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Examine the Contribution of Different Types of Welfare Provider to Meeting People’s Welfare Needs

In: Social Issues

Submitted By bethmp
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There are many types of welfare including private, public, and voluntary welfare. They provide for people's needs in different ways.

Public welfare includes services and benefits which are provided by the state and these are generally funded by taxation of people in society. This type of welfare is aimed to be a type of safety net for the poorest in society to not drop below a standard of living. For example, the services like the NHS which is open to every British citizen is a form of public welfare. The other side of public welfare is benefits which are designated for those who are more permanently in need than others, e.g. disabled people or the elderly. These are normally means tested based on some kind of income or savings. For instance, they can be financed by the state to have certain things adapted in the home. Your savings have to be less than around £23,000 and if they are higher you have to pay. So in this way the government give benefits of free installations to those who need it most but can't afford it.

The implications of these public benefits is that those who are in most need or in poverty are helped by the government. Therefore people who are unable to work can live adequate lives that they otherwise might not be able to provide for themselves. However, this might not be the case. Ashford’s point relates to Murray who named the people dependant on welfare as a separate class; the ‘underclass.’ Ashford relates this to how the public and universal welfare state creates a class dependant on it (a ‘dependency culture’). Ashford suggests that private welfare services are more catered to the individual and can provide better and more specialised care.

Following from this comes a second type of welfare provider; private. This can include private companies with a range of provisions with personal and public services. For instance, private pensions…...

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