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Andrew Jackson

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Submitted By jdunner
Words 3545
Pages 15
Biography of
Andrew Jackson Young Jr.

Who was Andrew Young Jr.? Most people immediately associate him with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jesse Jackson and the Civil Rights Movement. I chose to write about Andrew Young because of his strong feelings about the rights of black Americans. He felt that everyone, black or white, should have equal rights. Andrew fought along the side of Martin Luther King, Jr. and continued the work after King's death. The Civil Rights Movement required many dedicated and determined souls. Andrew Young, like Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a man of peace who believed in using love vice hate to settle disagreements. He accomplished many wonderful things to help Martin Luther King's Dream live on.
Andrew Jackson Young Jr. was born March 12, 1932, in New Orleans, Louisiana, during the depths of the Great Depression and Jim Crow segregation. His grandfather had been a successful businessman who had operated a drugstore, a pool hall, and a saloon. His father, Andrew Young Sr. was a dentist and his mother Daisy Fuller Young was a school teacher. The Young’s were among the elite of the city’s black population, which was largely poor and uneducated. Dr. Young Sr. could have afforded to live in a well-to-do white neighborhood, but no one would sell to him.(African American pg 104) .His parents were always very supportive of Andrew and his brother Walter. His parents always taught them the importance of religion and education and to treat others with respect. When Andrew was very young, he began to realize that whites and blacks were treated differently. Andrew was brought up to believe that "from those to whom much has been given, much will be required." (Andrew Young b. 1932). Andrew, his family, and his black friends were not allowed to go to the same schools, restaurants, or use the same public bathrooms as white people.
As a child, Andrew was very small in stature. His father often worried that Andrew couldn’t protect himself. His father hired a boxer to teach Andrew how to fight. Andrew decided at that moment there are better ways to settle a fight. He decided he would talk it out instead of fight it out. Andrew's motto was, "Don't get mad, Get Smart!”. Andrew believed that the most powerful weapon you have is your mind (Young, 1996, pg. 24). He indeed lived up to these words. In 1947, at the age of fifteen, Andrew graduated from Gilbert Academy, a private school in New Orleans. He attended a year at Dillard University, a black university. In 1947, Andy transferred to Howard University, in Washington D.C, where his father had studied. His father wanted him to be a doctor or a dentist. Andrew graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree at age nineteen. After graduation from Howard in May 1951 Andrew was still very uncertain what he wanted to do. He felt that he had another purpose in life. The following summer he volunteered to work for six months with the United Christian Youth Movement. Each summer the students were assigned a community to preach and work at. The summer of 1952, Andrew was assigned to Marion, Alabama. This is where he met his future wife, Jean Childs. They had many of the same beliefs and the same goals for life. They were married in 1954 and have four children, Andrea, Lisa, Paula, and Andrew, III. While working for the United Christian Youth Movement he decided this was the best and he loved working with teens of all races. By the end of his volunteer assignment Andrew had made a very important decision, he wanted to be a minister.
When Young graduated from Howard University he earned a divinity degree from Hartford Theological Seminary in Connecticut. Andrew enjoyed learning about the world’s great religious leaders, especially Gandhi. Gandhi was a man who had shown the people of India how to settle their disagreements peacefully. This was the first time Andrew learned of leaders settling problems peacefully. Andrew really liked this concept. He accepted the pastorate of Bethany Congregational Church in Thomasville, Georgia, in 1955. Andrew began preaching religion throughout Georgia. He would visit poor rural communities that were in great need of a minister. After preaching religion Andrew believed he needed to do more. He decided to talk about voting. In the South, the blacks were not allowed to vote, but Andrew was determined to change this. He taught and encouraged the black people to vote. While there he immersed himself in civil rights and in organizing voter registration drives Young joined the staff of the National Council of Churches in 1957, the year U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to protect African American school children in a school desegregation case.
Young left his position as pastor in 1961 to work with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the church-centered, Atlanta-based civil rights organization led by Martin Luther king Jr.
Young assisted in the organization of "citizenship schools" for the SCLC, workshops that taught nonviolent organizing strategies to local people whom members of the organization had identified as potential leaders. The schools served rural, typically uneducated blacks who sometimes chafed under Young's leadership. Differences in education and economic background between Young and other black leaders of that time may have caused some to consider him elitist. Nonetheless, the citizenship schools educated a generation of civic leaders and registered thousands of voters throughout the South, and were largely responsible for both the civil rights movement’s democratic ethos and its eventual success.
Young became a trusted aide to Martin Luther King Jr., eventually rising to the executive directorship of the SCLC. He was instrumental in organizing voter registration and desegregation campaigns in Albany; Birmingham and Selma, Alabama; and Washington, D.C., among other places. He was with King when the civil rights leader was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968.
After King's assassination many of his closest followers struggled to find a voice. Young did not. He won Georgia's Fifth District seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1972 and became the first African American since reconstruction to be elected to Congress from Georgia. Young's election was momentous: he and Barbara Jordan, a Democrat who was also elected to the House (from Texas) in 1972, became two of the first black southerners in Congress in the twentieth century. The voter registration campaigns Young had helped organize throughout the South in the 1950s and 1960s bore fruit and would eventually result in the election of thousands of African American candidates to higher office in the coming decades. Young was twice reelected to the House of Representatives.
While in Congress, Young championed the causes of poor and working-class Americans and opposed efforts to increase military budgets. He supported the 1976 presidential campaign of Jimmy Carter, and in 1977 Carter named Young ambassador to the United Nations. Young helped Carter transform the basis of American foreign policy, making human rights a central focus and arguing that economic development in the Third World, particularly in Africa, was in the best interest of the United States. Young was among the first to call for sanctions against the apartheid regime in South Africa and he fought for U.S. recognition of Communist Vietnam. He was forced to resign the position in 1979 for having met with a representative of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). At that time the PLO was considered a terrorist organization, and U.S. officials were officially forbidden to meet with its members.
Young returned to Atlanta and in 1981 was elected the city's mayor. His election signaled the institutionalization of the revolution in black political power he had helped to create in Georgia. Young brought the city to national prominence by encouraging international investment which, in turn, improved the Atlanta economy after it was hit hard by recession. He was instrumental in bringing the 1988 Democratic National Convention to Atlanta. For the first time an African American mayor (Maynard Jackson) handed over the keys of a major city to another African American. Young won reelection in 1985 but were defeated in a 1990 primary bid to become the Democratic candidate for governor of Georgia. In 1993 Morehouse College in Atlanta established the Center for International Studies, which was renamed the Andrew Young Center for International Studies in March 1998. In 1994 Young’s first wife, Jean died of cancer. He married his second wife, Carolyn, in 1996.
In summary, Andrew Young has accomplished many things in his life time. He was Ambassador to the United Nations, mayor of Atlanta Georgia for two consecutive terms and under his administration over a million jobs was created. He also was executive director of the SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) where he worked with Martin Luther King Jr. and he was the first African American to be elected to congress from Georgia. Young has published two books, A Way Out of No Way and An Easy Burden: The Civil Right Movement and the Transformation of America. He is currently a professor at Georgia State University’s Andrew Young School of Policy Studies. He is still active in Georgia’s civic affairs. He has continued to foster economic development world as a business consultant and as a chairman of Southern Africa enterprise development Fund which President Bill Clinton appointed him. What I like most about Andrew Young is he fought for human rights and not only for black people but for all people. He is a man of peace that believes everyone black or white should have equal rights. He has paved the way for many other black leaders. I think Andrew Young probably should be seen in the same light as Martin Luther King Jr. because their mission were one in the same peace and equality.

Bibliography

1.)Haskins, Jim & Kathleen Benson. African American Religious Leaders. San

Francisco: Jossey Bass, 2008.

2.)”NCC President 2000-2001.” National Council of Churches USA. 18 Jan. 2002. 28

Apr.2008www.cau.edu/p_releases/BioAmbassadorAndrewYoung.htm

3.)Russell, Herman J. “Andrew Young Biography.”27 Aug. 2005. HistoryMaker. 26 Apr.

2008.www.thehistorymakers.com/biography/biography.asp?bioindex=1210

4.)Young, Andrew. An Easy Burden. New York: Harper Collins, 1996.

5.)Young, Andrew. A Way Out of No Way. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1994.

6.) Young, Andrew (b.1932) “The New Georgia Encyclopedia” 26 Apr, 2008 http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1395 Andrew Young (b. 1932) www.cau.edu/p_releases/BioAmbassadorAndrewYoung.htm .

Biography of
Andrew Jackson Young Jr.

Who was Andrew Young Jr.? Most people immediately associate him with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jesse Jackson and the Civil Rights Movement. I chose to write about Andrew Young because of his strong feelings about the rights of black Americans. He felt that everyone, black or white, should have equal rights. Andrew fought along the side of Martin Luther King, Jr. and continued the work after King's death. The Civil Rights Movement required many dedicated and determined souls. Andrew Young, like Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a man of peace who believed in using love vice hate to settle disagreements. He accomplished many wonderful things to help Martin Luther King's Dream live on.
Andrew Jackson Young Jr. was born March 12, 1932, in New Orleans, Louisiana, during the depths of the Great Depression and Jim Crow segregation. His grandfather had been a successful businessman who had operated a drugstore, a pool hall, and a saloon. His father, Andrew Young Sr. was a dentist and his mother Daisy Fuller Young was a school teacher. The Young’s were among the elite of the city’s black population, which was largely poor and uneducated. Dr. Young Sr. could have afforded to live in a well-to-do white neighborhood, but no one would sell to him.(African American pg 104) .His parents were always very supportive of Andrew and his brother Walter. His parents always taught them the importance of religion and education and to treat others with respect. When Andrew was very young, he began to realize that whites and blacks were treated differently. Andrew was brought up to believe that "from those to whom much has been given, much will be required." (Andrew Young b. 1932). Andrew, his family, and his black friends were not allowed to go to the same schools, restaurants, or use the same public bathrooms as white people.
As a child, Andrew was very small in stature. His father often worried that Andrew couldn’t protect himself. His father hired a boxer to teach Andrew how to fight. Andrew decided at that moment there are better ways to settle a fight. He decided he would talk it out instead of fight it out. Andrew's motto was, "Don't get mad, Get Smart!”. Andrew believed that the most powerful weapon you have is your mind (Young, 1996, pg. 24). He indeed lived up to these words. In 1947, at the age of fifteen, Andrew graduated from Gilbert Academy, a private school in New Orleans. He attended a year at Dillard University, a black university. In 1947, Andy transferred to Howard University, in Washington D.C, where his father had studied. His father wanted him to be a doctor or a dentist. Andrew graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree at age nineteen. After graduation from Howard in May 1951 Andrew was still very uncertain what he wanted to do. He felt that he had another purpose in life. The following summer he volunteered to work for six months with the United Christian Youth Movement. Each summer the students were assigned a community to preach and work at. The summer of 1952, Andrew was assigned to Marion, Alabama. This is where he met his future wife, Jean Childs. They had many of the same beliefs and the same goals for life. They were married in 1954 and have four children, Andrea, Lisa, Paula, and Andrew, III. While working for the United Christian Youth Movement he decided this was the best and he loved working with teens of all races. By the end of his volunteer assignment Andrew had made a very important decision, he wanted to be a minister.
When Young graduated from Howard University he earned a divinity degree from Hartford Theological Seminary in Connecticut. Andrew enjoyed learning about the world’s great religious leaders, especially Gandhi. Gandhi was a man who had shown the people of India how to settle their disagreements peacefully. This was the first time Andrew learned of leaders settling problems peacefully. Andrew really liked this concept. He accepted the pastorate of Bethany Congregational Church in Thomasville, Georgia, in 1955. Andrew began preaching religion throughout Georgia. He would visit poor rural communities that were in great need of a minister. After preaching religion Andrew believed he needed to do more. He decided to talk about voting. In the South, the blacks were not allowed to vote, but Andrew was determined to change this. He taught and encouraged the black people to vote. While there he immersed himself in civil rights and in organizing voter registration drives Young joined the staff of the National Council of Churches in 1957, the year U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to protect African American school children in a school desegregation case.
Young left his position as pastor in 1961 to work with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the church-centered, Atlanta-based civil rights organization led by Martin Luther king Jr.
Young assisted in the organization of "citizenship schools" for the SCLC, workshops that taught nonviolent organizing strategies to local people whom members of the organization had identified as potential leaders. The schools served rural, typically uneducated blacks who sometimes chafed under Young's leadership. Differences in education and economic background between Young and other black leaders of that time may have caused some to consider him elitist. Nonetheless, the citizenship schools educated a generation of civic leaders and registered thousands of voters throughout the South, and were largely responsible for both the civil rights movement’s democratic ethos and its eventual success.
Young became a trusted aide to Martin Luther King Jr., eventually rising to the executive directorship of the SCLC. He was instrumental in organizing voter registration and desegregation campaigns in Albany; Birmingham and Selma, Alabama; and Washington, D.C., among other places. He was with King when the civil rights leader was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968.
After King's assassination many of his closest followers struggled to find a voice. Young did not. He won Georgia's Fifth District seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1972 and became the first African American since reconstruction to be elected to Congress from Georgia. Young's election was momentous: he and Barbara Jordan, a Democrat who was also elected to the House (from Texas) in 1972, became two of the first black southerners in Congress in the twentieth century. The voter registration campaigns Young had helped organize throughout the South in the 1950s and 1960s bore fruit and would eventually result in the election of thousands of African American candidates to higher office in the coming decades. Young was twice reelected to the House of Representatives.
While in Congress, Young championed the causes of poor and working-class Americans and opposed efforts to increase military budgets. He supported the 1976 presidential campaign of Jimmy Carter, and in 1977 Carter named Young ambassador to the United Nations. Young helped Carter transform the basis of American foreign policy, making human rights a central focus and arguing that economic development in the Third World, particularly in Africa, was in the best interest of the United States. Young was among the first to call for sanctions against the apartheid regime in South Africa and he fought for U.S. recognition of Communist Vietnam. He was forced to resign the position in 1979 for having met with a representative of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). At that time the PLO was considered a terrorist organization, and U.S. officials were officially forbidden to meet with its members.
Young returned to Atlanta and in 1981 was elected the city's mayor. His election signaled the institutionalization of the revolution in black political power he had helped to create in Georgia. Young brought the city to national prominence by encouraging international investment which, in turn, improved the Atlanta economy after it was hit hard by recession. He was instrumental in bringing the 1988 Democratic National Convention to Atlanta. For the first time an African American mayor (Maynard Jackson) handed over the keys of a major city to another African American. Young won reelection in 1985 but were defeated in a 1990 primary bid to become the Democratic candidate for governor of Georgia. In 1993 Morehouse College in Atlanta established the Center for International Studies, which was renamed the Andrew Young Center for International Studies in March 1998. In 1994 Young’s first wife, Jean died of cancer. He married his second wife, Carolyn, in 1996.
In summary, Andrew Young has accomplished many things in his life time. He was Ambassador to the United Nations, mayor of Atlanta Georgia for two consecutive terms and under his administration over a million jobs was created. He also was executive director of the SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) where he worked with Martin Luther King Jr. and he was the first African American to be elected to congress from Georgia. Young has published two books, A Way Out of No Way and An Easy Burden: The Civil Right Movement and the Transformation of America. He is currently a professor at Georgia State University’s Andrew Young School of Policy Studies. He is still active in Georgia’s civic affairs. He has continued to foster economic development world as a business consultant and as a chairman of Southern Africa enterprise development Fund which President Bill Clinton appointed him. What I like most about Andrew Young is he fought for human rights and not only for black people but for all people. He is a man of peace that believes everyone black or white should have equal rights. He has paved the way for many other black leaders. I think Andrew Young probably should be seen in the same light as Martin Luther King Jr. because their mission were one in the same peace and equality.

Bibliography

1.)Haskins, Jim & Kathleen Benson. African American Religious Leaders. San

Francisco: Jossey Bass, 2008.

2.)”NCC President 2000-2001.” National Council of Churches USA. 18 Jan. 2002. 28

Apr.2008www.cau.edu/p_releases/BioAmbassadorAndrewYoung.htm

3.)Russell, Herman J. “Andrew Young Biography.”27 Aug. 2005. HistoryMaker. 26 Apr.

2008.www.thehistorymakers.com/biography/biography.asp?bioindex=1210

4.)Young, Andrew. An Easy Burden. New York: Harper Collins, 1996.

5.)Young, Andrew. A Way Out of No Way. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1994.

6.) Young, Andrew (b.1932) “The New Georgia Encyclopedia” 26 Apr, 2008 http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1395 Andrew Young (b. 1932) www.cau.edu/p_releases/BioAmbassadorAndrewYoung.htm .…...

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...Andrew Jackson, an American Tyrant. As the president of the United States, Andrew Jackson exercised his power in a cruel, arbitrary, and unreasonable way. This abuse of power makes Andrew Jackson a tyrant. Many of the actions Jackson took as president of the United States prove Jackson was not democratic leader. First, Jackson vetoed congress and abolished the bank of the United States. Second, Jackson used the “Spoils System” to give his party and himself more power. Finally, Jackson removed thousands of Native Americans from their land illegally, and forced them onto unsettled land out west. Andrew Jackson once said, “I cannot be intimidated from doing that which my judgment and conscience tell me is right by any earthly power.” This statement shows Jackson’s attitude was one of a tyrant, not a democratic leader. The Bank of the United States was started in 1816 to restore a sound fiscal condition after the War of 1812. The bank was operated and managed by both private and public officials. The bank provided public services such as transferring government funds around the country and functioning as a depository for the Treasury.(a) The bank had a reputation of being responsible with it’s money and was generally popular among state bankers. The fact the Bank of the United States was popular among it’s competition (State bankers) speaks to how well it was run and the positive impact it had on the economy of America. There was however many Americans that...

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Andrew Jackson

...government by voting. The concept of the “common man” describes a white working male of middle class. Andrew Jackson was the 7th president and American war hero from the war of 1812 battle of New Orleans and fought in the Revolutionary war when he was young. Andrew Jackson supported the representation of the “common man” which made him popular amongst those who were considered in his eyes to be the “common man”. Andrew Jackson was both a democratic and undemocratic president because of his Native American policy, economic policy and Jacksonian political policy. Andrew Jackson acted democratically and undemocratically on the issue of Native American policy. The Native American Policy was how Natives were treated by the government. Source J demonstrates Jackson’s undemocratic values; showing the trails the Native American as he forces Native Americans to move and not be allowed a say in the government’s decisions on moving west. In source E, Andrew Jackson shows his democracy by wanting to help the Natives. This example is of Andrew Jackson suggestion to congress for moving all tribes west to one area to keep them from all becoming extinct. This suggestion is made official when Andrew Jackson creates the Indian Removal Act. Source L is the letters written by Jackson to his wife about the adoption of a young Native American boy without any other family. This is proof that Jackson does not have any personal grudge against Natives; he just fought against them for his country,......

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Andrew Jackson and the Bank

...In 1834, Jackson began a push to move towards "hard" currency, gradually phasing out small bills over more than twenty years. He and Benton believed that only gold and silver provided proper security, as, during financial bust periods, working-class people could not get credit. Hard money, then, ensured the workers would always be paid in money that had real value. The move terrified many rich Democrats, who saw a future in which they might not be able to conduct business with large bills. In a final attempt to end the Bank, Jackson ordered it to cease issuing pensions to Revolutionary War veterans and to relinquish those funds. Biddle refused, and the bank battle quickly deteriorated. Jackson's own Attorney General questioned the moves, and Jackson faced barrages from business leaders up and down the East Coast who thought he must mean to ruin the country. Some Democrats began to leave the party. Joining with National Republican, states righters, nullifiers, and other Jackson enemies, they formed the Whig party–headed by none other than Clay. The views of those involved were so disparate that they could only unify under the banner of opposing Jackson's bold new uses of Presidential authority. Indeed, the Whig newspapers soon mockingly anointed Jackson "King Andrew I." The new party, coupled with a rumor that a new bank might launch in New York to counter the national bank, brought the nation new fear of financial disaster. Although Van Buren eventually quieted the new......

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Andrew Jackson

...President Andrew Jackson was the first president not from the rich Aristocracy class. This means he was not born into the wealthy gentleman class as the prior presidents were. He was a man of the people and for the people and strongly believed in that motto. The road he took to the White House and the way he ran the country as President would change the country and democracy forever. Andrew Jackson was born on the frontier in South Carolina to a poor family. His Father died at a young age and his mother raise him and his brothers. At the age of 14 Jackson left to join the continental army to fight the British in the Revolutionary War(23) Meachem. Him and his brothers were captured by the British and put into a prison camp and treated very poorly. His brothers were killed in this camp and coming out of it he developed a strong hatred toward the British. Also his mom was killed while serving as a nurse for the Army so he was an orphan after the War and travelled from family to family. Growing up poor and having bad experiences with the British as a young kid will affect his policies as president. Jackson became a successful lawyer in Tennessee and made a name for himself and became very wealthy. He was elected the general of the Tennessee volunteer Army at the time of the Battle of 1812(67) Meachem. His most impressive accomplishment was his victory at the......

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