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Assessing the Dare Program

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Submitted By missonya
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During the 1980’s the war on drugs hit hard on the United States. The D.A.R.E program which stands for Drug Abuse Resistance Education was established to instill the proper tools of living a substance free life and not caving in to peer pressure which many children are faced with. The D.A.R.E program was significant in building social skills and boosting the self-esteem of schoolchildren. D.A.R.E was established in 1983 as a collaborative venture between the Los Angeles Police Department and the Los Angeles School District. During 1996, U.S. Congress approved the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act to endorse drug abuse training and prevention programs. Approximately 75% of school districts were utilizing the programs as well as 43 countries worldwide had also employed the D.A.R.E program. According to Rosie Cima (2015), D.A.R.E was originally intended for elementary school students, especially those entering the fifth and sixth grade. Eventually, it was integrated into the junior high schools as well as high schools. The D.A.R.E program was dedicated on reinforcing the ability teens and children had in challenging the urge to participate in substance abuse due to experimentation or peer pressure. According to Donna S. Kochis (1995), there was controversy brewing amongst scientific research and the D.A.R.E. program. The D.A.R.E program was doing everything possible to openly combat and divert the scientific cynics, they also attempted to hush opponents before their judgments reached the public. During the 1990’s, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) appointed the Research Triangle Institute (RTI) to conduct a meta-analysis of the current assessments of D.A.R.E programs effectiveness. In 1994, RTI finished its investigation, declaring D.A.R.E had no detectable impact on drug use, and other existing programs appear to be doing a better job at deterring substance abuse. However, D.A.R.E can be tweaked but if the program declined to get better, it would be superseded. In spite of encouraging peer appraisals, and although the details NIJ had carefully evaluated the study during its development stage, NIJ declined to have the results publically known. The NIJ held a press release, conveying the unpublished analysis, incorporating the constructive results such as D.A.R.E is well-liked and flourishing while excluding the accusations of incompetence, according to Donna S. Kochis (1995). D.A.R.E wasn’t only well-liked the program was able to effortlessly cross over racial, social and socioeconomic boundaries; with substantial backing for development within the program. According to Ennett, Flewelling, Ringwalt, and Tobler (1994), various individuals and groups have varied opinions on the effectiveness of the D.A.R.E program. Depending who is asked the question whether or not the D.A.R.E program should be discontinued there wasn’t a shortage of responses. Supporters claim the D.A.R.E program helps to thwart drug use in elementary, middle and high school students, enriches the necessary decision making viewpoints targeted at drug use, it also enhances social communication amongst law enforcement, students, and educational organizations. The most impressionable response may be D.A.R.E is the greatest established school-based substance abuse prevention program available in the United States. On the other hand, critics are convinced the D.A.R.E program doesn’t help effectively in stopping drug use in elementary, middle or high school students. Students who have completed the D.A.R.E program have not displayed any long-term increase in comprehension of drugs, views concerning drug use, social skills, or opinions towards law enforcement. D.A.R.E has been accused of baiting parents into a misleading sense of security concerning their child’s drug use, according to Ennett, Flewelling, Ringwalt, and Tolbert (1994). According to Doubtful DARE (1995), the program has faced severe budget cuts, in spite of being well-liked by parents. The D.A.R.E program utilizes a small of amount of collaborative methods compared to other programs which have shown to be more effective in stopping drug use. On the upside, D.A.R.E was shown to have not only an immediate but short-term effects on various variables but would disappear once some students entered high school. The D.A.R.E program needs to make some drastic changes if it wants to be around for another 20 years. Humanity can gain from programs that work effectively, achieve their objectives, and serve communities which are in need of such services. However, there may be complications due to social programs and the individuals who utilize them can be difficult, evaluation research projects can sometimes overlook vital conclusions or characteristics of the programing procedures. We have responsibility to programs, financial backers, and the applicants of interventions to do a superior job of assessments, so we may pass the torch on to other individuals.

References:

Cima, Rosie 2015. DARE: The Anti-Drug Program That Never Actually Worked. Retrieved via http://priceonomics.com/dare-the-anti-drug-program-that-never-actually/
Doubtful DARE. Harvard Mental Health Letter [serial online]. March 1995;11(9):7. Available from: Academic Search Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed February 3, 2016
Ennett, Susan T., Nancy S. Tobler, Christopher L. Ringwalt, and Robert L. Flewelling. 1994. "How Effective is Drug Abuse Resistance Education? A Meta-Analysis of Project DARE Outcome Evaluations." American Journal of Public Health 84, no. 9: 1394-1401. B Kochis, D. S. (1995). The effectiveness of Project DARE: Does it work? Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, 40(2), 40. business Source Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed February 2, 2016).…...

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