Premium Essay

Contribution of Western Education to Nigerias Development

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Lucy001
Words 5085
Pages 21
European Scientific Journal November 2014 edition vol.10, No.31 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431


Dr. Jayeola-Omoyeni, M.S
Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria

Mr. Omoyeni, J.O.
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

What is now known as Nigeria consisted of two distinct geographical, cultural and educational divides in the course of state formation, migration and ethnic development. There existed before 1914, the
Northern and Southern protectorates of Nigeria and the Colony of Lagos.
The Northern protectorate was predominantly dominated by the Hausa,
Fulani and Kanuri speaking people, who had for over a thousand years (7001914) been wrapped with Islamic religion, Koranic Education and Arabic
Literacy, and committed to Muslim and Arabic education, tradition and culture. The north rejected the Christian Missionary form of education when it was introduced to the area in 1845 – Graham (1966). The Southern protectorate was predominantly dominated by the Yoruba and Igbo speaking people, who for many centuries had developed along the indigenous form of traditional education and culture, and who barely seventy two years 18421914 imbibed the European form of education regarded as Formal or
“Western Education”. The missionaries established mission schools and people became literates in the Roman script. This scenario was the case of
Nigeria before the outbreak of the 1st World War in 1914. This article shows how the likelihood of war prepared Nigerians for a unilateral
Amalgamation of the two protectorates without any recourse to war or civil disorder. There was no protest for or against the sudden amalgamation of the protectorates by Lord Frederick Lugard. The article in addition, showcases the impact of…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

History of Western Education

...HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF WESTERN EDUCATION AMONG THE IGBOMINA PEOPLE OF KWARA STATE By DR J. T. DOSUNMU Abstract This study examines the introduction of Western Education into Igbomina area of Kwara State of Nigeria by the Christian Missions. The administration and management of the various schools introduced by the missions were jointly administered by the colonial administrators and the missions. After the initial resistance to education, the exposure of the people to 'southern' influence soon made them realise what they have to gain from western education. It was for this reason that education became the "main industry" of the area. By far the most important agent of western education in the area was the S.I.M. (ECWA), which started its activities in 1912. Like in other parts of Nigeria, mission education in Igbomina was geared towards evangelical ends. However, the people of Igbomina saw western education as a tool to improve their quality of life. But it was not long before the people realised that the mere possession of education did not in itself provide employment along desired lines. Introduction The development of western education in Igbomina cannot be treated in isolation from traditional forms of education. In this society, traditional education was a way of life before the advent of Western education introduced by missionaries and the colonial administration. But inspite of the growth and success of western education in this region, the place of......

Words: 6256 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Language Education in Nigeria

...| | | | | | | | | Language Education In Nigeria | | | LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: THEORY, POLICY AND PRACTICE | | INTRODUCTION Natural language has many unique properties among which is that it plays dual role in most known formal educational systems. Thus it features, on the one hand, as a subject on the school curriculum, and accordingly permits one to talk of Language Education in much the same way that one would talk of Physics Education, Science Education, Economics Education, etc. On the other hand and completely unlike any of the other subjects on the curriculum, it also serves all over the world as the medium of instruction in all subjects, including itself. This latter role of it is fully captured under the title of Language in Education. Thus, Language Education and Language in Education refer to the two distinct roles that natural language plays in Education. Only the former of these two roles will be touched upon in the present discussion. Early Efforts in Language Education Formal Western type education was introduced into the country by Christian Missionaries just before the middle of the nineteenth century. For about four decades after that initial date, both the nature and main thrust of Language Education in the country were completely left to those missionaries to decide (Taiwo 1980: 10 - 11; Fafunwa 1974:92). And given the well-known belief of most such missionaries, first, that the African child was best......

Words: 4762 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Higher Education in Nigeria

...CHAPTER TWELVE FUNDING HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: CRUCIAL ISSUES A. O. O. OGUNTOYE,Pk.D Introduction Education is the fastest growing social sector of the Nigerian economy, at least, in quantitative terms. Education grew slowly but steadily during the colonial era but there was a dramatic leap forward in enrolment in the 1970s after the windfall from an oil wealth that came in form of sale of oil, oil royalties and taxes on oil. Both the wealth and the expansion in enrolment were unprecedented 'in the annals of the country. The boom, which lasted for a few years, because of its nature and the kind of people that managed it, spelt doom for education. This chapter briefly examines past trends in enrolments and educational financing with a view to assessing present predicaments and future possibilities. There has been a monolithic supplier of funds to education - the government. This source, which is now over-burdened and overwhelmed, cries out for relief, which cannot come in easy because it involves hard political choices with attendant costs, moreso, because it is easier to destroy by a stroke of the pen in the 1970s when the fever of school take-over and free education spread like wild-fires. Demand and Supply of Education in Nigeria The demand and supply of education follow a linear relationship that keeps on expanding in response to the average growth in population of more than 2.5% annually. Nigerians having tasted education become insatiable, moreso, because of the......

Words: 4181 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Contributions of Greek Civilization to Western Civilization

...Alejandra Fraguada Ancient & Medieval Western Civilization Contributions of Greek Civilization to Western Civilization. Ancient Greeks made many influential contributions to western civilization such as in the areas of philosophy, art and architecture, math and science. These contributions, which are also the achievements of ancient Greece, include certain things in the areas of philosophy, art, architecture, math and science. The ancient Greeks were a remarkable civilization in that they have made all these contributions and achievements while simultaneously fighting two wars, the Peloponnesian wars and the Persian wars. Luckily for western civilization, Greece carried on through these hardships and managed to achieve one thing after another, ultimately contributing a vast amount to western civilization. In the area of philosophy, Greece had made many influential contributions to western civilization. Greek philosophers were great thinkers who were determined to seek truth to a certain subject or question no matter where it led them. Three of the most famous philosophers in Greek history include Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato. Socrates, who lived from around 470 to 399 B.C., believed that life was not worth living unless it was examined and the truth about life was sought out. He also believed that there had to be certain standards for justice and punishment. In order to solve problems in life, Socrates invented a method for solving these problems called......

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Education in Nigeria

...Primary education [edit] Primary education , Yoruba, and Igbo. Private schools would also offer Computer science, French, and Fine Arts. Primary school students are required to take a Common Entrance Examination to qualify for admission into the Federal and State Government Secondary schools, as well as private ones. The Universal Basic Education, UBE, came as a replacement for Nigeria’s Universal Primary Education scheme of the 6-3-3-4 system of primary education. The 9-3-4 system of education was designed in conformity with the MDGs and Education For All, EFA (Kayode, 2006). The UBE involves 6 years of Primary School education and 3 years of Junior Secondary School education, culminating in 9 years of uninterrupted schooling, and transition from one class to another is automatic but determined through continuous assessment. This scheme is monitored by the Universal Basic Education Commission, UBEC, and has made it "free", "compulsory" and a right of every child.[1] Therefore, the UBEC law section 15 defines UBE as early childhood care and education. The law stipulates a 9-year formal schooling, adult literacy and non-formal education, skill acquisition programs and the education of special groups such as nomads and migrants, girl child and women, Al-majiri, street children and disabled people (Aderinoye, 2007). [2] Secondary education [edit] Students spend six years in Secondary School, that is 3 years of JSS (Junior Secondary School), and 3 years of SSS (Senior......

Words: 1951 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Role of Entrepreneurship in Economic Development of Nigeria

...Management ISSN 2222-1905 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2839 (Online) Vol 4, No.8, 2012 The Role of Entrepreneurship in Economic Development: The Nigerian Perspective Dr. Mrs Ann Ogbo AGU CHIDIEBERE NWACHUKWU Dept. Of management, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus. PMB 011 *E mail of the correspondence author: Abstract The aim of the paper is to develop and analyse the contributions of entrepreneurship in the economic development through SME development in Nigeria. A total of 100 SMEs were randomly selected from a cross section of a population of all SMEs spread around some states of Nigeria and covering virtually all forms of enterprise. Participants were selected through a simple random sampling. The responses to the questionnaires were complemented with personal interviews of some SMEs operators. The responses of the participants were analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS), which generated the frequency distributions, means, standard deviations, chi-square statistics, analyses of variance, etc of the responses. The hypotheses of this research which were tested at 0.05 level of significance using chi-square statistics hinged on identifying the greatest problem which SMEs face in Nigeria, the identification and ranking of the top ten problems or challenges of SMEs in Nigeria and the relationship between the form and nature of the business enterprise and its sources of funding for its operations. The......

Words: 7375 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Development of the Western Frontier

...Tutor: Course: Date: Development of the Western Frontier Frederick Jackson turner developed a thesis called the frontier thesis where he conquers that the democracy of America was established by the Western frontier. He also stated that the democracy of America resulted from violence and the absence of interests in high culture. He continued to state that the Frontier land was acquired, and there was no need to establish institutions to attain it. His insistence on the frontier’s need to shape the country led to a pool of responses found in many articles. His works led to the use of social history as the underlying grounds for all socio-economic and political progress in the history of America. When Turner died, history departments were teaching frontier history based on his approach. For a long time, the history of America has been largely tied to the colonization history of the Great west. The presence of free land and the settlement of Americans to the west explain the progress of America. American institutions have been required to change with the increase of the diversity and population of people and facilitate the transformation from backward political and economic ways to civilization. Development in some nations has only taken place in some areas, but in America, development has been widespread. However, there is a frontier line still facing primitive conditions along the western part. Nevertheless, the history of America is not based on the western coast but......

Words: 1116 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Education and Productivity in Nigeria

...EDUCATION AND PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA EDITED BY: E.G. FAGBAMIYE & D.O. DUROSARO A Publication of the Nigerian Association for Educational Administration and Planning. TABLE OF CONTENTS Title page.................……………………………………. i Copy right page..........………………………………….. ii Foreword..................……………………………………. iii About the contributors..…………………………………. Iv-v Table of contents........…………………………………… vi-ix Sub-Theme 1 Measurement of Productivity in Education CHAPTER ONE: Education and Productivity in Nigeria: An Overview - Dr. J.O. Fadipe………………………..................................................1 CHAPTER TWO: Issues in Measuring Teachers Productivity - Dr. A.O. Sofoluwe....................……………………..........................9 CHAPTER THREE: Measuring Teachers Productivity and Primary School Quality: An Evaluation of Concept and Issues - Mr.J.B. Odunuga& Mr. P.K. Ajila...............…………………….......16 CHAPTER FOUR: Measuring Teacher Productivity: An Overview of the'APER' Form - Dr. A.F.S. Ahmed............…………………...........22 Sub-Theme 2 Human Resource Management and Productivity CHAPTER FIVE: Human Resource Development and Productivity - Prof. Segun Ogunsaju..............................…………………….........32 CHAPTER SIX: Teachers' Remuneration, Conditions of Service, Job Satisfaction, Attitude to Work and Job Performance in Selected vi Secondary Schools in Lagos State - Prof.......

Words: 4028 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Term Paper on History of Education in Nigeria

...term education has got a lot of definitions. Different scholars in the world give different definitions in trying to capture the subject matter. Some scholars like Snelson (1974:1) define education as a condition of human survival. It is the means where by one generation transmits the wisdom, knowledge and experience which prepares the next generation for life’s duties and pleasure. Although this definition may not cater or address all the issues raised in education, it helps us to have a wide knowledge about all aspects of education. This also helps us to act with more insight and more intelligence in molding the youths in an acceptable manner. As human beings, the kind of personality one becomes will depend very much on the home he/she is born into, on his parents, on his village in which they are brought up. It can also be based on his or her school and on the tribe or nation to which they belongs. The kind of personality will not only depend on the things mentioned but also on beliefs and ideas that he will encounter throughout his life. The importance of any form of education lies in the fact that it is at the centre of development of a given society. As such, a well-developed educational system will undoubtedly lead to the production of trained and skilled manpower that are indispensable in bringing about social change. Most societies throughout history provided some kinds of education for the young so that they can live and succeed in a changing society. Education......

Words: 3445 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Contribution of Western Education to Development in Nigeria

...The contributions of western education to development in Nigeria. If a man is born blind, he may not appreciate what it means to see the light, but ones his sight is recovered he would definitely not want to be thrown back into perpetual darkness. Darkness, blindness or ignorance are terms that could be interchangeably used to describe the state of Nigeria before the advent of western education. No matter how beautiful or promising an environment may be, it would neither be seen nor appreciated in darkness. Light is needed to appreciate anything good, amend anything that is not good enough or throw away anything that is bad outright. Western education came with light appreciating treasures we had with us all the time but never discovered right under the ground. At a time, it was called the ‘black gold’. The discovery of crude oil in Nigeria would not have been possible without our embracing western education. The proceeds from crude oil have in no little way contributed to the development of Nigeria today. With western education came literacy, the ability to read and write which has immensely helped in the acquisition of knowledge and set the foundation for our educational system today. Western education brought with it other dividends of westernization like electricity, pipe-borne water, improved healthcare system, mechanized agriculture with improved yields, the internet making us a part of the global village, GSM technology making communication easier and faster...

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nigeria Education

... Term paper on Nigeria education In the past, to teach in primary school a person needed a Teacher Certificate Grade II (TCGDII) from four years of secondary school at a Grade II Teacher-training college. These were phased out after 1998, when the Nigerian Certificate of Education (NCE) became the required diploma for all primary and junior secondary school teachers. In 1996, out of approximately 420,000 primary school teachers in the country, about 80 percent had either the NCE or TCGDII (equally divided between the two). The government created the National Teachers Institute (NTI) in 1978 to conduct programs that would upgrade teacher qualifications to the NCE level, with most of this training carried out by distance learning. Between 1993 and 1996, the NTI graduated 34,486 in their NCE distance learning programs. In 2000, it trained 20,000 teachers. A Bachelor of Education program with NTI received approval by the government at the end of 2000. NTI also conducts workshops and conferences on curriculum development and in other areas of teacher training. To teach in senior secondary schools a person must have either a bachelor's degree in education or a bachelor's degree in a subject field combined with a postgraduate diploma in education. The faculty in senior secondary schools are among the best qualified in the country, almost all holding bachelor's degree. A few teachers possess the NCE. The bachelor's degree programs in education are offered at major teacher......

Words: 326 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Entreprenueral Development in Nigeria

...About * Contact * Advertise with us * Submit an Article * You are here: Home » Economics » Entrepreneurship Development in Nigeria Entrepreneurship Development in Nigeria by ivor Ogidefa in Economics, November 29, 2010 The development of entrepreneurship in Nigeria.     Entrepreneurship Development in Nigeria started when people produce more products  than they needed, as such, they had to exchange these surpluses.     For instance, If a blacksmith produced more hoes than he needed, he exchanges the surplus  he had with what he had not but needed, maybe he needed some  yam or goat etc. he would look for someone who needed his products to  exchange with. By this way, producers come to realize that they can concentrate in their areas of production to produce more and their exchange with what they needed.     The modern entrepreneurship development in Nigeria started with the coming of the colonial master, who brought in their wears and made Nigeria their middle men. In this way, modern entrepreneurs were engaged in retail trade or sole proprietorship ISSUE PROBLEM     One of the major factors that have in many ways discouraged this flow of entrepreneurship development in Nigeria is the value system brought about by formal education. For many decades, formal education has been the preserved of the privilege. With formal education people had the opportunity of being employed in the civil service, because in those days the economy  was large enough to......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Education a Tool for Poverty Reduction in Nigeria

...ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING AND EDUCATION AS STRATEGIC TOOLS FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA Dr. O. J. K. Ogundele Department of Business Administration & Management Technology Lagos State University, Ojo; Lagos Nigeria. Waidi Adeniyi Akingbade Department of Business Administration & Management Technology Lagos State University Ojo; Lagos, Nigeria. Hammed Babatunde Akinlabi Associate Lecturer Lagos State University External System Ojo, Lagos, Nigeria. Abstract The main objective of the study is to investigate the intensity of entrepreneurship training and education as strategic tools for poverty alleviation in Nigeria. Using a stratified random sampling technique, 250 entrepreneurs and apprenticeships from five recognized local government areas in Lagos state, South Western Nigeria were selected as our respondents. Data were gathered through a self-monitored questionnaire survey. Simple regression analysis was used to test the relationship between the entrepreneurship training and education and poverty alleviation. Two hypotheses were postulated to determine the relationship between technical skill and youth empowerment and between personal entrepreneurial skill and social welfare services. This study confirmed that entrepreneurship training and education are significantly related to the youth empowerment and social welfare services. Findings revealed that youth empowerment are influenced by their acquired technical skill. The study recommends effective technical education,......

Words: 5099 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Western Developments of the Early Nineteenth

...The momentous Western developments of the early nineteenth century were industrialization, urbanization, and increased economic and political interaction worldwide-matured quickly during the latter half of the century. The industrial Revolution in England spread throughout Europe and to the United States. Because of this dramatic expansion, the third quarter of the nineteenth century is often referred to as the second Industrial Revolution. While the first Industrial Revolution centered on textiles, steam, and iron, the second was associated with steel, electricity, chemicals and oil. The discoveries in these fields were the foundation for the development in plastics, machinery, building construction, and auto motive manufacturing. These finding help paved the way for later development in the invention of the radio, electric light bulb, telephone, and electric streetcar- still seen in modern day California. The most significant invent during industrialization was urbanization. Western cities grew dramatically during the later part of the nineteenth century; mainly do to migration from rural regions. The widely available work opportunities in the cities, especially in the factories, were also a major factor in this migration. An increasing emphasis on science was another characteristic of this period. Advances in the industrial technology reinforced the enlightenment’s footing on rationalism. The connection to science and progress advancing seemed obvious to many,......

Words: 1371 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Contributions of the Nile to the Development of Egypt

...on GKE Task 1: Themes in US and World History Vivian White Western Governors University GKE Task 1: Themes in US and World History A. How the Nile contributes to the development of Egypt. The Nile River flows through Egypt on its way to the Mediterranean Sea. One contribution the Nile River has made to the development of Egypt is the nourishing silt it carries. During the flooding season, in July, the silt from flood waters of the Nile fertilizes fields along the banks, promoting crop growth. About a month is required for the fields to dry, before the seeding can begin. The silt-fertilized field will help to ensure a bountiful harvest in the spring. This contributes to Egypt’s development by providing crops for both food and for sales (Orlin, 2010). B. The diffusion of the chariot from Egypt to Assyria The chariot was first invented as a flat moving surface that could hold two people-a fighter and a driver so that during times of war, enemies could be shot at from a distance (Plubins, 2013). In the 18th century, the Egyptians were introduced to chariots when they were invaded by the Hyksos. These chariots were light in weight do to the small stature of the horses of the Hyksos (Orlin, 2010). One hundred fifty years later, when the Egyptians returned to their own rule, they built chariots with four spokes in each wheel. These worked well on flat ground for speed and pursing the enemy (Orlin, 2010). As we move to 900 BCE to 600 BCE, the Assyrians had......

Words: 383 - Pages: 2