Free Essay

Definition of Terms

In: Science

Submitted By jajaboom
Words 984
Pages 4
Globe- A spherical representation of the earth or of the constellations with a map on the surface.
Map-
A diagrammatic representation of an area of land or sea showing physical features, cities, roads | Latitude- The angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.Longitude- The angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial...: "at a longitude of 2° W"; "lines of longitudeEquator- An imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheresNorth Pole- also known as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is, subject to the caveats explained below, defined as the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface. It should not be confused with the North Magnetic Pole.South Pole-also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface. It is the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth and lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North PoleInternational Dateline-An imaginary line through the Pacific Ocean roughly corresponding to 180° longitude, to the east of which, by international agreement, the calendar date is one day earlier than to the west. 1. Prime Meridian-A planet's meridian adopted as the zero of longitude. 2. The earth's zero of longitude, which by convention passes through Greenwich, England.Grid-A framework of spaced bars that are parallel to or cross each other; a grating.Tropic of Cancer-The parallel of latitude 23°27 north of the equator, the northern boundary of the Torrid Zone, and the most northerly latitude at which the sun can shine directly overhead.Tropic of Capricorn-The parallel of latitude 23°27 south of the equator, the southern boundary of the Torrid Zone, and the most southerly latitude at which the sun can shine directly overhead. 1. Direction- A course along which someone or something moves. 2. The course that must be taken in order to reach a destinationElevation-vertical distance from a datum plane, usually mean sea level to a point above the earth. Often used synonymously with altitude, elevation is the height on the earth's surface and altitude, the height in space above the surface. The elevation of a feature is calculated through such surveying techniques as trigonometric triangulation and aerial photogrammetry. Elevation is represented by using contours of equal elevation lines, three-dimensional computer graphics representation, or molded three-dimensional plastic models.Sea Level-The level of the ocean's surface, especially the level halfway between mean high and low tide, used as a standard in reckoning land elevation or sea depths.Canyon-a gorge or ravine, esp in North America, usually formed by the down-cutting of a river in a dry area where there is insufficient rainfall to erode the sides of the valleyCoast- the line or zone where the land meets the sea or some other large expanse of waterContinent-The major land masses of the earth. According to tradition most people speak of seven continents on the planet. However, geologically there are six large distinct land masses on the earth so many geographers and scientists refer to six.Delta-The often triangular-shaped alluvial deposition area at the mouth of a river. Named for the shape of the Greek letter delta, shaped as a trangle. The archetypal delta is the Nile Delta in northern Egypt.Gulf- A large area of a sea or ocean partially enclosed by land, especially a long landlocked portion of sea opening through a strait.Harbor-A sheltered part of a body of water deep enough to provide anchorage for shipsIsland- any area of land smaller than a continent and entirely surrounded bywater. Islands may occur in oceans, seas, lakes, or rivers.Archipelago- a group of islandLakeA large inland body of fresh water or salt water.Mountain- s a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanismMountain ranges- A series of mountain ridges alike in form, direction, and origin.Ocean-The entire body of salt water that covers more than 70 percent of the earth's surface.Peninsula-a narrow strip of land projecting into a sea or lake from the mainlandPlain/pumper-Any relatively level area of the Earth's surface that exhibits gentle slopes and small local reliefPlateau- a wide mainly level area of elevated landRiver-a natural and continuous flow of water in a long line across a country into the seaSea- The continuous body of salt water covering most of the earth's surface, especially this body regarded as a geophysical entity distinct from earth and sky.Valley- a long depression in the land surface, usually containing a river, formed by erosion or by movements in the earth's crustForest-Strait- A narrow channel joining two larger bodies of waterRain forest-A dense evergreen forest with an annual rainfall of at least 406 centimeters (160 inches). Rainforests are often, but not always, located in tropical regions.Permafrost-ground that is permanently frozen, often to great depths, the surface sometimes thawing in the summerTundra-A treeless area between the icecap and the tree line of Arctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil and supporting low-growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.Desert-A dry, often sandy region of little rainfall, extreme temperatures, and sparse vegetation.b. A region of permanent cold that is largely or entirely devoid of life.c. An apparently lifeless area of water.Prairies-An extensive area of flat or rolling, predominantly treeless grassland, especially the large tract or plain of central North America. |…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Term Definition Paper

...Term Definition Paper Gross domestic Product GDP is a measure of a country’s economic output. It is the market value of all final goods and services made in the borders of a country within a year. It is often positively correlated with the standard of living, alternative of measures to gross domestic product for that purpose. (Colander, 2008). There are four parts to Gross Domestic Product: consumption, investment, government spending and net exports. Consumption is people spending money on goods or services, investment is different than normal investing it doesn’t mean investing in stocks or bonds; it actually means that businesses are spending money on factories and equipment for production. Government spending is money the government spends on goods and services. Net exports are when foreigner spends money on goods and services that are made in the United States. What does real gross domestic product GDP mean? The market value of final goods and services produced in an economy stated in the prices of a given year, also nominal GDP adjusted for inflation. (Colander, 2008). Unlike nominal GDP, real GDP can account for changes in the price level, and provide a more accurate figure. Inflation is a continual rise in the price level. Often referred to as a “constant-price”, inflation-corrected GDP or constant dollar GDP. (Colander, 2008) Inflation is the change of price levels over time. There are many cause for inflation, one example is when the government......

Words: 658 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Definition of Terms

...Definition of Terms Mathew V Kurian HCS/533 Definition of terms Every branch of science uses certain terms with specific meaning peculiar to itself The student of that branch has the responsibility not only to familiarize himself or herself with these terms but also has to have a thorough understanding as to what those terms are meant to be in order to master that field of study. In order to master the study of Information System in Health care, a thorough under-standing of the following terms are very important. AMR. The Automated Medical Record. The Automated Medical Record is a clinical information system with powerful facilities for querying and decision support. Automated Medical Record is the beginning of using electronic medium for the purpose of communication between health care providers, and between patients and health care providers and vice versa. Automation of medical record was originally intended to promote timely billing and securing prompt payments, but it came to stay as the most beneficial development for the patient in the scheme of delivery of care. Lack of proper and complete medical record may be the most important reason for the medical error in the treatment process. CMR. Computerized Medical Records. Computerized Medical Records are the digital counterparts to patient medical records kept in paper files and folders in health care offices. They are, in essence, an electronic version of the same medical......

Words: 1385 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Definitions of Terms

...DEFINITIONS OF TECHNICAL TERMS WORKING STUDENT-A person who attends classes and works part time. EDUCATION-in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, research, or simply through autodidacticism.Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts. STUDIES-Is the devotion of time and attention to acquiring knowledge on an academic subject, esp. by means of books. ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE-refers to how students deal with their studies and how they cope with or accomplish different tasks given to them by their teachers. EFFICIENCY-in general describes the extent to which time, effort or cost is well used for the intended task or purpose. WORK-Activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a purpose or result. JOB-A paid position of regular employment. ENGINEERING-is the science, skill, and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and also build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes. SALARY-A fixed regular payment, typically paid on a monthly or biweekly basis but often expressed as an annual sum, made by an employer to an employee, the amount and frequency of which may be specified in an employment contract. It is contrasted with piece wages, where each job, hour, or...

Words: 255 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Definition of Terms

...Definitions of Terms HCS/533 January 14, 2013 Sheryl-Anne Murray * AMR- Ambulatory Medical Records are medical records in which physicians use. If the physician is using the same information system as the hospital, they can be linked together to show visits in the ambulatory setting. The medical records are kept at the office that provides the care (Wager, Lee, & Glaser, 2009). The AMR system includes billing, coding, and the transcription of doctor’s notes. AMR’s are important because they can ensure compliance, increase the time which doctor’s spend with their patients, and reduce the space in the offices for paper charts. * CMR- Computerized Medical Records are health information about patients stored within the system. Recently, the use of computerized medical records has become a requirement for the government and CMS in order to obtain reimbursements for services rendered (Wager, Lee, & Glaser, 2009). CMR’s are important and increases reimbursement time processes, increases retrieval times of patient records, makes physician handwriting more legible, and assists with organization of patient information. The CMR includes information that was previously obtained by scanning the patient chart into the computer system. * CMS- Centers for Medicare and Medicaid focuses on physicians, nursing homes, long-term care, home care and hospitals. They ensure compliance of government policies and procedures of these facilities. CMS aggregates data from......

Words: 732 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Definition of Terms

...Definition of Terms Jentry Pippin HCS/533 May 22, 2013 Aimee Kirkendol Definition of Terms People working with health information technology (HIT) systems must familiarize themselves with key terms to help them perform their assigned work tasks. The terms below help health care organizations to operate more accurately and efficiently. By applying these tools and resources, health care organizations and professionals provide better services and a continuum of care to their patients. Key terms include acronyms, such as AMR, CMR, CMS, CMS-1500, CPT, DRG, EPR, HL7, ICD-9, and UB-92. The following excerpt will translate and define these acronyms and describe the most important aspect of these key terms. Translation and Definition of Key Health Information Technology Terms SearchHealthIT (2011) describes an ambulatory medical record (AMR) as “an electronically stored file of a patient’s outpatient medical records, which includes all surgeries and care that do not involve being admitted to a hospital” (para. 1). Physicians and other medical professionals have access to a patient’s complete medical history. The article states the most important aspect of an AMR lies in the fact they only apply to medical procedures, which require an overnight or longer stay in the hospital. Ambulatory medical records only exist in non-hospital environments, such as physicians’ offices, urgent care clinics, and at-home medical care settings. A computerized......

Words: 995 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Term Definition Paper

...Term Definition Paper Term Definition Paper Economics, similar to any part of analysis, has its’ own vocabulary. It's important to know the vocabulary, the philosophy behind it, as well as the effect or importance it has to our daily lives. For instance, some economical principles to concentrate on which can provide details to the state of the economy are: gross domestic product, real gross domestic product, joblessness rate, inflation rate, and rate of interest. Knowing the present economical conditions and just how that influences different markets can be challenging. But, using a few of these economical concepts or principals might help a person know the present economical situations. Additionally, having knowledge of the connection between companies, families, and government in the economical cycle is essential. The vocabulary of economics is complicated, full of vocabulary and ideas which can appear as foreign as language of distant tradition. For that reason, an overview of some fundamental economical principles and vocabulary is essential. To begin with, is gross domestic product, that is “the value of all finished services and goods produced inside a country’s borders in a particular time period” (“GDP“, p. 1). Together with gross domestic product is a similar expression used known as real gross domestic product. Real gross domestic product is just the worth of gross domestic product revised for inflation as well as deflation. The reason behind this adjusting......

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Definition of Terms

...Definitions of Terms Grading System - In norm-referenced systems students are evaluated in relationship to one another. This grading system rests on the assumption that the level of student performance will not vary much from class to class. In this system the instructor usually determines the percentage of students assigned each grade, although it may be determined (or at least influenced) by departmental policy.  (http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_Meaning_of_grading_system) Grade - A mark or rating indicating achievement or the worth of work done, as at school. (http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/grades) System - An organized, purposeful structure that consists of interrelated and interdependent elements (components, entities, factors, members, parts etc.). These elements continually influence one another (directly or indirectly) to maintain their activity and the existence of the system, in order to achieve the goal of the system. (http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/system.html) Entity-Relationship Diagram (ERD) - An entity-relationship diagram (ERD) is a data modeling technique that graphically illustrates an information system’s entities and the relationships between those entities. An ERD is a conceptual and representational model of data used to represent the entity framework infrastructure. (http://www.techopedia.com/definition/1200/entity-relationship-diagram-erd) Database - A database is a set of data that has a regular......

Words: 476 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Definition of Ie Terms

...Definition of terms Allowance * permitted amount of something that is allowed, especially according to regulations. Average selected time * the arithmetical average of all actual times except the abnormal times taken by the workman to compute a task or an element of a task. Avoidable delay * any delay of operator for which he/she is responsible and over which he/she has control. * it refers to delay which the operator may avoid if desired. Condensation * The change of a gas or vapor to a liquid, either by cooling or by being subjected to increased pressure. Critical path method (CPM) * an algorithm for scheduling a set of project activities. Decomposition * The separation of a substance into simpler substances or basic  elements. Can be brought about by exposure to heat, light, or  chemical or biological activity. * The process of breaking down organic material into smaller molecules that are available for use by the organisms of an ecosystem. Delay * any cause of postponement, interruption, interval, pause or wait until later before doing something. Delay allowance * a time increment including a time standard to allow contingencies and minor delays beyond the control of the workman. Density * is a physical property of matter and is a measure of mass per unit of volume of a material or substance, as each element and compound has a unique density associated with it. * Defined in a qualitative manner as...

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Definitions and Terms

...Define the following terms: Term Definition Application (in terms of cabling infrastructure) How cabling should be installed and it use. Unshielded Twisted –Pair A popular type of cable that consists of two unshielded wires twisted around each other. Shielded Twisted-Pair A type of copper telephone wiring in which each of the two copper wires that are twisted together are coated with an insulating coating that functions as a ground for the wires. Fiber-Optic Cable A type of cable that has a central glass core with cladding to prevent light loss and dielectric strengthening material which protects the core. They come in single, dual or multi-strand. Dark Fiber Dark fiber refers to unused fiber-optic cable. Often time’s companies lay more lines than what's needed in order to curb costs of having to do it again and again. The dark strands can be leased to individuals or other companies who want to establish optical connections among their own locations. Coaxial Cable A type of wire that consists of a center wire surrounded by insulation and then a grounded shield of braided wire. Plenum In building construction, the plenum (pronounced PLEH-nuhm) is the space that is used for air circulation in heating and air conditioning systems, typically between the structural ceiling and the suspended ceiling or under a raised floor. Riser Network cable that is rated for installation in buildings in a vertical format so if a fire should occur it would not burn like a wick and......

Words: 625 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Media Terms and Definitions

...Media Terms & Definitions A, B •Average frequency •The average number of times an individual or household is exposed to a station, program or advertisement. •Average frequency can be calculated by dividing the total TARP’s of a schedule by its unduplicated reach. Let us assume a schedule delivers 320 rating points and that this schedule gives an unduplicated reach of 80%. •Average Frequency = 320/80 = 4.0 •i.e. in other words the 80% of people exposed to the schedule were on average exposed 4.0 times. •Formula: Total TARP’s = Average Frequency Reach % •Audience •Generally taken to mean the number of people who have had an opportunity to see, hear or read an advertising message. •Billboard •An identifying announcement of sponsorship at the beginning, end, or in advertising breaks of radio and television programs. C •Cumulative Audience •Also referred to as “Reach”, it is the net unduplicated audiences of a burst or campaign. It can be expressed as a percentage of the target audience or in thousands. •Continuity •A method of scheduling advertising so that audiences have the opportunity to see ads at regular intervals. There is a great variety of patterns that could be used from advertising every day, to one programme each week. •CPM •CPM is an acronym for Cost per Mille, derived from the Latin ‘mille’ meaning thousand, therefore Cost per Thousand. This is the cost of reaching one thousand members in the specified target audience. The formula is similar to that used...

Words: 2492 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Definition of Terms

...Definition of terms Chinedu HCS/533 Health Information Systems AUGUST 25, 2014. Definition of terms This presentation will translate and define the following abbreviations: AMR, CMR, CMS, CMS-1500, CPT, DRG, EPR, HL7, ICD-9, and UB-92. Technology today has revolutionized the health care system, as technology evolves, so does the environment promoting quality care for those in need of it. AMR- An ambulatory medical record (AMR) is an electronically stored file of a patient’s outpatient medical records, which includes all surgeries and care that do not involve being admitted to a hospital. An AMR is similar to an electronic medical record (EMR), but while EMR’s keep track of inpatient care (surgeries and care that require spending overnight or longer in a hospital), AMRs only apply to medical procedures and cares that do not result in an overnight stay in a hospital or that are given in non-hospital settings such as urgent care clinics, physicians’ offices and at home medical care. AMRs are stored in electronic databases called ambulatory medical record systems that are accessible by doctors and other medical professionals. CMR- Computerized medical record is an electronic information system and keeps records of each individual patient’s health. Computerized medical records (CMR) provide a viable mechanism for implementing clinical governance. Computers are involved in all aspects of the clinical interaction-from consulting room to system-level use of large......

Words: 1209 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Definition of Hospital Terms

...Definition of Terms Michelle D. Dodd HCS/533 - HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS February 09, 2015 Kevin Lett University of Phoenix Introduction This paper will attempt to give a brief definition of the follow terms listed below, while at the same time providing a personal view of the most important aspect of each definition. * AMR * CMR * CMS * CMS-1500 * CPT * DRG * EPR * HL7 * ICD-9 * UB-04 AMR There are a few meanings of the acronym AMR in healthcare like, American Medical Response, Active Metabolic Rate, Ambulatory Medical Record, just to name a few. The one that stands out the most from a personal view is American Medical Response. This service provides emergency response, and dispatch services, non-emergency transport services and air ambulance services. The most important aspect of this service is providing services to the medically ill, severely injured, persons that are immobile and need assistance with getting to the hospital to receive proper medical attention. Without this service, hundreds of people can be in danger of losing their lives or the lives of a loved one. CMR CMR is an acronym for Computerized Medical Records. Computerized Medical Records are the digital counterparts to patient medical records kept in paper files and folders in healthcare offices. For healthcare professionals, the benefit of using computerized medical records is helping to save time and money. This system prevents patients from waiting...

Words: 1192 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Video Summary with Terms and Definitions

...processing unit (CPU). The CPU is a piece of hardware that carries out instructions to the computer and is considered the brains of the computer. The CPU can find information that was saved, it can decode information, and it can move memory from one place to another. The most important characteristic of the CPU is the operating speed which is the time required to execute an instruction or set of instructions. Topics presented in clip • Fan o Sits on top or next to the heat sink and pushes out the heat. • Heat Sink o The hardware on top of the CPU that moves the heat towards the fan in the computer. • CPU o The part of a computer that performs logical and arithmetical operations on the data as specified in the instructions. Terms and Definitions • CPU o Brains of the computer that carries out an instruction or a set of instructions. • Decode o Converts a coded message into a intelligible language. • Operating speed o The time required to execute an instruction or set of instructions. • ALU o Arithmetic and logic unit. o • System Bus (frontside bus) o Main communication system between motherboard and processor. • Instruction sets o Gives sets of directions to the processor. • Clock o Timing device for proper processor operation. • Hardware o Tools, machinery, and other durable equipment. Summary of My Thoughts My thoughts about the presentation are helpful because it teaches about the characteristics and functions of the CPU. I’ve learned......

Words: 379 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Definition of Terms Paper

...Definition of Terms Paper Definition of Terms Paper In today’s health care environment patient safety has become one of the most important objectives in all health care institutions. One of the main issues when it comes to safety of patients is errors that can occur when abbreviations are not used properly when dealing with health information technology. It is important for health care employees to have knowledge and a clear understanding of what the abbreviations stand for, as well as the purpose of them. When dealing with a patient’s personal information that concerns their medical history, there must be the use of accurate written or computerized documentation at all times. This paper will define the following abbreviations: AMR, CMR, CMS, CMS 1500, CPT, DRG, EPR, HL7, ICD-9, UB-2, and the important role each plays in health care information technology. AMR The abbreviation AMR refers to what is known as Automated Medical Records. An Automated Medical Records system is used to record all information concerning a patient’s care from the initial consultation, the admission into the hospital if applicable, any treatment involved and medications dispensed, to the final billing (Pinkerton, 2006).When an AMR is used the amount of paperwork associated with a health care practice or hospital can be lessened. Automated patient information has the capability to provide health care workers and organization with patient information that can be critical when treating them. The......

Words: 1947 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Terms and Definitions Worksheet

...University of Phoenix Material Terms and Definitions Worksheet Write brief descriptions for each of the following terms. If you use an outside source to define them, include an APA citation for the source. Scientific method “The way a scientist approaches a problem (by formulating a hypothesis and then testing it by means of an experiment)” (Raven, Berg, & Hassenzahl, 2010, p. G-13). This means that an individual uses a possible outcome to analyze and determine if the results are possible. Environmental science “The interdisciplinary study of how humanity interacts with other organisms and the nonliving physical environment” (Raven, Berg, & Hassenzahl, 2010, p. G-6). An analysis of the interconnections between living and nonliving species. Anthropocentrism “Focusing primarily or exclusively on human needs and interests” (Raven, Berg, & Hassenzahl, 2010, p. G-1). This means that an individual is self-centered, only worried about their needs or the needs of the humans. Biocentrism “Focusing on all life-forms as equally important” (Raven, Berg, & Hassenzahl, 2010, p. G-2). This means that an individual believes that all species are one, and that all live is valuable. Dualism “The state of being dual or consisting of two parts; division into two” (Dualism, 2012). This means that one was split into two equal parts. Ecocentrism “The view or belief that environmental concerns should take precedence over the needs and rights of human beings considered in isolation”......

Words: 1778 - Pages: 8