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Botanical Pest Control

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Submitted By noireese
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BOTANICAL PEST CONTROL
The Philippines is rich in various varieties and species of plants that can be used to regulate and control pests and diseases.
Theses plant species are endangered because they are not known, or the local farmers do not know their uses. Farmers by clearing and burning continually destroy them, as they are considered weeds and a hindrance to their crop production.
Here is a short list of plants that can be effective against a wide range of insect pest including those attacking the mango.
1. GOAT WEED (Aegaratum conisoides) Leaves- Extract juice and spray against diamond black moth and cotton
Steiner.
2. DAMONG MARIA (Artemesia vulgaris) Leaves – Pound, extract juice and spray at the rate of 2 to 4 tbs. per 16 litters of water wit detergent or AZ41 and spray against cotton borer and mango tip borer.
3. LANTANA (Lantana camara) Flowers – Pound and store around the grains to serve as repellant against weevils.
4. DITA (Derris philippinensis) Roots – Pound and extract juice. Spray at the rate of 1 cup per gallon of water or powder, mix with detergent or AZ41 and spray at the rate of
120 grams powder + 250 to 300 grams detergent per 4
35 gallons of water against diamond black moth and other insect pests.
5. WILD SUNFLOWER (Tethornia diversifolia) Leaves –
Pound and extract juice and use as spray at the rate of 1 to
2 kg. Fruit per litter of water against cotton Steiner, black armyworm and diamond black moth.
6. MARIGOLD (Targetes erecta) Roots – A mixture from the pounded leaves, flowers and roots soaked in water at a proportion of 500 grams/liter of water has been found to be effective against lipidopterous pests, leafhoppers, beetles and house flies. The remaining cake can be used as a mulch or mixed with the soil to control nematodes and other soil pests. Marigold inter-cropped with vegetables like eggplants are said to repel insects from the plantation.
Extract juice and spray at the rate of 2 to 4 teaspoon juice per litter of water mix detergent or FAA (Fish Amino Acid) against green leafhopper, brown plant hopper, diamond black moth and aphids.…...

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