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Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia

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Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia

Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia

Egypt and Mesopotamia, two of the earliest civilizations, both established around river valleys. Although these civilizations were located in close proximity to each other, their differing geographical features such as rivers and environmental factors led to the development of two very different societies. Rivers in the Ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian societies played enormous roles in the growth of their civilizations. Egypt, located on both sides of the calm and predictable Nile River, agriculturally prospered from annual flooding that left behind rich, fertile soil known as silt. Flood waters would rise in July, slowly saturating the lands of the Nile River valley and recede in October leaving behind silt for farmers to cultivate and grow numerous crops. In contrast, Mesopotamia was located between the capricious and violent Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the valley known as the Fertile Crescent. While Mesopotamians relied on flooding for the fertile, silt rich soil as well, the unpredictability of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers caused unimaginable damages, some of which resulted in the destruction of entire villages. Environmental factors played a role in the creation of these civilizations, especially in their views of their gods. While Egypt experienced hot, dry, mild weather, Mesopotamia was subjected to, more destructive weather that included severe rainstorms, drought, hail, flooding, and strong winds. “Mesopotamians saw their gods as powerful, destructive, and indifferent, while the Egyptians saw their gods as kind, caring, and benign”, (Acrobatiq, 2014). Egypt viewed their gods as protectors by creating an environment that was predictable, allowing the Nile River to flood and recede when needed. Mesopotamia saw the unpredictable Tigris and Euphrates rivers as…...

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