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Civil Rights Events

In: Historical Events

Submitted By ddarnell5401
Words 923
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Assignment 1: Politics - Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow
Danita Darnell
Professor's Name: Professor Rufus Robinson, Ph.D.
Course Title: U.S. Government
February 13, 2016

Civil Rights Events
The two Civil Rights Events that I will discuss are the Equal Pay Act and the Pregnancy Discrimination Act.
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 is a United States federal law amending the Fair Labor Standards Act, aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex. It was signed into law on June 10, 1963, by John F. Kennedy as part of his New Frontier Program.
The Equal Pay Act requires that men and women be given equal pay for equal work in the same establishment. The jobs need not be identical, but they must be substantially equal. It is job content, not job titles, that determines whether jobs are substantially equal. Specifically, the EPA provides that employers may not pay unequal wages to men and women who perform jobs that require substantially equal skill, effort and responsibility, and that are performed under similar working conditions within the same establishment (Facts About Equal Pay and Compensation Discrimination).
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 prohibits employment discrimination against female workers who are (or intend to become) pregnant -- including discrimination in hiring, failure to promote, and wrongful termination. Employers must treat employees who are temporarily unable to work due to pregnancy just as they treat employees who are temporarily disabled for other reasons, no worse and no better. In addition, employers may not engage in the many types of discrimination that used to occur regularly, such as firing women or requiring them to stop working when they were “showing,” refusing to hire pregnant women on the assumption that they would stop working once they had a child, and so on. The Department of Labor has had to change the way in which they handle complaints and allegations from pregnant women if they feel that they’ve been discriminated against in anyway on the job or in the hiring process. The DOL has also had to communicate these rights to all employees, in terms of posters, various publications, and creating trainings for management and human resources professionals.
Media Events
One recent media event that negatively influenced the the public's, opinion of the State of Michigan Government is the Flint Michigan Water Crisis. Flint's drinking water became contaminated with lead in April 2014 while the city was under the control of a state-appointed emergency manager. As a cost-cutting move, the city began temporarily drawing its drinking water from the Flint River and treating it at the city water treatment plant while it waited for a new water pipeline to Lake Huron to be completed. Previously, the city used Lake Huron water treated by the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department (How water crisis in Flint, Mich., became federal state of emergency). The state Department of Environmental Quality has conceded it failed to require needed chemicals to be added to the corrosive Flint River water. As a result, lead leached from pipes and fixtures into the drinking water (How water crisis in Flint, Mich., became federal state of emergency). Anyone who drank city tap water was exposed to lead, but children are more susceptible to lead poisoning than adults. The residents of Flint and a great amount of people of the United States now have a negative connotation with the government officials of the state, as they are there to protect the residents of the state and they knowingly allowed these levels of lead to be consumed.
Patient First, a Richmond, VA based provider of urgent and primary care is no longer accepting a number of Anthem plans. As of February 2, 2016 Patient First quit accepting patients with Anthem, HealthKeepers and out-of-state BlueCross BlueShield plans except CareFirst Blue Cross Blue Shield. Patient First also stopped accepting any new or existing patients with Anthem's HealthKeepers Plus plan, Anthem's Medicaid option (Patient First stops accepting some Anthem plans: 4 things to know) With the Affordable Care Act that has now been enacted, some critics are blaming the federal government for this change since this now significantly limits where Virginia customers can go for urgent and primary care.
Differences between Republican and Democratic parties
Abortion is the most difficult and controversial issue in today’s world. When thinking about this issue it is important to distinguish two questions: Is abortion morally wrong? Should abortion be illegal? In regards to abortion, majority of Democrats believe that it should not be made illegal, while majority of republicans believe that it should not be legal. In regards to health care policy, Democrats support universal healthcare; strong support of government involvement in healthcare, including Medicare and Medicaid, they also generally support Obamacare. Republicans feel that Private companies can provide healthcare services more efficiently than government-run programs. Oppose Obamacare provisions like (1) requirement for individuals to buy health insurance or pay a fine, (2) required coverage of contraceptives.

References

Durando, J. (2016, January 20). How water crisis in Flint, Mich., became federal state of emergency. Retrieved February 14, 2016, from http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2016/01/19/michigan-flint-water-contamination/78996052/

Facts About Equal Pay and Compensation Discrimination. (n.d.). Retrieved February 13, 2016, from http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/publications/fs-epa.cfm

Marshall, E. (2016, February 11). Patient First stops accepting some Anthem plans: 4 things to know. Retrieved February 14, 2016, from http://www.beckershospitalreview.com/payer-issues/patient-first-stops-accepting-some-anthem-plans-4-things-to-know.html…...

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