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Ethics in the Public Sector and Different Approaches to Ethics in Military

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By uzel
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Pages 30
ETHICS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR AND
DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO ETHICS IN MILITARY

Abstract

Ethics and morals are used instead of each other in everyday life. However, there are some differences between these two expressions. Those who think that ethics is different than morals argue that ethics is more universal compared to morals. While moral is a national concept, ethics is considered to be a universal notion.

It is observed that discussions on ethics in the public administration have been increasing in the world since 1970’s. Although corruption in the political-bureaucratic system has been considered to be a characteristic of underdeveloped countries, certain problems observed in the public administration sector of some western countries in 1970’s drew the attention of the public opinion and excited debates on ethics. The notion of ethics in the public administration as it is in the West has been drawing more attention in Turkey in recent years. The legislation regarding ethical infrastructure in the Turkish Public administration has been scattered until 2004. In this article, the developments of ethical issues are explained in legal framework and also, different approaches in military from different countries are compared. Comments are made on the differences and similarities of “codes of ethics” and “moral values”.

Key Words: Business Ethics, Codes, Military, Morals, Public Administration.

Introduction

While ethical and moral are synonyms in most dictionaries, “ethics” and “morals” are differentiated by common usage. These are the definitions of ethics and morals generally accepted in various dictionaries and books (Baird, 2005: 27; Nuttall, 1997: 14; Lamberton and Minor, 1995: 409):

Morals: 1. These are the assessments made about the goodness and badness of the human…...

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