Premium Essay

European Cultures

In: English and Literature

Submitted By nathalie092
Words 590
Pages 3
Whenever we talk of Indian wedding, we try to associate it with arranged marriages. Due to the social structure, the concept of arranged marriage is prevalent in the Indian wedding scenario, since ages. On the other hand, love marriages were considered as a taboo among many Indian people, who do not have a modern outlook of life. For them, two people should tie the wedding knot only with the consent of their parents and the blessings of their relatives.

Nonetheless, love marriages are prevalent in almost all the societies of India, given the fact that they are still considered inferior to the weddings arranged by many parents in the country. People supporting the concept of love marriage strongly believe that it is very important to know the partner before marrying him/her. On the other hand, people who believe in solemnizing the wedding with the permission of parents and relatives think that arranged marriages are long lasting. In this article, we have discussed love marriage vis-à-vis arranged marriage.

Pros & Cons of Love Marriage and Arranged Marriage

When it comes to love marriage, the two people tie the nuptial knot only after falling in love with each other and probably, after knowing each other for a long time. They get ample time to explore both the good and the bad things about each other, well before marriage. This helps them to develop a good comfort level after marriage, very effortlessly. On the other hand, if two people do not know much about each other, when their marriage is arranged by their parents, then they might take some more time to develop a level of comfort, understanding after marriage. Here, love marriage scores more than arranged marriage in this case.

It is said that compromise is a factor that decides whether the marriage would work out or not. In case of love marriage, people might expect more from their partner, largely…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Non-Europeans

...Johnny Quenan 11/18/12 Persuasive Essay Can non-Europeans be trusted to keep our own country alive? I say that they are trustworthy. Despite all the immigration of the non-Europeans, we have survived and prospered as a country. Also, there are many non-Europeans that are very strong in the political field. Take Barack Obama for example. He beat George W. Bush in the 2008 polls, and since then he has made some improvements to the U.S. Some examples of those are ending the war in Iraq, which was a very smart choice. Another example is the health care reform. This helped people with Medicare have more benefits and less of a cost. Also, almost all of America has abandoned the fact that ethnic diversity is something to worry about. Clarence Page mentioned that in his article, “Still fighting an old culture war.” Buchanan says that our nation “Born a Western Catholic republic being transformed into a multicultural, multiracial, multilingual, multiethnic stew of a nation that has no successful precedent in the history of the world.” This is not true. The USA has only improved in the last 5-6 years and has been successful since almost the beginning. There is another reason why Buchanan is wrong in that statement, and it is my second argument. If we have more racial and ethnic differences, then we can better communicate with other countries. For example, if we want to communicate with China about trade, we have people that would be able to fluently communicate with them. Also...

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

European Portfolio

...The European Language Portfolio is a personal document in which the person who learns a language can register his/her experiences of language learning and experiencies with other cultures. It can be updated at anytime by the learner, the real responsible for his/her own learning. The Portfolio collects the work accomplished by the holder from three different aspects. Firstly, in terms of acquired competences and formal qualifications, what is called the Passport section. These qualifications are designed under a common framework, which allows internacional recognition as well as cooperation and mobility among educational institutions. As the criteria of the learning proficiency are clearly settled, the passport enables assessment, both self-assessment and teachers’ assessment. Furthermore, teachers can use portfolios to tailor teaching to an individualized instruction according to the descriptors and the lacking in skills for each student. Secondly, it is collected the information related to the tracking of goal achievements, the Language Biography. This part records not only the cultural experiences but intercultural contacts as well. Learner is able to list surroundings languages, behaviours and to assess positive attitudes towards cultural diversity, which fosters multilingualism. Thirdly, documents and materials are attached in order to evidence the abilities previously mentioned*, whether the Passport or the Biography. Compositions, letters, written......

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

European Law

...Party 1: The steps of the European Construction There are a Lot of difficulties moreover it’s a success. In fact we don’t have the same language and culture. I. The european Coal and steel community R. Schuman was the French minister of foreign affairs. He wants to begin with a new economic politic. So he purpose to Germany to put together the coal and steel (may 9th 1950), an independent body has to control this new project, and if an other state wants to join this new community, they can. It’ll symbolize the new future between German and French people too, in order to stop the war. * Why establishing this community ? To build Europe you need coal and steel, because you built al you need for war. A lot of people were against this community in France and in Germany. The communist were against they idea, because of the American inspiration, and it’s a capitalist idea. DG was opposed to because he doesn’t accept this community because he wants that France become a supranational nation, who controls the community, moreover they’ll become friends with the German. (In 1994, François Mitterrand goes to Verdun in order to symbolize the new Friendship between the 2 states). This proposal becomes the treaty of Paris in 1951. * The treaty of Paris With the Europe of the 6 (France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and Nederland). So the Uk doesn’t accept this supranational Authority, it’s too early. There are 4 bodies: * The counsul of......

Words: 1080 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Native Americans by European Powers by Many Different Types of Cultures

...Evelyn Fowler AMH2070 MIDTERM ESSAY February 6, 2013 I am going to explain the compare and contrasting treatments of Native Americans by European Powers by many different types of cultures. We will descuss how badly the Native Americans was treated and how they had to overcome so much. I will also explain which methods was effective and which ones was not effective. The story of the Native American has been marked mainly by betrayal and sorrow towards them. Ever since the white men from across the ocean set foot onto this land, the Native American has lost almost everything including ancestral lands, dignity, and even their culture have fallen by the wayside. How interesting it is that the people who came to this land first are the ones who have been short changed. Native Americans have been ridiculed. The stereotype of the dirty dealin' Injun" is just one of numerous examples. This has not helped the Native Americans in any way. Slowly, things are getting better, but only slowly. It ended up tearing the Native Americans away from their land that they called Sacred which was not helpful and right by no means. The Cherokee called this land from Georgia to Oklahoma the Trail of Tears. Native American history is nothing but a trail of tears stretching through five centuries of horror and betrayal of the Native American. The Spanish and Native Americans date back to when Christopher Columbus discovered New World on......

Words: 895 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

European Community

...original aims of the European Community This paper considers the original aims of the European Economic Community on its formation under the Treaty of Rome 1957 as a background to the transformation of the EEC into the European Community. A discussion of the subsequent development of the EC thereafter forms the main body of this work and the staged development of the EC through subsequent amending treaties provides the focus of the analysis offered. A brief historical survey of the European Economic Community The European Community of 2008 sees its origins in the six member European Economic Community formed by the ratification of the Treaty of Rome in 1957. The signatory member states were France, Germany, Italy and the Benelux states. It is submitted at the outset that the EEC was founded largely on fear. It is hard to appreciate from the perspective of 2008, exactly what motivated the founding fathers of the Treaty of Rome to pursue integration because the world has moved on, but in the 1950s the base motivation was manifest and pressing. The continent of Europe had endured two catastrophic World Wars in the space of one generation. War had ravaged each and every country of Europe, and in particular the founding member states. The architects of the Treaty of Rome, including Italian Prime Minister Antonio Segni, French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman and French civil servant Jean Monnet, while undoubtedly harbouring in the back of their minds lofty notions of......

Words: 3143 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

European History

...REPORT ON “EUROPE – CULTURE, HISTORY & ECONOMICS” “Based on Seminar delivered by Prof. Dr. De Meuter” Submitted To: Submitted By: PROF. DR. DE MEUTER GROUP 7 NIDHI SHARMA RICHARD SUMAN HIMANSHU SAHNI MAHESH DILIP REDDY European culture & history LESSONS OF HISTORY: * Historical truth & historical books doesn’t always actually say or what it meant in the books. * They books are changed from time to time according to the situations and conditions. Example of Christopher Columbus who discovered America has been discussed in the class, where the actual evil intentions of Columbus were discussed who started his journey in search of India and discovered America. Here the myth is said as a history but the factual reality is left behind. Perennial philosophy: The perennial philosophy says about the whole world’s religious traditions as sharing a single, universal truth on which the foundation of all religious knowledge and doctrine has grown. In the perennial philosophy the several representations of different countries such as kundalini of India where the seven chakras represents seven energies present around the spine, Greece and the Caduceus / Homer and the Odyssey, Egypt and the Uraeus-Cobra & vulture, South America’s the oroburos, Chinese Dragon and the European alchemy which representation has different meaning has been discussed. Europe and......

Words: 10698 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

European Cluster

...Journal of World Business 37 (2002) 69±80 Eastern European cluster: tradition and transition     Gyula Bakacsi, Takacs Sandor, Karacsonyi Andras, Imrek Viktor1 Budapest University of Economic Sciences and Public Administration, 1093 Budapest, Hungary Abstract The eastern European cluster consists of Albania, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Poland, Russia, and Slovenia. It has a population of 232 million and a gross domestic product (GDP) of U.S.$772 billion. The cluster's distinctive cultural practices are high power distance and high family and group collectivism. The region is facing signi®cant challenges during its period of transition from communist philosophy to market-based economies. The participating managers value a much greater degree of future and performance orientation, but are strongly attached to their cultural heritage of deep family and group cohesion. They are also highly value charismatic and team-oriented leadership. The challenges and complexities facing the region are explored in the paper. # 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Inc. 1. Introduction This article provides an in-depth look at the eastern European culture. This region is understudied due to its socialist past and was not (with the exception of Greece and Yugoslavia), included in Hofstede's seminal work (1980) or basic reviewing and synthesizing study of Ronen & Shenkar, 1985 comparative study of 25 countries. Over the past few years, a few writers have examined cultural......

Words: 8788 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

European Union

...Lyn Klein Economics for Global Managers Professor Victoria Vernon Module 3 Case Study: European Union 7/3/14 The EU is facing a banking crisis. There are insolvent banks in Ireland and Spain, as well as other nations. They lent out too much money, often against real estate. There were real estate bubbles then the value of real estate fell and borrowers could not always pay back the loans. The Greek banking crisis was caused by the government spending too much and borrowing too much money. The economy collapsed causing the banks to be insolvent. Before the collapse banking was conservative. When a nation has insolvent banks belonging to the Euro zone make that problem much worse. There were silent funs on Greek banks, with capital flight; people are pulling their money out of the Greek banks and sending it elsewhere, making the Greek economy worse. The common currency zone escalates the problems. There are also capital and trade imbalances. Germany is exporting a great deal more than it imports, causing capital flows into Germany. Spain and Greece import more than they export so capital flow is out of the country. They need to become more productive at exporting, which is not always easy. In the 2000’s money flowed into periphery countries, borrowing rates were low and capital inflow brought rising standards of living. By 2010’s money was flowing out of the periphery countries and back into Northern Europe. Periphery economies were starved for investment...

Words: 8065 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

European Union

...European Union The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states which are located primarily in Europe. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC) formed by six countries in the 1950s. In the intervening years the EU has grown in size by the accession of new member states, and in power by the addition of policy areas to its remit. The EU operates through a hybrid system of supranational independent institutions and intergovernmental decisions negotiated by the member states. Important institutions of the EU include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, and the European Central Bank. The European Parliament is elected every five years by EU citizens. The EU has developed a single market through a standardized system of laws which apply in all member states. It ensures the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital, enacts legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintains common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. A monetary union, the eurozone, was established in 1999 and is currently composed of seventeen member states. Through the Common Foreign and Security Policy the EU has developed a limited role in external relations and defense. Permanent diplomatic missions have been established around the world and the EU is represented at the......

Words: 1143 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

European Economic

...Directive of the European Union. It gives EU workers the right to a minimum number of holidays each year, rest breaks, and rest of at least 11 hours in any 24 hours; restricts excessive night work; a day off after a week's work; and provides for a right to work no more than 48 hours per week. It was issued as an update on earlier versions from 22 June 2000 and 23 November 1993.Since excessive working time is cited as a major cause of stress, depression and illness, the stated purpose of the Directive is to protect people's health and safety. Background Like all European Union directives, this is an instrument which requires member states to enact its provisions in national legislation. Although the directive applies to all member states, in the United Kingdom, it is possible to opt out of the 48 hour working week and work longer hours. However, it is not possible to opt out of the other requirements. After the 1993 Council Negotiations, when the Directive was agreed to after an 11-1 vote, UK Employment Secretary David Hunt said "It is a flagrant abuse of Community rules. It has been brought forward as such simply to allow majority voting - a ploy to smuggle through part of the Social Chapter by the back door. The UK strongly opposes any attempt to tell people that they can no longer work the hours they want." (2)From the beginning of the establishment of the European Community, the United Kingdom to take the attitude of conflict in European pulled the European Free......

Words: 563 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Native American Cultures Before European Contact

...trouble accessing (downloading) the presentation slides because I am currently not in the states (I am in Shanghai China right now). That means the only source available to me was the textbook. Sorry if this fail to comply with the requirements. Native American Cultures before European Contact Introduction Before Columbus’s unexpected landfall in 1492, North America has long been untouched by “outsiders”. There were barely any contact or connections between North American cultures and the rest of the world. After 1492, however, people of generations (mostly European colonists) were motivated to come to the “New World”, hoping for the wealth this new-found-land could possibly bestow them. Their encounters with Native American people were therefore inevitable. The Native American people who had resided in the Americas for thousands of years were, to many of the outsiders’ surprise, not some sort of wild “savages”(Boyer et al., p.20). They were comprised of many different communities, or tribes. And the interactions among the tribes were frequent, leading to the fact that the Native American cultures, in general, have formed many common features. The key word to describe the Native American cultures before European contact, if any, can be ‘Equilibrium’. Throughout the history of Native American Indians before 1492, ‘Equilibrium’ had been Native American’s philosophy in dealing with in-tribe, inter-tribe relations as well as their relationship with nature. To......

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The Ways the Roman Catholic Church Influenced Politics, Society, and Culture During the European Middle Ages

...Kevin Chen Mr. Walker Social Studies 9ABC October 23, 2015 The Ways The Roman Catholic Church Influenced Politics, Society, and Culture During The European Middle Ages In the 5th century, the Roman Empire started to crumble. The destruction of the Roman Empire let the emergence of the Middle Ages. Soon the Roman Catholic Church became a major role in the daily life of the Europeans. The powerful Roman Catholic Church greatly controlled the Europe. Romantic Catholic Church influenced politics, society, and culture by excommunicating the emperor, showing kindness to others, and setting the new regulation of celebration of Easter. Romantic Catholic Church influenced politics by excommunicating the emperor Henry IV. As Church sought to influence spiritual and political matters, rulers started to struggle with them. Pope Gelasius described the solution of the conflict between Church and the state as two symbolic swords: the religious one that pope held and the political one that emperor held. Pope Gregory Vll, who had many power over the Church, excommunicated the emperor Henry, who arrogantly ordered Gregory to step down of the papacy (Document 2). The excommunication to the emperor Henry caused Henry to forbid holding power. Thus the banning to hold power influenced the politic over the empire. Romantic Catholic Church influenced society by showing benevolence and kindness to the foreign travelers, the sick, and the poor. Monks and nuns would welcome foreign travelers...

Words: 489 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

European Essay

...“What is it, Who uses it, How much is it, etc.” The employee then began answering all the questions and seemed very passionate about the stone. This stone was sold in a European store in Epcot. Epcot is a park with 11 different countries located in it. Walking through Epcot allows you to interact with and see how people from different cultures live their lives. The stone was set at a price of $19.99 in the store, which is pretty pricy for a piece of stone. It’s the sentimental value of the stone that is very important. The stone is used when people say prayer to the God’s above. People who believed in the God’s would generally use the stone. When attending services preaching to the God’s you would need to have the stone in order to participate with the group. When praying with the stone you would need to have it folded between your hands. This item was very important to the Europeans who believed strongly in the God’s. After hearing all this information I was in shock that I found it on the ground near a storm drain. This item was something important to the Europeans. When attending services you needed this and for prayer. The individual who lost theirs couldn’t participate in any ceremonies or personal prayer until theirs was retrieved or purchased a new one. This item was very significant to Europeans. Participating in prayer and attending services is something religious people look forward to. When having a rough day people speak with which, ever God they......

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

What Signs of Mod Culture Illustrate a Dominance of Masculine and European Influence Seen Through the Creative Mediums of Photography, Music and Fashion?

...WHAT SIGNS OF MOD CULTURE ILLUSTRATE A DOMINANCE OF MASCULINE AND EUROPEAN INFLUENCE SEEN THROUGH THE CREATIVE MEDIUMS OF PHOTOGRAPHY, MUSIC AND FASHION? Danny Lowe A Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of the degree BA (Hons) Fashion Photography London College of Fashion University of the Arts London Date: 15th April 2012 i Declaration I, Danny Lowe, certify that this is an original piece of work. I have acknowledged all sources and citation. No section of this literature review has been plagiarised. Signed: ….......................................................................................................................... ii TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract List of Illustrations Introduction Methodology Literature Review Chapter 1: Chapter 2: Chapter 3: Historical and Cultural Contexts – Defining the 'Mod' and Youth Cultures in Post WWII Britain Americanisation – Music, Motives and Movement The Signs of Style iv v vi ix xi xi xvii xxi xxii xxiv xxvi xxviii xxix xxxii Interpretative Analysis Photography: Music: Fashion Conclusion Bibliography Appendix iii Abstract The purpose of this research study is to identify the signs of masculinity and European influence that dominated aspects of 'Modernist', or Mod, culture and lifestyle. The Mod is a British subculture which developed in the 1960's. The first stage of this study involves introducing the subcultural theories attributed to the......

Words: 8441 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

European Union

...the principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law, principles which are common to the Member States.‖ - Article 6, Treaty on European Union The European Union is not a federation like the United States. Nor is it simply an organization for cooperation between governments, like the United Nations. Neither is it a State intended to replace existing states, but it is much more than any other international organization. The EU is, in fact, unique. Never before have countries voluntarily agreed to set up common institutions to which they delegate some of their sovereignty so that decisions on specific matters of joint interest can be made democratically at a higher, in this case European, level. All EU decisions and procedures are based on the treaties agreed to by all EU countries, under which sovereignty is shared in specified areas. The result is a union of 27 Member States covering 1.6 million square miles with roughly half a billion people producing almost a third of the world‘s gross national product and speaking more than 23 1 languages, bound together by a desire to promote peace, democracy, prosperity, stability, and the rule of law. The EU embraces the fundamental values shared by its Member States across a multitude of cultures, languages, and traditions. The Member States agree that democracy is the best form of government. They believe in societies that encourage pluralistic political thought and......

Words: 8089 - Pages: 33