Premium Essay

Biology Study Guide

In: Other Topics

Submitted By gihushan
Words 1061
Pages 5
Unit 1

Chloroplasts vs mitochondrion:
Chloroplasts are only found in plant cells, they use photosynthesis
Mitochondrion are found in both, the use chemicals to breakdown food and convert it into usable compounds
They both convert things into energy

Cell wall vs plasma membrane:
Cell wall is only found in plants, it is rigid and protects the plant cell
Cell membrane are in. Oth,bit is semipermeable and flexible
Both protect cell and both regulate what goes in and out of the cell

Rough vs smooth er:
Rough er is speckled with ribosomes and assembles proteins
Smooth er makes lipids, detoxifies drugs and makes membranes
Both transport and produce domppunds important to the cell

Cytosol vs cytoplasm:
Cytosol is only the liquid part of the cytoplasm
Cytoplasm includes cytosol but is also the organelles and dissolved nutrients
They are both part of the cytoplasm and both are the liquid part

Nucleus vs. nucleolus:
Nucleolus does not contain DNA or chromosomes and only makes ribosomes
Nucleus contains the nucleolus and the DNA also gives instructions to the cell
Both part of the nucleus

Lysosomes vs food vacuoles:
Lysosomes breakdown food and unusable organelles
Food vacuoles store food before the lysosomes start to break it down
Both do something with food

Cytoskeleton vs micro tubules:
Micro tubules are the hollow like structures that are part of the cytoskeleton, they are important for cell division
The cytoskeleton as a whole supports the cells structure and holds the organelles in place helps move cell and parts of cell; includes the micro filaments as well

Flagella vs cilia:
Flagella is the 1-3 whip like structures that are important for moving the cell
The cilia are hair like structures that move the cell and move things across the cell
Both move cell

Ribosomes vs Golgi apparatus:
Ribosomes make proteins and are…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Study Guide

...MGMT591 Final Exam Study Guide YOU MAY WANT TO PRINT THIS GUIDE. 1. The Final Exam is "open book, open notes." The maximum time you can spend in the exam is three hours, 30 minutes. If you have not clicked the Submit for Grade button by then, you will be automatically exited from the exam. In the Final Exam environment, the Windows clipboard is disabled, so you will not be able to copy exam questions or answers to or from other applications. 2. You should click the Save Answers button in the exam frequently! This helps prevent connection timeouts that might occur with certain Internet service providers, and also minimizes lost answers in the event of connection problems. If your Internet connection does break, when you reconnect, you will normally be able to get back into your Final Exam without any trouble. Remember, though, that the exam timer continues to run while students are disconnected, so students should try to re-login as quickly as possible. The Help Desk cannot grant any student additional time on the exam. 3. See Syllabus "Due Dates for Assignments & Exams" for due date information. 4. Reminders * You will only be able to enter your online Final Exam one time. * Click the Save Answers button often. * If you lose your Internet connection during your Final Exam, logon again and try to access your Final Exam. If you are unable to enter the Final Exam, first contact the Help Desk and then your instructor. * You will always be able to......

Words: 1634 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Study Guide

...MG1016 – Managing Information with Technology UG study guide for 2012/13 MG1016 – Managing Information with Technology UG study guide for 2012/13 Date last updated: [08/08/12] Date approved by module reviewer: Date checked by PG pathway leader: [10/09/12] Date last updated: [08/08/12] Date approved by module reviewer: Date checked by PG pathway leader: [10/09/12] Introduction You should read this study guide carefully and also ensure that all the links have been followed to other accompanying documents that include, for example, information on coursework submission. Information in this study guide is maintained by Dr Chris Evans (chris.evans@brunel.ac.uk) Policy statements The Business School Student Handbook can be found on the Business School Blackboard Learn site (Academic Programme Office - APO). The Student Handbook is a useful source of information for all aspects of your studies, including policy, procedures, plagiarism, house style for assignments, joint and group work submissions and other important matters. The School assumes that you will familiarise yourself with this information, so you will need to look at these pages carefully at various times throughout your studies. The School also operates within the rules and regulations of the University more generally, and you should also look at what are known as 'Senate Regulations’ under the University’s webpages......

Words: 3877 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Study Guide

...Study guideMargaret Fuller, “The Great Lawsuit,” pp. 736-747: Study Guide/Discussion Forum questions F 10/12: No classes: faculty/staff meetings. Read: Fuller, intro (736-39), and “The Great Lawsuit” (739-747). Write: response to questions on Angel Discussion Forum #2 [questions below on this sheet, too]. Original post (your own response) due: 4 p.m. Second post (response to a classmate’s points) due 8 a.m. Monday. Discussion forum is instead of SRQ for Friday; we will meet in class on Monday to discuss it. M 10/15: In class: wrap-up of Fuller; beginning Thoreau. Read: Henry David Thoreau, intro (825-29) and “Resistance to Civil Government” (a.k.a. “Civil Disobedience,” 829-44). Please complete your response on the Fuller discussion forum by 8 a.m. and also write an SRQ on Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” essay. Use the note-taking guide to help with Thoreau’s essay. Questions on Fuller: First, a caution: Fuller uses names of many people who were famous in her day to illustrate her ideas. Don’t worry if you have no idea who these people are. The footnotes in the text are helpful, but the main thing to do is see what Fuller finds admirable (or not so admirable) about the people she mentions. Look at the values she seems to want readers to focus on. For the discussion forum, focus on question #1; if you want to discuss questions 2 and 3 in addition, great, but not required. We’ll discuss them in class on Monday. Question #1: On pages 739-44, Fuller......

Words: 530 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Importance of Biology in the Study of Psychology

...The Importance of Biology in the Study of Psychology Ashley B. McVey Cecil College Abstract Whether it is the study of biopsychology and other fields of psychology or neuroscience, all psychologists and scientists are trying to understand the functions of the brain. The body and mind connection and how it reacts to certain behaviors or illnesses. Most all psychological functioning can be reduced to underlying brain processes. This should serve as reason alone as to why biology plays an important part in the study of psychology. Psychological factors play a role in whether a person develops a mental illness and in how well they recover from a mental illness, yet biological and genetic risk factors, or predispositions, are fundamentals to understanding mental illnesses. In this paper, we will look at Parkinson’s disease as an example of how biology has brought us to a deeper understanding of the psychology of mental illness. Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviors. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the psychological and neurobiological processes that underlie certain functions and behaviors. For this reason, biology plays a very important role in the study of psychology. Psychology determines what people perceive to feel and behave, but underlying it all, ultimately determining the way we......

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Study Guide

...m Biology 2 – Study Guide # 1 Chapters 24 & 25 - Macroevolution What are the two main points of Darwin’s book? What is microevolution? Macroevolution? What are the two theories of macroevolution? What are the three types of gradualism? What is punctuated equilibrium? What is a biological species? What is allopatric speciation? What conditions favor allopatric speciation? Sympatric speciation? What is autopolyploidy? Allopolyploidy? What is a hybrid zone? What are the three outcomes? What is the origin of novelty? (exaptations) What is evo-devo? What is allometric growth, heterochrony, paediomorphosis, paediogenesis? What are hox genes (homeotic genes)? How do evolutionary trends behave? What is adaptive radiation? Know the ways fossils are formed and what fossilizes. What are the limitations of the fossil record? Know how to do a radiometric problem? What is a half-life? Know the geological time scale. What is continental drift? Plate tectonics? K-T boundary? Pangaea? Laurasia? Gondwana? Chapter 17 – Viruses Know the structure of viruses. Know how viruses replicate. Know the viral genome structure. What are bacteriophages? What are the lytic and lysogenic reproductive cycles? Know the information give on HIV virus. What are the treatments? Chapter 27 – Bacteria Know the structure of a prokaryotic cell. Know how bacteria reproduce asexually and through genetic combination. (binary fission, transduction, transformation,......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Study Guide

...Week One Student Guide The focus of the course is on understanding how research improves managerial decision making using five of the six stages in the research process. They include the following: • Stage 1: Clarifying the Research Question • Stage 2: Proposing the Research • Stage 3: Designing the Research Project • Stage 4: Data Collection and Interpretation • Stage 6: Reporting the Results Chapter 1 of Business Research Methods explains why people study business research and the importance of sound decision making. The goal is to enhance your understanding of the ethical dilemmas faced by managers and the roles and responsibilities of the researcher, sponsor, and participant as detailed in Chapter 2 of the text. The goal of ethics in research is to ensure that no one is harmed or suffers any adverse conditions posed by research activities. Important concepts include the right to privacy and quality and safety of participants. Many corporations, local and state governments, and the federal government have adopted a code of ethics with laws, policies, and procedures to regulate research on human beings. In Chapter 3, we find researchers have their own vocabulary and so we begin to learn important terminology needed to formulate sound research such as the difference between a construct, proposition and hypothesis followed by knowledge of various types of variables. In practice, variables represent an event, characteristic,......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Study Guide for Biology

...BIOL 1201, Section 2 Study Guide for New Material for Final Examination FOR THE TEST PLEASE BRING PENCILS (PLURAL), ERASER, CALCULATOR AND SPARE BATTERIES. While this study guide can help you prepare for our Final Examination, please understand that you are fully responsible for all materials covered in class and the problem sets, including materials not in this guide. Note that this study guide is only for the new materials covered since the 4th Examination. The Final Examination is comprehensive. About 20% of the points will be taken from this new material. The other 80% will be taken from material covered earlier in the semester. DNA Replication, basics of semi-conservative replication, names and functions of the 5 enzymes required for replication, origins of replication, replication bubbles, differences between leading and trailing strand replication, details of the processes occurring at the replication fork, characteristics of DNA replication, replication problems at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes, functions of telomers and teleomerases, chromosome packing, etc. Genes to Proteins, “One gene – one polypeptide chain, flow of genetic information - prokaryotes vs. eukaryotes, mRNA, details of Transcription – initiation, elongation and termination, processing of eukaryotic transcript into mRNA - 5’ cap and poly A tail and their functions, RNA splicing with intron excision by “spliceosomes”, Translation components, mRNA, the genetic code, how the code......

Words: 361 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Study Guide

...MGT/311 – Final Exam Study Guide Created by ACCNerd.com How to Use this Study Guide – READ ME FIRST The following study guide will NOT have the same exact questions on your test! However, this study guide WILL help you ace the MGT/311 Final Exam. The guide covers the same topics and will help you gain a deeper understanding of the concepts. Best of all, you are guaranteed a score of 90% or higher or your money back! Tip #1: Use CRTL+F to search a related keyword to quickly find the topic you need. Tip #2: If a topic is missing, please email us at support@accnerd.com. We can usually provide immediate custom support during normal business hours. Remember to check out ACCNerd.com for the latest updates! 1.  Vera’s job in publishing requires her to seek out new writers. She has chosen a bunch of talented writers, but none of them seem to get chosen for publishing. She thinks this has something to do with conflicts in management. How would you describe Vera’s job attitude? Low job satisfaction. High job involvement Explanation: Vera obviously works very hard at her job, but she gets very little satisfaction because her writers never get published. 2.  Julia is a receptionist at a stockbroker’s office. Her boss just came in and chewed her out for no apparent reason. Julia freaks out and slams her iPad in the garbage. What is the cause of Julia’s reaction? Emotion Explanation: Julia was upset by her boss’s actions and let her emotions cause......

Words: 1656 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Biology Study Guide

...Biology 10 Study Guide #1 1. List some of the characteristics that distinguish living from non-living things. 2. Outline the basic steps of inquiry included in the scientific method. 3. What is the difference between a hypothesis, a theory and an opinion? 4. What is homeostasis? 5. Be able to summarize the basic idea represented by each of the 10 majors themes that form the cornerstones for understanding Biology. Be able to provide an example for each of these. The Chemistry of Life: 1. If you were probing for life on a distant planet, what could you look for to determine whether it was even possible for life to exist, or to have existed, there. Why is each of things you’ve identified important to life. 2. Review the definition of an atom. What is meant by the idea that it is “the smallest unit of a pure substance that retains properties of that substance”? 3. Understand the nature and arrangement of the subatomic structure of atoms. Where are the subatomic particles found? 4. Why are we concerned about whether atoms are reactive or not? 5. What determines whether a particular element (type of atom) is reactive? 6. Understand the difference between inert elements and those that are reactive and capable of forming chemical bonds. What is the significance of the valance shell of electrons? 7. Why do atoms seek to form bonds with other atoms? How does this correlate with their stability? 8. Understand the nature......

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Study Guide

...POL 140 – STUDY GUIDE *NOTE: Not everything on this study guide will be on the exam and not everything on the exam is on this study guide. This study guide is exactly that, a guide. 1) What is comparative politics? * Why do we study it? What does it allow us to do? * How is it distinct from international relations (IR)? * Explain the significant relationship between comparative politics and IR. Give an example. 2) What a hypothesis? * Give an example. 3) What is a dependent variable? * Give an example 4) What is an independent variable? * Give an example 5) What are the three methods used to test hypotheses in comparative political analysis? Be able to explain each and note the costs and benefits of each. 6) Know the difference between empirical and normative studies. 7) Know the distinctions between the three types of pre-colonial societies that we discussed in class. * Acephalous societies * State societies * Empires * Know the differences of each. Pay attention to the details. 8) Colonialism – Why was Europe successful in colonizing the non-Western world? 9) What was the Maxim Gun? * How was it different than earlier machine guns? * What impact did it have on European colonization? 10) Who were the big players? * Latin America * Asia * Africa * Describe “the scramble for Africa” 11) What are the three Gs? * Gold * The Age of......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Question for Biology Study Guide

...BIO 100--STUDY GUIDE--EXAM 1 STUFF TO BRING: A Scantron Form 882-E; number 2 pencil STUFF TO KNOW: What do all living organisms do? Surface to Volume Ratio (compare big to small organisms), Atom (what is it and what is it made from); the 4 major elements that make up living organisms; why antioxidants are good; What are the 4 main molecules of living organisms; What are the main functions of each of these types of molecules; Know the main organelles of the cell, and their function Three Primary tissues; layers of the skin (2 main layers); Two main regions of the skeleton; regions of the spine; bones of the arm and leg; ball and socket joints; three types of muscle and the function of each; the BASICS or muscle contraction; 2 types of muscle contraction; fast and slow muscle fibers, which type of athlete would have which kind of muscles?; know the three types of levers described in class, and be able to give an example or each Immune system Cold vs the flu; what is a virus? What is a bacteria? Which is killed by antibiotics?; know the components of the: FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE; SECOND LINE OF DEFENSE; THIRD LINE OF DEFENSE; what is immunity? How do you acquire immunity? Why is the flu a serious disease (I am not referring to the flu you typically get) Cardiovascular system Know the chambers of the heart; Sino-Atrial Node; Atrio-ventrical Node’ Blood flow through the heart and out to the body, and blood returning to the heart. Arteries, veins and capillaries......

Words: 369 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Biology 150 Exam 1 Study Guide

...Biology 150 Study Guide 1. Scientific Method 1. Obeservation 2. Question 3. Hypothesis 4. Test 5. Result 6. Conclusion 2. Properties of Living Things 1. Highly ordered 2. Use energy/source of energy 3. Genetic Information 4. Cells 5. Reproductive 3. pH and what pH values represent? 1. pH is negative concentration of protons in solutions 2. 0-7 Acidic (Increase concentration) 3. 7-14 Basic/Alkaline (Decrease concentration) 4. ORGANISMS ARE VERY SENSITIVE TO pH 5. Disrupt protien structure 6. Shut down important chemical reactions 7. Break down chemical membranes 4. Ionic, Covalent, and Hydrogen Bonds 1. Ionic Bonds - Electrons transferred between atoms 2. Covalent Bonds- Valence electron shared between atoms 3. Hydrogen Bond-Hydrogen attached to electronegative atom of one molecule and another molecule 5. The Molecular Structure of Water 1. 2. H2O 6. Saturated and Unsaturated Fat 1. Saturated Fat - Single Bond between Carbons 2. Unsaturated Fat - Double Bond between Carbons 7. The four levels of protein structure 1. Primary Structure - Peptide Bonds & Sequence 1. DNA determines Primary Structure 2. Secondary Structure 1. Alpha Helix 2. Pleated Sheet 3. Tertiary Structure 1. Three Dimensional configuration of proteins 4. Quaternary Structure 1. MANY CHAINS OF AMINO ACIDS! 2. Combination of multiple types of tertiary structures 8. Complimentary Based Pairing in DNA 1. A binds with T 2. G binds with C 9. Structural Features......

Words: 526 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ib Biology Guide

...Biology guide First assessment 2016 Biology guide First assessment 2016 Diploma Programme Biology guide Published February 2014 Published on behalf of the International Baccalaureate Organization, a not-for-profit educational foundation of 15 Route des Morillons, 1218 Le Grand-Saconnex, Geneva, Switzerland by the International Baccalaureate Organization (UK) Ltd Peterson House, Malthouse Avenue, Cardiff Gate Cardiff, Wales CF23 8GL United Kingdom Website: www.ibo.org © International Baccalaureate Organization 2014 The International Baccalaureate Organization (known as the IB) offers four high-quality and challenging educational programmes for a worldwide community of schools, aiming to create a better, more peaceful world. This publication is one of a range of materials produced to support these programmes. The IB may use a variety of sources in its work and checks information to verify accuracy and authenticity, particularly when using community-based knowledge sources such as Wikipedia. The IB respects the principles of intellectual property and makes strenuous efforts to identify and obtain permission before publication from rights holders of all copyright material used. The IB is grateful for permissions received for material used in this publication and will be pleased to correct any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or......

Words: 43724 - Pages: 175

Free Essay

Biology Study Guide

...BY 101 Study Guide Chapter 9 – Cell Division Cell division is an elegant process that enables organisms to grow and reproduce. Through a sequence of steps, the replicated genetic material (chromosomes) in a parent cell is equally distributed to two daughter cells. While there are some subtle differences, mitosis is remarkably similar across organisms. Before a dividing cell enters mitosis, it undergoes a period of growth called interphase. Interphase is the "holding" stage or the stage between two successive cell divisions. In this stage, the cell replicates its genetic material and organelles in preparation for division. The cell cycle, or cell-division cycle, is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication (replication). The cell cycle consists of four distinct phases: G1 phase, S phase (synthesis), G2 phase (collectively known as interphase) and M phase (mitosis). M phase is itself composed of two tightly coupled processes: mitosis, in which the cell's chromosomes are divided between the two daughter cells, and cytokinesis, in which the cell's cytoplasm divides forming distinct cells. Activation of each phase is dependent on the proper progression and completion of the previous one. Cells that have temporarily or reversibly stopped dividing are said to have entered a state of quiescence called G0 phase. Mitosis is composed of several stages: * Prophase * Metaphase * Anaphase * Telophase......

Words: 1342 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Study Guide

........................................................... 5 MODULE RELATED RESOURCES ...................................................................................................... 6 Prescribed book ................................................................................................................................. 6 Recommended books ........................................................................................................................ 6 Electronic Reserves (e-Reserves) ...................................................................................................... 6 STUDENT SUPPORT SERVICES FOR THE MODULE ........................................................................ 7 MODULE SPECIFIC STUDY PLAN ...................................................................................................... 7 MODULE PRACTICAL WORK AND WORK INTEGRATED LEARNING ............................................. 7 ASSESSMENT ...................................................................................................................................... 8 Assessment plan................................................................................................................................ 8 Year marks ........................................................................................................................................ 8 General assignment numbers ......................................................................

Words: 8325 - Pages: 34