Premium Essay

Ethical Issues Related to Fetal Tissue Research

In: Social Issues

Submitted By reginasolomon
Words 1954
Pages 8
Ethical Issues Related to Fetal Tissue Research

The use of fetal tissue in biomedical research has been a hot topic for debate in social and political forums ever sense the landmark decision in the 1973 case of Roe vs. Wade (Beller & Weir 182). The decision of the Supreme Court to give women the right to abort a fetus without having a medical reason for doing so, sparked controversy which has affected any medical procedure or research dealing with fetuses (Bellar &Weir 182). Supporters of fetal tissue research believe it has too much potential to provide cures for many of the diseases and medical problems that plague today’s society for it to be halted. Opponents of this type of research believe it should be stopped because it is unethical to take the life of one human being in order to preserve the life of another.

Until the ruling in Roe vs. Wade experiments involving fetal tissue were conducted without any scrutiny from the public sector (Maynard-Moody 13). The first documented procedure involving the transplant of fetal tissue was carried out by Italian researchers in 1928, doctors transplanted the pancreas of a fetus into a diabetes patient, the patient showed no signs of improvement (Maynard-Moody 11). Research involving fetal tissue didn’t become widespread until the 1960’s. In 1957, a non-habit-forming sleeping pill was released in Europe. The pill was widely used in Europe, but not approved in the United States. A few years after the release of the drug there was a sharp rise in the amount of European babies born with phocomelia or “seal limbs” this increase was traced back to the drug (Maynard-Moody 11). Shortly after this medical disaster, the United States government passed legislation that made pharmaceutical companies prove drugs were not harmful to unborn children before they could be prescribed for pregnant women.

The need to…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ethical Issues

...Operations Management and Ethical Issue According to Aquilano, Chase, and Jacobs (2005), "Operations management (OM) is defined as the design, operation, and improvement of the systems that create and deliver the firm's primary products and services" (p.19). Operations management is a dynamic field and presents exciting new issues and challenges for operations managers. For example, Maura Sprenger, human resources director at Techno Inc., a fast growing information technology company, is faced with a very difficult issue between winning a multimillion dollar business contract with Apex Company or run the risk of causing a very knowledgeable and valuable employee to quit. Sprenger faces a dilemma on ethical issues related to diversity in the workplace. And the risk of losing a deal with Apex company, a large client. In addition, Techno presents a false expectation to Apex Company to close a deal which would run the rise of losing the contract deal. Jack Ridge, Techno's vice president for sales and marketing departmenttries to sell a major contract to Apex and with a visit to was Apex's headquarter Ridge is impressed with Apex's diversity program. Ridge is under the impression that executives at Apex are very proactive about the diversity of its workforce and likes its vendors to reflect the same commitment. Techno has its own employee diversity committee, staff training, and recruiting efforts, however, the staff's diversity is very limited. Because Ridge does not want to send...

Words: 744 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ethical Issue

... Applying Ethical Framework in Practice Rodd Tooke Grand Canyon University: NRSv437 September 2, 2013 Applying Ethical Framework in Practice Reading the “Bioethics of NBC’s ER” this writer feels the ethical implication of breaching the confidentiality of not only Andrea but everyone in the school who participated in the sex group. Ethical Implication Of A Breach Of Confidentiality A breach of confidentiality is a disclosure to a third party, without patient consent or court order, of private patient information ("Patient confidentiality," 2010). Before Nurse Hathaway can disclose any information about Andrea health to anyone including her parents, Andrea must sign a release of information which can be verbal or written. This writer feels that when a minor informs an adult or someone they feel they can trust in a situation that can be harmful to the minor child it’s important to explain to the child how important the situation can be to his or her health and inform the child at that time of a consent being need to obtain the necessary medical attention that may be needed. During the disclosure of information the adult must inform the child that under certain situation the parent may or may not be notified depending of the severity of the problem. If Nurse Hathaway breaches the confidence of Andrea she may no longer trust someone she beliefs and could confine in to keeping a secret. She may also be afraid to seek help in the future for thinking a breach of......

Words: 1145 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ethical Issues

...Ethics Issues University of Phoenix MGT 216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility 20th July, 2009 Ethics Issues Less than a year ago a regional property supervisor working for California Commercial Investment found an accountant stealing from the company. More specifically, the accountant was posting charges for one of our buildings (i.e. labor and supplies for painting), cutting checks, misleading the owner to sign them and cashing them for himself. He was able to steal a few thousand dollars with his unethical behavior before being caught by the property supervisor. Unethical behaviors like the one previously described are not uncommon in today’s business world. Indeed, workers during the course of their careers can face several ethical issues; therefore, understanding what business ethics is and how to deal with ethics issues can increase the chances to take appropriate actions when ethics issues occur. Bateman & Snell (2008) stated that business ethics “comprises the moral principles and standards that guide in the world business” (p. 181). In today’s business world, every organization has a legal responsibility to obey local, federal, state, and international laws. Further, every organization has an ethical responsibility which means meeting social expectations that are not translated in laws. Finally, every organization has a corporate social responsibility which is “the obligation toward society assumed by business. The socially responsible business......

Words: 1144 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ethical Issues

...frames, you should not hesitate to do so. For emergencies, when you are not able to gain access to messages on the Online Learning System (OLS), please send a message to my personal email address. In the event a third party needs to contact me, please direct them to my contact information listed under "facilitator information." No third party should use your login credentials to gain access to the classroom. Where to Go to Class                                                                                             Main: This is the main forum for the class and is where discussion is conducted. It has read-and-write access for everyone. Chat-Room: This is a read-and-write access forum. It is designed as a place to discuss issues not related to the course content. This is the forum to which we will send our bios. Course-Materials: This is a read-only forum, which means you can read messages here but cannot send any. This is where I will post the course syllabus and materials. Learning-Team-A, B, C, D, E and F: These six Learning Team forums will be used as workrooms for the learning teams. You will be assigned to one of these learning teams. Individual Forum: You will see one forum with your name on it. This is a private forum, shared only by you and me, the facilitator. Your classmates will not have access to this forum. This is where I will post your feedback. You can also ask questions here. However, if you have general questions about instructions......

Words: 4563 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Current Ethical Issues in Animal Research

...Current Ethical Issues in Animal Research Research involving animals consistently improves medical progress for more than two centuries. However, for most of that time, it has met with moral objections because of the suffering it can cause the animals. Though animal welfare laws have reduced the number of laboratory animals globally, ethical concerns remain.The word ‘ethics’ is used in many contexts, for the purposes of this essay, “It is an examination of the acceptability of the motives that drive the behaviour of people. ”(Dolan, 1999). Ethical issues in animal research have been discussed frequently in public these few years. Accurate global figures for animal testing are difficult to obtain. According to the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV) (2012), 100 million vertebrates are experimented on around the world every year, 10–11 million of them in the European Union. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates that the total number of animals used in that country in 2012 was almost 950,000, but this figure does not include rats and mice, which make up about 90% of research animals. Reports show that at least 20% of these animals do not receive painkillers and are used in painful experiments. Animal rights advocates are pressing government agencies to impose heavy restrictions on animal research. However, there is a growing concern over the threat restrictions on the use of animals would pose to scientific progress. Whether such......

Words: 1381 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ethical Issues

...advertising and promotion) overlap with media ethics. Contents 1 Fundamental issues in the ethics of marketing 1.1 Frameworks of analysis for marketing Possible frameworks 1.2 Power-based analysis 1.3 Is marketing inherently evil? 2 Specific issues in marketing ethics 2.1 Market research 2.2 Market audience 2.3 Pricing ethics 2.4 Ethics in advertising and promotion 2.4.1 Content 2.4.2 Delivery channels 2.4.3 Deceptive Advertising and Ethics 2.5 The use of ethics as a marketing tactic 2.6 Neuromarketing ethics 2.7 Marketing strategy 2.8 Further issues in marketing ethics 3 Regulation and enforcement 4 See also 5 References 6 Bibliography 7 External links Fundamental issues in the ethics of marketing[edit] Frameworks of analysis for marketing Possible frameworks[edit] Value-oriented framework, analyzing ethical problems on the basis of the values which they infringe (e.g. honesty, autonomy, privacy, transparency). An example of such an approach is the AMA Statement of Ethics.[1] Stakeholder-oriented framework, analyzing ethical problems on the basis of whom they affect (e.g. consumers, competitors, society as a whole). Process-oriented framework, analyzing ethical problems in terms of the categories used by marketing specialists (e.g. research, price, promotion, placement). None of these frameworks allows, by itself, a convenient and complete categorization of the great variety of issues in marketing ethics Power-based analysis[edit] Contrary......

Words: 3041 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Legal and Ethical Issues Related to Patient Rights

...The American Nurses Association Code for Nurses discusses the ethical behavior for nurses and the best course of action in a certain situation. Nurses can be evaluated by a set of standards which determines how well the nurse understands how the law applies specifically to them. Four of the most important ethical principles are beneficence, nonmaleficence, respect for autonomy, and justice (Murray & McKinney, 2006). Other important ethical rules, such as accountability and confidentiality, are derived from these four basic principles. These principles direct decision making and analyze what is morally right and reasonable. The legal and ethical issue I encountered in the clinical setting was failure to protect patient rights. The healthcare setting is demanding environment for nurses who have a responsibility to meet the needs of patients. An ethical issue can occur in any healthcare situation where profound moral questions of “rightness” or “wrongness” underlie professional decision-making and the beneficent care of patients (Ulrich et al., 2010). An ethical issue deals with virtues and values related to human conduct and is less focused on factual knowledge. During my clinical practice I encountered a nurse violate a patient’s right to receive medical care that meets the highest of standards, the right to be treated respectfully and the right to appropriate management of pain. This patient had open wounds covering his lower legs which required dressing change every......

Words: 1236 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Ethical Issues in Research

...UNIT TITLE : BUSINESS RESEARCH METHODS UNIT CODE : BCM 308 TASK : GROUP WORK STUDENT NO. NAME : NEWTON WANYAMA 12M03EBA074 : LEWIS MUNDIA 12J03ABA007 : JAMES IKUA 12S03EBA003 : MARY ODERO 12S03ABA011 : GLADYS MUMO 12J03EBA011 : PENINAH MBUTHIA : GEORGE OLIWA QUESTION : Discuss the ethical issues in research? DUE: 8 JULY 2013 LECTURER: HANIEL NJOGU MUCHIRI  INTRODUCTION When most people think of ethics (or morals), they think of rules for distinguishing between right and wrong, such as the Golden Rule ("Do unto others as you would have them do unto you’’. This is the most common way of defining "ethics": norms for conduct that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. Most people learn ethical norms at home, at school, in church, or in other social settings. Although most people acquire their sense of right and wrong during childhood, moral development occurs throughout life and human beings pass through different stages of growth as they mature. Ethical norms are so ubiquitous that one might be tempted to regard them as simple commonsense. On the other hand, if morality were nothing more than commonsense, then why are there so many ethical disputes and issues in our society? ......

Words: 2373 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Ethical Issues Related to Assisted Reproduction

...ETHICAL ISSUES RELATED TO REPRODUCTION Oghenebrume Pela Grand Canyon University: HLT 305 11/22/2014 Assisted reproductive technology otherwise known as fertility treatment uses various methods to achieve pregnancy. According to the CDC, the use of these methods has doubled in the last ten years. There has also been an increase in the number of successes based on the most recently collected data as at 2012. The current percentage of people born through ART (assisted reproductive technology) living in the United States is at 1% which, quite frankly, is a lot of people (Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), 2014). In the case of surrogate parenting, an agreement is reached typically between an infertile couple and a woman who is to carry a baby for this couple. There are two main types which are gestational surrogacy and traditional surrogacy. In gestational surrogacy, conception takes place by means of IVF (in vitro fertilization) which would mean that the surrogate mother will have no genetic relationship with the resultant child. In traditional surrogacy, conception will take place either naturally or artificially which would mean that there will be a genetic relationship between the surrogate mother and the pregnancy. Sperm and egg donation as the name implies is a practice in which sperm and eggs or embryos have been donated by a third party to enable the infertile individual or couple to conceive. The donors are usually screened before they can donate and......

Words: 1990 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Ethical Issues in the Conduct of Research

...Ethical Issues in the Conduct of Research Presented By Group III: Ganaden, Mj Aguila, Janet • Three parties involved in research situations: • Each party expects certain rights and certain obligations toward each other. • Secure permission before conducting the study. Send Letter of Request/ Appointments to respondents ahead of time. Establish good linkage/ network. Know study objectives Ensure that only the real respondents are included in the study. Verify the list of respondents. Keep duplicate copies of all documents. Conduct ocular inspection. Protect the confidential informations. Obliged to be truthful Right to be informed Right to privacy Cooperate with the researcher Respect the purpose of research Must be available at the time of data gathering Assure the availability of facilities. If encounters conflict, resolve conflict Obligation to the researcher to ask that he objectively seek out truth. Obligation not to misrepresent the findings of a study Open relationship between both parties. Source: youtube.com Unethical Research Methods Sample Letter Permission LETTERHEAD INSIDE ADDRESS, NAME OF COMPANY, and POSITION OF THE RECIPIENT DATE SALUTATION BODY TEXT REQUEST PERMISSION TO CONDUCT RESEARCH CALL TO ACTION COMPLIMENTARY CLOSING, SIGNATURE, and TYPED NAME NOTATION BY THE PROFESSOR Common Difficulties Difficulties Non-availability of the respondent Unwillingness......

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Research on an Emerging Technology and Related Ethical Issues

...worthwhile noting that in contrast, Waste Electronics and Electrical Equipment (WEEE) can offer a tremendous business opportunity if it would be treated in proper manner. Such is the emerging technology that support of the green computing and building our recycling infrastructure which is said to be woefully inadequate. Whichever ways these environmental issues are viewed, it is obvious in my opinion that the Waste Electronics and Electrical Equipment (WEEE) is problematic because of the vast array of chemicals and components used to manufacture EEE. The decision by all the stakeholders to act on mitigation of these problems is vital. This is a global issue accompanied by major ethical dilemma across all culture and it is also a problem which has created the cause for a common solution. Regulations & Guidelines Even though a national strategy is under consideration by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), historically States have developed separate initiatives. In the State of Florida for example, the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), Division of Waste Management has been involved with the issue of end-of -life (EOF) of electronics since 1988 (Townsend). California is also known for the technological innovation and environmental leadership. (Raphael). According to an estimate of the European Commission, the total amount of e-waste in Europe is expected to increase by 45% between 1995 and 2010. This forecast has led to the development of......

Words: 1153 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ethical Issues Research Paper

...Ethical Issues Research Paper Sherrill Jones AJS/532 Cristina Payne August 3, 2015 Ethical Issues Research Paper In the field of criminal justice, ethics is an integral part of the organization. The public relies on its police agencies to provide protection and maintain order in the community. It is also about a matter of trust the community places with its law enforcement agencies with regards to ethical behavior. This research paper will analyze the contemporary issues involving ethical behavior by criminal justice personnel, the decisions that govern its ethics, and recommendations. Contemporary Issues Laws and expectations change with each passing year; decisions vary with the times and public opinion. The stated goal for all is fairness combined with efficiency within the private and criminal justice systems. Justice should be obtained with equal actions regarding the constitutional rights that are afforded to all citizens including previously convicted offenders and the issue of public safety. The main concern is fairness, efficiency and just plain effectiveness. It becomes an issue when one tries to determine how effective these policies are and how much trust can be found within these findings due to personal bias and effectiveness of the figures presented. The setting up of the measurement system and how much weight this system carries for performance expectations is critical. The problem of what changes should or can be made to resolve......

Words: 2541 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Ethical Issues

...Case #1 Question #1. The ethical issue in this scenario is that Linda would give Bill an unfair advantage in the interview if she gave him the interview questions. Giving Bill the questions would not give the interviewer the correct first impression of Bill and may give the interviewer a false picture of Bill's qualifications. Question #2. Instead of Linda giving Bill the interview questions she could simply give him a brief, verbal overview of what to expect. She should not be specific in what questions they may ask. Because Linda will be a reference for Bill she can give an recommendation to the interviewers about him before he has an interview. Linda can also tell Bill to study and research the company so he is prepared. Case #2 Question #1. The ethical issue in the this scenario is that Violet could easily take a computer for her son and only send 11 computers to the elementary school. These transactions are not kept on record so Violet would be able to do it without anyone noticing, provided the school doesn't know how many computers they should be receiving. Question #2. Instead of Violet jeopardizing her job she could go to her son and explain the situation. Let him know that getting a computer for him is very hard on her own and ask he if could pitch in to help. If her son got a job and used some of his pay to help out it would be easier for Violet to buy a computer. Also, Violet does not have to a buy a brand new computer. There are many ways for her......

Words: 738 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ethical Health Care Issues

...Ethical Health Care Issues In 1953, two scientists James Watson and Francis Click published the description of the double helix structure of the DNA. Little did they know that voyage from the double helix to The Human Genome Project (HGP) would become a reality. Fifty years later in 2003, National Institute Health accomplished mapping of 32,000 genes of the human genome. Gene mapping was a significant research that enabled researchers to focus on gene specific diseases and birth defects. More than 1000 research projects started inward voyage discovery of human kind rather outward exploration of the planets. Clinical research involving human beings have greater potential for risk of misusing the technology. Potential for misusing the genetic research and fear of unknown long term effects on the successive generations have sparked bioethics debates. Like abortion, gene mapping is a very controversial subject and both sides have strong views. For example, should a woman abort the pregnancy based on the abnormal genetic screening results? Genetic technology provides an enormous power within our grips and with this enormous power comes following the ethical standards. Ethical standards should be followed involving human subjects. Genetic screening standards should align with four ethical principles of: • Respect for the human autonomy, dignity, and obtaining informed consent • Genetic screening should cause the minimal amount of harm to the subject • Provides maximum benefit......

Words: 1365 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Human Fetal Tissue Research

...Hubacz Ms. Pouliot AP Biology Due- May 21, 2012 The Use of Discarded Human Fetuses for Research Despite religious views using discarded human fetuses for research is ethical, instead of simply disposing the aborted fetus there is the chance of finding a cure and changing millions of lives. Fetal research is exploration of fetal tissues. In this paper aborted fetuses will be the topic of discussion. “Fetal tissue research involves cells from dead fetuses that are harvested for the purpose of establishing cell lines or for use as transplantation material and other purposes.” (1).This type of research has led to the discovery of many different things, including: vaccines, diagnostic techniques, and treatment of maternal hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes. There are many types of research that use human fetuses. First is general fetal research. General fetal research is used to develop vaccines and to study characteristics of human development. Fetal tissue research is “research involving transplantation of multipotent cells” (2). Fetal tissue research is being used to develop potential treatments for conditions, such as diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. Lastly in vitro research is being conducted. This is being used to understand and develop treatments for infertility. Research involving human fetuses is very controversial. Religious beliefs oppose the idea of this kind of research. Extraordinary results are coming from the studies being done, but views of......

Words: 1212 - Pages: 5