Premium Essay

Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By WDrew24
Words 1133
Pages 5
Introduction
Behavioral approach is based on the concept of explaining one’s behaviors through observation. The idea behind this approach is that the environment is the one that contributes to the different behaviors of individuals. Behaviorists assume that one can understand other people’s behaviors through observing. It can be observed in terms of responses to particular stimuli. The behavioral approach contrasts with the cognitive or social approach. The cognitive approach focuses on the way one can explain the disorders and behaviors through the cognitive processes. It explores the internal mental processes and the way people perceive, memorize, believe and solve problems. Cognitive is psychology that is relative to human behaviors that focuses on the way people think and such thought process that affect their way of behaviors.
Discussion
One of my habits is smoking, and I developed this habit due to influence from my peer group at the college. The role models for the smoking habit were some of my friends who used to smoke cigarettes. When I joined the college, I used not to smoke. However, when I joined a group of friends who used to drink and smoke, I found myself smoking too, and it became a daily habit. Some of the people who influenced me to adopt this habit are my roommates. This is because they used to smoke daily when we have left the lecture room going to sleep. They encourage me and I started smoking slowly, but it became a habit. From the National Institute on Drug Abuse (2006), a habit is acquired behavior pattern being developed through constant repetition. Therefore, I kept smoking every day, and the smoking behavior became automatic.
I now continue smoking because I am addicted to it. This is because smoking has caused some changes in my body and the way I act to them thus continuing to smoke. The changes in the ways I act have now developed…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

...Description Treatment Focus Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a system of therapy originally developed by Marsha M. Linehan, a psychology researcher at the University of Washington, to treat people with borderline personality disorder (BPD). DBT combines standard cognitive-behavioral techniques for emotion regulation and reality testing with concepts of distress tolerance, acceptance, and mindful awareness largely derived from Buddhist meditative practice. DBT may be the first therapy that has been experimentally demonstrated to be generally effective in treating BPD. A meta-analysis found that DBT reached moderate effects. Research indicates that DBT is also effective in treating patients who present varied symptoms and behaviors associated with spectrum mood disorders, including self-injury. Recent work suggests its effectiveness with sexual abuse survivors and chemical dependency. Linehan observed "burn-out" in therapists after coping with non-motivated patients who against cooperation in successful treatment. Her first core insight was to recognize that the chronically suicidal patients she studied had been raised in profoundly invalidating environments, and, therefore, required a climate of unconditional acceptance, in which to develop a successful therapeutic alliance. Her second insight involved the need for a commensurate commitment from patients, who needed to be willing to accept their dire level of emotional dysfunction. Treatment Strategies and/or......

Words: 2868 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Behavioral and Social Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits

...Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits Lisa Key PSY/250 October 18, 2012 Bert Hanlon Behavioral and social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits The habit the individual in question will be discussing is always appearing to be in a postulant or defensive mode (Freud defense mechanism). To address this habit, one will discuss many childhood observations and experiences during a crucial formative time in young life. Reasons for behaviors that resemble actions of one’s father and family are relevant to the forming of behaviors that may require some adjustments because one believes that such adjustments may provide many positive effects in the individual’s life. The individual was brought up in a family life were one was observant of domestic abuse at a very young age and was a victim on many occasions a victim of physical abuse as a pre-teen. One believes many environmental experiences and exposures are relevant to some habits that require adjustment to be more productive and happier in one’s personal life. Habit The habit in question is how easily the individual can become physically aggressive. The individual from an early age saw many exposures to alcoholism, drug, and physical abuse in the forms of uncle’s abusing grandmother and father abusing one’s mother. The individual on......

Words: 1455 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Behavioral and Social Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits

...Behavioral and Social Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits A habit is a settled or regular tendency or practice, especially one that is hard to give up (Duhigg, 2012). Many people will have one habit or another. Attempting to turn around a negative behavior can be difficult. If you have not experienced the quit I will use the Behavioral Personality Theory to show how a person can be convinced to start smoking, the social cognitive to show how a person’s society and environment can play a huge role in a person getting started on smoking. Then I will use Operant and Classical conditioning to set up a plan to help someone to quit smoking. Analyze Habit The worst habit for me is smoking cigarettes. The role models for the habit were commercials on television all the time like the Marlboro man and how smooth the cigarettes tasted. Why do you continue this habit? I continue because it is a habit and the dopamine in the brain is lessened when quitting causing withdraws and that for some reason causes me to return to the habit. There have been many attempts to quit. The latest attempt I quit for four months. Behavioral Personality Theory The behavioral theory says that a personality is a result of interaction between a person and their environment (Ajzen, 2005). The behavioral theory is interested in how someone can change habits. By using positive and negative reinforcements changes many behaviors (Ajzen, 2005). When they examine their behavior they can understand......

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Behavioral and Social - Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits

...Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Habits PSY/250 March 21, 2011 Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Habits One of the earliest memories I can recall is my mother playing records on the turntable in the living room while she cleaned the house. The sounds of Neil Diamond, Barry Manilow, Bread, or Abba filled the house with music. These are some of my most joyful memories. I can still see her vacuuming, dusting, and scrubbing different rooms of the house while pausing for the big fanfares within the songs to dramatically sing along or throw down an awesome air guitar solo on the broom in her hands. These moments are the reasons I always have loved music. The problem is that I have never learned how to settle for a few artists and albums like my mother. I have a habit of liking too many types of music, and too many artists within each type. This has led to the development of my bad habit of collecting too many albums. My mother is my musical role model, encouraging the exploration of music. She promotes trying out different styles and genres of music. She always exposed my sister and me to various types of music, from church hymns to off-Broadway musical productions. My mother bought me my first music album when I was four. It was a Christmas album by The Chipmunks. I love that album and still enjoy it every Christmas. Later in my childhood, I loved Michael Jackson, and had to have all of his albums. I have replaced those......

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits

...Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits PSY/250 Psychology of Personality Faye Flanagan December 9, 2013 Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits Can habits be changed or broken? Change is a process that does not happen overnight and generally it can create doubt or take a person down a winding road to their past. The result of change can be twofold and the impact depending on the person can be detrimental. For some that trip can be the very thing that improves their life or the quality of their life; for others change has the potential to cause more harm than good depending on their internal drive or emotional state of mind. From time to time it is necessary for a person to conduct a self-evaluation. Generally this activity occurs when the person wants to make a change thus the change process tends to be a smoother process than when an acquaintance, employer or friend has pointed out a flaw or offered some type of a critique. Those situations are considered as forced change and pose some type of resistance. Forced change is normally uncomfortable and causes people to leave their emotion or physical comfort zone. To answer the initial question, yes habits can be broken or changed. However, when attempting to break a habit it will be imperative to be realistic, honest, and willing to confront the past. A few years ago I noticed that something was not right. I was feeling depressed, tired, and everything irritated me. During a......

Words: 1108 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Depression and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

...Depression and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy i Depression and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Your Name Course Information Professor May 2013 Depression and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy i Abstract Depression is a common psychological problem that has both physical and mental symptoms. “Some authorities have estimated that at least 12% of the population have had or will have an episode of depression of sufficient clinical severity to warrant treatment” (Beck, 1979). Some of the features of depression include negative thought processes and loss of concentration or memory. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) has emerged as one of the most promising treatments for the problem of depression. CBT has many advantages in treating depression, such as helping patients recognize and address negative thoughts. However, there are limitations and CBT is not always accepted as a viable treatment option for some. This paper addresses the goals of CBT in treating depression, the advantages and limitations of CBT for depression and explains how the therapy works to treat depression. Depression and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 1 Depression and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy “Since its introduction in the 1970s, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression has become one of the most widely......

Words: 1623 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Behavioral and Social Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits - Individual Assignment - Week 4

...Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits Individual Assignment – Week 4 Deborah Watson PSY 250 05/26/14 Habits as defined by Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary, is a settled tendency or usual manner of behavior or a behavior pattern acquired by frequent repetition or physiologic exposure that shows itself in regularity or increased facility of performance. In this paper we will analyze one of my habits, how, who, and where it was developed. Also we will discuss if I continue the habit, and have I attempted to break the habit. Using behavioral personality theory and components of social/cognitive theory, I will explain why I have this habit and why the habit was formed. We will also develop a plan applying operant conditioning to change my habit and discuss which theory best explains my personality, behavioral or social/cognitive theory. First we will start by explaining both theories. The social cognitive theory explains that behavior is learned by watching others do things, using the school of thought that since others are doing this behavior, one should also do this behavior to be like their peers, learning that behavior by witnessing the actual act. One example of this would be a sister and brother are playing with a new toy that requires a certain pattern of movement like a Slip N’ Slide. The first sibling runs and slides down the Slip N’ Slide on their stomach. The 2nd sibling observes the act, not wanting to be out done by sibling #1,......

Words: 1418 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Social Approaches

...PSY/250 Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits Instructor: Dr. Joycelynn Flowers-Ashton According to the world population clock, there is over 7.2 Billion people on earth and it is growing constantly by the second. And each and every one of us have different and similar ways that we behave that we use to progress our growth in life. As we grow we develop patterns of behavior that are called habits. Whenever we receive the mature stage of adulthood, some of the things we use to do will cease to be in our reasoning of actions. If the behavior that we used to do, does not cease, it may be due to mental disorder or some sort of tragic incident. Habit is defined as a regular tendency, or practice that is hard to give up. Every person on earth has a habit and I am no different. I used to be a person of many flaws in my younger days, and like many people I hand an addiction that became a habit and routine that I did, and I did not consider it to be of any harm to me, but I as I grew up, I realized that I was in fact causing a lot of pain to many because the habit that I had. When habit are done, many people may ignore the negative side effects of their actions because of their levels of either pleasure in doing the habits that they may not see that they need to stop. Maturity in a person is something that can be downfall if they are not informed correctly of how things are supposed to be to have a normal, happy life. The clinical term for the......

Words: 1093 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Behavioral Cognitive

...Behavioral approach is based on the concept of explaining one’s behaviors through observation. The idea behind this approach is that the environment is the one that contributes to the different behaviors of individuals. Behaviorists assume that one can understand other people’s behaviors through observing. The behavioral approach contrasts with the cognitive or social approach. The cognitive approach focuses on the way one can explain the disorders and behaviors through the cognitive processes. It explores the internal mental processes and the way people perceive, memorize, believe and solve problems. Cognitive is psychology that is relative to human behaviors that focuses on the way people think and such thought processes that affect their way of behaviors (Philosophy 2014). All human beings have behavioral habits. Some of the most talked about behavioral habits are smoking, drinking and/or drug abuse. Fortunately, for me, I don’t possess any of these negative behavioral habits. One of my behavioral habits, which I find can be a negative behavior, is shopping. My desire to go shopping is usually sparked by an uncontrollable urge. I believe my behavioral habit to go shopping was brought on by childhood experiences. As a child, I grew up poor and had to endure relentless teasing from other children because I wore old clothes and hand-me-downs from my older siblings. As I became an adult and a wage earner, I also found myself becoming a compulsive shopper. I would buy a......

Words: 1174 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches

...Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits University of Phoenix Psychology of Personality PSY/250 Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits A changeling habit for keta is impulsive, compulsive, shopping. rketa developed this habit during her teenage years when clothes were important to young people. High school was more of a fashion statement, name brands were important. There may be other family members whose much older and enjoyed dressing and shopping, but no one in the household directly will be the role model for this habit forming. The stamp of approval for Charketa in with this habit is the compliment she receives on the nice clothes and accessories she buys. This motivated the increase and desire for additional spending and filled in the time slot in which boredom began to form. This addiction allowed her the ability to escape from problems at home between family members. The addiction of shopping place Charketa in a world of temporary satisfaction, which removes all of the problems, life bring causing sadness. Habits are developed in stages; the habit starts out as a thought to an action, stimulating the person’s body and mind, which gives the individual the thought process to do this again for stimulating believing (Bandura , 2005). Because most habits occur in stages is why people may not realize, they have a habit. The mind is the biggest contributor in any habit-forming desire because of the...

Words: 851 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Behavioral and Social Congnitive Approaches

...Behavioral and Social/Cognitive approaches to Forming habits William Coulter PSY/250 Psychology Personality Dr. DeBorah Gilbert White, Ph.D University of Phoenix Behavioral and Social/Cognitive approaches to Forming habits * One of my habits and the history of it. One of my Behavioral habits that I just can’t seem to break is watching porn, I know its sick, crazy, and nasty but I’m really, really in to it. I have had this habit for as long as I can remember. I think this habit started when I was around 9 or 10, my brother who is 5 years older than me would have porn magazines in his book bag that he and him friend would collect and trade at school. He and I always shard a room and after my parents went to sleep he would let me look at one or two of them. It amazed me how every women’s body was so different, the shapes, sizes and shades where all so different but at the same time all so beautifully. As I started to get older in the mid 1980’s cable TV hit the seen. Once I found out there was porn channel on the TV that was the beginning of the end me. My mom was not a big TV. Watcher and my dad only watched the old movies so no one really even knew we had the channel but me. While other kids were running home to watch cartoons I was running home to check the latest porn. As I became a teenager 3years and 300 porno’s later I started to date and have girl friends of my own and to no surprise they were amazed about all the things I knew about sex, This made me......

Words: 682 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cognitive Behavioral

...world of Smith middle school. Cognitive behavioral theory: It focus on how we think (cognitive) and how you can change that thinking (behavior). Cognitive behavioral therapy avoids delving into the past for answers to stress or upset. It tries to give the individual mind tools o help deal with problems in the present. These theories are widely accepted and used by medical services. As I read about cognitive behavioral, I think about the transition I made from moving from one school to another school in another city. My attitude was more open minded to new ideas because I did not like my last principal due to his negative attitude towards suggestions from teachers. This year, my principal willingly accept ideas and suggestions from teachers and other staff members if they are helping the school and students head in the right directions towards an exemplary school. Mr. Andrews is very well a people’s person, who understands that some teachers have families and we are still human beings outside the world of education. After working under a new principal for the past six weeks, my attitude, behavior, and output in my work ethnics have changed tremendously. Teachers at the new school communicate and collaborate with one another about what works best for the different students. In the past each teacher was for themselves and willing to help anyone to conquer any goals. The cognitive behavioral theory deals with one’s depression......

Words: 613 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits

...Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits 1. Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits Chris Stahl University of Phoenix Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits 2. Habits form in all of us in every aspect of our lives in everything we do. The cognitive portion in the way we view our habits as good or bad will influence us to either change our habits or hold onto them for a lifetime. Habits are not concrete and are dropped and adopted overtime, a continuous learning process. A habit is something that we no longer think about because it is such a regularity almost becoming involuntary behavior. A person may not even realize that they are doing something the same over and over because it is second nature. Sometimes habits can carry over into other things we may not intent, like a person that wakes up early Monday through Friday for work. On Saturday and Sunday the habit will carry over forcing them to wake up and start their day. It may be difficult to remember where and why a certain habit has been adopted unless you really focused on finding its origin. The common belief is that we simply adopt our parent’s habits (development, 2010). Sometimes when confronted with one of our strange habits we may deny them right away because we are not conscious to the fact that we are actually doing them. One of my big habits is being a neat freak; I have maintained this habit since I......

Words: 940 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

...Cognitive Behavioral Therapy There are a number of methods to psychotherapy that fit within the field of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). These methods share three theoretical perspectives: thinking or cognition affects behavior; cognitive behavior may be monitored and altered; and desired behavior change can take place through cognitive change (Piotrowski). Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck were instrumental in developing CBT. Albert Ellis established rational-emotive therapy (RET) in the 1950s; and Aaron Beck’s cognitive therapy is used universally for depression and anxiety (Strickland). Unlike Freudian psychoanalysis which emphasizes past history, CBT focuses on the client’s present situation. The CBT process begins with establishment of false perceptions and thought patterns that are the foundation of or contributing to the client’s issues. “Some self-defeating ways of thinking identified by Aaron Beck include all-or-nothing thinking, magnifying or minimizing the importance of an event; overgeneralization (drawing extensive conclusions from a single event); personalization (taking things too personally); selective abstraction (giving disproportionate weight to negative events); arbitrary inference (drawing illogical conclusions from an event); and automatic thoughts (habitual negative, scolding thoughts, such as “You can’t do anything right”).” (Strickland). Following establishing false perceptions, the therapist assists the client in changing those negative......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits

...have notice also that this habit has now been incorporated by my son. When his emotions get the best of him he goes to rubbing his face three times. I continue this habit because it is a form of comfort for me. I do not know why but it helps me feel better in certain situations. I do not think I ever have or want to stop this habit. I am, however, more conscience of my surroundings when I do feel the need to do it so that I would not make anyone feel uncomfortable. According to (Cherry 2012) Behaviorism, also known as behavioral psychology, is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. Behaviorists believe that our responses to environmental stimuli shape our behaviors. This theory would suggest that from watching my mother for so many years rub her face when she gets emotional about something I developed the same habit. Social Cognitive Theory's strong emphasis on one's cognitions suggests that the mind is an active force that constructs one's reality, selectively encodes information, performs behavior on the basis of values and expectations, and imposes structure on its own actions. Through feedback and reciprocity, a person's own reality is formed by the interaction of the environment and one's cognitions. In addition, cognitions change over time as a function of maturation and experience (i.e. attention span, memory, ability to form symbols,......

Words: 735 - Pages: 3