Free Essay

Bottleneck in Aprocess

In: Business and Management

Submitted By achuvandu
Words 400
Pages 2
In the past week, I collected some data relating to the time taken for getting ready to

leave for work by me in the morning. I was able to determine bottlenecks in my current

process. “ A bottleneck is any resource whose capacity is less than the

demand placed upon it. A bottleneck is a constraint within the system that limits throughput”(

Chase ,2006).

There were several bottlenecks in my current process that I could identify. I was also able

to apply the Goldratt’s theory of constraints. “The first step in Goldratt’s

theory of constraints is to identify the system constraint and decide how to exploit the system

constraints and subordinate everything else to that decision”( Chase,2006). To improve a

process and increase efficiency, bottlenecks in the process must be identified. “To maximize the system production the slowest process must be improved, and all other processes are regulated to the speed of the slowest process”.(Taylor, 2008).One of the bottlenecks identified by me from my data analysis of the process of getting ready for work was when the alarm rings, whether to get up immediately or hit the snooze button and sleep a little more. I averaged an additional 10 minutes in the process because of hitting the snooze button of the alarm clock several times before finally getting out of bed. To overcome this bottleneck, I must wake up when the alarm rings for the first time and not hit the snooze time. I must go to bed earlier so that I get enough sleep and avoid the need for hitting the snooze button
The other bottleneck identified by me in the process of getting ready for work was my preparation of the breakfast meal. In three out of the five days. I prepared an elaborate breakfast resulting in the addition of 15 minutes to the entire process. On the two days that I skipped breakfast due to lack of hunger, I saved time and could leave for work earlier.To overcome this bottleneck, I must eat cereals or oat meal for breakfast rather than spend time on preparing an elaborate breakfast.
In summary, identification of the bottlenecks in the process of getting ready for work has enabled me to focus on these areas to decrease the time taken by the process. This will increase my efficiency in getting to work on a timely basis every day.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Bottlenecks in a Process

...Bottlenecks in a Process University of Phoenix OPS/571 Operations Management November 12, 2012 Bottlenecks in a Process High process performance is often the main focus for any organization. Therefore, individuals continually search for ways to improve their processes and increase their efficiency. Those wishing to improve the efficiencies of these processes must identify and eliminate the activities that prevent the process from moving at a steady pace. The purpose of this paper is to briefly discuss the process of maintaining a timely bedtime. This paper will identify and discuss the main bottlenecks within the process. This paper will also apply Goldratt’s theory of constraints to help identify and overcome the process’ bottlenecks. The Process As identified in week one, the author wanted to find a way to achieve and maintain a timely bedtime on weekdays. The author created a flowchart to identify the activities within the process and collected data indicating the time spent performing those activities. Traveling home from work, preparing dinner, helping her daughter with homework, and cleaning the kitchen are among those activities. Other activities were participating in social networking and preparing for the next work day. Several factors affected these activities such as the travel method, the time spent on social network, and the need to defrost meat products for dinner. These......

Words: 564 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bottlenecks in a Process

...Bottlenecks in a Process Angela Mackey OPS 571 January 7, 2013 Dr. Harry Caldwell Bottlenecks in a Process Many components exist, which are key factors to the success or failure of a process. Many factors also exist, which affect the outcome of any process. One factor is bottleneck, which is any resource whose capacity is less than the demand placed upon it (Chase, Jacobs, & Aquilano, 2006, p. 725). A bottleneck is a constraint within the system that limits throughput. The subject in this paper is the process of driving the children to school. In this paper the subject will write the paper based on data collected on the process. The subject will also identify and discuss the main bottleneck in this process while applying Goldratt’s theory of constraints to identify and overcome process bottlenecks. The Process The process of driving the children to school is very tedious. Many factors make the process very hard to complete daily. Some factors are the traffic, weather, accidents, and timing. Many of these factors can cause a hindrance to the process. The weather is a factor could be rainy or snow, which would cause the worst problem. The weather can lead to many things such as accidents, timing, driving speed, and traffic. In this case the weather and speed is the most important factors that would affect the others such as accidents, traffic, and timing. Goldratt’s Theory of Constraints One of the main process bottlenecks in driving the children to......

Words: 450 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Bottlenecks in a Process Kim Johnson OPS/571 February 4, 2013 Trina Greer, PhD Bottlenecks in a Process Bottleneck is defined “as any resource whose capacity is less than the demand placed upon it” (Chase, Jacobs, Aquialino, 2006, p. 725. This paper addresses how a bottleneck can hinder driving time and Goldratt’s theory of contracts to identify and overcome process bottlenecks. In week one the process I choose was spending less time driving to work. It takes approximately 43 minutes to drive 33.95 miles one way with no traffic. In order to get to work on time every day I have to get up at 7:15 a.m. to get to work by 9:00 a.m. It is imperative that I leave at least one hour earlier because of the various traffic conditions. The bottlenecks that could daily are accidents, stalled vehicles in or at the tunnel, road work, weather conditions, or large volumes of traffic that simply cause traffic to move at a much slower pace. Goldratt’s theory of constraints has a five focusing step approach to a process. 1. “Identify the system constraints - (distance and time) 2. Decide how to exploit the system constraints - (distance means moving closer to home which in turn will cut down on the time it takes to drive to work) 3. Subordinate everything else to that decision - (this means additional time is spent waiting for traffic jams, weather conditions, and road work) 4. Elevate the system constraints - (in this case the only way to elevate the constraints...

Words: 424 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Bottleneck of the Administrative Request Process

...Bottleneck of the Administrative Request Process Lola Bryant March 11, 2013 Operations Management/ OPS 571 Dr. Gary Harris Bottleneck of the Administrative Request Process The Administrative Request Process continues with evaluation. After two weeks, there is an evident bottleneck occurring at the “Route for Concurrence” point. A total of 18 requests requiring concurrence processed during the two weeks completed the task as follows: six took less than four hours before reaching “Wait for Signature,” ten took 24 hours to reach “Wait for Signature,” and two took over 24 hours to reach “Wait for Signature.” It is necessary to evaluate the process and streamline it to meet timely requests. The constraint to the process is personnel availability to review and concur in a timely manner. A method to expedite the process is to invoke an electronic transmission and concurrence program. By having the electronic capability, the physical movement of the request goes to zero, recipient personnel see the request much faster and are more apt to respond quicker electronically. Another advantage of the electronic transmissions is a person who is unavailable has an automated response and directs you to another person. This alleviates the wait for the return of a person to review and concur. As seen in Goldratt’s Theory of Constraints (Chase, 2006, p. 721), the checklist provides a working process to make the bottleneck more flexible, and even increase the productivity of......

Words: 282 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Bottlenecks in a Process

...University of Phoenix Bottlenecks in a Process Operations Management OPS/571 February 22, 2012 Adnan Raja Time is invaluable. It’s one of the few things you can’t get back once its spent or wasted. The best way make the most of the time available to you is to identify and eliminate the bottlenecks that exist in you daily processes. Keishaun Goldmas enjoys dressing fashionably. What Keishaun hates, is the amount of time it takes for her to pick out a Saturday outfit. To reduce the number of minutes wasted in her clothes selection process, Keishaun is relying on Goldratt’s Theory of Constraints to help identify and eliminate the existing bottlenecks. According to Chase, Jacobs, and Aquilano ((2006)), a bottleneck is defined as any resource whose capacity is less than the demand placed upon it. A bottleneck is a constraint within the system that limits throughput. It is that point in the manufacturing process where flow thins to a narrow stream. A bottleneck may be a machine, scarce or highly skilled labor, or a specialized tool (Chapter Chapter 18, Synchronous Manufacturing and Theory Constraints). In Keishaun’s case bottlenecks occur when she is waiting to for newscasters to relay weather conditions (the delay can result from breaking news, commercials, etc.), when she is searching through unorganized drawers, when she is searching for shoes or trying to decide on colors and styles. Indecisiveness is one of the major barriers that contributes to the bottlenecks at......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Process Workflow-Identifying Bottlenecks

...Process Workflow-Bottlenecks April 23, 2013 Process Workflow-Bottlenecks The bottleneck that I have identified in this process workflow during site initiation process is the time period for when the study will be approved by Institutional Review Board (IRB). The IRB is the regulatory agency that reviews the conduct of the study to ensure the safety and wellbeing of the subject participants during the course of the study. If the approval from the IRB is not obtained, the study or clinical trial cannot begin. Although other activities can be performed in parallel while awaiting IRB approval, the most critical step in site activation such as when the clinical site can begin enrollment will be put on hold if the IRB has not approved the study. Time and money are at stake when there is a delay in site activation. The longer it takes for the site to begin enrollment, the longer it will take for the Sponsor to obtain data from the site. In addition, resources that are allocated for the study are being underutilized as the study awaits approval from the IRB. The down fall in longer approval time from the IRB is that some sites do lose interest or they would have a change in staff that would require the Sponsor to conduct additional training once the site receives IRB approval. Timing of when the other activities such as supply shipments and trainings are all dependent on when the IRB approves the study. Reference Chase, R. B., Jacobs, F. R., & Aquilano, N. J.......

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Drive Time Bottlenecks

...Drive Time Bottlenecks OPS 571 * In an effort to assess drive time to work data has been gathered daily for 2.5 weeks. When evaluating this information and comparing it with the process flow there are key areas of constraint depicted. Goldratt’s Theory of Constraints’' (TOC) states there are a minimal number of constraints within the process that are preventing or limiting the production functionality and throughput ("Business Of Science - Goldratt Implementation Group", 2012). Therefore, focusing on the limited constraints or bottlenecks in the process and identifying solutions for improvement will have a positive effect by establishing greater efficiencies for the entire process (Chase Jacobs, Aquilano , 2006). , The primary time constraint in the process that can affect actual drive time is dependent upon the time of departure for the drive to work. Leaving between 6:30 and 7:05 AM reveals the least amount of traffic interruptions and fewer cars on the highways. This is the optimum time to leave for work. This variable is a manageable part of the equation and can reduce the total amount of time spent commuting to work. Departure times between 7:16 and 8:00AM represents bottlenecks for traffic as there is a significant increase in traffic flow during these times as the majority of start times begin between 8 and 8:30 AM Monday through Friday. This is the time......

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Bottlenecks in a Process

...Bottlenecks in a Process Week one observation of getting my children ready and taking them to school identified many steps that add to the time spend on doing this process every morning. The observing and recording of the flow each morning over the last three weeks has created opportunity for the process to be streamlined. A bottleneck is any step that would slow down the speed of any process. In my daily routine bottlenecks could be potentially caused by two main sources: children’ mood and traffic. The progress of work flow depends on how these two criteria work together on every day. Childrens’ mood; their acceptance to get ready and what they want for breakfast and lunch are the main cause contributing to creating bottleneck in the morning that delay the whole process. When children are still sleepy and cranky, dressing them up and preparing their breakfast and lunch boxes would take longer time. Once realizing the concept of bottleneck the opportunity was clear that this stage could be speed up by asking the children what they want for breakfast and lunch at night and preparing what is possible the night before. Another way of speeding up the process is preparing lunch boxes while the children are having their breakfast. As well, putting the children to sleep exactly at 7:30 pm allows them to get enough sleep; by doing these steps ahead of time enhanced the flow of daily routine. Another bottleneck in my process is traffic, in order not to get stuck in the traffic......

Words: 392 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

What Are the Differences in How Bottleneck and Non-Bottleneck Work Centers Are Scheduled?

...differences in how bottleneck and non-bottleneck work centers are scheduled under TOC? Why are these differences desirable? The theory of constraints scheduling involves the preparation of an exact schedule of jobs for bottleneck work centers, and sequencing the non-bottleneck work centers by a priority-sequencing rule. Any resource whose capacity is equal to or less than the required demand is referred to as a bottleneck. As a consequence the basic principle of TOC systems is that only those work centers that are bottlenecks are of critical concern in scheduling. This is because the bottleneck work centers limit all of the production output of a plant. Further output past the constraint of the bottleneck can be attainable only by improved utilization of the bottleneck facilities, using approaches such as reduced downtime, improved productivity, and reduced changeover times. The objective of TOC scheduling is to maximize throughput. Because the bottleneck resources limit throughput all the efforts are focused on maximizing capacity utilization in these work centers. Therefore, TOC scheduling systems focus on the identification of bottleneck work centers, and the scheduling of these work centers. 2. Why should buffers be located in front of bottleneck work centers under TOC scheduling? How should the size of the buffers be determined? The buffers are located in front of bottleneck work stations because they are a safety net of product stored just in case the......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Bottleneck Management in Supply Chain Management

...Eliminating Bottlenecks in the Supply Chain Bottlenecks occur everywhere in manufacturing companies; they happen in production, distribution, fulfillment and other functions within a supply chain. A bottleneck in a process occurs when input comes in faster than the next step can use it to create output. Bottlenecks can be caused by inadequate equipment and production where capacity has been topped out; because of inefficient processes where throughput has been maxed; and because of poor productivity where labor is not used efficiently. Operationally, usually the asset, machine or resource that takes the longest amount of time is recognized as the bottleneck. Therefore, in a supply chain, a bottleneck governs its throughput, efficiency, productivity and profitability. Capacity constraints affect a company's ability to grow and cause profits to decline. Apparel manufacturers that have a capacity bottleneck will find everyone's production and efficiency reduced to the speed of throughput at the bottleneck. The operation will slow to the lowest common denominator — the productivity at the slowest part of the process. Identifying and then fixing bottlenecks is clearly very important as a first step to improved overall operational efficiency. Gain visibility & analyze data to find bottlenecks What is needed is visibility into the supply chain to determine where bottlenecks occur. Gaining visibility into the equipment, processes and products that comprise a......

Words: 613 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bottlenecks in the Process

...Bottlenecks in a Process Paper OPS/571 Bottlenecks in a process When defining what a process is in an organization, one might state that it is the process of transforming a set of inputs into a group of outputs that in turn are more value adding than the inputs alone (Chase, Jacobs, Aquilano). During the process of moving inputs to outputs many organizations benefit from identifying the potential bottlenecks in the process which may slow down the process. A similar process was conducted when creating a flow chart which described the decision making process of going fishing or staying home and going to a movie instead. One bottleneck that was quickly identified was with the inconsistencies of the weather forecasts. The measurement used was time leading up to the leave time for the trip and the inconsistent forecasts that were being made. The decision to be made relied solely on the consistent forecasts being provided by the three main weather channels for the area. To define a bottleneck, one would say that it is a process that unintentionally slows down or limits the maximum capacity of the said process (Chase, Jacobs, Aquilano). The bottleneck in this process actually hinders the decision of whether or not to go fishing or go to a movie and until an accurate and consistent forecast can be received, the decision cannot be made. Generally, fishing trips are planned and taken on the weekends so that one’s work is not affected; therefore there is time for......

Words: 397 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Bottlenecks in a Process

...Bottlenecks in a Process University of Phoenix Bottlenecks in a Process Making a decision on what to eat for breakfast is a constant battle for me every morning. Eating breakfast is very important to me personally because it affects my mood for the rest of the day. Deciding on what to each morning is a routine, from the time the alarm goes off to taking a shower, I have the same question is in my head: What do I eat for breakfast? Although eating breakfast is routine, I find that there is always a constraint or a bottleneck in the process. Behind every process there is always a limiting factor whether it’s trying to get to work on time or trying to complete a degree, there are always bottlenecks that set the speed of your progress. The Key to speeding up my breakfast process is to find the limiting factor and alleviate them as fast as possible. After paying a good amount of attention to my daily breakfast routine, I found that the main bottleneck in the process is my food options, what is available to eat in the house? I found that I spend majority of my time looking for what is available to eat. To alleviate this process, I used the Goldratt’s theory of constraints to overcome the process bottleneck. The First step is to: 1. Identify the system constraints: the constraint in my process is my food options and the availability of food in the house. 2. Decide how to exploit the system constraint: To develop the constraint of my breakfast process, I......

Words: 403 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Bottlenecks in a Process

...Bottlenecks in a Process Scott Cleveland University of Phoenix OPS 571 March 19, 2012 Dr. Jim Hoelscher Abstract This assignment will examine and uncover bottlenecks that exist in a Process. The central purpose is to expand on the data collected in the Week one assignment and build on it to be able to correctly identify the Bottlenecks in that process. The process examined was that of Cooking so this assignment will consider the bottlenecks present in the process of Cooking. Efforts aimed at breaking down existing bottlenecks can lead to process improvement and enhanced efficiency. Also examined is Goldratt’s rule for Production scheduling and also how using a Just in Time, or JIT, process flow can be benefit the process. Bottlenecks in a Process Cooking A bottleneck is defined as any resource whose capacity is less than the demand placed upon it. A bottleneck is a constraint within the system that limits throughput.  It is the limiting factor in any process or chain of processes. (Chase, 2006) The process selected was that of Cooking so the task will focus on the bottlenecks uncovered during the process of cooking. The goal is to be able to minimize the total time dedicated to cooking, reducing it to two hours from two hours and thirty minutes. The thirty minutes gained from cooking time can be utilized in some other way in a busy household. Factors......

Words: 1159 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Bottlenecks in a Process A bottleneck limits the capacity of the process and the data should help indicate it as a bottleneck (Chase, Jacobs, & Aquilano, 2006). The daily process identified in Week One, was the Collection and Invoices of paid and unpaid invoices within a hospital billing department. Through the monitoring of the process for two weeks, a bottleneck was identified. This paper will focus on the bottleneck process and how the Goldratt’s theory of constraints may be applied to alleviate process bottlenecks. Process Bottleneck The ability to identify the bottleneck is important in the analysis to increase capacity as well as to determine the process capacity. Based on the analysis of the flowchart and metric system, the main bottleneck detected was 120 days invoices remained within the facility with no further updates. Since inpatient admissions originate through the emergency room, patients often times provide incorrect contact information or incoherent at time of admission. Once the task of contacting patients was completed, the next task is easier. Patients with accurate contact information, their cases were settled within 60 days, resulting in revenue for the hospital. Goldratt’s Theory The underlying premise of theory of constraints is that organizations can be measured and controlled by variations on three measures: throughput, operational expense, and inventory (Wikipedia). The Goldratt’s Theory uses a process to eliminate the constraints though five......

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Bottleneck in a Process

...Bottleneck in a Process OPS/571 September 5, 2012 Processing Army Equipment for Deployment When a unit is scheduled to move equipment it must follow a number of steps before it is ready for shipment. From updating the deploying unit Organizational Equipment List (OEL) to delivering it to the Port of Embarkation (POE) a series of events must take place sequentially for the process to occur without complications. The 11-step process flow submitted on week one identified a bottleneck in the system at step 10. It is during step 10, (Processing equipment for shipment at the MDF) that a major bottleneck was discovered. It takes an average of 35 minutes for any particular piece of equipment to process all ---- stations at the MDF. However, vehicles towing an additional piece of equipment such as trailers, howitzers, mobile kitchen units, etc. take an average an additional 15 minutes at station --- (weight and dimensions station) because the equipment towed must be disconnected from its prime mover and process separately. This tends to back up the processing system creating a bottleneck. Applying Dr. Goldratt Theory of Constraint (TOC) to this process could help deal with and solve the bottleneck. Dr. Goldratt’s TOC is a philosophy normally applied to running and improving an organization (Goldratt Marketing Group. 2012). The TOC consists of a problem-solving management decision-making tool (TP) (Goldratt Marketing Group. 2012). The TOC addresses three essential......

Words: 446 - Pages: 2