Premium Essay

Asperger's Syndrome

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By angelaaddington
Words 3207
Pages 13
Abstract Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), is defined as a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. Autism Spectrum Disorder affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize, however, how this occurs is not well understood. Autistic Disorder is only one of four recognized disorders in the autism spectrum. The others included in the spectrum are Asperger Syndrome(AS), Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Rett Syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for Autistic Disorder or Asperger Syndrome are not met. In an article from the American Academy of Pediatrics (2011), over the last twelve years, prevalence of developmental disabilities has increased 17.1% which equals about 1.8 million more children in 2006 through 2008 as compared to a decade earlier. Additionally, prevalence of Autism increased 289.5% while the prevalence of ADHD increased 33.0%. With this increase, more research and studies are being done to learn more about a disorder that is relatively recent. Specifically, the focus of this paper is on Asperger Syndrome, which is defined as a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by deficits in social interaction and motor coordination, and unusual or restricted patterns of interest or behavior. Clinically, the distinction between Autistic Disorder and Asperger Syndrome is often made in terms of severity and in the qualitative expression of the criteria. Both syndromes are characterized by social interaction deficits, impaired communication skills, and unusual or bizarre behaviors. However, in Asperger Syndrome, motor deficits are more pronounced, onset…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Tourette's Syndrome

...Many people wonder what Tourette’s syndrome is exactly. Although I sure people have seen from movies, would think someone with Tourette’s would curse a lot loudly, or say inappropriate expressions, but that is lease likely to occur. Tourette’s syndrome is one of many disorders in a human. It is a neurological disorder that makes people lose control of their body, twitch uncontrollably, and shout out unusual words, also may cause blinking repeatedly, these are known as tics. This disorder is known to be hereditary, but also may just so happen due to stress and what not. It is known when having Tourette’s syndrome; you may also have another sort of disorder. Sadly, there is no cure for this mysterious disorder, but with professional help and medication, the tics can be less severe. But hopefully soon enough, maybe later on in the future there will be a cure for this disorder. If having tics for over a year a doctor would say you have a chronic tic disorder, in most cases its part of Tourette’s, which was first determined, in 1825 by a doctor named Georges Gilles de la Tourette, a French neurologist. In 1885, he proclaimed a cause of the syndrome on a few patients. Most of his patients were young men. It was known that having this disorder was very rare. He found that the disorder was running in families. While finding ways to describe the disorder, it has been named after him. With having this disorder it is mostly found during childhood, usually within the ages of 7 and 10......

Words: 2436 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Aase Syndrome

...Aase Syndrome is a rare genetic disease that causes anemia and poor development of bone marrow. There’s less than two dozen cases reported. One main trait that stands out from others to diagnose this disease is the triphalangeal thumb. Carriers of Aase syndrome are diagnosed during their baby years. Doctors perform a blood transfusion the first year of life, and continue treatment by using steroids. There’s another anemia disease called Blackfan-Diamond syndrome that has similar symptoms such as the abnormalities of the thumb, which arises questions if these diseases are contiguous gene syndrome or even identical conditions. Even through major procedures that may be needed, the end results seem good. Aase syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that can be diagnosed by a triphalangeal thumb or a certain anemia that causes poor development of the bone marrow, which is where blood cells are formed. Both parents must have it to pass the gene down, but it's not for sure it will be inherited. There's been less than two-dozen cases reported in the medical literature. A lot of symptoms are related to the joints or are skeletal deformities such as pale skin, delayed closure of soft spots, triple jointed thumbs, narrow sloped shoulders, droopy eyelids, deformed ears, cleft palate. Carriers with Aase disease may have difficulty picking objects up and being able to grasp on to them,...

Words: 458 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Asperger's Syndrome

... Asperger's Syndrome Misty Elzey BEH/225 May 27, 2012 Cherie Leffler Asperger's Syndrome Asperger’s syndrome is typically used to describe children who are on the high functioning end of the autistic spectrum. Unlike other disorders on the spectrum, these children typically do not have difficulty with intellectual development or speech. Those individuals with Asperger’s syndrome typically avoid eye contact and appear to have a lack of empathy for others. They may also be preoccupied with certain topics or parts of objects. For example, instead of playing with a matchbox car, a child with Asperger’s may focus on just the tires. These children also dislike any changes in their routines and have difficulty understanding social cues. Delayed motor development, unusual speech, and heightened sensitivity to sounds, textures, and tastes are also symptoms of this condition. These children may also not understand jokes and have a tendency to take everything literally. Asperger’s syndrome is considered a developmental disorder. The incidence rates for this condition are not well established, but it does appear that boys are three to four times more likely to have it than girls are. It is named after Hans Asperger, an Austrian pediatrician who studied four children with the symptoms in 1944. Asperger referred to these children as having autistic psychopathy. He described it as a personality disorder marked by social isolation. His work was published, but not widely known until......

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Down Syndrome

...Literature 25 May 2010 Life with Down syndrome “ Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes mental retardation and physical it is caused by the presence of an extra copy of chromosome number 21” (“Down syndrome” par.1). Down syndrome is the most frequent genetic cause of mild to moderate intellectual and developmental, it occurs in out 1 of 800 births (“Down syndrome” par.1). The discovery of Down syndrome was in 1866 by Dr. John Langdon Haydon Down, who worked in an English hospital for mental disabilities. Dr. Down had notice that many of the people cared for in the hospital shared certain physical features that is related to Down syndrome. About 100 years later, a French scientist figured out it was genetics that caused the problem (“Thumbs up for Dr. Down” par. 1). Life with Down syndrome, physical and mental disability caused by extra chromosome, creates life challenges from birth to adulthood. Being born with Down syndrome is such challenge for new born babies. “During the early years of life children with Down syndrome are ten times more likely than other children to develop a potentially fatal disease…or defective development of the spinal cord” (“Infants and preschool children” par.21). About half of babies with Down syndrome are born with heart defects, which mean their hearts, grow differently and don’t work as they should usually, these problems can be fixed by surgery (“Down syndrome” par.3). “Kids with Down syndrome are more likely to get infections......

Words: 866 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Down Syndrome

...Down syndrome, also known as Trisomy 21, is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically. It affects about 1 in every 800 babies born in the United States. A person with Down syndrome has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. The physical features and medical problems can vary widely from child to child. While some kids with Down syndrome need a lot of medical attention, others live healthy land fulfilling lives. Every human being with Down syndrome has a widely recognized appearance, flattened nose, single crease in the palm of the hand, Small ears, small mouth, upward slanting eyes, and wide short hands with short fingers. The physical development of people with Down syndrome is often slower than normal. Most of the children who are born with this disorder never each their average adult height. They may also have delayed mental and social development. Some of the common problems include impulsive behavior, poor judgement, short attention span, and slow learning. In some cases, when children with Down syndrome become aware of their limitations they may feel frustrated and angry. Obesity can become a problem for older children and adults. Getting plenty of activity and avoiding high-calorie foods are important. Before beginning sports activities, the child's neck and hips should be examined. Behavioral training can help people with Down syndrome and their families deal with the frustration, anger, and......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Asperger's

...Running head: Asperger’s Syndrome Asperger’s Syndrome Cynthia Brownlee Eng 101 October 30, 2011 Abstract Asperger Syndrome (AS) is a relatively new disability to the United States. The awareness of the disability is about twenty years old. However, the increase of the number of individuals being diagnosis is rapidly growing. This paper defines the characteristics of an AS individual and provides information for educators as far as strategies and accommodation needed to make the classroom successful. The education arena holds the responsibility of learning strategies and interventions in assisting an individual with AS. Asperger’s Syndrome According to Lee and Park (2007), “‘Autistic psychopathy’ (as cited in Asperger, 1944, p.76) was the first term used to describe Asperger’s Syndrome” (p. 132). In 1943 the condition of autism was discovered by Dr. Leo Kanner. His description of autism reflects the lack of involvement of children socially with other people, but reflects the consistency of routines and differences in mannerisms. In 1944 Dr. Hans Asperger, who was unknowing of Kanner’s work with autism, introduced children with a milder form of Autism. He published his work; however, the audience of the research was very limited. Asperger revealed in Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) when his works were published in Germany. The United States was not introduced to this disability until...

Words: 2591 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Rett Syndrome

...Rett Syndrome Joseph Lee 4th Period Rett Syndrome is a disorder which affects the nervous system and is found almost exclusively in girls. One in 10,000-20,000 newborn babies are born with Rett Syndrome, making this disorder very rare. Rett Syndrome is often described as autism, cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s, epilepsy, and various anxiety disorders wrapped into one. In this paper, I will discuss what exactly Rett Syndrome is, who discovered it, how he discovered it, what its causes are, what the symptoms are, the disorder’s course, and possible treatments for the disorder. Said Dr. Rett at a conference regarding the disorder which bears his name: These three words summarize best our task: To live, to love, and to learn. We are aware of the fact that many mysteries of this syndrome still remain undisclosed, and therefore, for the time being, we have no option but to live with it. However, the children with their very special ways give us enough impulse to share their lives. It is a further mystery of this syndrome that the affected children render it easy for us to love them. A dominating factor in the care of such children is that they understand us and we understand them. Their appearance and the sparkle in their eyes make it easy to love them. Daily care for them and working with them gives us grownups strength, enabling us to learn the special treatment required, thus furthering our own development. To...

Words: 1818 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Tourette’s Syndrome

...What is the truth about Tourette’s Syndrome? Jake Walter Herzing University Abstract Though out this paper, we will discuss the truth and myths behind Tourette’s syndrome and insure we have a good understanding of what the disorder really is. We will try to break the Hollywood stereotype of this disorder and who are really the worst hit from Tourette’s syndrome. We will also discuss what the patient’s symptoms will be and what they may go through and classified the types of symptoms known as tics into motor and vocal. Finally, we will discuss what treatment options they may have and what hope someone may have who is suffering from this disorder; furthermore, what organizations are out there to help with the disease. I hope this gives you some more details on Tourette’s syndrome and what a person or their family may go through when suffering from this disorder. I know that researching it and find out all the information I could really open my eyes to what people go through and how challenging life can be. What is Tourette’s syndrome? Tourette's syndrome has the misnomer of being a disease where you use profanity and yell inappropriate words in a public environment. However, it can be much more serious and challenging to deal with that is only a symptom of the disease. The disorder was first documented in 1885 by a French Doctor named Georges Gilles de la Tourette; he would be considering a Neurologist in today standards. The Doctor Georges Gilles de la Tourette......

Words: 1945 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Klinefelter Syndrome

...Klinefelter Syndrome Klinefelter syndrome is also known as the XXY condition. It’s a term used for males who have an extra Y chromosome in their cells. This syndrome was named after Henry Klinefelter; he was the first to discover the syndrome to a group of symptoms found in some men. For Klinefelter syndrome there are three easy ways to try and recover. However, the chromosome pattern cannot be changed. Educational treatment, Therapeutic options, Medical Treatment. The most important thing to do is get treatment as early in life as possible. As a human we have 46 chromosomes. Chromosomes contain all of our genes, and DNA. Two of 46 determine our gender. Females have XX, and males have XY. One out of 500 – 1,000 males will have Klinefelter syndrome. Woman who have children after the age of 35 have a higher risk of their son being born with Klinefelter syndrome. Research said there are no known methods to prevent it, because the syndrome is caused randomly by a genetic disorder. The risk of having a son born with this disorder increases as the mother ages. Having Klinefelter syndrome increases your risk of having breast cancer, and a chance that you will have a learning disability, including dyslexia. If you have Klinefelter syndrome you wont be able to produce sperm, therefor you wont be able to have children. Between 1 in 500 and 1 in 1,000 boys are born with KS. Sources: 1. http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/klinefelter-syndrome/overview.html 2.......

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Transition Into Adulthood with Asperger’s Disorder

...Transition Into Adulthood With Asperger’s Disorder Lisa Ward College of Saint Mary’s Robinson, Curwen and Ryan reviewed studies and put together conclusions on the findings of people with Asperger’s disorder transitioning into adulthood. In their study they were looking at education, living arrangements, employment and relationships. The studies looked at all ages from 3 years to 18 years old, then college age all the way to their 30’s. They also looked at co-morbid disorders and if there was a correlation between them and Asperger’s or if co-morbid disorders went along with Asperger’s. Asperger’s disorder is a Pervasive Developmental Disorder that is characterized by significantly impaired social development, obsessive-compulsive-like behaviors, and typically developing language and self-advocacy skills (Robinson, Curwen and Ryan, 2012). Males are diagnosed more than females. Robinson, Curwen and Ryan said that it is similar to Autistic Disorder, but from other studies I have read Asperger’s would be better grouped as a sub group of Autistic Disorder. I feel this way because they share similar attributes but the main difference is with Autism it can be diagnosed as a child however it is harder to diagnose Asperger’s in a young child. Asperger’s could also be seen as a High Functioning Autistic, this is why when people think of Autism they feel it is better to have Asperger’s than Autism. This makes looking at studies a little more difficult since......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Autism and Asperger's Syndrome

...Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome Michelle Mason South University   Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome The comment by Hans Asperger that 'not everything that steps out of line, and thus "abnormal", must necessarily be "inferior", Atwood (2006) truly underlines what Autism and Asperser’s Syndrome is and how it is becoming more and more of a concern in America. This concern of Autism and Asperger’s rises, as more children are being diagnosed everyday. In order to understand the affects of these diseases one must first understand the characteristics and the children that live with Autism. Research on Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome will take the reader into areas that before hand have not been considered by most. Although this disease has been heard of, many have not experienced it in their lives. This paper will explore the emotions of autistic children and parents and the grief of realizing that these children are autistic, how these children learn, the challenges they face and how society views these children through medical and scientific research as well as the author’s personal research and life experiences with this disease. To understand Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome, the reader must first be able to identify and define what it is and what the characteristics are. In the article Autism and Genetic Disorders, Dr. A.L. Reiss (1986) who is head of the Department of Developmental Neuropsychiatry, Kennedy Institute for Handicapped Children, he describes and defines the......

Words: 1100 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Down's Syndrome

...Down’s Syndrome Sociology of Disability Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal abnormality in humans. Down syndrome is called a few different names like Down’s syndrome and trisomy 21. It is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21. Down syndrome is normally connected with growth delays, some intellectual disability and characteristic facial features. An average young adult living with Down syndrome has the mental age of an eight or nine year old child. The average intelligence quotient in a young adult with Down syndrome is fifty. Individuals living with Down’s syndrome also have a learning disability, which impairs their education. Every person is different and this can change from individual to individual. Babies born with Down syndrome are more likely to have certain heart defects or childhood leukemia. It is believed that Down syndrome has always existed. In 1866 an English doctor named John Langdon Down first published a description of the condition. The condition was named after him several years later. It was not until 1959 that Professor Lejeune proved that Down syndrome is actually a chromosomal irregularity and that the individuals with Down syndrome had forty-seven chromosomes where there are normally forty-six. Down’s syndrome affects people of all different races, ages, and economic background. People living with Down syndrome usually need to have a certain order. Many individuals need a certain......

Words: 2291 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Comparison and Contrast of Asperger's and Autism

...Comparison and Contrast of Asperger’s and Autism Years ago Autism was a disorder that was rarely talked about or diagnosed and if one had heard of it there were common misconceptions as to what exactly it is. In the present time, with the help of extensive research and people speaking out about Autism, we have come to realize that Autism is more common and it also has different spectrums and levels that vary tremendously. For instance, one of the well-known spectrums of Autism is Asperger’s Disorder, which is sometimes misdiagnosed as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hypertension Disorder) due to the similarities in the behavioral problems that are displayed. Some may think that Asperger’s and Autism go hand in hand and they are both the same in every way, but you would be very much mistaken to believe that. Even though Asperger’s is one autism spectrum disorder it are disorders that share similarities, they are characteristically different in terms of their symptoms, causes, diagnoses, and treatment/coping techniques. Asperger’s and Autism are two disorders who shares similarities and differences in terms of their symptoms. “Autism is a spectrum of complex brain disorders. The disorders result in social, behavioral, and communication problems”. Both disorders aren’t well known and sometimes misdiagnosed as more common disorders, due to the fact that the symptoms from both can often mimic other regressive behavioral and developmental disorders. “Asperger syndrome is a pervasive......

Words: 1122 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Marfan Syndrome

...Marfan syndrome is a heredity disorder of connective tissue, resulting in abnormally long and thin digits and also frequently in optical and cardio defects, because connective tissue is found through the body, Marfan syndrome can affect many different parts of the body. This disorder is usually found in the heart, blood vessels, bones, joints, and eyes. This syndrome is caused by a defect, or mutation, in the gene that determines the structure of fibrillin-1. This is a protein that is an important part of connective tissues. Someone whom is born with Marfan syndrome is may not show signs or symptoms till later in life (Little). Some of the traits that are found in someone who has Marfan syndrome are: a tall and slender build, long arms, legs, finger, and toes that are all disproportionate, check that either dips in or protrudes outward, crowded teeth, heart murmurs, extreme nearsightedness, an abnormally curved spine, and flat feet (Lu). According to the National Marfan Foundation, 1 in every 5,000-7,000 babies born will be a child born with Marfan syndrome. Seventy-five percent of people with Marfan syndrome will more than likely have an affected parent. Some of the treatments for Marfan syndrome include: surgery, medicines, and heart treatments. Beta blockers is a medicine that is used to help your heart beat slower with less force, and this is one of the medicines that are commonly used to help someone who had Marfan syndrome. This syndrome can cause you aorta to stretch,......

Words: 654 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Survivor Syndrome

...Table of Contents Question 1 2 Introduction 2 Reactions to frustration 2 Analysis of organisational behaviour 3 Question 2 4 Question 3 5 Introduction 5 What is survivor syndrome? 5 Question 1 Give an overview of the frustration model and how it can be used to analyse organisational behaviour Introduction Frustration occurs when a motivated drive is blocked before a person reaches a desired goal. The barrier may either be overt (outward, or physical) or covert (inward, or mental-socio-psychological). Overt acts might include strikes, work slowdowns, grievances, or lawsuits. Covert acts would include sabotage, secret withholding of output and stealing of organisational property. A smooth progression of the need-driven incentive motivational cycle and fulfilment of one’s expectations do not always occur in reality. There are some difficulties and barriers that do not let a person achieve his goals and so they lead to frustration. The frustration model can be useful in the analysis of not only behaviour in general but also specific aspects of on-the-job behaviour as illustrated by. 12e in the model below F. Luthans (2011), Oganisational Behavior: Need Drive Goal/ (deficiency) (deficiency with direction incentives reduction of with direction) Barrier the drives and fulfilment (1) Overt deficiencies) (2) Covert Frustration Defence mechanisms (1) Aggression (2) Withdrawal (3) Fixation (4)......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7