Premium Essay

Cuban Adjustment Act of 1966

In: Historical Events

Submitted By m12345
Words 2637
Pages 11
The Cuban Adjustment Act of 1966 and

the Incarceration and Disparate Treatment

of Other Undocumented Persons

Emillia Victoria Roque

Florida International University

INTRODUCTION

From the beginning of is time, the United States has been a country built upon a strong foundation of leading ideals that has attracted immigrants from across the globe, which through their own hard work, trials, and triumphs, have been able to help shape America to what it has become. People are desperate to come to and become a permanent part of this country for the promise of freedom and opportunities that they may never experience in their countries of origin, such as proper health care, jobs, freedom of religion and more; opportunities that should be a right to all people. In 2008 about 11 million people were reported to be undocumented (Presten, 2012 ). While it is amazing to live in a country that can provide all these chances for people, there are several controversial issues that have arisen among the years due to the copious amounts of illegal immigrants in the residing in the country. One of the most talked about issues is that immigrants are able to readily use our resources such as health care, welfare and schools but are not legally able to pay the proper taxation for those services.
In this country immigrants are often categorized as hinders to our country but they can be considered the backbone of the American society. It is more than a necessity that the American government quickly establish an equal footing for every immigrant coming from worldwide. Currently the United States government places all immigrants and illegal aliens from every country in world in one group and place Cubans in an entirely different jurisdiction. For this reason the United States has encountered an unforeseeable problem brought on by The Cuban Readjustment Act of 1966.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Adjustment Bureau

...Culture Alert “The Adjustment Bureau” leaves its audience entertained, however it also gives them something of great significance to discuss and think about. The movie broadly addresses concepts of predestination, free-will, and to what some would view as God. Although “The Adjustment Bureau” does not reflect a biblically view of God and his nature, however the movie does a nice job of demonstrating the importance of these issues. Throughout this paper I will explore the worldviews in correlation with Ravi Zacharias’ components presented in this film, and discuss my views and opinions on the issues portrayed. Having a consistent worldview can often be challenging with the different influences in life, therefore seeing a consistent worldview in a movie can be difficult. “The Adjustment Bureau” relates to “free-will” concept that philosophers have debated for years. David, the main character, is a politician running for Senate. His campaign is going really well until a photo from college is leaked to the media of him. David also meets a woman, Elise, and immediately falls in love. Elise inspires him in many ways and he even gives a very impressing speech. David soon realizes that his choices are not his own and the direction of his life is not under his control after he tries to start a relationship with Elise. His life direction is decided by a higher power. David actually accidently sees a mysterious group of men, “the adjustment bureau”, performing mind manipulation......

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cuban Missile Crisis

...iTHE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS Module prepared for CIAO By Richard Ned Lebow August 2000 The Cuban missile crisis of October 1962 is generally regarded as the most serious military confrontation of the Cold War. American destroyers deployed along a picket line to intercept Soviet ships transporting missiles and nuclear warheads to Cuba while American air, ground and naval forces prepared for air strikes against Soviet missile sites under construction in Cuba and a follow-up invasion. The Strategic Air Command was put on an unprecedented state of alert – “DEFCON II,” only one step away from “war is imminent.” On Saturday morning,October 27, President Kennedy and his advisors were pessimistic about their ability to preserve the peace. Robert Kennedy, the President’s brother and Attorney General of the U.S., had “the feeling that the noose was tightening on all of us, on Americans, on mankind, and that the bridges to escape were crumbling.”1 In Moscow, the tension was “phenomenal.” On Sunday morning, General Secretary Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev and his advisors worried “that Kennedy intended to declare war, to launch an attack” against the Soviet Union.2 That same day, the two leaders reached an accommodation that, in retrospect, turned out to be one of the key turning points of the Cold War. 1 OVERVIEW The “Caribbean crisis,” as it was known in the former Soviet Union, was attributed to the Kennedy administration’s unwillingness to accept the status quo in Cuba.......

Words: 7837 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

America's Cuban Conundrum

...Case 5-1​​1 Case 5-1 America’s Cuban Conundrum: The Assignment Tonisha Pearson Strayer University – MKT 505: International Marketing July 29, 2012 Dr. David Holness, Instructor 1. Analyze the key issue that prompted the EU to take the Helms-Burton dispute to the WTO. The key issue that prompted the EU to take the Helms-Burton dispute to the WTO is the theory that law argues against the governments’ authority and the principle of International Law. The EU believed that there are measures in the Act that are divergent to the obligations of the United States of America in the WTO Agreements, particularly the GATS, Article 14 applying to trade and services, and GATT , Article 21 applying to trade in goods (Toledo, 2011). According to John H. Jackson, Andreas F. Lowenfeld, both Professors of Law, it is argued that the GAT and GATT contracts would provide a defense for the United States to many if not all of the United States Helms-Burton measures, even if some of these measures would otherwise be considered to be inconsistent with United States treaty obligations. These exceptions, however if given a broad interpretation could undermine the whole WTO treaty and impair the security and stability of the world trading system for which the WTO has been created. On the other hand, it is extremely important to all nations that national security to a requirement, and for an......

Words: 1324 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Cuban Missile

...Hesbon ogeka LA history &politics 4/12/2013 The Cuban Missile The Cuban Missile Crisis remains an example of one of the most terrifying events in history for the people of the world. A very real threat existed for the crisis to escalate and create World War III, which would include the annihilation of countries and cause unimaginable damage from the use of nuclear weapons by the United States and the former Soviet Union. The conflict had historical roots in the Cold War between the United States and the former Soviet Union, as well as in the history of relations between the United States and Cuba. The strife between the United States and Cuba culminated when Fidel Castro overthrew a government publicly supported by the United States, although political and military officials in the United States secretly welcomed the events. However, it soon became clear that the takeover of Cuba by Castro would result in escalating conflict between it and the United States, something that quickly became more evident in the Bay of Pigs invasion and Operation Mongoose; both designed to eliminate Castro from the political field in Cuba. The Soviet Union supported Castro’s regime and Cuba’s stand, and forced its hand with the placement of nuclear missiles on the island. The United States countered, and the two countries played out their hands to determine the fate of the world. In the end, the United States and the Soviet Union came to an agreement, both sides attempting to avoid a......

Words: 2550 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Adjustment

...Adjustment to Health Change or Crisis This essay will discuss a patient that I worked with during year two of my course, who has experienced a health change. I will also explore the psychological, social and physical changes to the patient and how adjustment was used on her lifestyle. Corsini (2002,p 20) defines Adjustment as “ Modifications of attitudes and behaviour to meet the demands of life effectively, such as carrying on constructive interprofessional relations, dealing with stressful problematic situations”. In accordance with the Nursing and Midwifery Councils Code of Conduct (NMC, 2009) to protect my patient’s confidentiality, I will refer to the patient as Margret and her husband as Charles. Margret is a 62-year-old lady who is a recently retired shop owner. She has been married for 40 years to Charles. Margret lives with her husband in a 2- bed bungalow. Margret and Charles have three sons. The sons live abroad but Margret has regular contact with them via the Internet and telephone. Margret has no other close family around her. Margret is an active lady and enjoys walking, swimming and other light exercise. Margret had attended a Doctor’s appointment at her local General Practice (G.P.) as she had not attended a check up for well over 30 years. Margret has no other medical problems and has reported to feel fit and well, with no concerns. The Doctor decided to perform a full health check and take a urine sample. The urine sample had detected glucose.......

Words: 3164 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Mark Cuban and Sec

...Mark Cuban was offered that the Web search engine named Mamma.com was going to offer $16.6 million worth of new shares to private institution and other qualified investors. The information about PIPEs is material since it’s not yet publicly announced and that info could affect the shareholders’ behaviors. 1. Why didn’t the SEC accuse Mark Cuban of traditional illegal insider trading, considering he was the largest, individual shareholder of Mamma.com? Even though the information about PIPEs was material inside information, Mark Cuban was not accused as traditional insider information. To qualify as traditional insider trading, there must involve true insiders buying or selling the company’s stock based on material inside information. We need to decide whether Mark Cuban is an insider or not. After buying 600,000 shares of Mamma.com, Mark Cuban became the largest individual shareholder but he actually just held 6.3% of the company. As stated in the securities exchange act of 1934, an insider means officers, directors, and large stockholders of Section 12 corporations (those owning 10% of the class of equity securities.) In this case, Mark Cuban’s share was not exceed 10%; therefore, he was not an insider. Therefore, he was not accused of traditional insider trading. 2. Why didn’t the SEC accuse Mark Cuban of tipper-tippee, illegal insider trading, since he sold his stock based on what Guy Faure told him on the phone on June 28th, 2004? If the CEO had “tipped” Cuban,......

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cuban Missile Crisis

...Introduction I decided to write about the Cuban missile crisis, because it was a very important event in mankind history. There was a higher risk or probability of nuclear war than ever before. It could cost millions of lives and change the progress of the people. Everything depended on the solutions of the two countries, or simplified, on the solutions of two men – president of the United States of America, John F. Kennedy and president of the Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev. I will try to focus on the particular question, which is – why did the Soviet Union decide to place nuclear missiles in Cuba. I have chosen this question because it is the principle of the crisis. Looking on it from different points of view will secure the objectivity of the conclusions. First, I will analyze it with using the theory of Constructivism, then I will use the Game theory. Realism In realism, states are the principal actors in the international system, which is anarchic. States look on their own interests and they are rational unitary actors. Placing of the missiles in Cuba was in conflict of the Soviets behavior and their statements: The Soviets gave every indication of sensitivity both to American strategic interests and to the president's political needs. In their September 4 meeting, Ambassador Dobrynin called on Robert Kennedy to relay a confidential promise from Chairman Khrushchev that the Soviet Union would not create any trouble for the United States during the......

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Analyticall Discussion of the Cuban Missile Crisis

...The Cuban Missile Crisis, an event that occurred in October 1962, almost turned the Cold War “hot”, presumably destructive for humanity as we know it. However, the conflict proved manageable, to all participating sides, as no nuclear war actually occurred. To avoid escalation of the conflict, involved nations were obliged to come to an agreement, and overcome their differences. To reach the phase of a resolution however, states underwent a series of events, which escalated the conflict. In order to understand how and why the USSR agreed to remove its missiles from Cuba and why the United States, though in secret, agreed to remove its armaments from Turkey and Italy, one must take a look at and analyze the events from that period. An idea of why the crisis occurred should be taken into account. Then, an overlook of the events during the crisis would fully reveal how and why the exact resolution was agreed. For a start, looking at the structural level, three important events which brought the crisis, could easily be distinguished. First of all, it was the policy of the United States towards Cuba. US’ elite was greatly disturbed by the Revolution that took place in Cuba. Americans were very discontent with a country leaning towards leftist politics in the region. They thought that socialist ideas would more easily be spread throughout the western hemisphere, if such a state existed. So it happened as Cuban revolutionaries proclaimed the socialist ideas in countries in...

Words: 2095 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

America's Cuban Conundrum

...America’s Cuban Conundrum 1. Analyze the key issue that prompted the EU to take the Helms-Burton dispute to the WTO The 1963 U.S. embargo was reinforced in October 1992 by the Cuban Democracy Act (the "Torricelli Law") and in 1996 by the Cuban Liberty and Democracy Solidarity Act (known as the Helms-Burton Act) which penalizes foreign companies that do business in Cuba by preventing them from doing business in the U.S. Justification provided for these restrictions was that these companies were trafficking in stolen U.S. properties, and should, thus, be excluded from the United States (Longmire, 2009). According to the Department of State (2000), Helms-Burton Act is the latest incarnation of U.S. efforts to internationalize it embargo of Cuba. Both the 1992 Cuba Democracy Act and Helms-Burton target foreign investment in Cuba, seeking to undermine Cuba’s international access to capital. The European Union (EU), Canada and Mexico have taken steps to challenge the law in the WTO and under NAFTA, seeking the nullification of the law on the grounds that it violates international trade law. The EU resented the Helms Burton Act because it felt that the US was dictating how other nations ought to conduct their trade and challenged it on that basis. The EU eventually dropped its challenge in favor of negotiating a solution. Many nations have enacted antidote legislation that bars their nationals from complying with Helms-Burton, under the threat of fines. They also argue that......

Words: 1594 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Cuban 5

...explores the almost unheard case of the Cuban Five. Five males from Cuba were given unfair jail sentences after being accused of espionage and terrorism. Under false allegations and pretenses, Gerardo Hernández, Ramón Labañino, Antonio Guerrero, Fernando González, and Rene González have been part of a long trial with minimal media coverage. The five aimed to seize the plans of anti-Cuban terrorist organizations, many of which are based in Miami, Florida. The trial lasted over six months, and became the longest trial in United States history. More than 119 volumes of testimony and over 20,000 pages of documents were collected and even with the testimony of three retired US Army generals and a retired admiral, who stated that no evidence of espionage existed, they were still sentenced. A statement by Fernando González Llort (2001) clearly states the Cuban-American National Fund (CANF) appears to be the primary foundation of such terrorist organizations, involving and gaining support from various American leaders. The acts of the Cuban Five would expose the wrong-doings of many American key figures and for such a reason; the heroes were made out to be the criminals. González Llort also states the only thing he and his fellow companions are guilty of is reporting, or more so warning, in the most docile manner, possible threats to Cuba by terrorists in the United States. Plastered all over the media in the year 1999, was a unique custody battle over Cuban born Elian González.......

Words: 2454 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Cuban Culture

...Cuban Culture Religion: Religion in Cuba was not as influential in their culture as in other Latin America countries. Two of the main reasons for this are during the colonial period all of the priests were Spanish and therefore the Cubans did not take to it and there were no priests in the rural areas so it was not available to a lot of the people. Eventually a popular religion did present itself within the Cuban culture among the white and creole Cubans, a version of Catholicism with African influence. Another part of Cuba, mostly the eastern region believes in Santería, which is a religious system brought over by the Nigerian slaves. This religious system is based on the up keeping of relationships, between people and between them and their gods. Catholicism is on the rise ever since the relaxation of state censure in the 1990’s, but Evangelical Protestantism is growing even faster. This may be due to the fact that they are in a desperate material conditions and the people’s need for hope. Family Life: Cuba not only liberated women economically, but also women’s bodies and their sexually. They have free and safe abortions for all women who have reached their majority, sixteen years of age, and they offer contraceptives to everyone even young girls. This has caused young boys and girls to be experimenting very early on which has led to a huge increase in teen pregnancies. Young boys are able to enjoy more sexual access, but they are usually lacking in the ability...

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Cuban Food

...plantations. Since the African people worked in Cuba both formed the culture and the Cuban cuisine was born. The Spanish people brought several fruits and grains with them like lemons and oranges and rice as well and vegetables to. In Cuba the major crop is the Sugar cane. With the big influence of the African culture in Cuba they introduced a lot of popular dishes like rice and beans also known as Moors and Christians accompanied with a side of tostones its pieces of fried plantain it is very delicious. The Cuban cuisine took a drastic turn after the Cuban Revolution in 1959 when Fidel Castro overthrew the government. The Cubans in that time began to leave the island because of lack of food supply. The conditions worsten because of political problems that they could not trade out internationally and the food supply became very poor quality. We know that Spain and Africa had all the influence in the Cuban Cuisine but the island also has French, Arabic, Chinese, and Portuguese influences. Usually Cuban dishes lack seasoning and some sauces. The black beans, stews and sauces and meats are very popular in the Island. The middle and upper class Cubanos and the tourists eat a wide variety of foods available to them because they have the money and the most commonly eaten meals are eaten with pork, chicken, tomatoes, rice, lettuce. The Cubanos barely ever use spicy for their meals. In the Cuban culture it is an atheist country but they say that about half of all......

Words: 839 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Cuban

...The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 brought the world closer than it had ever been to nuclear war. This makes the crisis one of the most essential events in international affairs history, demonstrating a great example of the realist perspectives and other important aspects of international relations. Primarily, the origins of the Cuban Missile Crisis can be readily attributed to the realist perspective. In 1961, President John F. Kennedy launched the Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba, which was a thwarted attempt by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with assistance from United States armed forces, to oust the corrupt government of Fidel Castro. This failed operation had sent the US back into a defensive position. In former President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s remarks to Kennedy he stated, “The failure of the Bay of Pigs will embolden the Soviets to do something that they would otherwise not do (Absher, 10).” However, not only was the US more alert; so was Cuba. Cuba had evidence that the US would try to invade once more. Thus, Castro and the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev conceived the plan to strategically place nuclear missiles in Cuba to protect themselves from the US. The realist perspective, among other things, involves the pursuit of power and, more importantly, a balance of power. The Soviet Union felt that a successful American invasion of Cuba would be extremely detrimental to the global communist movement. From the Soviet......

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cuban Missile Crisis

...English1 1st Period CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS John .F. Kennedy was the youngest man to become the president of the United States. He held office for almost 3 years before being assassinated in Dallas, Texas. He faced many important events while being in office, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis and The Bay of Pigs. During his second year of presidency he was warned by his advisors that the United States might be under threat by the Soviet Union. They suspected that the Soviet Union had started to build powerful missiles which would be transported to the island of Cuba. These missiles would have the capability to travel great distances and could hit major US cities such as Washington D.C, Houston and San Francisco. John F. Kennedy knew about the strained relationship between the United States While John F. Kennedy was suspicious at first later it was clear to him that this was an act to shift the power from U.S to the Soviet Union. After he was completely sure about the situation JFK addressed the public on this issue on October 22, 1962. He explained his decision to perform a naval blockade near the coast of Cuba, he also said that the US was ready to use military force if there is a threat to national security. The Cold War was one of the most important wars and would have been one of the most deadly wars of the 20th century. The Cold War is the closest that the world has come to a nuclear war. One of the main events of this war was the Cuban Missile Crisis. The 2......

Words: 932 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Cuban Missile Crisis

...Introduction The Cuban Missile Crisis originated because of a number of different issues, stemming from the ongoing struggle between The United States of America and The Soviet Union and between Capitalism and Communism. There were various events and circumstances which caused this standoff. Firstly, the decision to place missiles on Cuban soil was taken by the Soviets as a means to offset their strategic inferiority. The second main cause was the fact that America felt threatened by a Castro lead Communist Cuba. Their continued efforts to oust Castro, was a significant factor in creating a very real fear in Castro of a US invasion of Cuba. This led him to form strong bonds with the Soviets and subsequently allowing them to place missiles in Cuba. We also look at Americas failed attempt to remove Castro with their ‘Bay of Pigs’, invasion of Cuba, in 1961. A final factor in the cause of the crisis is the possibility of the Soviets using the missiles as a means of strengthening their power, with regards to negotiating with America in matters outside of Cuba. The first aspect to look at when dealing with this question is Soviet insecurity and strategic inferiority with the US. The Soviets had many reasons to feel insecure or threatened in the period directly preceding the Cuban Missile Crisis. Khrushchev had long known that the Soviets had a disproportionally lower amount of missiles than the Americans, however it was not until after events surrounding the building of the......

Words: 2294 - Pages: 10