Premium Essay

Discuss the Challenges of an Ageing Population in One County That You Have Studied

In: Social Issues

Submitted By bumblebeee
Words 740
Pages 3
The country I have studied is the UK which is an MEDC in Northern Europe. An ageing population is where the country has an increasing average age of the population together with an increasing proportion of people over the age of 65. In 2014, for the first time in the UK, there are more people aged over 65 than 16 and with the rising life expectancy this creates many challenges for the UK economy and society.
Firstly, with the rising life expectancy which is currently at 81, there have been implications on health as in 2002 it was said that males spend 15 years of their life with a disability and females spend 17.5 years which is an increase in years compared to 1981. This is causing strain on the NHS as for them to cope with the increasing years of disabilities and increasing heart disease, cancers and diabetes. Social services also have extra strain and pressure which has to be coped with. It is proven that the elderly visit their doctor more often and have more home visits. They also occupy hospital beds for longer and the government of a country has to find money to pay for this care.
However, by having an ageing population, businesses such as BUPA who provide private healthcare insurance are striving as the elderly are regarded as good business and an opportunity for firms to grow. Therefore, they are helping enhance the economy.
Another benefit for the UK is that many UK seniors still do part or full time work as a way to keep themselves active and to supplement their pensions. Retired people are useful for companies as they can work flexible hours and do not carry costs such as National insurance. They could then use the benefit of their experience and knowledge to fully benefit society as for far too long older people have been undervalued in modern society. Many retired people also do voluntary work in schools and for charities that is essential work…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Use Concepts and Ideas from the Social Approach to Explain the Key Issue You Have Studied (12 Marks)

...Use concepts and ideas from the social approach to explain the key issue you have studied (12 marks) The key issue I have studied is the abuse of detainees at Abu Ghraib. Abu Ghraib is a prison in Iraq and was used by the Iraqi government as a prison for many years. When the Iraqi government was removed from power, the prison was used to hold Iraqi detainees, who were guarded by soldiers from the USA. In April 2004 it was made public knowledge that the detainees were being tortured and dehumanised by the American soldiers. Newspapers were filled with photographs and descriptions of the torture of the Iraqi detainees and there was public disapproval of what was evidently intolerable treatment inflicted on them. One theory that could be used to explain the issue is Milgram’s agency theory of obedience. This theory could be used because the soldiers are trained to be agents of authority and believe they have a duty to protect America as agents of society thus as soldiers, they would be agents obeying the orders rather than autonomous individuals making their own decisions. The soldiers would not have been in an autonomous state, and would have therefore be more able to carry out the orders given to them by an authority figure. This may have been because the soldiers were under the impressions that they would not be held responsible for their actions hence they thought it was acceptable to torture the Iraqi detainees as well as degrading them in the process. ...

Words: 915 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

With Reference to One Plagioclimax That You Have Studied, Assess the Impact of Human Activity on Plant Succession?

...With reference to one plagioclimax that you have studied, assess the impact of human activity on plant succession. (10 marks) Plant succession is the process by which one plant community replaces another over time. Human activity can have an impact on the succession of plants in a number of ways these are known as arresting factors. A plagioclimax community is a habitat in which the impact of humans has subsequently meant that the ecosystem has been prevented from developing further. The plagioclimax with which I will give reference in this essay is heather moorland. It must be noted that much of the present vegetation in the UK is a plagioclimax as a result of clearance. Heather moorland provides a choice example of a plagioclimax in the UK. The areas where heather moorland is most prominent are the North York Moors, the Pennines and Eastern Scotland. Much of the land where Heather moorland now exists was once covered by deciduous woodland, the UK’s climatic climax, yet humans have had a critical impact on the way in which heather moorland has manifested itself in these areas. One must acknowledge that heather had featured in these areas prior to the suspension of succession. Humans removed deciduous woodland in these areas to make way for farmland as a result of the need to increase food production. By chopping down vast swathes of deciduous woodland, the soil in these areas began to deteriorate without the much needed nutrients associated with the deciduous woodland......

Words: 604 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Explore the Genre Conventions in the Two Main Texts You Have Studied so Far.

...Explore the genre conventions in the two main texts you have studied so far. I will be writing about the two texts that I am studying (The Avengers Assemble and Sightseers). The first text, Sightseers, has the hybrid genre of black comedy, comedy, crime and thriller, whilst also touching on horror at points (the murders). The Avengers Assemble has a hybrid genre of sci-fi, action and fantasy. I will be looking at the parts of these movies that are typical of the genres that they are categorised in. The first text I will explore is Sightseers. In black comedies and crime, the iconography and location is often rural countryside; so Sightseers is challenging the conventions of the crime genre – often held in places associated more with ‘gangsters’, e.g. council estates, rougher areas (perhaps more populated) as opposed to the peaceful nature of the countryside. The choice of a caravan park adds a feeling of tranquillity and isn't an immediate location that springs to mind when it comes to thinking about the crime genre - so Ben Wheatley, the director, who has directed black comedies in the past, will have wanted to challenge the conventions of these movies. The comedy aspect is explored within quite a few scenes, the jokey comments that Tina is making to her mum at the beginning of the movie (where she repeats 'mum' several times, which is becomes quite humorous). The sort of humour used does challenge the conventions of a comedy as there are no out and out jokes, but some of...

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

“There Are Significant Stylistic Variations Within International Film Styles.” How Far Have You Found This to Be True in the Films You Have Studied for This Topic?

...“There are significant stylistic variations within international film styles.” How far have you found this to be true in the films you have studied for this topic? There are significant stylistic variations within the German Expressionist films, ‘The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari’, ‘Nosferatu’ and ‘Metropolis’. German Expressionism is the term used to describe the creative arts and film movements that were happening post war, in the early 1920’s. They are associated with themes of death, depression, darkness, insanity and distortion, which depict the state of the country and its civilians following the devastation of the war. German Expressionist films are significant to the history of the film industry as they have been filmed using distinctive methods and style techniques, which have influenced modern day film makers such as Tim Burton. One of the most significant stylistic variations that can be found within German Expressionist films is the considerable use of mise-en-scene. ‘The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari’, directed by Robert Wiene, was filmed against painted sets and backdrops. Due to the lack of funding in the film industry at the time, some films were shot entirely on backdrops like the ones seen in this film. The importance of this is that the sharp angles and distorted buildings look highly unrealistic, which reflects upon the madness and insanity of the main character Francis. As he is the narrator of the film, we are being told and shown the story through his mind,......

Words: 2391 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Have Western Liberal Democracies Effectively Responded to Challenges to Their Power? in Your Answer, Refer to at Least One Internal and One External Challenge.

...Have Western liberal democracies effectively responded to challenges to their power? In your answer, refer to at least one internal and one external challenge. Introduction In 1989 political scientist Francis Fukuyama declared “the end of history.”[1] Despite his language, Fukuyama was not an apocalyptic religious fundamentalist awaiting the rapture, but rather, he saw with the collapse of the Soviet Union the ultimate and final triumph of liberal democracy. Fukuyama draws on Marxist and Hegelian interpretations of the narrative of history as one of progress, in this case with its apex at the liberal democracy best represented by the United States of America. The triumphalism of this context may seem naïve in a post-9/11 world, but it should be seen in its original context of the decades long cold war between the US (and its allies) and the Soviet Union. These two sides came to represent an ideological conflict rather than a purely physical one, between liberal capitalist democracy and authoritarian communism, between free enterprise and central planning. Liberal democracy emerged victorious economically, politically and, Fukuyama would argue, philosophically. However, Fukuyama would be hard pressed to defend his near-eschatological optimism today, and Marxist critic Terry Eagleton has said that “the End of History is at an end.”[2] Rather than the comparatively monolithic opposition it experienced in the 20th Century, today the political dominance of liberal democracy is...

Words: 2309 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Challenges in Life Can Either Enrich You or Poison You. You Are the One Who Decides." ۥ Steve Maraboli I Believe That Challenges and Changes in Life Are the Defining Moments for a Person. in the Past Decade I Have

...Challenges in life can either enrich you or poison you. You are the one who decides." ― Steve Maraboli I believe that challenges and changes in life are the defining moments for a person. In the past decade I have faced several ones, which now seem as a blur but at the time were the harshest I had ever experienced. I first set foot on Canadian soil on June of 2008 after spending 14 years in my homeland Pakistan. I had moved into an environment surpassingly different than the one I came from and it was my first time something so drastic had happened. It was my mother's decision, a decision my father did not entirely approve of. Due to this reason, barriers arose between them, which only got worse over time. In addition to coping with an array of challenges and learning to accustom myself to the language, culture and customs of a strange land, I now had to confront to the rising tension in my family. In that time I had realized a few things. Despite the fact that I had no control over the changes happening in my life, I had full control over the changes happening inside of me. I could either allow myself to be completely taken over, or face the challenges and let them nourish my mind instead. Through these ordeals, I learned that whatever tension my parents had between them should just stay between them and not affect my relation with them or myself. I learned that despite the fact that I am now living in a place completely alien to me, it is rather an adventure not...

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Explore the Way Disturbed Characters Are Presented in the Text You Have Studied

...Explore the way disturbed characters are presented in the text you have studied Shakespeare and Browning both effectively portray disturbed characters in their text to explore greater social issues. Shakespeare explores the issues of regicide in order to inform the reader about the consequences of treason. Shakespeare explores the inequality of woman rights by using the character Lady Macbeth and how she treats Macbeth. Shakespeare presents Lady Macbeth as a manipulative, deceptive woman by Lady Macbeth leading Macbeth into self-indulgence. Shakespeare enforces the importance of 'divine rights of kings' and stresses the kings rights. By Macbeth killing king Duncan, he has committed regicide which is a sin. This goes against the divine rights of kings as Macbeth becomes king after he kills king Duncan and linking to the 'divine rights of kings' her has committed a sin. Also Shakespeare explores the outcome of manipulation and mental control by including the three witches. These three witches filled Macbeth's head with negativity and depravity. This results into Macbeth becoming very disturbed and traumatized. Moreover Browning explores the issues within the Victorian society in order to inform the reader about the different ways of life for others and the thoughts of others. Browning shows the difference in men and woman during the Victorian era and how Porphyria was very light hearted towards the way women were in that time. Porphyria had the image of a mistress other......

Words: 1023 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

With Reference to a Conflict over the Use of a Local Resource That You Have Studied

...the death of their loved one. In Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Voice’ the speaker feels a sense of loss and longing for his dead lover demanding a response “how you call to me, call to me” suggesting that the death of his lover has somewhat changed him, in the sense that he no longer interacts with the physical world he is within, but instead wishes to be re-joined with her beyond the point of reality. Furthermore, the speaker begins to doubt himself comparing the wind with the voice of his lover. “Wind oozing thin” when “the women calling” infers that this doubt has turned into madness by the forth stanza. The wind can further be compared to a raw, harshness that penetrates right to the core of someone, which can be seen as what his lover did to him when they broke and when she died. The structure of this poem possibly reflects the way in which over time, the loss of the speaker’s lover is slowly driving him insane, and although he was almost speaking about her in admiration at the start of the poem with “Women much missed” but now he is faltered, and changed due to her death. Opposing Hardy’s speaker as a crazed man by the end of his poem, in Bronte’s ‘Wuthering Heights Heathcliff’s reaction to Cathy’s death drives him to the point of revenge and self-suffering. He wishes her to “wake in torment” even though she is physically unable to do so. Heathcliff begins the passage with slight self-control over the fact that she has past, and outbreaks into anger, “Damn you all” She wants none......

Words: 633 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

One of Clayton County Sheros

...ONE OF CLAYTON COUNTY’S SHERO’S One of Clayton County’s Shero’s Essie Crawford Devry University Abstract Ms. Johnnie is an Outreach Coordinator of the Clayton Center where she heads several groups for grandparents, parents, and children. Ms. Johnnie goes above and beyond the call of duty in order to help those in her community and never asking for anything in return. The impressions that she leaves on children are ever –lasting, just as the impressions that the children leave on her. That is something that no amount of money can buy. It is simply priceless. One of Clayton County’s Shero’s There are people who do so much and never receive the recognition that they deserve. I ran across someone who truly fits this description to the core. She is a very intelligent, warm-hearted woman. People like her should be known about because she is a “silent hero,” and the silent heroes are the people that make the communities better without a second thought. The woman that I am speaking about is Ms. Johnnie Watkins, known to everyone as “Ms. Johnnie,” with her long time nickname of “Queen.” Ms. Johnnie was born and raised in Georgia. She went to Georgia State University where she received her AS and BS in social work. Ms. Johnnie has a 15-year old son who she has raised as a single parent due to the unfortunate death of her son’s father. Ms. Johnnie is the type of person who does a lot for the children and parents within the community and never thinks anything......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ageing Population

...Using Item B and elsewhere, assess the view that an ageing population creates problems for society There are many different problems that an ageing population creates for society. There are many reasons why there is an increase in the ageing population, as Item B states “In common with many western societies, the United Kingdom has an ageing population. Rising life expectancy and a relatively low birth rate have meant that the average age of the population is rising”. Also the decline in fertility has led to an increased amount of people who are over the age of 65 and this poses many different issues within society. First of all, older people consume a larger proportion of public services. For example, they require more health and social care than other age groups. This is truer when it involves the old old’. The old old’ are usually seen as the 75 years old and older as many people see them as needing more medical and care attention. However, some people will argue with this as many people of ‘old’ age still seem to be in relatively good health. It is not just health services that the elderly generation needs more of, in addition to this, the ageing population may require changes to policies, provision of housing, transport and many other services. The number of pensioners also living alone, had led to an increase in one-person pensioner households (they now account for 14% of households). Most of them are female. This is because females generally live longer than males......

Words: 953 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

‘Maintaining Biodiversity at Its Present Level Is Impossible If People Are to Achieve a Reasonable Standard of Living in the Near Future.’ Discuss This Statement with Reference to a Tropical Biome That You Have Studied.

...‘Maintaining biodiversity at its present level is impossible if people are to achieve a reasonable standard of living in the near future.’ Discuss this statement with reference to a tropical biome that you have studied. (40 marks) Biodiversity is the variety of species in an ecosystem, and there is a large biodiversity in the Amazon rainforest, which is the tropical biome which I have studied. The Amazon covers 40% of the South American land mass, passing through countries such as Peru, Brazil, Ecuador and Chile. It is one of the most biodiverse regions on earth, homes to about 1 million different plant species, over 500 species of mammals, and over 2000 species of fish. There are also a few endangered species in this biome, including the black caiman, which is a reptile and a pirarucu, which is a fish. The standard of living is simply the degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community. For the standard of living to improve for generations today and for future generations, it is often necessary for development to occur. And for development to occur, it is almost inevitable that the biodiversity in the area will be affected in one way or another. There are currently some threats to the Amazon rainforest, mainly being deforestation, overhunting and overfishing. If these activities are done in abundance, then it is not possible for people to achieve a reasonable standard of living in the future. So measures must be taken to sustainably develop the...

Words: 1167 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Example of a College Application Essay: Describe a Challenge You Have Faced and How You Have Overcome It.

...Describe a risk you have taken and discuss its impact on your life. (Kalamazoo College) Risks are present everywhere. Some people take them, and others leave them behind. Like toys on a shelf, they wait to be selected, and even sometimes bought. When we take one from the shelf, that toy has the potential to make our lives better by giving us joy, while other times the toys can break and make us sad. Either way, everyone takes a toy from the shelf at one point or another. I took a toy from the shelf just recently, when I decided to leave everything behind and move to the town of Hillsboro, Oregon. This decision wasn’t easy, but it was a risk I was willing to, and had to take for my own well-being. Anyone dealing with abuse, in any form, wishes to get away. I was living with my father in the bustling town of Coral Springs, Florida. Things had being going well up until I entered my first year of high school. Despite having almost straight A’s for the entire year, my grades were not good enough. I was lazy, ungrateful, and apparently a terrible child. So my dad made it very clear that my “bad behavior” would be met with yelling, flying backpacks, and grounding for unspecified amounts of time. This led me to believe that I was nothing. And it lasted for years. Until my junior year of high school, I was completely oblivious to the fact that I actually had done nothing wrong. My dad had been managing his own demons such as gambling, drinking, his job, and also the fact......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

How Far Do the American Films You Have Studied for This Topic Express Similar Messages and Values to One Another

...How far do the American films you have studied for this topic express similar messages and values to one another? 
Juno, one of the American films we have studied for this topic, depicts a girl’s life from the moment of conception and follows her through the journey she undergoes until soon after the moment of birth whilst displaying a number of messages and values along the way. Primarily, the audience are presented with the issue of teenage sex, which leads to underage pregnancy and abortion in America. The film exhibits two teenagers with very parent dominated lives and from the opening scene the audience sees that Juno drinks a large bottle of Sunny Delight to be able to use the pregnancy test showing a large amount of irony at the how childlike she is whilst being close to becoming a mother. This can be related to the idea of the “American Dream”, however it is warped by the example of Vanessa and Mark, whilst having a perfect house in the suburbs, two cars and a seemingly happy marriage. However, they lack the child to complete a nuclear family, although, Juno has the ability to create that dream occur. This can be related the family seen in Rebel Without A Cause, the other film studied for this topic in which the audience is presented with a several children’s desperation for a real family as opposed to adults craving children to achieve the family they desire. Jim Stark manifests his frustration at the beginning through alcohol and absolves himself to......

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

How Far Have the Female Characters Actually Achieved Empowerment by the End of the Films You Have Studied for This Topic?

...Empowering Women Essay How far have the female characters actually achieved empowerment by the end of the films you have studied for this topic? (35 Marks) The films I have studied for the topic of empowering women are ‘Everlasting Moments’ (D. Jan Troell, 2009) and ‘Seraphine’ (D. Martin Provost, 2008). To empower someone is to make someone stronger and confident, specifically in controlling their life and claiming their rights. In these two films I have looked at how the main female characters have been able to achieve empowerment or any obstacles that have prevented achieving empowerment. In Everlasting Moments, the film was set in the early 1900’s, which was a time of gender inequality and oppression. Women were seen as being subject to guardianship by their spouse and so were treated as simple possessions, they were unable to vote and jobs were not open equally to men and women. The central female character, Maria, is a young working class woman who experiences poverty and patriarchal oppression from her violent husband, which is further reinforced in early 1900’s Swedish society. The film, Seraphine, which was set in 1914 in France, is about an undiscovered working class female painter named Seraphine, who again experiences social and gender inequality. In Seraphine, there are both obstacles that Seraphine faces to empowerment and ways in which she could be considered as empowered. An obstacle she faces is her social status; as a working class woman she is......

Words: 1417 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

India's Ageing Population

...well-known fact that the world, overall, has an ageing population. This is especially true when looking at the population of India. From 1950 to 2010, India’s population aged 60 and older has risen from 5% to 7.5% (Bloom, Mahal, Rosenberg, and Sevilla, 2010, p. 60). Considering India’s life expectancy for both men and women in 2014 was less than 70 years (Saharan, 2014, p. 261), the fact that the population aged 60 and over has increased by 2.5% in 60 years is extremely influential to the economy. There is little governmental support for these elderly citizens, which leaves the burden of supporting them financially to their younger family members. In many cases, elderly citizens no longer live with their families, or their families do not earn enough to financially support the elderly person’s needs, and therefore the elderly citizens, and often their families as well, slip into poverty. In order for India’s economy to continue growing, policies in India must be changed to account for the increasing life expectancy and the increased number of elderly citizens. Before we can examine the economy and the required policy changes, we must look at the population of India. In India, there is currently a falling fertility rate and an increasing life expectancy (Bloom et al., 2010, p. 61). This means that less children are being born, but people can expect to live longer. Looking at Figure 1, we can see that in 2010, the population was largest in the 0-14 age range for both......

Words: 1225 - Pages: 5