Premium Essay

Chapter 1 Enhance E-Grade System

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By angelfcallenero
Words 1297
Pages 6
CHAPTER 1

1.0 Introduction

People nowadays are living in an information age dependent upon digital information. Digital information is electronic information, the result of computer processing. Every type of job relies upon getting information, using it, managing it, and relaying information to others. Computers enable the efficient processing and storage of information (Ching, 2013). A grading system plays a key role in the management system of any school. But, such systems do not often relate expectations, outcomes, and performance. Each of student desires to achieve a good score for each assignment, exam, project and report, the whole process adds heavy workload for teachers in order to make their evaluation fair, comprehensive, and accurate. Grading system are designed to provide incentives for achievement and assist in identifying problem areas of a student. It is the most commonly used means of analyzing student performance, talents, and skills. Student’s grades are vital information needed in advancing to the next grade/year level its accuracy is very important (Barreno, 2014).
The purpose of this study is to reduce the workload of the teachers by eliminating the manual computation and recording of the grades of the student. The common problems encountered in manual computations are errors in file-handling and redundancy. Furthermore, this study aims to produce a workable - grading system that will address these issues.

1.1 Background of the Study

Technology has a really big part of our lives. In today’s generation, almost everyone depends on technology that we are using like computers, cellphone, fax machines, photocopy machines and tablets. Technology is evolving so quickly that in the future it may difficult to the next generation, because they can’t stand on their own, and they will just depend on using technologies.

1
In recent…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Chapter 3—Electronic Business (E-Business) Systems

...DEFINE E-BUSINESS. Is the application of networks including the internet to exchange information and link business processes among organizations and/or individuals. These processes include the interaction between the back-office and the front-office processes. DESCRIBE HOW TECHNOLOGY HAS SUPPORTED AMAZON.COM’S GROWTH. Amazon.com has grown because it has used technology to enhance the company’s value chain and to satisfy customers’ needs. It had innovated technology that allows a customer to shop at one location for many different items without burdening the amazon.com with the inventory-carrying expenses of traditional retailers. It has also innovated the collection and analysis of customer purchase data. By offering a wide variety of books online and having the procurement and delivery system in place satisfy orders in a timely manner; it has been able to grow substantially. These provided amazon.com a competitive advantage in the online retailers’ marketplace. DESCRIBE THE ACTIVITIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM. The following activities are associated with the manual accounting system. First is to journalize the business event in a book of original entry. The second activity is to post the business event from the journal to the subsidiary ledger. Third, is to post the total from the journal to the general ledger. Finally, is to summarize the business events by preparing a ......

Words: 2202 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Accounting Information System Chapter 1

... Overview of Accounting Information Systems Chapter 1 The Information System: An Accountant’s Perspective 3 Introduction to Transaction Processing 31 Ethics, Fraud, and Internal Control 91 Chapter 2 I Chapter 3 1 CHAPTER The Information System: An Accountant’s Perspective nlike many other accounting subjects, such as intermediate accounting, accounting information systems (AIS) lacks a well-defined body of knowledge. Much controversy exists among college faculty as to what should and should not be covered in the AIS course. To some extent, however, the controversy is being resolved through legislation. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) of 2002 established new corporate governance regulations and standards for public companies registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). This wide-sweeping legislation impacts public companies, their management, and their auditors. Of particular importance to AIS students is the impact of SOX on internal control standards and related auditing procedures. Whereas SOX does not define the entire content of the AIS course, it does identify critical areas of study that need to be included for accountants. These topics and more are covered in the chapters of this text. The purpose of this chapter is to place the subject of AIS in perspective for accountants. Toward this end, the chapter is divided into three major sections, each dealing with a different aspect of information systems. The first section explores the......

Words: 13048 - Pages: 53

Premium Essay

Chapter 1

...CHAPTER 1 ------------------------------------------------- THE PROBLEM AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE INTRODUCTION As technology continues to advance, computers are becoming more part of everyday life. Computers are everywhere at work, at school, and at home .Many daily activities either involve the use of or depend on information from a computer. This maybe because computers are used in almost every field and profession like education and office works to perform large number of computer application .It also the best solution for providing information and a way of communications in every individual and gives better understanding of some events that can arouse the interest of some particular subject matter. The advancement of technology has been playing important roles in the world today. Computers are initially used for exclusive purposes such as scientific and engineering, calculations, leisure and entertainment. One of its specific purposes is to store and manipulate data to useful information. And able to build a computerize system, just like the Computerized Registration System to improve the manual system. The computerized world is a highly efficient one, which processing the big quantities of data and keeping .The extensive records will not be a problem to a post industrialized society, likewise the unreliable and slow processing and preparing student record and enrollment summary of report. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK In this study, the software that is being......

Words: 2352 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Introducing Operating Systems Chapter 1

...Chapter 1: Introducing Operating Systems TRUE/FALSE 1. The operating system manages each and every piece of hardware and software. True 2. An operating system is a special type of hardware. False 3. The Memory Manager, the Interface Manager, the User Manager, and the File Manager are the basis of all operating systems. True 4. Networking was not always an integral part of operating systems. True 5. The Memory Manager is in charge of main memory, also known as ROM. False 6. The high-level portion of the Process Manager is called the Process Scheduler. False 7. The Device Manager monitors every device, channel, and control unit. True 8. The File Manager is responsible for data files but not program files. False 9. When the Processor Manager receives a command, it determines whether the program must be retrieved from storage or is already in memory, and then notifies the appropriate manager. True 10. Operating systems with networking capability have a fifth essential manager called the Network Manager that provides a convenient way for users to share resources while controlling users’ access to them. True 11. The central processing unit (CPU) is the brains of the computer with the circuitry to control the interpretation and execution of instructions. True 12. Until the mid-1970s, all computers were classified by price alone. False 13. The supercomputer was developed primarily for government applications needing......

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Management Control Systems, Chapter 1-4

...Summaries Management Control ------------------------------------------------- Session 1: Chapters 1,2,3 & 4 Chapter 1 Management and control Management control – all devices or systems managers use to ensure that behaviors and decisions of their employees are consistent with the organizations objectives and strategies (MCS) * Back end of management process * Involves managers taking steps to help ensure that employees do what is best for the org. Primary function of MC: to influence behaviors in a desirable way Benefit of MC: increased probability that organization’s objectives will be achieved Addressing types of problems: theft, fraud, unintentional error, etc Disadvantageous of MC: suppress initiative, creativity and innovation Control System: 1) Strategic Control – Is our strategy (still) valid or do we need to change it and if, how? Focus on the external tools. Management Control – Are our employees likely to behave accordingly? (do they understand what’s expected, and are they capable and willing to do so, if not how can we change it?) Focus on the internal mechanism. Causes of MC problems and needs for control: Can happen in any kind of combination simultaneously Can happen in any kind of combination simultaneously 1. Lack of direction – some employees perform poorly simply because they do not know what the organization wants form them. Management control therefore involves informing employees. 2. Motivational problems –......

Words: 2231 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Database Systems Cornel/Morris Chapter 1 Summary

...Chapter 1 Database Systems Why Databases? * At the heart of all of these systems are the collection, storage, aggregation, manipulation, dissemination, and management of data * Databases are specialized structures that allow computer-based systems to store, manage, and to retrieve data very quickly Data vs. Information * Data – raw facts * Raw indicates that the facts have not yet been processed to reveal their meaning * You transform the raw data into a data summary * Information – the result of processing raw data to reveal its meaning * Data processing can be as simple as organizing data to reveal patters or as complex as making forecasts or drawing inferences using statistical modeling * To reveal meaning, information requires context * Raw data must be properly formatted for storage, processing, and processing * Ex: dates must be stored in Julian calendar formats and yes/no responses must be converted to Y/N or 0/1 * Data are the foundation of information which is bed rocked of knowledge * Knowledge – body of information and facts about a specific subject * Knowledge implies familiarity, awareness, and understanding of information as it applies to the environment * A key characteristic of knowledge is that “new: knowledge can be derived from “old” knowledge * Key Points: * Data constitute the building blocks of information * Information is produced by......

Words: 2824 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Chapter 1

...CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The researchers selected Taguig City University as the settings of the study since the researcher are recently enrolled in this particular university. The researcher choose this setting not only because they studying here but also they notice that there’s a lot of students in the field of Business Management who are working to support their studies. And because of this it helps the researchers to conduct this study. The researchers found out that most of the college students especially in the field of business management are taking a full-time or part-time job to sustain their needs. The reason may be the students with weak financial background have to strive hard for their studies as well as their living expenses, for other students working is their last resort to pay the cost of attending college. Therefore, the researchers conducted a study if the students who engaged for long hours of work affect student’s academic performance and health. The effects of this could be positive or negative. Positive in a way by taking on occasional temporary jobs, students may gain valuable experience that Might enhance their future opportunities in the labor market and, if related to their field of study, even increase their academic motivation that they gained knowledge through work based experiences, improve their leadership skills. But negative effects in other students that can’t handle the pressure of being a......

Words: 718 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Chapter 1

...CHAPTER I PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION Information Technology is one of the leading courses in many universities; it refers to anything related to computing technology, such as networking, hardware, software, the Internet, or the people that work with these technologies. Many companies now have IT departments for managing the computers, networks, and other technical areas of their businesses. Since we live in the information age, information technology has become a part of our everyday lives, it help us to improve our daily working process and it reduces human error in doing important projects. Enrollment System is used particularly in recording and retrieving student’s information. Tracking student’s information is also one feature of this, in which the school can trace the standing of a student. Verifying payments was also added to update or browse student’s billings. Enrollment System is a good example of a computer generated process. Enrollment System is a very essential in a school. In the case of Ermita Catholic School, it is composed of a manual system. Registrar Department used manual system as a way of recording and retrieving student information. Another department is Accounting Office that administers student’s payment manually, By implementing the proposed system, this can lessen the workload and provides accurate information needed of the school. As a result, it will benefit not only the student but the administration as a whole. The......

Words: 2544 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Chapter 1

...Science in Business Administration Major in Financial Management By: Chona E. Maquiñana Lorie May R. Catimbang Jonie E. Mendoza October 2013 APPROVAL SHEET This research paper entitled “Factors that influence the credit availment of Small and Medium Enterprise (SME’s) in Tanauan City” as prepared and submitted by ChonaE. Maquiñana, Jonie E. Mendoza and Lorie May R. Catimbang, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Administration has been examined and is recommended for Oral Examination. ________________________________ KRISTINE ABIGAIL S. DE LUNA, MBA Thesis Adviser Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination with the grade of __________. PANEL OF EXAMINERS _________________________________ ELISA S. DIAZ, MBA, (DBA Candidate) Chairman ____________________ ___________________ JESSIE S. LEONG, Ph. D. LUCINA S. LAT, MBE Member Member Date of oral Examination________________ Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Administration Major in Financial Management. ___________ _________________________ Date NORA G. DIMAANO, Ph. D. Dean of Colleges Chapter I THE PROBLEM Introduction Most businesses, either new or already existing......

Words: 15348 - Pages: 62

Premium Essay

Chapter 1 of Inventory System Documentation

...STI College – Muñoz EDSA Inventory Management System of an Appliance Store A Project Presented to The Faculty of STI College – Muñoz EDSA In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Computer Science by Majadas, Ellayn S. Cabato, Jonathan Lal, Depak Franco, Chester John BT402A CARLEX ROL JALMASCO Project Adviser December, 2015 Chapter 1 1. Introduction: Company Background The company gets their stocks from different companies (who sells appliances) and paid it by terms. Their recording of products, sales, purchases, expenses and inventory are in manual form. The accountant manually computes and totals the amount of monthly sales, purchases, expenses, tax and inventory. In this kind of system, missing receipts, sales, purchases, expenses and inventory records are hard to track back. The manual inventory system will be replaced and organized by developing an “Inventory Management System”. Inventory Executive System is a complete inexpensive system for management of sales, purchases and payments. This system will help you in creation invoices, sale orders, purchase orders, receiving lists, payment receipts, product labels and any kinds of the reports for monitoring your business. 2.1. Statement of the problem 2.2.1. General Problem The company are currently using manual system in getting inventory. These kinds of system have lots of problems like: * Less......

Words: 433 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Chapter 1—Introduction to Accounting Information Systems

...Chapter 1—Introduction to Accounting Information Systems TRUE/FALSE 1. The three themes of the text are operating systems, e-business, and internal control. ANS: F 2. In an assurance service the accountant will provide the original information used for decision making. ANS: F 3. Financial care for the elderly has been identified by the AICPA as a potential assurance service. ANS: T 4. Wireless technologies was identified as one of the ten most important 2006 technological challenges and opportunities facing CPAs. ANS: T 5. Knowledge of Microsoft Access was identified as one of the ten most important 2006 technological challenges and opportunities facing CPAs. ANS: F 6. Enterprise systems provide complete integration of an organization’s business events and information processing systems. ANS: T 7. An information system consists of an integrated set of computer-based and manual components established to provide information to users. ANS: T 8. Internal control is a process that provides complete assurance that the organization is meeting its objectives, such as efficiency and effectiveness of operations and reliable reporting. ANS: F 9. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 has dramatically changed the daily work of financial accountants and auditors. ANS: T 10. According to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, management must identify, document, and evaluate significant internal controls. ANS: T 11. According to......

Words: 3539 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Chapter 1

...Chapter 1: IT Support of Organizational Performance in Turbulent Business Environments The Wireless Café in Shanghai offers fantastic food in a whimsical décor.  The chef’s contemporary interpretation of classical Chinese cuisine gives foodies a reason to indulge, and its location on the famous Bund along the Huangpu River makes it a destination for locals and visitors alike.  The free wireless Internet access and table-to-table instant messaging help to create a community where regulars return time after time.   Your academic achievements, coupled with your major advisor’s connections have landed you a summer internship at the Wireless Cafe and you have just settled into your Shanghai apartment for the summer.  Your initial interview with Jade Leung, co-owner of the Wireless Cafe has piqued your interest in restaurant operations, and you are now on your way to meet Jade’s husband and restaurant co-owner Jimmy Kwok.  Jimmy is the Wireless Café’s office manager and accountant with whom you will be working closely this summer.   Jimmy has created a web site for the Wireless Cafe that provides information on the restaurant’s location, décor, and cuisine in addition to a web portal for employees only.  You should view it before answering the following questions.     1. What did you learn about the Wireless Cafe from their web site?             a. What kind of food does the Wireless Café feature?               b. What are the attractions of the Wireless......

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Computerized Grading System Chapter 1

...Chapter I Introduction What is Computer? Let us begin with the word ‘compute’. It means ‘to calculate’. We all are familiar with calculations in our day to day life. We apply mathematical operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, division. and many other formulae for calculations. Simpler calculations take less time. But complex calculations take much longer time. Another factor is accuracy in calculations. So man explored with the idea to develop a machine which can perform this type of arithmetic calculation faster and with full accuracy. This gave birth to a device or machine called computer. The computer we see today is quite different from the one made in the beginning. The number of applications of a computer has increased, the speed and accuracy of calculation has increased. You must appreciate the impact of computers in our day to day life. Reservation of tickets in Air Lines and Railways, payment of telephone and electricity bills, deposits and withdrawals of money from banks, business data processing, medical diagnosis and weather forecasting are some of the areas where computer has become extremely useful. What is Information System? An information system (IS) or application landscape is any combination of information technology and people's activities that support operations, management, and decision making. In a very broad sense, the term information system is frequently used to refer to the interaction between people, processes, data, and......

Words: 2480 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Management Information System Chapter 1

...An example of a business using information systems to attain competitive advantage is: A) JC Penny's information system that allows its contract manufacturers to see what garments have been sold and need to be replaced. B) Toyota's legendary TPS that has created superlative efficiencies and enabled Toyota to become the world's largest auto maker C) Verizon's Web-based digital dashboard providing real-time company information for managers. D) Apple's creation of the IPod. Ans: C) Verizons Web-based digital dashboard providing real-time company information for managers. 2) Which of the following choices may lead to competitive advantage (1) new products, services, and business models; (2) charging less for superior products; (3) responding to customers in real-time? A) 2 and 3 B) 1, 2, and 3 C) 1 only D) 1 and 2 Ans: B) 1,2, and 3 3) A major criterion in deciding the most important perspectives of a business problem is: A) change management. B) usefulness. C) organizational needs. D) implementation. Ans:B) Usefulness 4) Inadequate database capacity is an example of the ________ dimension of business problems. A) people B) management C) organizational D) technology Ans:D) Technology 5) The owners of Speed-EZ, a new bike messenger service, are concerned about how they will manage their messengers once they have left the office. This is a business problem that falls into the: A) management dimension. B) technology dimension...

Words: 2622 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Chapter 1, E-Commerce

...Week 1 Assignment Discussion Questions RQ1. Describe three factors that would cause a company to continue doing business in traditional way s and avoid electronic commerce. This answer can be found on pages 15 and 16 and Table 1.5. If we start with the first reason, traditional commerce is well suited for the sales of impulse items that are for immediate use. For instance, I’ve been taking my son to his baseball games for the past few years and every time we have to stop for sunflower seeds. Not only are they an impulse purchase, but they are inexpensive and a “low value. This is reason number two. Items that are low-value transactions, under $10.00 are well suited for traditional commerce. The final reason is for the sales of unbranded goods. Now that makes sense because when you engaged in e-commerce, you can’t physically touch and feel the product, so your instincts will lead you to the brand you recognize. RQ2. Figure 1 -5 lists roommate-matching service as a type of business that is well-suited to a combination of electronic and traditional commerce. In one paragraph, describe the elements of this service that would be best handled using traditional commerce and explain why. I haven’t had a roommate for years, but for a matching service, it would be prudent to meet the person in real life. Profiles for any one online are traditionally self inflated and based on the subjectivity of the writer. But actually meeting the person in person, one can get a better......

Words: 2882 - Pages: 12