación de la ciudadanía con el Dpto. de Inmigración. Existen unos pocos que pueden trabajar pues sus patronos burlan las leyes, pero reciben una paga muy baja. No obstante, los emigrantes no son los únicos que enfrentan problemas de superación. Los mismos estadounidenses también se afectan ya que EU no es un país totalmente libre y se afecta por el régimen de un gobierno que controla la economía de un país y de sus propios ciudadanos aumentando impuestos, tasas de interés entre otros. Friedman, dentro de su punto de vista minimalista, nos da el ejemplo de Hong Kong ya que es un país bastante desarrollado y el gobierno no controla las actividades del mercado, permitiéndole seguir su curso en conjunto con la economía. Hong Kong es un país innovador, con gran crecimiento económico y con salarios respetables. En cambio, China se ha tardado un poco en reivindicarse pero ha logrado en la actualidad un excelente desarrollo. Hay tanto talento en Hong Kong que los trabajadores podrían exigir una mejor paga por su trabajo, pero el problema data en que las condiciones de trabajo no serían las mejores. En mi opinión prefiero el dinero. En el caso de Puerto Rico, recientemente el salario mínimo aumentó, incrementando así los costos de nómina y provocando que algunas empresas tomen la decisión de trabajar con menos empleados para que el gasto operacional disminuya. El problema en PR y en cualquier otro país es que hay mucha fuerza laboral que no está capacitada para contribuir a la producción necesaria para que el producto salga al mercado en condiciones óptimas. Esto trae repercusiones y hasta pérdidas para la empresa. El mercado libre permite que cualquier industria o persona entre en transacciones de importación y exportación con el propósito de comercializar y ganar dinero; en otras palabras contribuir al movimiento económico de ese país. Si las barreras son mínimas se obtiene mucho más. En ocasiones se pierde dinero pero el comerciante debe tener este tipo de capacidad también. Para mi debería ser el individuo quien renueve, trabaje y mueva la economía de su país. El problema se encuentra en que de cada dólar que entra al mercado, un porciento va a al gobierno en la forma de aranceles los que son muy altos. Este dinero es entonces mal utilizado en cualquier propuesta que tengan en mente. Si hay un producto que no satisface al cliente, estos mismos productores, comerciantes, empresas reforman de tal manera el mismo que pueden entonces satisfacer los gustos de sus compradores a tal grado que saben de antemano cuanto pueden producir, el precio de ventas, etc. En el video número dos, Tiranía de Control, se muestra todo lo contrario a lo mostrado en El Poder del Mercado. Aquí Friedman nos habla sobre los países controlados total o parcialmente por el gobierno. Esta situación demuestra la pobreza que existe en estos países como lo es la India, utilizada como ejemplo y como también sucede en países neo-liberalistas como los de América Latina. Podemos apreciar la diferencia entre la industria de textiles en Japón e India. En India, el gobierno subsidia totalmente esta industria y quiere imponer su criterio como correcto fomentando así la pobreza porque la gente de este país carece de cosas tan necesarias como alimento, ropa y artículos de primera necesidad que podrían obtener si su país le diera más importancia a las importaciones. En Japón los diseños textiles son más elaborados ya que utiliza maquinaria especializada aminorando la explotación laboral. El tipo de control que se ve en la India se veía antes de la Revolución Industrial. Así comenzó el Contrabando. Las personas trataban de buscar ganancia en productos que por varias razones el gobierno no permite comerciar en el país logrando así que el vendedor obtenga un ingreso adicional limpio para él y la satisfacción de que logró cumplir con la demanda de cierto grupo de personas. Por eso estoy de acuerdo con la legalización de la droga ya que esto disminuirá los problemas en la sociedad y las muertes que anualmente provoca tanto por el uso o control de puntos. En el video número tres de la Serie; Anatomía de una Crisis, nos muestra todo lo que llevó a la economía a la depresión de 1929 y los demás períodos de estancamiento que han surgido. Con toda sinceridad el video me fue muy complejo para entender pero sí pude percibir que el punto más importante consiste en el propósito del gobierno y su burocracia ya que lleva a los ciudadanos y al país a grandes problemas económicos. El propósito de la creación de la Reserva Federal (FED) es de ayudar a la economía a evitar depresiones como lo que ocurrió en esta serie donde se explicó la clausura de un banco en específico. Lo que recuerdo de la teoría aprendida en mis años de Bachillerato es que las depresiones, inflaciones y todos estos estados de la economía ocurren como comportamiento normal de la economía y luego de esto todo vuelve a la normalidad pero pienso que el FED puede crear más dinero para evitar estas recesiones siempre y cuando sea necesario y que el gobierno cese la práctica de malgastar el dinero y endeudamiento innecesario ya que somos los ciudadanos y nuestro crédito el que se afecta. En la penúltima presentación; De la Cuna a la Tumba, me identifiqué mucho con el Sr. Brown cuando dijo que vive de día de paga a día de paga. Y es cierto, hoy en día las cosas están tan caras que el dinero no alcanza para casi nada y aunque se trabaje siempre hace falta una ayudita extra la cual no puede ser brindada por el gobierno porque según sus estadísticas, no nos hace falta nada. Nosotros, la clase trabajadora que lucha y se educa no tenemos tanto como las personas que escogieron no estudiar o no trabajar. Muchos de estos sí trabajan pero no lo notifican a las agencias pertinentes, disfrutan de sus ayudas y en muchas ocasiones viven mucho mejor que nosotros con compra para todo el mes en la alacena, aires acondicionados, Cable TV y carros del año o menos viejos. Por esto el título del video me encanta, ya que es uno que da a entender que este comportamiento de vivir del gobierno es cultural. Cabe señalar que hay ciudadanos quienes lo necesitan por alguna limitación que les impida trabajar o por la edad. Ya para finalizar, en la última presentación Creados Iguales, seguimos en la misma línea. Todos somos iguales, aunque unos nacen con diferentes riquezas, en distintas sociedades, en cunas diferentes como dirían otros. Pero esto no significa que los pobres tengan que pagar por los ricos y que exista el abuso de que los ricos son ricos a expensas de los pobres. Digo esto por la experiencia que tengo de trabajar en una empresa privada donde no valoran el talento que los trabajadores tienen y el sueldo es bajo cuando podrían estar pagando mucho más a sus empelados quienes dan el 100% día a día en el trabajo. Es esto lo que significa trabajar por necesidad y no por amor al arte. Las personas llegan hasta donde quieran llegar, hasta donde puedan cumplir con sus expectativas de crecimiento y sobre todo enriquecimiento. Por eso desean progresar y una vez tengan los estudios necesarios para poder ganar un poco más y vivir mejor huyen hacia esa búsqueda que los llevará a cumplir sus sueños. En fin, trabajar con estos primeros cinco videos ha sido una experiencia enriquecedora.…...

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