Premium Essay

7) Explain the Importance of Cohesion to Group Productivity and Outline Possible Strategies That Can Be Used to Reduce the Negative Impact of Faulty Processes on Performance. (14 Marks)

In: Other Topics

Submitted By samtheman97
Words 668
Pages 3
Group cohesion can be defined as the tendency of a group to stay together to achieve their common goal that they share. Cohesion can be split into two types, the first being task cohesion which is the ability of the group to work together to achieve their common goal. The second type of cohesion is social cohesion, which is when there is interaction of the players outside of their sport and they have personal relationships with one another. It is stated that task cohesion is more significant than social cohesion because the team can still be successful in achieving their common goal even if they don’t have interpersonal relationships outside of their team. There are many factors that influence cohesion within a group, whether this is the skill level of the group members because if they are all of similar ability then they will work more efficiently as a team. The type of leader may also have an effect on the cohesion of the group; if the leader is very democratic and makes all decisions then cohesion will reduce. However, if the leader is autocratic then this allows members of the group to contribute and therefore increasing group cohesion. The productivity of a group is calculated by the following equation, actual productivity= potential productivity- losses due to faulty processes. Faulty processes within a group can be split into two types; the first is motivational losses, which is when the team members lose concentration and their self-efficacy reduces significantly. The second type is coordination losses, which is where the team member’s ability to communicate with each other is reduced due to poor tactics and teamwork.
There are two possible explanations as to why losses due to faulty processes within a team occur. Social loafing is when team members get lost within a group as they can rely on other members to do the job for them, an example could be in tug…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Global and Transnational Business: Strategy and Management

... Global and Transnational Business: Strategy and Management Second Edition Global and Transnational Business: Strategy and Management Second Edition George Stonehouse Northumbria University David Campbell University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne Jim Hamill University of Strathclyde Tony Purdie Northumbria University Copyright # 2004 John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex PO19 8SQ, England Telephone (þ44) 1243 779777 Email (for orders and customer service enquiries): Visit our Home Page on or All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except under the terms of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 or under the terms of a licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 4LP, UK, without the permission in writing of the Publisher. Requests to the Publisher should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex PO19 8SQ, England, or emailed to, or faxed to (þ44) 1243 770620. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold on the understanding that the Publisher is not engaged in rendering professional...

Words: 155276 - Pages: 622

Premium Essay

An Analysis of the Impact of Risk Exposure to the Performance of Banks in Nigeria

... AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF RISK EXPOSURE TO THE PERFORMANCE OF BANKS IN NIGERIA CERTIFICATION I certify that this research work was carried out by MR ABOYARIN SALAMI TUNDE with Matriculation No.; 109025160 of the Department of Finance, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos. __________________________ ______________ DR. LEKAN OBADEMI DATE _______________________ ____________ PROF. W. IYIEGBUNIWE DATE HOD DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE _______________________ ____________ EXTERNAL EXAMINER DATE DEDICATION This project work is dedicated to the Glory of ALMIGHTY ALLAH (SWT) to Him I say as always; ALHAMDULILAHI ROBIL ALAMIN!!! Special dedication also goes to the memory of my late father; Alhaji R.S.A Aboyarin. I pray his soul finds forgiveness and mercy before Allah (Amin. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT CHAPTER ONE 1.0: INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Banks are germane to economic development through the financial services they provide. Their intermediation role can be said to be a catalyst for economic growth and development. The efficient and effective performance of the banking industry over time is an index of financial stability in any nation. The extent to which a bank extends credit to the public for productive activities accelerates the pace of a nation’s economic growth and its long-term......

Words: 14126 - Pages: 57

Premium Essay

Performance Management

...Professional Practice S E R I E S THE James W. Smither Manuel London EDITORS Performance Management Putting Research into Action A Publication of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Performance Management The Professional Practice Series The Professional Practice Series is sponsored by The Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Inc. (SIOP). The series was launched in 1988 to provide industrial and organizational psychologists, organizational scientists and practitioners, human resources professionals, managers, executives and those interested in organizational behavior and performance with volumes that are insightful, current, informative and relevant to organizational practice. The volumes in the Professional Practice Series are guided by five tenets designed to enhance future organizational practice: 1. Focus on practice, but grounded in science 2. Translate organizational science into practice by generating guidelines, principles, and lessons learned that can shape and guide practice 3. Showcase the application of industrial and organizational psychology to solve problems 4. Document and demonstrate best industrial and organizationalbased practices 5. Stimulate research needed to guide future organizational practice The volumes seek to inform those interested in practice with guidance, insights, and advice on how to apply the concepts, findings, methods, and tools derived from industrial and organizational......

Words: 215290 - Pages: 862

Premium Essay

Impact of Hr and Business Strategy Alignment on Job Performance and Employee Satisfaction

...IMPACT OF HR AND BUSINESS STRATEGY ALIGNMENT ON JOB PERFORMANCE AND EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION   Abstract A company’s success is determined to a large extent by the nature of its employees as well as the level of devotion that employees demonstrate. Due to this, the top managers and executives are given the responsibility for maintaining control on employee’s activities as well as the employee’s management policies through the development of the Human Resource Management Department. This shows that how important role HR plays in maintain the employees satisfied within any organization. This research study is focused on studying the impact of HR and business strategy alignment on job performance and employee satisfaction. This research used deductive approach as this study find out the impact of aligning HR with business strategy and effect of job environment on employee satisfaction. The survey questionnaire method is used to get reliable and valid results based on close ended questions having a 5-Likert scale to measure the attitude of employees and employers towards the impact of aligning HR with business strategy and effect of job environment on employee satisfaction at Siemens. The research used SPSS for analysing quantitative information by using descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. Research shows that Siemens align HR practices and business strategy. From regression analysis, it is found that alignment of Human Resource practices with the business strategies......

Words: 21202 - Pages: 85

Premium Essay

Business Strategy Unit 7

...Business Strategy John Smith [pic] Submission Date: 21 March 2012 PREFACE At the time of writing, this report was an accurate reflection of ****, a Grade 1 ‘Oustanding College”. However, in March the college underwent an Ofsted inspection for which the outcome is not yet known. Introduction NBBC is a large provider of further education, higher education and work-based learning with around 900 staff (644 full-time and substantive part-time) and an annual income of approximately £29 Million. In 2010/11, the College provided for a diverse age range of learners from 5 – 88 years, with approximately 3,140 full-time, over 10,000 part-time and in excess of 2,300 work-based learners. The College’s vision is to: • Continue to be graded ‘Outstanding’ by OFSTED with student success rates being in the top 5% for all general further education colleges; • Increase its market share in North Yorkshire and South Leicestershire and be recognised nationally for specialisms in Creative Arts, Logistics and Transport and the Built Environment; • Generate operating surpluses which enable investment to secure a continuing improvement in the experience of all students at the College and to increase the College’s impact within our local communities. The College currently operates on two main sites, Bradford and Leeds, as well as outreach centres at Filey,......

Words: 7049 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Explain the Processes by Which Wasteland Can Be Colonised by Vegetation. (8 Marks) concrete. Some examples of pioneer plants are lichens and mosses. When these plants die they provide a mat of organic matter which, mixed with the weather mineral matter produces a protosoil that other plants can root into. Stage two of the colonisation of the wasteland is when the Oxford ragwort starts to grow. It grows in the cracks in the surface because they provide sheltered places where seeds can germinate and retain moisture. During this stage, plant succession is rapid. As these higher plants die off, they produce a thicker and more nutrient-rich soil. Taller plants can then become established. One of the most common is rosebay willow herb, which spreads initially by seeds and then by rhizomes which can extend up to 1m a year. A rhizome is an elongated horizontal underground plant stem producing shoots above and below the ground. These plants gradually shade out the lower plants stopping them from growing as they can’t photosynthesise. The next stage of succession is the grassland species because as soil enrichment continues the amount of grass in the vegetation increases. The smaller meadow grasses and bents of earlier stages are replaced by taller species. At this stage the area takes on the appearance of grassland with weeds. As the processes of soil enrichment and competition continue, the taller herbaceous plants are replaced by shrubs and, eventually, trees....

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Impact of Marketing Strategy on Sales Performance

...Impact of marketing strategy on sales performance Introduction There is no doubt that marketing is the only way used in providing the right products or services to the right customer in the right time. Any marketer can’t achieve any sales growth without setting and establishing proper marketing strategies, which enable the company to achieve the highest level of profitability and increase its sales performance more than the other competitors of the same industry. Recently, it has become the most essential managerial process in the organization where it determines the different demands of customers and tries to promote their products or services to the target customers and make them satisfied, so they will increase their sales margins, as well as the net profits after selling the service or the product. According to Page and Baines (2008) marketing is considered a strategy conducted by firms in order to improve both the market share and profitability ratio. Therefore, organizational marketing departments try to employ some of strategies to promote its products whether in the local or the international markets. However, these marketing strategies must be customized according to the geographical areas and the demographics of the target customers in order to attract customers and increase the sales performance of the company. Company Overview United Media Services Company has its own services in publishing and advertising monthly magazines and annual outlets during various......

Words: 2973 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Impact of Inequality

...October 29, 2014 IS 206GENDER ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT THE IMPACT OF INEQUALITY Box 1: COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON INEQUALITY AND SOCIAL MOBILITY ACROSS OECD AND LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES Presented by Del Mundo, Maria Naida Box 2: SOCIAL AND POLITICAL COHESION, SOCIAL TOLERANCE OF INEQUALITY Presented by Gutierrez, Cherry Lou THE IMPACT OF INEQUALITY ABSTRACT October 29, 2014 There is growing evidence and recognition on the powerful and corrosive effects of inequality on economic growth, poverty, social mobility and political cohesion. This paper finds that the real and potential impacts of inequality in relation to economic growth, poverty, social mobility, social stability and cohesion. KEYWORDS: Inequality, Economic Growth, Poverty, Social Mobility, Political Cohesion, Gender I. INTRODUCTION In relation to the worldwide gender gap, in so far as inequality also exist in political imbalance in the Philippines distinguished through the partisan move of a party, wherein, such intent, policies and term of their advocacy is their ultimate road map and reluctantly to engage in the opponent’s adherence. Colonial mindset, attributable to the Spanish era wherein their colonial stay in the country portrays the strictness and conservative ways in precluding to whom or to which is one’s belief will end up to, and upon the continuance of the American regime, where westernized ways has gotten in the minds of the Filipinos, that every choice of an American decision draws correct......

Words: 7088 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Impact of Training on Performance

...TABLE OF CONTENT 1. Executive summary 2. Introduction to Training and Development 3. Importance of Training and Development 4. Need for the study • Title of the project • Statement of the problem • Purpose of the study • Scope of the study • Objectives of the study 5. Research methodology • Sampling plan • Area covered • Methodology 6. Data collection • Primary data • Secondary data 7. Data Analysis • Statistical tool • Statistical package 8. Limitation of the study 9. Theoretical aspects of training and development 10. Introduction to the company 11. Analysis and interpretation 12. Findings 13. Suggestions 14. Conclusion 15. Bibliography 16. Annexure TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT SURVEY AT BSNL |S.N |QUESTIONS |Strongly |Somewhat disagree |Neither agree nor |Some |Strongly agree | | | |disagree | |disagree |what agree | | |1. |Training helps in increasing productivity of employees, to |1 |2 |3 |4 |5 | | |achieve organizational goals. | | | | ...

Words: 10206 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Impact of Motivation on Employees Performance

...CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction/Background of the Study The performance of individuals, singly and collectively, in work situations is a primary concern for managers in organizations. The effective application of human resources to accomplish organizational objectives typically requires predictable performances of a given level (quantity and quality) from every organizational member. Theorists of both cognitive and a cognitive orientations agree that managers should give considerable emphasis to tying organizational rewards to performance on the job Hamner, 1974; Porter & Lawler, 1968). The assumption (often implicit) in these attempts to encourage increased performance is that there is an additive relationship between externally mediated rewards and rewards which arise out of task performance itself. Therefore, if either one or both types of reward outcomes can be increased, total motivation or performance behaviors can be increased. In the late 1940’s a psychology professor called Harry F. Harlow (Harlow, Harlow & Meyer 1950) conducted one of the first true intrinsic motivational experiments ever performed, using a simple puzzle where a rhesus monkey needed to perform 3 simple tasks in a specific row to complete it. A simple task for a human, but a much more complex task for a little monkey. The experiment was performed on 12 primates over a 3-week period. Almost immediately the monkeys were able to solve the puzzle and they continued to solve it every time they......

Words: 25213 - Pages: 101

Premium Essay

Business Strategy

...of decisions and actions that result in the design and activation of strategies to achieve the objectives of an organization. The chapter provides an overview of the nature, benefits, and terminology of and the need for strategic management. Subsequent chapters provide greater detail. The first major section of Chapter 1, “The Nature and Value of Strategic Management,” emphasizes the practical value and benefits of strategic management for a firm. It also distinguishes between a firm’s strategic decisions and its other planning tasks. The section stresses the key point that strategic management activities are undertaken at three levels: corporate, business, and functional. The distinctive characteristics of strategic decision making at each of these levels affect the impact of activities at these levels on company operations. Other topics dealt with in this section are the value of formality in strategic management and the alignment of strategy makers in strategy formulation and implementation. The section concludes with a review of the planning research on business, which demonstrates that the use of strategic management processes yields financial and behavioral benefits that justify their costs. The second major section of Chapter 1 presents a model of the strategic management process. The model, which will serve as an outline for the remainder of the text, describes approaches currently used by strategic planners. Its individual components are carefully......

Words: 9310 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Group Task

...assessment in tertiary institutions. It outlines the considerable advantages of groupwork but also its systemic associated problems. In discussing the problems, the paper considers issues such as ‘‘free riding’’ and the ‘‘sucker effect’’, issues associated with ethnic mix in groups, and the social dilemma problem—in which students face conflicting demands between altruism and self-interest. The paper then outlines several models of effective groupwork and makes suggestions for implementing groupwork tasks. The paper also looks at the key assessment tasks which are commonly employed—namely, additive, conjunctive, disjunctive and discretionary tasks—and assesses which are most suited to groupwork. The paper considers the related issues of task complexity, recognition for effort, and strategies for minimising issues concerning group size. The paper also briefly considers strategies for implementing incentives for groupwork members, and outlines the issue of penalties for unproductive group members. The paper concludes by providing recommendations for how to maximise the advantages of groupwork while trying to minimise the disadvantages. Keywords Groupwork Á Assessment Á Free-riding Á Sucker effect Introduction: the advantages of groupwork The importance of groupwork as a form of assessment has long been recognised among educators. Its use has been justified on the following five principal grounds. While many of these claims can be challenged, this paper does......

Words: 11103 - Pages: 45

Premium Essay

Strategies That Can Be Used to Improve Individual Behavior and Performance

...practical examples, identify and discuss the various strategies that can be used to improve individual behavior and performance. (30 marks). Human resource is the most important resource of the organization. As much as it is important to tap the most from it various strategies must be implemented to improve behavior and performance in order for the attainence of overall organizational goals. The focus on the strategies of improving individual behavior and performance is important in that if the strategies and appropriately implemented this will translate into improved organization performance. Performance appraisal A performance appraisal system must be well defined, corporately supported and monitored (Antony et, al 1996). It must also be widely communicated and focused towards achieving corporate objectives. Fischer, (1997), postulates that performance appraisal should be used as an employee development tool to identify areas of skill and ability deficiency to improve the focus for training and development, as the possession of appropriate skills and abilities are key elements in improving individual performance. Organization commitment on the development of the employee results in change in behavior of the employee as employee loyalty is increased. Maintenance of a good performance appraisal system enhances communication between line managers and staff thus also enhancing employee satisfaction, commitment and performance. Improved communication results in increased......

Words: 750 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Effective Risk Response Can Help Prevent a Project Failing or at Least Reduce the Negative Impacts of Risks That Affect It. Discuss the Risk Response Strategies That Could Be Used for This Project

...response can help prevent a project failing or at least reduce the negative impacts of risks that affect it. Discuss the risk response strategies that could be used for this project Risk response is the process of developing strategic options, and determining actions, to enhance opportunities and reduce threats to the project’s objectives. A project team member is assigned to take responsibility for each risk response. This process ensures that each risk requiring a response has an owner monitoring the responses, although the owner may delegate implementation of a response to someone else. There are several risk response strategies that can be discussed however; each of the strategies requires specific actions to be developed to implement the strategy and the idea of assigning a team member is to increase accountability and making sure nothing falls off unattended. The project identified risks that are a threat to the project and only procurement providing opportunities too. The strategies applied for threats in many of the cases vary from those applied for opportunities. For threats the strategies that employed are avoid, mitigate, and transfer while for opportunities, exploit, share and enhance are used and acceptance which is used when it is not possible to respond to the risk. 7.1 Avoid. Risk can be avoided by removing the cause of the risk or executing the project in a different way while still aiming to achieve project objectives. Not all risks can be......

Words: 1241 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Strategic Planning of Marks and Spencer Group

...Strategic Planning of Marks and Spencer Group Executive Summary: In this report a step by step analysis of Marks and Spencer group strategic planning is presented. Mark and Spencer is one of the biggest retail company in UK and leading company producing women apparels. The report is begun with analyzing various external environment of the company that includes STEEP analysis and it helps to understand the external environment of the company. After that the report covers the business plan of the company with its strategic planning section, and how the company is able to implement its strategic planning. Whereas the focus of strategic planning is on the whole organization and the focus of the business plan is on a particular product or service. Contents Executive Summary: 2 Introduction and Company background: 4 Task 1 5 1.1 The importance of external factors affecting Marks and Spencer Group: 5 1.2 Analyze the needs and expectations of stakeholders of Marks and Spencer Group: 7 1.3 Analyze the major changes taking place in the external environment that will affect strategy of M&S: 8 Task 2 8 2.1 Use appropriate tools to analyze the effects of current business plans 8 2.2 Review the position of M&S in its current market 9 2.3 Evaluate the competitive strengths and weaknesses of M&S 10 Task 3 10 3.1 Use modeling tools to develop strategic options for M&S 10 3.2 Develop a comparative understanding of activity from organization...

Words: 6011 - Pages: 25