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Db Responses

In: Computers and Technology

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Chapter 7 Response
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Chapter 7 is written in an objective manner with the aim of covering rise of technology, with a specific focus on the digital divide. Indeed, the digital divide refers to the difference or gap between the people who have access to technology and those who lack access to technology. Clearly, computer technology has brought about significant ethical and social effects among people from all dimensions. The significance of the digital divide can be witnessed at school and work. The evidence of a digital divide can be seen in terms of the differences in access to computer technology. Different obstacles that limit the access to computer technology for some individuals have caused the divide. Access to computer technology is limited by the differences in geographical areas. From the geographical perspective, statistics indicate that individuals living in suburban areas have a higher access to computer technology both online and computer access as compared to rural and central city residents (Kizza, 2002). Income levels also determine the access to computer technology since computer gadgets or devices are monetized thus individuals have to purchase them and this poses a challenge to people who experience financial constraints. Other -issues include ethnicity where statistics indicate that white non-Hispanic individuals have a higher access to computer technology as compared to other individuals. Age and education also determine the access to computer technology.
I agree with Kizza (2002), The digital divide has significantly affected the virtual workplace since only employees with access to computer technology. The disadvantage of the digital divide is that organizations may fail in implementing a virtual workplace for telecommuters. Furthermore, the digital divide limits the manner in which organizations can introduce new technologies or policies of work. Furthermore, the digital divide limits employees from benefiting from the advantages of telecommuting, which include spending less travel hours and working conveniently. As such, the chapter implies that narrowing the digital divide will lead to organizations reaping from the benefits of telecommuting.
Reference
Kizza, Joseph Migga. (2002). Ethical and Social Issues in the Information Age. Secaucus NJ. Springer.

Chapter 6 Response
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Chapter 6 highlights issues, which revolves around intellectual property rights in computer technology. Understanding the concept of intellectual property rights is quite important especially during the information age, which is primarily propelled by computer technology. The importance of understanding the intellectual property rights is that it assists software developers in protecting their ideas and code from theft by other developers.
Computer software plays a critical role in the utilization of computer hardware since software instructs the hardware on how to behave and interact. Furthermore, software provides a platform, which allows the computer users to utilize the hardware (Kizza, 2002). Therefore, intellectual property rights allow the software developer to protect the software that they develop. Furthermore, software developers may have an intention to fully develop software programs and sell them thus; software can be viewed as an economic resource that can be used in order to create income. As such, it is important for software developers to understand the intellectual property rights in order to learn how they can protect their software and utilize them to make financial gains.
I agree with the author that the intellectual property rights refer to computer services, products, and software. One of the effective approaches in protecting computer hardware of software is through copyrighting. The advantage of copyrighting is that the copyrights apply around the world. Furthermore, copyrights last for a long period of over 50 years from the date of issuance (Kizza, 2002). Patents also provide a form of protection for computer technology devices. On the other hand, it is also important for developers of computer technology items to maintain secrecy by protecting their trade secrets. A product developer has to ensure that he or she protects the products in order to guide on how it should be used by other parties.

Reference
Kizza, Joseph Migga. (2002). Ethical and Social Issues in the Information Age. Secaucus NJ. Springer.

Chapter 5 Response
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Indeed, chapter 5 is quite informative as it draws the attention of the reader towards the issues of security while using computer technology. I appreciate this chapter and its contribution towards educating information technology and computer technology system users on how to maintain their security and safety while using computer technology devices. Indeed, using computer technology exposes an individual to a new virtual world where different threats exist.
The issues of security, privacy, and anonymity while using computer technology has come about due to the high demand for information. Furthermore, the increased access to information and high digitization has led to the need for computer technology users to become aware of security issues. Anonymity provides a user with an ability to hide their identity thus protection from security risks is enjoyed in this manner. Anonymity applies through different information technology platforms such as the internet on emails and postings. On the other hand, security refers to the prevention from unauthorized access, alteration, use and physical damage or theft for computer technology devices. Security offers protection. Additionally, users must be well informed on how to protect their data and information. On this topic, the author carefully addresses the issues of authentication, encryption and privacy as well as how they pertain to improving information security.
I also agree with the notion held by the author regarding the importance of improving security tactics as technology continues advancing. Clearly, it is important to ensure that computer technology users understand different security threats and how to avoid them. Furthermore, this poses a need to continually improve the current security measures since new threats continue to occur. The role of ensuring that information and devices are secure lies upon all stakeholders. Security and privacy will enable users to benefit by protecting personal identity and remaining autonomous. Furthermore, I appreciate that Kizza (2002) highlights the issue of addressing the security violations that exist.
Reference
Kizza, Joseph Migga. (2002). Ethical and Social Issues in the Information Age. Secaucus NJ. Springer.

Technology, Society and Ethics
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The article on technology, society, and ethics is quite informative and analytical regarding different issues, which have come up in the recent past regarding the issue of technology. The author focuses on three specific issues such as whether technology makes life easier, the development of modern technology as well as an introduction to ethical theory, which pertains to technology. I believe that it is important to answer the question on whether technology makes life easier since different individuals have expressed different opinions over the past. However, I feel that the issue of making life easier is quite relative to the manner in which one views it. According to my view, I agree with the author that the thesis that technology makes life easier is often repeated. However, authors have not measured the depth of making life easier. It is imperative to measure the nature of making life easier. If by making life easier, it refers to elimination of some tasks thus only leaving few tasks to be performed by an individual, and then technology makes life easier. Nonetheless, the ease of life from this perspective also bears significant challenges such as reducing social contact. Clearly, technology has made life easier in terms of improving the production process and bringing about faster production chains. However, on the downside, I feel that the author does not address the issue of technology creating redundancy in workplaces. Technology has also led to the reduction of the number of workers who work in certain departments since they are replaced by machines or technological devices. The aspect of being made redundant due to the adaption of technology within the workplace is an ethical issue since the use of technology implies that an organization favors devices or machines in place of human workers. Therefore, I believe that when calculating the aspect of life being made easier by technology, it is also important to evaluate the downside of technology. More so, the loss of jobs through retrenchment and replacement of human workers with technologically advanced machines is a cost and negative aspect in modern societies. Such negative issues wash down the significance of technology in making life easier. I believe that from an ethical perspective, technology has now become a negative tool, which contributes negatively to the society. Indeed, initially, technology had a positive contribution to the society by assisting in the performance of tasks, which were deemed challenging man to perform. However, man has become dependent on technology due to the notion that it makes life and work easier. On the other hand, the quick adaption of technology has led to other ethical issues such as the issues, which surround the privacy and protection of information. Furthermore, with the proliferation of technology has also brought rise to issues, which revolve around theft and vandalism of equipment by malicious individuals. All these occurrences indicate that the ease of life from technology has come with greater costs. From the ethical viewpoint, it is evident that technology can be viewed from a meta-ethical point of view. In this perspective, the importance of technology can be viewed from an isolated-individual framework. As such, some individuals may find that technology makes work and life easier for them thus from this perspective, technology is a beneficial tool. On the other hand, technology can be viewed from the social-individual perspective where the role of technology is viewed as a whole. From this perspective, it is evident that society has greater harm than good from a larger social view. As such, I hold the opinion that society I not gaining much from technology in comparison to the harm done.

Reference
Kizza, Joseph Migga. (2002). Ethical and Social Issues in the Information Age. Secaucus NJ. Springer.

As I went into my internship, I hoped to work in a diverse workplace where I would gain numerous skills and knowledge. During the period of my internship, I have been actively engaged in providing customer support at different levels of the organization. I have learnt how to deal with different issues, which are raised by the customers. I have also learnt how to repair computers and identify the common problems that brought by customers to the workplace. Other than computer repair, I have also learnt how to develop web pages using HTML 5 and CSS. I am also learning how to use JavaScript in order to make websites more interactive. In my internship, I am also working with SQL for database. I have learnt how to work with an Active Directory.
The challenges that I am facing in the workplace is that I am struggling with learning SQL. However, I believe that I will learn and become well equipped in setting up SQL server and deploying it to run with other applications. I hope to master web development using HTML and JavaScript. I also wish to learn how to create small and large networks as well as configure computers to work within networks. By learning how to configure and create computer networks, I will have gained knowledge on distributed computing systems.
Indeed, I realize that the area of computers is broad. Therefore, I also wish to delve into cloud computing and big data analytics in the future in order to remain relevant in the workplace and in the IT industry. By doing this, I believe that I will become an IT professional who remains relevant in the industry. Furthermore, since information technology is a fast changing field I will continue gaining skills that ensure that I provide solutions to customers.…...

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