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Code-Switching Annotated Bibliography

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Wonguk Cho
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Annotated Bibliography

García, O. (2008). Bilingual education in the 21st century. (1st ed., Vol. 1, pp. 42-71). Chichest, England: Wiley-Blackwell.

This chapter of the book deals with translanguaging, which is an approach to explain bilingualism where speakers switch from one language to another. The author thinks bilingualism is not the simple sum of a language and another language, but more complicated ability that is involved in a complex processing of human brain. Moreover, she saw code-switching as an actuality or evidence of procedure of bilingualism.
At first, she refers to there are two types of code-switching; intrasentential and intersentential. Intrasentential occurs in boundaries of a clause or a sentence, so a speaker may add words or phrase of a language into a sentence in another language. On the other hand, intersentential occurs at clause or sentence boundaries. In this case, a narrator adds a whole sentence of a particular language during speaking in another language. In addition, he describes how to distinguish between code-switching and code-mixing. The main difference is whether or not the speaker knows how to differentiate between the two languages. If they do, it must be code-switching. This chapter describes how to approach to my recording data with theoretical background. Since it is hard to explain why and how code-switching is happening in the data, this chapter provides me a strong notion of code-switching, which will help me when I analyze the conversation. I believe I can begin to build up my own analysis from here not only with recognizing and differentiating the concepts of intrasentential and intersentential, but also code-switching and code-mixing.

Pagano, A. (2010). Code‐switching: a korean case study. Griffith working papers in pragmatics and intercultural communication , 3(1), 22-38. The author conducted a research to see how code-switching is happening between two Korean speakers. She pays attention to how Korean culture affects English conversation since Korean interaction and conversation are based on hierarchical system, which is different from English. Moreover, she wants to highlight participants’ cultural identity based on the analysis of which vocabulary are switched, and what kind of patterns can be found from the conversation. From the data, I can see uhnee was used when one speaker called another participant. Uhnee is roughly can be translated into English word as ‘older sister.’ This result will help my research analysis because my participants are aware of this hierarchical notion of Korean even if their first language is English. I believe language is under influence of culture and society. With this idea of code-switching based on cultural aspects, I will see the importance of environment and contextual variation from the conversation data.

Duran, L. (1994). Toward a better understanding of code switching and interlanguage in bilinguality: implications for bilingual instruction. The journal of educational issues of language minority students, 14, 69-88.

The author describes the way of understanding linguistic and psychological variance from a conversation, which can be observed via code-switching. To explain code-switching, he assumes that it is considered as rule-governed behavior as a communication strategy. He thought code-switching is not happened by a random chance. He summarizes the wide use of code-switching in different contexts and with different languages-in-contact, the major purpose of code-switching as being both a social/discourse phenomenon as well as a structured linguistic one, a comparison to the related notion of borrowing, and a description of code switching patterns not as an aberration but as systematic and logical. Furthermore, he does not forget to highlight that there is still negative view of code-switching. In addition, he discusses two grammatical constraints on code-switching; a free morpheme constraint, which states that a switch cannot occur between a lexical form and a bound morpheme unless the former has been phonologically integrated into the language of the latter and the equivalence constraint rule which states that the word order immediately before and immediately after a switching point should exist in the two languages to make it possible for a switch to take place. The two languages involved can then be interchanged freely. This journal provides a strong grammatical notion of code-switching. With the grammatical view, I may analyze the data in a view of linguistic aspect whether or not the syntactic rules can be applied to my conversation data. I believe I can make my analysis abundant with this journal article with those grammatical inspections.

Mati, X. (2004, August). In Hanlie Rossinger (Chair). Using code switching as a strategy for bilingual education in the classroom. Paper presented at the Aeaa conference, Pretoria, South Africa. Retrieved from http://www.hsrc.ac.za/Research_Publication-18411.phtml

The author describes how bilingual speaker can get benefit in academic achievement. She believes that bilingual speakers who are allowed to code switch can convey their knowledge of subject matter to their interlocutors better. Also, she mentioned about language barrier, which makes the language learners suffer. As a result of the data analysis, it manifested children did not hesitate in their conversations or become blocked due to language barrier. With this idea, I want to highlight how my research participants can switch languages without hesitation in a conversation. If they have low level of language barrier to use their second language, there must be evidence that is showing how much they can be comfortable with two languages. If there is any hesitation, I need to see whether they undergo difficulties to deliver their speech. Moreover, I wish I can prove there is an advantage of using code-switching as a great strategy.…...

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