Free Essay

Basic Ideas to 40 Mark Essay

In: Other Topics

Submitted By 30085117
Words 469
Pages 2
How effective are back bench MP's?

The idea that back bencher MP's are'nt effective has been widely debated. A back bencher MP is an Member of Parliament that doesn't have any status in the cabinet office but still can speak freely in Parliament.
One reason that back bench MP's are effective is the power of Select Committees. Due to the 2010 reforms, back bencher's were able to be elected as a select committee chairman which enabled them to feel responsible and have status. It also gave them oppotunity to hold government to account. Now select comitties hold high reputation for scrutinizing government as their efforts have been widely recognised. An example of this is in 2012 George Osborne put forward a 'Pasty - Tax' in his annual budget. This would mean taxing all hot baked goods. The Treasury Select Comittie, led by Andrew Tyrie, scrutinised this tax and becasue of that, George Osborne scrapped the inital plan, which shows the effectivness of back bench MP's/
However one reason that select comitties are not effective for backbench MP's is that they do not hold any presitgious powers. Thy=ey cannot dismiss any ministers and they also cannot defy their whip given to them. So because currently 361 conservative MP's there is a higher chance that a Conservative MP will be chairman of a select comittie, therefore there will be less scrutinsing as an MP cannot defy the whip.
Another reason back bench MP's are effective is the legasitive function of Parliament. This function is effective for back bench MP's because during the process of creating laws, the MP represents differet electroateswith diversity of people, communities, and economic and social interests. An example of this is 2009 coal mining law that was passed as different MP's have stronger poinions due to thier geographical location.
However the legislative function isnt very effective for MP's because they havent been able to pass it through indivudaly because of their lower status in comparrison to MP's in the cabinet.
Finally another reason for is the increased willingness for the whip to be defyed. An example of this was the July 2015 welfare reform where 48 Labour MP;s defied the whip and voted for the conservatives, including Dianne Abbot and Jermey Corbyn. Due to the huge scale of MP's who defied they whip on mulitiple occasions the party couldnt punish the MP's. Therefore this was a succsess for the Conservatives and a failure for Labour.
However there is still a high amount of whips put in place for legislation of high importances, not enabling them to voice their own opinion.
Overall I believe that due to the 2010 reform back bench MP's have become extremly more effetcive however due to the whip, i believe that more can be done to make the MP's more effective.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Hlsc111 (28/40 My Mark)

...Discuss the impact of chronic medical conditions on adolescents (12-18yo) and identify ways of promoting resilience or positive development. Adolescence is a difficult time for individuals, according to Stage 5 of Erikson’s Psychosocial Development, this is a phase where individuals undergo identity difficulties. It is a period where the individual is undergoing transition and development, the individual also comes to terms with their new found sense of identity. In this stage the chronically ill adolescent attempts to differentiate between personal identity and the illness they have, and separate whether their condition is part of their identiy. (Vogel-Scibilia, McNulty, Baxter Et al, 2009). This essay will explore the adversity adolescents with chronic medical conditions must endure and overcome a series of obstacles in everyday mundane situations. This chronic medical condition becomes even more hindrance in the everyday functioning of the individual and for his or her family. However there are strategies that can be utilised to promote resilience and positive development for the individual. Adolescents with chronic medical conditions may have been affected cognitively, such as their perception on the world or their self-concept. Individuals with a chronic medical condition may have an altered perception of themself and hence result in them manifesting a low self-esteem. Chronically ill adolescents may have subsequently increasing the degree of separation between one’s...

Words: 1229 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Analytical Essay of "Crossing" by Mark Slouka

...Analytical essay of ”Crossing” - Mark Slouka “No love is greater than that of a father for His son” – This quote can be related to the short story crossing, which is written by Mark Slouka. The father (Narrator) has a past where he failed a lot on the family-front, now he is trying to make things better by trying to improve his bond to his son. A relationship between a son and his father is difficult to maintain when the sons father and mother are divorced. The custody is typically awarded to the mother of the child. How would a father behave when he get the chance to strengthen the bond between his son and himself? Mark Slouka has used third-person limited omniscient narrator. This means a few things for the narrative technique. Typical for a third-person narrator is the use of pronouns like “he, she, they, them” which is shown in the short story Crossing. EX: “When the first car appeared he could see it from a long way off…” “When they came out of the trees and onto the stony beach…” Third-person limited omniscient narrator also means that the narrator knows everything but he does not necessarily disclose everything, which is to make the reader want to read the story to get all of the veiled parts of the story. The omniscient narrator is also shown here, because the reader get to know what he thinks.“… he thought, maybe – maybe he could make this right” The short story takes place in the state Tacoma, Washington, USA. This can be seen in the very beginning of the...

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Essay on Rand's Ideas

...Activity 3.4 - Essay on Rand's Ideas Using "The Ethics of Emergencies" by Ayn Rand (pp. 215-218), develop an essay between 2 to 3 pages discussing her ideas in today's moral environment. Provide one other reference in addition to our text. The Ethics of Emergencies describes how some people base their ethical principles on emergency situations. The classic example is the lifeboat scenario. The scenario is that what if you are stuck on a lifeboat with some other people, and there's not enough water for everyone to survive the trip to shore. In order to live, you have to sacrifice someone else. The lesson of the scenario is that you have to choose between your life and the life of another person. There is a fundamental disharmony of interests, and it is to kill or be killed. Which means in life, you are either a murderer, you are a victim, or you can sacrifice your life for other people. The problem is that these ethics-derived-from-emergencies are anti-contextual. It is not true that there is a disharmony of interests and we do not have to choose between killing and dying in day to day life. We do not have to choose between sacrificing ourselves to others or others to ourselves. So abstracting general principles from these situations is a really bad idea. By trying to use these situations as a representation of real life, it actually becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy. If you accept that life is full of conflicts of interest, you will act accordingly and create conflicts......

Words: 629 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Mark Twain Synthesis Essay

...neighbor in need. Mark Twain believed that even though our society has a conception of being the superior race we are far from it; humans have revolutionized to become a race that is completely careless and cruel. Mark Twain doesn't agree with the Theory of Evolution, Darwin believed that by revolutionizing we were becoming a better version of ourselves each time while Twain objected by stating that instead of moving forward we were slowly becoming an ignorant version of our race. “Man is the cruel animal.” (Twain, The Lowest Animal) Twain believed that humans will kill their own race to get their point across and get what they want. We have seen such cruel behavior multiple times in history, whether its religion or a war, humanity’s solution to a problem is to fight always ending in an ocean full of despair and corruption. Mark Twain compared us to animals and saying that they are the superior race. He compared the English Earl to an anaconda and found that the anaconda only kills what it can eat and doesn't waste anything. "The fact stood proven that the difference between an earl and an anaconda is that the earl is cruel and the anaconda isn't." He watched the anaconda only kill one calf because that is all it could eat, compared to the earl who enjoyed watching all the buffalo die and he only ate one. This shows how inconsiderate and careless the human race really is, we enjoy to watch others suffer and to kill just for the pure satisfaction of it. Mark Twain’s essay......

Words: 507 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Basic Ideas of Agency Theory

...BASIC IDEAS OF AGENCY THEORY (Gray & Manson, 2007) suggest that the basic ideas of the agency theory should include the following; * Both owners who are the principals and the managers who are the agents are deemed to be wealth maximizing agents * Individuals falling into different groups will ideally have different information and thus the more informed individuals will make a profit at the expense of the others * Another critical assumption made by agency theory is that for the owners to believe the report prepared by the managers of the business, they will demand to have this report verified by a third independent party. * Agency theory goes on to suggest that the appointment of professional external auditors is the most preferred cost effective way of monitoring the agents. * Under strict agency theory, financial reports are thus regarded as reports to owners of the business who are the principals and the external auditor is seen to act for and on behalf of the owners. DEFINITION OF AUDIT STATEMENT OF AUDITING STANDARDS-GLOSSARY OF TERMS issued by the Auditing Practices Board defines an Audit as; “ An exercise whose objective is to enable auditors to express an opinion whether the financial statements give a true and fair view of the entity`s affairs at the end of a period and its profit or loss for the period then ended and have been properly prepared in accordance with the applicable reporting framework” PARTIES TO THE AUDIT PROCES The...

Words: 962 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Mark Twain Comedy Essay

...Kai-En Kyle Chou ENG 372 Comedy October 11th, 2014 Mark Twain Essay Though not a comedian in the modern sense, Mark Twain (born as Samuel Langhorne Clemens) helped to show the world how American English could become an art form. With just his mind and his mouth, he made audiences across everywhere laugh at his wild, comedic tall tales. Although meant to be entertaining and certainly tall, these stories were envisioned as a satirical response to the social inequities that he saw in his world. It was strange to see a Southerner talk about the injustices of war, gender, and, most notably, slavery. Some of Twain’s most notable works include Huckleberry Fin and Tom Sayer, but these stories are not the only things he has published. Short stories such as “Excerpts from Adam’s Diary”, “True Story”, etc., made Twain one of the most notable American writers. Within these famous stories also come Twain’s interpretation about the world around him. His writings become his reflections about his world, upon which Twain shares his experiences and his thoughts through fictional stories that sometimes weigh heavy on the heart, or just let us laugh our hearts out, although some stories were nonsensical such as “The story of Grandfather’s Old Ram” to the heart wrenching “True Story.” Twain was not only an author, but a great lecturer. With his “shows”, people from all over would come in and enjoy Twain storytelling/lecturing, all the while either knowing or not knowing Twain’s messages......

Words: 2112 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Business Environment Marks and Spencer Essay

...approach to study and research has find appropriate solutions been applied in producing the required work M2 Select / design methods / Techniques appropriate M2 Selection of methods, techniques and sources has been justified. Harvard referencing format has been correctly applied in both citations and the reference list M3 Present and communicate M3 An appropriate structure and approach has been appropriate findings used in producing the required work Grade Descriptors for DISTINCTION D1 Use critical reflection to evaluate own work and justify valid conclusions D2 Take responsibility for managing and organising activities Possible Evidence D1 Analysis shows critical reflection, and conclusions have been arrived at through synthesis of ideas that are well justified D2 Independence has been demonstrated in planning and organising the research and writing of the work produced and presented. Harvard referencing format has been competently applied in both citations and the reference list D3 Problems have been solved demonstrating creative application of appropriate theories and academic frameworks in the analysis to illustrate the points made D3 Demonstrate convergent/lateral/ creative thinking Dr Knowledge Mpofu September 2014 7 ...

Words: 2199 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Outline and Assess Postmodernist Explanation of Age Inequality (40 Marks)

...Outline and assess postmodernist explanation of age inequality (40 marks) Age explanations have changed over the years and various sociological theories have different explanation on age inequality. In this essay I’m going to analyse various explanation on age inequality by weberians, Marxist, functionalists and postmodernist. Postmodernist are the only theory which is applicable to today’s world. Postmodernists believe that age inequalities have been blurred due to various explanations. Jane Pilcher states that modernity and industrialisation are responsible for the low status of both young and old within society, as they have both been excluded from the workplace. The boundaries are becoming now blurred however, people are not acting in the way that they are expected to. Stages in the life course can no longer be clearly identified. Medical advances have lead to Ivf leads to older pregnancies, cosmetic surgery allows people to look younger for longer period of time, and children dress almost identical to adults. Various of phrases have even be developed to describe the blurring of age groups such as mutton dressed as lamb to describe the older ages dressing more younger. People now have choice in how age will affect their life. Pilcher however acknowledges that age inequality does still exist although she states that it is becoming less rigid. This belief can be supported by another postmodernist such as Featherstone and Hepworth as they go on to suggests that......

Words: 2004 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Essay on Rand's Ideas

...Essay on Rand’s Ideas Ayn Rand states in her essay that there is an alternative between being either an altruist, who will sacrifice their lives for complete strangers, and being cold egoist who would not lift a finger to help anyone. Ayn developed a theory which known as Objectivism, which means that those that follow that will only pursue their own happiness and will only sacrifice themselves for those they love or hold interest in. She states that just because one is not willing to sacrifice their life for a complete stranger, it does not mean that they are cold and self centered, only that they hold more respect for their own lives or those of the ones they love. Rand’s ideas on Objectivism may not have fit very well in to the moral world we live in today. For example, take our military service member’s, if they were not altruists, who would defend our country in these times of war. If everyone only fended for themselves and for their own happiness, who would join the military. Our service members risk their lives every day, especially during this war on terrorism, they are sacrificing themselves for perfect strangers. If they were not altruistic individuals, how else would our country stay safe. Ayn Rand and her followers believed that the military draft was not right and went against individual rights. In the “In the lecture, “The Wreckage of the Consensus,” Rand specifically argues against withdrawal from Vietnam, calling it an act of “appeasement”: To......

Words: 538 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Number 40 - Analytical Essay

...------------------------------------------------- Analytical Essay – Number 40 ‘’When she picked up the receiver, Melissa realised she didn't know Simon's number. She always just scrolled down to his name on her mobile.’’ This is how the narrator of Sarah Butler’s short story ‘’Number 40’’ describes Melissa’s loss of memory, which is chasing her throughout the story. The numerous attempts to fantasise her away from her lonely invisible everyday life culminate in the end, and she has to face the reality. These are some of the difficulties we are dealing with in the short story, through the actions and thoughts of the Melissa. The story is told through a third person limited narrator, who follows Melissa throughout the story. The narrator describes the story through Melissa point of view, and we get an insight of what she thinks and feels, though it’s told in third person: ‘’Melissa watched his face. His jaw moved in a chewing motion and she wondered if he ground his teeth in his sleep. He turned to her, lips pursed.’’ (p. 2, l. 106-108). Because of Melissa’s memory loss and strange behaviour, the narrator becomes unreliable. As a reader, we don’t get any other information than from Melissa, and it’s difficult to assess whether it corresponds to the reality. Through the confusing point of view, the reader creates it’s own interpretation of the story. The main character in the short story is Melissa, which seems very anxious and unbalanced. She is very confused......

Words: 866 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Usefulness of Labelling Theory to Our Understanding of Crime and Deviance (40 Marks)

...Evaluate the usefulness of labelling theory to our understanding of crime and deviance (40 marks) Synopticity – Crime & Deviance and Theory Labelling theorists such as Becker and Lemert argue that because of the diversity of different values in society, there can never be a universally agreed definition of what constitutes ‘normal’ or ‘deviant behaviour’. What is deviant for one person may not be deviant for another. Labelling theorists argue that social reactions means labels are attached to certain people. For example, studies of the media by Cohen, Young etc. indicate that media social reaction may result in groups such as gays being labelled folk devils (such as aids carriers etc.). Fundamental to labelling’s traditional belief is that negative social reaction, in the form of labelling, causes an actor to become one with the deviant activity placed upon him, and, in many cases, leads to development of further deviance. Theorists believe that the stigma people feel from this labelling propels them toward, instead of away from, future deviance. Lemert made a distinction between Primary deviance and Secondary Deviance that labelling truly acquire prominence. Primary Deviance refers to an individual committing any norm-violating behaviour, usually without personal or social consequences. Secondary Deviation is deviant behaviour generated when one is placed in a deviant social role as a result of negative social reactions – having been processed and labelled as......

Words: 1311 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Basic Essay

...The Basic Essay - Organization The standard organization for an essay is shown below. Organization Example Essay Flood Damage Television news reports often show pictures of floods. This natural disaster can be very damaging. Floods can negatively affect a person in three ways: financially, physically, and emotionally. The first effect on the victim is a heavy financial loss. The victim has to pay for property and possessions that a flood destroys, for example buildings, cars and their contents. Sometimes the property remains intact, but searching for it can take a long time as it can be deposited anywhere in the flood’s path. An extensive search of the area can cost many dollars. Next, the victim has to pay for cleaning and repairs. Anything touched by the flood will be wet and covered with mud and other debris. Many structures and items will also need repairing because a powerful flood can weaken or damage them. Yet another cost for the victim comes from insurance. Sometimes insurance policies do not cover natural disasters in full, so the victim must pay extra costs. In addition, there may be increased insurance premiums in the years following a major claim. In short, floods can seriously affect people’s finances. Another effect is the range of serious physical problems caused by the flood. First, there are the direct effects. Many people drown when they are swept away by the flood water. Other people receive cuts and broken...

Words: 535 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Crime and Deviancy and the Effects of the Labelling Theory ( 40 Marks )

...whom and underlying this socio-political process is the structure of social relations determined by capitalism. Using material from item A and elsewhere asses the usefulness of the Marxist approaches to an understanding of crime and deviance (21 marks) Marxists essentially see crime and deviance as defined by the ruling class and used as a means of social control – if you don’t conform then you will be punished. Institutions such as the police, the justice system, prisons and schools, the family and religion are there to encourage you to conform. They argue that white collar crimes (which tend to be committed by the more powerful in society) are ignored, while crimes committed by the less powerful in society such as burglary and street crime are focussed on and seen as more serious.  Marxists would also argue that different social classes are policed differently, with the working class heavily policed in the expectation that they will be more criminal and therefore raising the chances of their crimes being detected. Classical Marxists argue that this fundamental fact of exploitation provides the key to unlock the explanations for the workings of society. They believe there are 5 main elements that make up such a theory. In this essay I will be looking at the usefulness of the Marxist approach when it comes to understanding crime and deviance whilst also including relevant information from item A. Firstly, the starting point for Marxist analysis of crime and deviance is......

Words: 1599 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

To What Extent Do Urban Areas Create Their Own Climate (40 Marks)

...To what extent do urban areas create their own climate (40 Marks) An urban area is the region surrounding a city. Jobs are those in a non-agricultural field, making urban areas very developed causing a high density of human structures such as houses, buildings, and transport links. Urban areas contain microclimates which measures the average weather condition in a small area. Due to human activity, temperature in an urban area is a fundamental characteristic, as temperature is relatively higher compared to surrounding rural areas, named as an urban heat island. This is due to housing and buildings being constructed close together. The material used for building is non-reflective and therefore absorbs heat, also road surfaces such as tarmac and concrete have a high thermal capacity and result in large insulation due to the albedo effect, where only light surfaces reflect more heat. Therefore urban heat islands have a low albedo effect due to the dark coloured nature of the area, only 5-10% of radiation is reflected due to the dark colours. There are large amounts of buildings with glass windows within urban areas due to high building capacity, the glass contributes a high reflective capacity and therefore reflects heat towards the surfaces where it is absorbed. Average night temperature in an urban area is 4 degrees Celsius warmer than surrounding areas due to the dust and clouds acting as a blanket to reduce radiation. During the night, temperatures remain high as the......

Words: 941 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ideas for Structuring Your Essay Response.

...Ideas for structuring your essay response. In your opening paragraph: • Reveal your understanding of the key concepts in the question including how key words such as discuss or describe, frame what you are required to do. Are you being asked to discuss (identify issues and provide points for and/or against), describe (provide characteristics and features) or evaluate ( make a judgement based on criteria or determine the value of)?Ensure you understand the requirements of the key words and their implications for your response. • Acknowledge which area of content you are focusing on. • Outline who the artists/critics/historians are, that you will be writing about. Set the scene in your next paragraph: • Establish your stance or position • Address aspects of the content area in relation to the question. For example if the question relates to an artist practice, provide information about the artists world and experiences that may have contributed to their artmaking practice. The main body of your essay: • Elaborate and develop your position. • Present a well-reasoned and informed point of view. • Refer to artists, craftspeople, designers, architects, art historians or art critics that support your position. • Refer to significant artworks that support the focus requirements of the question • Use quotes to emphasise an important point you are making to support your position. Depending on the requirements of the question, you may include: • How the artworks evolved......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4